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elder abuse

Henning Heiland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Christopher S Evans, Katherine M Hunld, Tony Rosen, Timothy F Platts-Mills
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of visits to U.S. emergency departments (EDs) in which a diagnosis of elder abuse is reached using two nationally representative datasets. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: U.S. ED visits recorded in the 2012 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) or the 2011 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). PARTICIPANTS: All ED visits of individuals aged 60 and older...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Natalie Z Wong, Tony Rosen, Allen M Sanchez, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Kevin W Mennitt, Keith Hentel, Refky Nicola, Kieran Murphy, Veronica M LoFaso, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
PURPOSE: Emergency department assessment represents a critical but often missed opportunity to identify elder abuse, which is common and has serious consequences. Among emergency care providers, diagnostic radiologists are optimally positioned to raise suspicion for mistreatment when reviewing imaging of geriatric injury victims. However, little literature exists describing relevant injury patterns, and most radiologists currently receive neither formal nor informal training in elder abuse identification...
October 13, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Lori L Jervis, Sherry Hamby, Scott R Beach, Mary L Williams, Valerie Maholmes, Dorothy M Castille
This article provides an overview of the status of research on elder mistreatment among underserved populations in the United States, including gaps in our current knowledge base, scientific and structural barriers to growing research on the exploitation, neglect, and abuse of older people from diverse and disadvantaged ethnic/racial, geographic, sexual identity, and socioeconomic groups. High priority areas in need of new elder mistreatment research with underserved populations are identified, and suggestions are given for how this research can be facilitated by researchers, university institutional review boards, and funding agencies...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Philip Robert Baker, Daniel Peter Francis, Noran Naqiah Mohd Hairi, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Wan Yuen Choo
There is evidence that elder abuse is a significant public health problem that is destined to grow as population age. Countries are considering how best to act and this requires an understanding of the complex causal mechanisms contributing to its occurrence and the identification of effective interventions which can potentially make a difference. Previously, a high quality synthesis of evidence for policy and practice has been missing. In this paper, we describe a new Cochrane review of interventions to prevent the occurrence or reoccurrence of elder abuse...
October 13, 2016: Age and Ageing
Sonia Salari, Christopher Maxwell
The aim is to conduct a critical analysis of existing family violence literature related to elder abuse homicide, also known as "eldercide." The focus relates to fatal violence perpetrated by current or former intimates. Men are the most likely victims of homicide, but rarely murdered by partners. Older women are most often killed in the home by a spouse or other family, consistent with the notion of "femicide." The FBI Supplemental Homicide Reports (SHR) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are utilized to illustrate trends by sex over time...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Jasmin Harpe, Allen M Sanchez, Kevin W Mennitt, Thomas J McCarthy, Refky Nicola, Kieran Murphy, Veronica M LoFaso, Neal Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVE: Elder abuse is underrecognized, and identification of subtle cases requires a high index of suspicion among all health care providers. Because many geriatric injury victims undergo radiographic imaging, diagnostic radiologists may be well positioned to identify injury patterns suggestive of abuse. Little is known about radiologists' experience with elder abuse. Our goal was to describe knowledge, attitudes, training, and practice experience in elder abuse detection among diagnostic radiologists...
October 12, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Juan Antonio Llompart-Pou, Mario Chico-Fernández, Marcelino Sánchez-Casado, Fermín Alberdi-Odriozola, Francisco Guerrero-López, María Dolores Mayor-García, Javier González-Robledo, María Ángeles Ballesteros-Sanz, Rubén Herrán-Monge, Rafael León-López, Lucía López-Amor, Ana Bueno-González
BACKGROUND: Injury patterns may differ in trauma patients when age is considered. This information is relevant in the management of trauma patients and for planning preventive measures. METHODS: We included in the study all patients admitted for traumatic disease in the participating ICUs from November 23(rd), 2012 to July 31(st), 2015 with complete records. Data on epidemiology, injury patterns, severity scores, acute management, resources utilisation and outcome were recorded and compared in the following groups of age: ≤55years (young adults), 56-65 years (adults), 66-75 years (elderly), >75years (very elderly)...
September 2016: Injury
S Sabzwari, A Munir Badini, Z Fatmi, T Jamali, S Shah
The elderly population in South Asia is growing. In Pakistan trained caregivers are scarce and culturally not acceptable. This study assessed the level of stress experienced by caregivers of the elderly and determined the association of care giving burden with different characteristics of the elderly. A cross-sectional, questionnaire based study was conducted using nonprobability purposive sampling. All consenting participants aged 60 years and above needing help with at least one activity of daily living or two instrumental activities of daily living were included...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
M H Pereira de Paiva, L Pinheiro Lages, Z Cavalcanti de Medeiros
AIM: To identify and synthesize the national and international literature on forensic nursing in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Forensic nursing is a new specialty to the nursing practice in Brazil, being recognized by the Federal Nursing Council of Brazil in 2011. In 2016, the first forensic nursing specialization programme was authorized in the country. INTRODUCTION: The implementation of forensic nursing specialty in Brazil marks new possibilities for the nursing practice, making it possible for nurses to develop additional skills to intervene in various situations under the Brazilian Unified Healthcare System...
