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Tao Chen, Qiongfeng Shi, Minglu Zhu, Tianyiyi He, Lining Sun, Lei Yang, Chengkuo Lee
Triboelectric nanogenerators and sensors can be applied as human-machine interfaces to the next generation of intelligent and interactive products, where flexible tactile sensors exhibit great advantages for diversified applications such as robotic control. In this paper, we present a self-powered, flexible, triboelectric sensor (SFTS) patch for finger trajectory sensing and further apply the collected information for robotic control. This innovative sensor consists of flexible and environmentally friendly materials, i...
October 18, 2018: ACS Nano
Lingxiao Gao, Donglin Hu, Mengke Qi, Jia Gong, Hong Zhou, Xin Chen, Junfei Chen, Jing Cai, Liangke Wu, Ning Hu, Ya Yang, Xiaojing Mu
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have been in spotlight for their excellent capability to drive miniature electronics. Herein, we report a sophisticated double-helix-structured triboelectric nanogenerator (DHS-TENG) enhanced with positive charge traps for self-powered temperature sensing and smart-home control system. The DHS-TENG increases the charge density on the contact surfaces by taking advantage of the ferroelectric characteristics of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF). In addition, the flexible double-helix-structure endows DHS-TENG with excellent elastic property as it has no external supporting materials...
October 17, 2018: Nanoscale
Jiaqing Xiong, Peng Cui, Xiaoliang Chen, Jiangxin Wang, Kaushik Parida, Meng-Fang Lin, Pooi See Lee
Textiles that are capable of harvesting biomechanical energy via triboelectric effects are of interest for self-powered wearable electronics. Fabrication of conformable and durable textiles with high triboelectric outputs remains challenging. Here we propose a washable skin-touch-actuated textile-based triboelectric nanogenerator for harvesting mechanical energy from both voluntary and involuntary body motions. Black phosphorus encapsulated with hydrophobic cellulose oleoyl ester nanoparticles serves as a synergetic electron-trapping coating, rendering a textile nanogenerator with long-term reliability and high triboelectricity regardless of various extreme deformations, severe washing, and extended environmental exposure...
October 15, 2018: Nature Communications
Yujia Zhang, Zhitao Zhou, Long Sun, Zhen Liu, Xiaoxia Xia, Tiger H Tao
Self-powered electronics using triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) is drawing increasing efforts and rapid advancements in eco/biocompatible energy harvesting, intelligent sensing, and biomedical applications. Currently, the triboelectric performances are mainly determined by the pair materials' inherent electron affinity difference, and merely tuned by chemical or physical methods, which significantly limit the optional variety and output capability, especially for natural-biomaterial-based TENGs. Herein, a biocompatible triboelectric material with a programmable triboelectric property, multiple functionalization, large-scale-fabrication capability, and transcendent output performance is designed, by genetically engineering recombinant spider silk proteins (RSSP)...
October 10, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ana Rovisco, Rita Branquinho, Jorge Martins, Maria João Oliveira, Daniela Nunes, Elvira Fortunato, Rodrigo Martins, Pedro Barquinha
Semiconductor nanowires are mostly processed by complex, expensive, and high temperature methods. In this work, with the intent of developing zinc tin oxide nanowires (ZTO NWs) by low-cost and low-complexity processes, we show a detailed study on the influence of chemical parameters in the hydrothermal synthesis of ZTO nanostructures at temperatures of only 200 °C. Two different zinc precursors, the ratio between zinc and tin precursors, and the concentration of the surfactant agent and of the mineralizer were studied...
August 24, 2018: ACS applied nano materials
Yongyan Deng, Fan Jia, Shengyu Chen, Zhida Shen, Qiao Jin, Guosheng Fu, Jian Ji
A glutathione (GSH)-sensitive supramolecular nitric oxide (NO) nanogenerator is developed as an all-rounder for enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT). By integrating GSH-sensitive NO prodrug into the system via LEGO-like host-guest interaction, the nanocarrier could not only deplete intracellular GSH, but also relieve hypoxia at tumor sites through NO mediated blood vessel relaxation. Furthermore, reactive nitrogen species (RNS) with enhanced biocidal activity could be produced by the reaction between NO and reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated from α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) conjugated S-nitrosothiol and light-activated chlorin e6 (Ce6) respectively...
