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Exercise in critically ill children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169299/memory-deficits-following-neonatal-critical-illness-a-common-neurodevelopmental-pathway
#1
REVIEW
Raisa Schiller, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Aparna Hoskote, Tonya White, Frank Verhulst, Arno van Heijst, Dick Tibboel
Over the past decade, evidence has emerged that children growing up after neonatal critical illness, irrespective of underlying diagnosis, are at risk of memory impairment and academic problems. These difficulties are manifest even when intelligence is within the normal range. In this Review, we propose a common neurodevelopmental pathway following neonatal critical illness by showing that survivors of preterm birth, congenital heart disease, and severe respiratory failure share an increased risk of long-term memory deficits and associated hippocampal alterations...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649021/impressions-of-early-mobilization-of-critically-ill-children-clinician-patient-and-family-perspectives
#2
Katina Zheng, Aimee Sarti, Sama Boles, Saoirse Cameron, Robert Carlisi, Heather Clark, Adeeb Khawaji, Saif Awladthani, Samah Al-Harbi, Karen Choong
OBJECTIVES: To understand patient, family caregiver, and clinician impressions of early mobilization, the perceived barriers and facilitators to its implementation, and the use of in-bed cycling as a method of mobilization. DESIGN: A qualitative study, conducted as part of the Early Exercise in Critically ill Youth and Children, a preliminary Evaluation (wEECYCLE) Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: McMaster Children's Hospital PICU, Hamilton, ON, Canada...
July 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581998/long-term-effect-of-critical-illness-after-severe-paediatric-burn-injury-on-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-survivors-an-observational-study
#3
Gabriel Hundeshagen, David N Herndon, Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Alexis McQuitty, Kristofer Jennings, Ludwik Branski, Vanessa N Collins, Nicole Ribeiro Marques, Celeste C Finnerty, Oscar E Suman, Michael P Kinsky
Background: Sepsis, trauma, and burn injury acutely depress systolic and diastolic cardiac function; data on long-term cardiac sequelae of pediatric critical illness are sparse. This study evaluated long-term systolic and diastolic function, myocardial fibrosis, and exercise tolerance in survivors of severe pediatric burn injury. Methods: Subjects at least 5 years after severe burn (post-burn:PB) and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent echocardiography to quantify systolic function (ejection fraction[EF%]), diastolic function (E/e'), and myocardial fibrosis (calibrated integrated backscatter) of the left ventricle...
December 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449317/it-takes-a-village-to-move-a-hospital-simulation-improves-intensive-care-team-preparedness-for-a-move-to-a-new-site
#4
Conall Francoeur, Sarah Shea, Margaret Ruddy, Patricia Fontela, Farhan Bhanji, Saleem Razack, Ronald Gottesman, Tanya Di Genova
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in-situ simulation to prepare a PICU to move to a new, redesigned unit. METHODS: The study setting is an academic PICU. This is a cross-sectional study using in-situ simulations of common PICU admissions. Postsimulation, participants completed a survey comparing the perception of preparedness pre- and postsimulation (via a 10-point Likert scale). Participants were resurveyed 6 months postmove to assess whether effects persisted. Qualitative data were obtained via thematic review of the survey comment section and from postsimulation debriefing...
March 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922268/early-exercise-in-critically-ill-youth-and-children-a-preliminary-evaluation-the-weecycle-pilot-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen Choong, Saif Awladthani, Adeeb Khawaji, Heather Clark, Asm Borhan, Ji Cheng, Sam Laskey, Charmaine Neu, Aimee Sarti, Lehana Thabane, Brian W Timmons, Katina Zheng, Samah Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of conducting a full trial evaluating the efficacy of early mobilization using in-bed cycling as an adjunct to physiotherapy, on functional outcomes in critically ill children. DESIGN: Single center, pilot, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twelve-bed tertiary care, medical-surgical PICU at McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada. PATIENTS: Children 3-17 years old who were limited to bed-rest with an expected PICU stay of at least 48 hours...
November 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820530/the-patient-experience-of-hemophilia-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#6
Kayoko Omura, Sayaka Tsuchiya
REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to describe and synthesize the experiences and perspectives of illness for patients living with both hemophilia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). BACKGROUND: Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by low concentrations of specific coagulation factors. There are two major types of this condition characterized by deficiencies of factor VIII (hemophilia A) and factor IX (hemophilia B). Bleeding occurs in hemophilia owing to failure of secondary hemostasis...
2012: JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820152/the-effectiveness-of-web-based-programs-on-the-reduction-of-childhood-obesity-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review
#7
Flora Antwi, Natalya Fazylova, Marie-Carmel Garcon, Liliana Lopez, Rosagna Rubiano, Jason T Slyer
REVIEW OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to synthesise the best available evidence on the effectiveness of web-based programs on the reduction of childhood obesity in school age children. BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.[1] The prevalence has increased at an alarming rate globally...