September 29, 2016: International Nursing Review
Jeanne A Teresi, David Burnes, Elizabeth A Skowron, Mary Ann Dutton, Laura Mosqueda, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
The goal of this review is to discuss the state-of-the-science in elder abuse prevention. Findings from evidence-based programs to reduce elder abuse are discussed, drawing from findings and insights from evidence-based programs for child maltreatment and domestic/intimate partner violence. A conceptual measurement model for the study of elder abuse is presented, and linked to possible measures of risk factors and outcomes. Advances in neuroscience in child maltreatment and novel measurement strategies for outcome assessment are presented...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Mindaugas Stankunas, Mark Avery, Jutta Lindert, Ian Edwards, Mirko Di Rosa, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Henrique Barros, Joaquim Soares
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate socio-economic inequalities in the use, accessibility and satisfaction with health services amongst 60-84 year old people from seven European urban communities. Design/methodology/approach Data for this study were collected in 2009. The target population was people aged 60-84 years from Stuttgart (Germany), Athens (Greece), Ancona (Italy), Kaunas (Lithuania), Porto (Portugal), Granada (Spain) and Stockholm (Sweden). The total sample comprised 4,467 respondents with a mean response rate across these countries of 45...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Daniel A Plotkin, James E Spar, Howard L Horwitz
A claim of undue influence (UI) often figures prominently in will and trust contests and in other legal matters. Mental health professionals (MHPs) are frequently asked to provide expert opinions on UI, but the task is challenging, because of the lack of a clear definition of UI, and conflicting and contradictory recommendations in the literature on the specific conduct of the MHP in rendering opinions on UI. Recently, however, a California statutory scheme on UI applicable in will, trust, conservatorship, and financial elder abuse cases was adopted, bringing greater clarity to the meaning of the construct...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Katherine Witte Saylor
On October 30, 2015, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) convened a workshop "Multiple Approaches to Understanding and Preventing Elder Abuse" in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop brought together experts from across disciplines to discuss research challenges, opportunities, and lessons learned from other fields. Participants included experts in elder abuse, child abuse, intimate partner violence (IPV), emergency medicine, and neuroscience. In this special issue of the Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, participants address topics explored before, during, and after the day-long workshop...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Chanaka Wijeratne, Sharon Reutens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Sherry Hamby, Alli Smith, Kimberly Mitchell, Heather Turner
This literature review assesses the current state of knowledge about elder abuse and mistreatment, focusing on the lack of incorporation of all forms of elder victimization and the benefits of a poly-victimization framework. This review also includes existing knowledge on risk factors and calls for a greater focus on protective factors and a greater inclusion on family and community factors. Future research, prevention, and intervention would benefit from considering the true burden of elder victimization and a greater implementation of strengths-based approaches to programs...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Scott R Beach, Christopher R Carpenter, Tony Rosen, Phyllis Sharps, Richard Gelles
This article provides an overview of elder abuse screening and detection methods for community-dwelling and institutionalized older adults, including general issues and challenges for the field. Then, discussions of applications in emergency geriatric care, intimate partner violence (IPV), and child abuse are presented to inform research opportunities in elder abuse screening. The article provides descriptions of emerging screening and detection methods and technologies from the emergency geriatric care and IPV fields...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, M Brad Cannell, Katelyn K Jetelina, Sepeadeh Radpour
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse and neglect are highly under-reported in the United States. This may be partially attributed to low incidence of reporting among emergency medical technicians' (EMTs), despite state-mandated reporting of suspected elder abuse. Innovative solutions are needed to address under-reporting. The objective was to describe EMTs' experience detecting and reporting elder abuse. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from 11 EMTs and 12 Adult Protective Services (APS) caseworkers that participated in one of five semi-structured focus groups...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
Jing Wang, Bei Wu
We conducted a systematic review of the existing empirical studies focusing on Chinese domestic helpers in mainland China and foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong who provide care for community-dwelling older adults. There are very limited studies specifically focusing on this population. The findings synthesized domestic helpers' characteristics, acknowledged their contributions to elder care in China, and showed multiple challenges facing them, such as issues related to their physical health and emotional well-being, lack of legal rights protection, difficulties of adapting life in the host city, lack of training, and risk of abuse and sexual harassment...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
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