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elder abuse

Julie Ellis, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Louise Ward, Fergus Campbell, Hillel Stav, Carolyn Downing, Jeanne Teresi, Mildred Ramirez
AIM: To review evidence concerning educational programs for nursing staff on management of resident-to-resident elder mistreatment with the aim of preventing and reducing this abuse in residential aged care homes. BACKGROUND: Although elder abuse has received considerable attention, very little is known regarding resident-to-resident elder mistreatment in residential aged care homes and about interventions/programs to prevent and reduce this harm. Nurses play an essential role in identifying and managing aggressive interactions...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Laura Cremaschi, Benedetta Grancini, Vera De Carlo, Sara Pozzoli, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Benzodiazepines (BDZs) are widespread psychotropic compounds, often prescribed as first-line symptomatic option by general practitioners in patients with different psychiatric disorders. Sometimes, however, they contribute to delay the administration of the first appropriate psychopharmacological treatment, thus leading to a longer duration of untreated illness in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. The well-established pros of BDZs use in clinical practice include efficacy, rapidity of action, versatility, and safety...
May 5, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Boye Fang, Elsie Yan, Ko Ling Chan, Partick Ip
OBJECTIVES: Elder abuse poses a major public health threat considering the ongoing rapid aging of the global population. This study investigates the association between elder abuse by family caregivers and medical outcomes among older Chinese patients with cognitive and physical impairments in the People's Republic of China. METHODS: Using cross-sectional design, 1002 older patients (aged 55 y and older) and their family caregivers were recruited from 3 grade A hospitals in Guangdong Province...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim, JongSerl Chun
Research indicates that mobile phone dependency (MPD) is associated with various behavioral and internalizing problems. While a significant amount of findings points to its negative outcomes, there is a dearth of evidence concerning the determinants of MPD. This study focuses on this critical, yet understudied, subject by analyzing the associations between abusive parenting style, neighborhood characteristics, and MPD among youths in South Korea, a country with one of the highest mobile broadband penetration rates in the world...
2018: PloS One
Fatemeh Estebsari, Maryam Dastoorpoor, Davoud Mostafaei, Narges Khanjani, Zahra Rahimi Khalifehkandi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Hamidreza Aghababaeian, Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi
Background: Older adults are more vulnerable to health risks than younger people and may get exposed to various dangers, including elder abuse. This study aimed to design and implement an empowerment educational intervention to prevent elder abuse. Methods: This parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2014-2016 for 18 months on 464 older adults aged above 60 years who visited health houses of 22 municipalities in Tehran. Data were collected using standard questionnaires, including the Elder Abuse-Knowledge Questionnaire, Health-Promoting Behavior Questionnaire, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Barriers to Healthy Lifestyle, Perceived Social Support, Perceived Self-Efficacy, Loneliness Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, and the SCARED (stress, coping, argument, resources, events, and dependence) tool...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Ron Acierno, Mara Steedley, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Gabrielle Frook, Jordan Watkins, Wendy Muzzy
OBJECTIVE: The National Elder Mistreatment Study (NEMS) found that 5.2% of community older adults experienced financial abuse, and 4.6% experienced emotional mistreatment in the past year. Unfortunately, the majority of abuse was not reported to the authorities. This study investigated reasons for non-reporting. METHOD: In all, 774 NEMS participants were surveyed 8 years later via telephone to assess past-year financial and emotional mistreatment, perpetrator status, and whether any of these episodes were reported to authorities...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Jelena Milic, Marija Glisic, Trudy Voortman, Laura Pletsch Borba, Eralda Asllanaj, Lyda Z Rojas, Jenna Troup, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Ed van Beeck, Taulant Muka, Oscar H Franco
Alcohol intake affects the female body differently than it affects the male body. This is caused by females' lower levels of dehydrogenase enzymes, the enzyme that breaks down alcohol, coupled with the higher fat/water ratio of the female body. Both these factors cause alcohol levels to rise more quickly after ingestion in women than in men. This makes females more vulnerable to alcohol's harmful effects, and consequently women tend to develop alcohol-related diseases earlier in life than do men. As women age and go through menopause, they experience changes in body composition and life changes like retirement or loss of a loved one...