2012: JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933920/national-strength-and-conditioning-association-position-statement-on-long-term-athletic-development
#8
Rhodri S Lloyd, John B Cronin, Avery D Faigenbaum, G Gregory Haff, Rick Howard, William J Kraemer, Lyle J Micheli, Gregory D Myer, Jon L Oliver
There has recently been a growing interest in long-term athletic development for youth. Because of their unique physical, psychological, and social differences, children and adolescents should engage in appropriately prescribed exercise programs that promote physical development to prevent injury and enhance fitness behaviors that can be retained later in life. Irrespective of whether a child is involved in organized sport or engages in recreational physical activity, there remains a need to adopt a structured, logical, and evidence-based approach to the long-term development of athleticism...
June 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26038298/evidence-analysis-library-review-of-best-practices-for-performing-indirect-calorimetry-in-healthy-and-non-critically-ill-individuals
#9
REVIEW
Susan Fullmer, Sue Benson-Davies, Carrie P Earthman, David C Frankenfield, Erica Gradwell, Peggy S P Lee, Tami Piemonte, Jillian Trabulsi
When measurement of resting metabolic rate (RMR) by indirect calorimetry is necessary, following evidence-based protocols will ensure the individual has achieved a resting state. The purpose of this project was to update the best practices for measuring RMR by indirect calorimetry in healthy and non-critically ill adults and children found the Evidence Analysis Library of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The Evidence Analysis process described by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics was followed. The Ovid database was searched for papers published between 2003 and 2012 using key words identified by the work group and research consultants, studies used in the previous project were also considered (1980 to 2003), and references were hand searched...
September 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25845082/modeling-potential-reduction-of-child-mortality-after-national-scale-up-of-community-based-treatment-of-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia
#10
Luwei Pearson, Elizabeth Hazel, Yvonne Tam
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, 28,000 female health extension workers (IEWs) received training and support to provide integrated community based case management (iCCM) of childhood pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and se- vere malnutrition in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a modeling exercise using two scenarios to project the potential reduction of the under five mortality, riate due io the iCCM program in the four agrarian regions of Ethiopia. METHODS. We created three projections: (1) baseline projection without iCCM; (2) a "moderate" projection using 2012 coverage data scaled up to 30% by 2015 and (3) a "best case" scenario scaled up to 80% with 50% of newborns with sepsis receiving effective treatment by 2015...
October 2014: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25811394/increasing-physical-activity-in-children-from-evidence-to-action
#11
Tami L Jakubowski, Avery D Faigenbaum, Claire Lindberg
Daily physical activity has the potential to improve health and well-being, yet worldwide surveillance of physical activity levels indicate a growing number of children and adolescents do not meet current physical activity recommendations. The current symptom-reactive paradigm should be reconsidered, and preventive actions initiated, before inactive children become resistant to targeted interventions and require pharmacotherapy, and expensive medical procedures for treatment of preventable illnesses. A cascade of adverse events are associated with a sedentary lifestyle...
July 2015: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25692259/a-cohort-study-of-pediatric-shock-frequency-of-corticosteriod-use-and-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kusum Menon, J Dayre McNally, Karen Choong, Margaret L Lawson, Tim Ramsay, James S Hutchison, Jennifer Foster, Hector R Wong
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric shock is associated with significant morbidity and limited evidence suggests treatment with corticosteroids. The objective of this study was to describe practice patterns and outcomes associated with corticosteroid use in children with shock. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cohort study in four pediatric intensive care units (PICU) in Canada. Patients aged newborn to 17 years admitted to PICU with shock between January 2010 and June 2011 were eligible...
November 2015: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25260510/use-of-virtual-reality-gaming-systems-for-children-who-are-critically-ill
#13
Yasser Salem, Ahmed Elokda
Children who are critically ill are frequently viewed as "too sick" to tolerate physical activity. As a result, these children often fail to develop strength or cardiovascular endurance as compared to typically developing children. Previous reports have shown that early participation in physical activity in is safe and feasible for patients who are critically ill and may result in a shorter length of stay and improved functional outcomes. The use of the virtual reality gaming systems has become a popular form of therapy for children with disabilities and has been supported by a growing body of evidence substantiating its effectiveness with this population...