December 2018: Biomaterials
Hyun Soo Kim, Dong Woo Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Dae Sol Kong, Jinhyeok Choi, Minbaek Lee, Gonzalo Murillo, Jong Hoon Jung
The electric power output of a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) depends on the various physical parameters of the constituent materials, including the piezoelectric coefficient, Young's modulus, and dielectric constant. Herein, we report the mechanical and electrical properties of a poly(vinylidene fluoride)⁻BaTiO₃ (PVDF⁻BTO) composite-based PENG. Variation of the BTO nanoparticle (NP) content enabled the systematic tuning of the physical parameters that are related to power generation in the composite...
September 30, 2018: Nanomaterials
Chaoxing Wu, Jae Hyeon Park, Bonmin Koo, Xiangyu Chen, Zhong Lin Wang, Tae Whan Kim
The technology of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) has made great progress as a promising approach to generating electricity from ambient vibration energy. However, finding a way to generate enough electrical output efficiently from vibrations with a broadband of amplitudes is crucial when the relatively low current output of existing TENGs and the existence of natural vibrations with diverse amplitudes are considered. In this work, a freestanding and lightweight triboelectric nanogenerator with a capsule structure (namely, a capsule TENG) is demonstrated with an aim toward optional 3D integration and the efficient harvesting of energy from vibrations with a broadband of amplitudes...
October 5, 2018: ACS Nano
Seongpil An, Abhilash Sankaran, Alexander L Yarin
Here, we fabricated nanofiber (NF)-based triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) from natural biopolymers using the industrially scalable solution blowing. This technique eliminates severe restrictions on solutions to be used, and allows one to achieve biocompatible devices. Here solutions of soy protein and lignin were blown into continuous monolithic NFs of hundreds of nanometers in diameter. The technique we employed yields large-area NF mats within tens of minutes, and has never been employed to form TENGs...
October 1, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kai Dong, Zhiyi Wu, Jianan Deng, Aurelia C Wang, Haiyang Zou, Chaoyu Chen, Dongmei Hu, Bohong Gu, Baozhong Sun, Zhong Lin Wang
Flexible and stretchable physical sensors capable of both energy harvesting and self-powered sensing are vital to the rapid advancements in wearable electronics. Even so, there exist few studies that can integrate energy harvesting and self-powered sensing into a single electronic skin. Here, a stretchable and washable skin-inspired triboelectric nanogenerator (SI-TENG) is developed for both biomechanical energy harvesting and versatile pressure sensing. A planar and designable conductive yarn network constructed from a three-ply-twisted silver-coated nylon yarn is embedded into flexible elastomer, endowing the SI-TENG with desired stretchability, good sensitivity, high detection precision, fast responsivity, and excellent mechanical stability...
September 6, 2018: Advanced Materials
Sreekanth J Varma, Kowsik Sambath Kumar, Sudipta Seal, Swaminathan Rajaraman, Jayan Thomas
Wearable electronic devices represent a paradigm change in consumer electronics, on-body sensing, artificial skins, and wearable communication and entertainment. Because all these electronic devices require energy to operate, wearable energy systems are an integral part of wearable devices. Essentially, the electrodes and other components present in these energy devices should be mechanically strong, flexible, lightweight, and comfortable to the user. Presented here is a critical review of those materials and devices developed for energy conversion and storage applications with an objective to be used in wearable devices...
September 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Shin Jang, Je Hoon Oh
Even though porous elastomers and elastomeric nanocomposites have shown many advantages for triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs), their fabrication techniques are relatively complicated, inefficient, and time-consuming. In this work, we introduced a simple, efficient and rapid concept to fabricate porous polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) nanocomposites. PDMS nanocomposites with various porous structure were produced within a few minutes through just one-step microwave irradiation without any post-processing. Three solvents with different boiling points were selected as sacrificial materials to control porous structure...
September 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ruhao Liu, Changhong Liu, Shoushan Fan
Based on porous carbon nanotube/polyaniline composite (CNT/PANI) and poly(vinyl alcohol) gel, we fabricated centimeter-sized hydrocapacitors with dual functions of energy conversion and storage with an efficient low-cost method. Owning to excellent hydrophily and large specific capacitance of CNT/PANI, the hydrocapacitors can easily convert energy from water movement induced by capillarity, gravity, or air pressure difference into electricity and store the generated electricity. Especially, sandwich-like hydrocapacitors outputted large current of 1...