May 2018: Maturitas
Shin-Young Lee, Madhu Sudhan Atteraya
We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Amaneh Mahmoudian, Razieh Torabi Chafjiri, Atefeh Alipour, Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari
Introduction: Older adults with chronic disease are more vulnerable to abuse. Early and accurate detection of the elderly abuse phenomenon can help identify health-promoting solutions for the elderly, their family, and society. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate the psychometric properties of a questionnaire on elderly abuse by family caregivers among older adults on hemodialysis. Methods: Qualitative and quantitative research methodologies were used to develop the questionnaire...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Ron Acierno, Jordan Watkins, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Wendy Muzzy, Gabrielle Frook, Mara Steedley, Georgia Anetzberger
OBJECTIVE: Whereas prevalence of elder financial mistreatment has received increased attention over the past decade, health and mental health correlates are rarely studied. Thus, the potential relevance of financial abuse to mental health and perceived health is relatively unknown, and the objective of this article is to illustrate this relationship. METHOD: The second wave of the National Elder Mistreatment Study used random digit dialing telephone survey methodology to assess both recent financial mistreatment and its potential mental health correlates (i...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Timothy F Platts-Mills, Joseph A Dayaa, Bryce B Reeve, Kayla Krajick, Laura Mosqueda, Jason S Haukoos, Mehul D Patel, Carrie F Mulford, Samuel A McLean, Phil D Sloane, Debbie Travers, Sheryl Zimmerman
Emergency departments (EDs) are an important health care setting for the identification of elder abuse (EA). Our objective was to develop an ED-based tool to identify EA. The initial tool included a brief cognitive assessment, questions to detect multiple domains of EA, and a physical examination. Refinement of the tool was based on input from clinical experts and nurse and patient feedback. The revised tool, which included 15 questions about EA, was then tested in an academic ED. We calculated the inter-rater reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of individual EA questions...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Ghada El-Khawaga, Noha Eladawi, Farida Abdel-Wahab
This study was carried out to explore the prevalence of elderly abuse, identify its types, associated risk factors and determine quality of their life in Rural Mansoura districts, Egypt. A cross-section study was conducted on a sample of 272 elders recruited from outpatient clinicsFamily Health Centers in Shawa & Berkin villages from May 1 to September 3, 2016. 200 (73.5%) elders accepted participation. A previously designed and validated questionnaires were used to collect data from participants. 46% of the studied elders were abused...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kari Dyb, Line Lundvoll Warth
BACKGROUND: This paper explores Norwegian doctors' use of and experiences with a national tool for sharing core patient health information. The summary care record (SCR; the Kjernejournal in Norwegian) is the first national system for sharing patient information among the various levels and institutions of health care throughout the country. The health authorities have invested heavily in the development, implementation and deployment of this tool, and as of 2017 all Norwegian citizens have a personalised SCR...
April 6, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Nola M Ries, Elise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: There are growing calls for elder abuse screening to be conducted by a range of community-based service providers, including general practitioners (GPs), practice nurses, home care workers and lawyers. Improved screening may be a valuable first step towards improving elder abuse detection and response; however, practitioners need evidence-based strategies for screening and follow-up. OBJECTIVE: This article summarises several brief screening tools for various forms of elder abuse...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
David Burnes, Marie-Therese Connolly, Ricker Hamilton, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study describes implementation procedures of goal attainment scaling (GAS) and examines the feasibility of using GAS to measure the multifarious intervention outcome of case resolution in elder mistreatment (EM) adult protective services (APS). METHODS: Substantiated EM victims (n = 27) were recruited prospectively from the State of Maine APS. An adapted GAS approach was implemented involving development of a pre-populated goal scale menu and web-based GAS application...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Raudah M Yunus, Noran N Hairi, Wan Y Choo, Maw P Tan, Farizah Hairi, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Norliana Ismail, Shatanapriya Kandiben, Devi Peramalah, Zainudin M Ali, Sharifah N Ahmad, Inayah A Razak, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Fadzilah Hm Mydin, Karuthan Chinna, Awang Bulgiba
OBJECTIVES: To examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between elder abuse and neglect (EAN) and chronic pain in rural older Malaysians. DESIGN: Two-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Kuala Pilah, a district in Negeri Sembilan approximately 100 km from the capital city, Kuala Lumpur. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and older. Using a multistage cluster sampling strategy, 1,927 respondents were recruited and assessed at baseline, of whom 1,189 were re-assessed 2 years later...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Jooyoung Kong, Scott D Easton
Objectives: This study primarily examines the associations between histories of childhood maltreatment (i.e., neglect, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse) and elder abuse victimization and explores whether gender moderates the associations. Methods: We conducted a secondary data analysis of 5,968 older adults (mean age = 71 years) based on data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (2010-2011). Using retrospective self-reports of childhood and current (past 12 months) victimization experiences, logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effects of early-life adversities on the likelihood of elder abuse victimization...
March 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Karlijn Clarysse, Coleen Kivlahan, Ingo Beyer, Jan Gutermuth
Neglect and physical abuse of elderly are worrisome health problems, which are expected to grow even further, considering the aging of the population. By 2060, the number of people aged above 65 years is expected to double, whereas birth rates are low. This trend will cause a significant imbalance between different age groups and put more senior adults at risk for abuse. Risk factors, associated with abuse and neglect, are well established and can be categorized in sociodemographic-, victim-, or perpetrator-related risk factors...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
Brooke L Namboodri, Tony Rosen, Joseph A Dayaa, Jason J Bischof, Nadeem Ramadan, Mehul D Patel, Joseph Grover, Jane H Brice, Timothy F Platts-Mills
OBJECTIVES: To describe statewide emergency medical service (EMS) protocols relating to identification, management, and reporting of elder abuse in the prehospital setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: Statewide EMS protocols in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Publicly available statewide EMS protocols identified from published literature,, and each state's public health website...
March 22, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Sourav Goswami, Pradeep R Deshmukh, Ramesh Pawar, Abhishek V Raut, Mansi Bhagat, Ashok M Mehendale
Background: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder among elderly population in India, yet, it is commonly misdiagnosed and undertreated. The exact burden of depression among the elderly population in rural India was not known. Objectives: To study the magnitude of depression among the elderly masses in rural Maharashtra and to find its correlates. Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional study, carried out among the elderly (≥60 years) population of both sexes residing in the field practice area of the department of community medicine...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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