2014: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25239650/rationale-and-design-of-the-canadian-outcomes-registry-late-after-tetralogy-of-fallot-repair-the-correlate-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachel M Wald, Mustafa A Altaha, Nanette Alvarez, Christopher A Caldarone, Tiscar Cavallé-Garrido, Frédéric Dallaire, Christian Drolet, Jasmine Grewal, Camille L Hancock Friesen, Derek G Human, Edward Hickey, Camilla Kayedpour, Paul Khairy, Adrienne H Kovacs, Gerald Lebovic, Brian W McCrindle, Syed Najaf Nadeem, David J Patton, Andrew N Redington, Candice K Silversides, Edythe B Tham, Judith Therrien, Andrew E Warren, Bernd J Wintersperger, Isabelle F Vonder Muhll, Michael E Farkouh
BACKGROUND: Chronic hemodynamically relevant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) resulting in important right ventricular dilation and ventricular dysfunction is commonly seen after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Late adverse clinical outcomes, including exercise intolerance, arrhythmias, heart failure and/or death accelerate in the third decade of life and are cause for considerable concern. Timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) to address chronic PR is controversial, particularly in asymptomatic individuals, and effect of PVR on clinical measures has not been determined...
November 2014: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24705654/-wii-hab-in-critically-ill-children-a-pilot-trial
#15
Farah Abdulsatar, Rachel G Walker, Brian W Timmons, Karen Choong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of virtual reality (VR) exercise as a novel acute rehabilitation intervention in a Pediatric Critical Care Unit (PCCU) setting. METHODS: Children aged 3-18 years with an anticipated PCCU stay > 48 hours, and baseline normal to moderate cognitive and functional disability were eligible. Exclusion criteria included: anticipated death, physical inability, or a contraindication to mobilization. Nintendo Wii™ Boxing was prescribed for a minimum of 10 minutes twice a day for 2 days...
January 1, 2013: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24580767/long-term-outcome-of-children-treated-with-neonatal-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-increasing-problems-with-increasing-age
#16
REVIEW
Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Arno F J van Heijst
As more and more critically ill neonates survive, it becomes important to evaluate long-term morbidity. This review aims to provide an up-to-date overview of medical and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children who as neonates received treatment with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Most patients-except those with congenital diaphragmatic hernia-have normal lung function and normal growth at older age. Maximal exercise capacity is below normal and seems to deteriorate over time in the CDH population...
March 2014: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24330801/waterworks-a-full-scale-chemical-exposure-exercise-interrogating-pediatric-critical-care-surge-capacity-in-an-inner-city-tertiary-care-medical-center
#17
Vikas S Shah, Lauren C Pierce, Patricia Roblin, Sarah Walker, Marte N Sergio, Bonnie Arquilla
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) resources are overwhelmed in disaster as the need to accommodate influx of critically-ill children is increased. A full-scale chlorine overexposure exercise was conducted by the New York Institute for All Hazard Preparedness (NYIAHP) to assess the appropriateness of response of Kings County Hospital Center's (KCHC's) PICU surge plan to an influx of critically-ill children. The primary endpoint that was assessed was the ability of the institution to follow the PICU surge plan, while secondary endpoints include the ability to provide appropriate medical management...
February 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23745274/-effects-of-early-neurodevelopmental-treatment-on-motor-and-cognitive-development-of-critically-ill-premature-infants
#18
Na Li, Lin-Min Kang, Qiu Wang, Tao Yu, Dan Ma, Rong Luo
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) on motor and cognitive development of critically ill premature infants. METHODS: There were 203 infants, who were less than 32 week gestational age (GA), with very-low-birth weight, were included in the study. The infants were assigned to NDT group (n = 96) or control group (n = 107) according to the parent's decision. The infants in NDT group received NDT intervention once per week from corrected age (CA) 1 month to 3 months, and 3 to 5 times per week in the following 9 months...
March 2013: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23092890/the-effects-of-acute-and-chronic-stress-on-diabetes-control
#19
REVIEW
M Loredana Marcovecchio, Francesco Chiarelli
Stress is an important contributor to pathological conditions in humans. Hormonal changes that occur during acute and chronic stress situations can affect glucose homeostasis in both healthy people and in those with diabetes. Several studies have reported a negative effect of acute stress on maintenance of blood glucose concentrations in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The effect of stress on glycemic control in people with diabetes may be related to a direct effect of stress hormones on blood glucose levels and an indirect effect of stress on patient behaviors related to diabetes treatment and monitoring and meal and exercise plans...
October 23, 2012: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22587661/hypoglycaemia-related-to-inherited-metabolic-diseases-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Claire Douillard, Karine Mention, Dries Dobbelaere, Jean-Louis Wemeau, Jean-Marie Saudubray, Marie-Christine Vantyghem
In non-diabetic adult patients, hypoglycaemia may be related to drugs, critical illness, cortisol or glucagon insufficiency, non-islet cell tumour, insulinoma, or it may be surreptitious. Nevertheless, some hypoglycaemic episodes remain unexplained, and inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) should be considered, particularly in cases of multisystemic involvement. In children, IEM are considered a differential diagnosis in cases of hypoglycaemia. In adulthood, IEM-related hypoglycaemia can persist in a previously diagnosed childhood disease...
May 15, 2012: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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