October 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuliang Chen, Ying Zhang, Zhaowu Wang, Taotao Zhan, Yi-Cheng Wang, Haiyang Zou, Hui Ren, Guobin Zhang, Chongwen Zou, Zhong Lin Wang
The metal-insulator transition of vanadium dioxide (VO2 ) is exceptionally sensitive to charge density and electron orbital occupancy. Thus three-terminal field-effect transistors with VO2 channels are widely adopted to control the phase transition by external gating voltage. However, current leakage, electrical breakdown, or interfacial electrochemical reactions may be inevitable if conventional solid dielectrics or ionic-liquid layers are used, which possibly induce Joule heating or doping in the VO2 layer and make the voltage-controlled phase transition more complex...
September 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Jun Li, Lei Kang, Yanhao Yu, Yin Long, Justin J Jeffery, Weibo Cai, Xudong Wang
Implantable nanogenerator (i-NG) has shown great promises for enabling self-powered implantable medical devices (IMDs). One essential requirement for practical i-NG applications is its long-term bio-compatibility and bio-safety. This paper presents a systematic study of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and PDMS/Parylene-C packaged Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) NGs implanted inside female ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) mice for up to six months. The PVDF NG had a stable in vitro output of 0.3 V when bended for 7200 cycles and an in vivo output of 0...
September 2018: Nano Energy
Li Cheng, Qi Xu, Youbin Zheng, Xiaofeng Jia, Yong Qin
Charge density is one of the most important parameters of triboelectric nanogenerators since it directly determines performance; unfortunately, it is largely restricted by the phenomenon of air breakdown. Here, we design a self-improving triboelectric nanogenerator with improved charge density. A maximum effective charge density of 490 μC m-2 is obtained, which is about two times higher than the highest reported charge density of a triboelectric nanogenerator that operates in an air environment. At the beginning of the working process, the charge accumulation speed is increased 5...
September 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Jia Cheng, Wenbo Ding, Yunlong Zi, Yijia Lu, Linhong Ji, Fan Liu, Changsheng Wu, Zhong Lin Wang
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) naturally have the capability of high voltage output to breakdown gas easily. Here we present a concept of triboelectric microplasma by integrating TENGs with the plasma source so that atmospheric-pressure plasma can be powered only by mechanical stimuli. Four classical atmospheric-pressure microplasma sources are successfully demonstrated, including dielectric barrier discharge (DBD), atmospheric-pressure non-equilibrium plasma jets (APNP-J), corona discharge, and microspark discharge...
September 13, 2018: Nature Communications
Si Wei Ma, You Jun Fan, Hua Yang Li, Li Su, Zhong Lin Wang, Guang Zhu
Flexible piezoelectric nanogenerators have drawn considerable attention for their wide applications in harvesting ambient mechanical energy. Here, we report a flexible porous nanogenerator (FPNG) based on the dual effect of ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity. The electric output originated from the combination of the above two effects can be constructively added up, resulting in an enhancement of the electric output. With dimensions of 2 × 2 × 0.3 cm3 , the FPNG can generate an open-circuit voltage ( Voc ) of 29 V and a short-circuit current ( Isc ) of 116 nA under a compressive force of 30 N...
October 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dasong Choi, Seungmo Yang, Choonghyun Lee, Woojong Kim, Jaeho Kim, Jinpyo Hong
Wearable fabric-based energy harvesters have continued to gain importance for use in portable consumer electronics as an ecofriendly energy source that is independently self-powered by various activities. Herein, we address the output features of highly flexible Ni-Cu fabric-based triboelectric nanogenerators (F-TENG) employing surface-embossed polydimethylsiloxane (SE-PDMS) layers, as a crucial approach for enhancing power generation. Such SE-PDMS configurations were achieved via control of the ZnO nanowire (NW) and nanoflake (NF) frames initially prepared on bare Ni-Cu fabrics by a hydrothermal approach...
October 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Liang Xu, Hao Wu, Guo Yao, Libo Chen, Xiaodan Yang, Baodong Chen, Xin Huang, Wei Zhong, Xiangyu Chen, Zhouping Yin, Zhong Lin Wang
Electroadhesion generates an adhesion force using an externally applied power source, which has versatile applications in robotics and material handling. In this study, a self-powered electroadhesion system using enhanced triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) to supply power for electroadhesion is presented. By introducing a triboelectric charge supplement channel, the open circuit voltage of the TENG can be significantly boosted by over 10 times, from ∼230 V to more than 3300 V for a single TENG unit, providing sufficiently high voltage for an electroadhesive patch to generate enough adhesion for practical use...
September 18, 2018: ACS Nano
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