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Mauricio Santos-Vega, Menno J Bouma, Vijay Kohli, Mercedes Pascual
BACKGROUND: The world is rapidly becoming urban with the global population living in cities projected to double by 2050. This increase in urbanization poses new challenges for the spread and control of communicable diseases such as malaria. In particular, urban environments create highly heterogeneous socio-economic and environmental conditions that can affect the transmission of vector-borne diseases dependent on human water storage and waste water management. Interestingly India, as opposed to Africa, harbors a mosquito vector, Anopheles stephensi, which thrives in the man-made environments of cities and acts as the vector for both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, making the malaria problem a truly urban phenomenon...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
A Sudhalkar, J Chhablani, A Vasavada, D Bhojwani, V Vasavada, S Vasavada
PurposeTo determine the preliminary efficacy and safety of off-label dexamethasone implant for treatment of recurrent cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to Irvine-Gass syndrome (IGS).Patients and methodsThis study was set in Raghudeep Eye Clinic, Ahmedabad and LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad (India). It is a Prospective Case Series. Prospective case series comprising of patients with uncomplicated pseudophakia and CME due to IGS who recurred after one course of topical steroids with NSAIDS and a sub-Tenon corticosteroid injection...
November 18, 2016: Eye
Kinjal Prajapati, Mira Desai, Samidh Shah, Jigar Panchal, Jigar Kapadia, Ramkumar Dikshit
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the various aspects of serious adverse drug reactions (serious ADRs) such as clinical presentation, causality, severity, and preventability occurring in a hospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All serious ADRs reported from January 2010 to May 2015 at ADR Monitoring Centre, Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, were selected as per the World health Organization -Uppsala Monitoring Center (WHO-UMC) criteria...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Nrupal Patel, Mira Desai, Samdih Shah, Prakruti Patel, Anuradha Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and types of medication errors (MEs), to evaluate occurrence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs), and assess rationality of prescription orders in a tertiary care teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted in General Medicine and Pediatric ward of Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad during October 2012 to January 2014. MEs were categorized as prescription error, dispensing error, and administration error (AE)...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi S Nanda, Kavita Mistry, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Bhumika M Vyas
BACKGROUND: The number of patients undergoing renal transplant are increasing with time. Most of these patients fall in the reproductive age group, who are going to conceive sooner or later. But there are few recipients who either are infertile before transplant or became infertile due to underlying renal pathology responsible for transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To study fertility outcome in female renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x44928c8) STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2004 to 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Prabhudas Patel, Hemangini Vora, Bharat B Aggarwal, Varsha Gandhi, Kapil Mehta, Sen Pathak
Cancer is primarily an "old-age" disease that has an "age-old" history. The overall incidence of cancer is much higher in Western countries, but is rapidly growing in Eastern countries perhaps due to change in life-style. Almost three million studies published to date indicate that cancer is a hyperproliferative disorder that arises from dysregulation of multiple cell signaling pathways. The cancer genome landscape indicates that approximately 140 genes and 12 cell signaling pathways drive almost all cancers...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Shanal Shah, Karthik Venkataraghavan, Prashant Choudhary, Shameer Mohammad, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin G Shah
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Soluneem ™ when used as an irrigating solution along with other commonly used irrigating solution sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) against Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microorganism used in this study was E. faecalis (Microbial Type Culture Collection 439). Test substance used was Soluneem ™, which was obtained from Vittal Mallya Scientific Research Foundation (VMSRF), Bengaluru...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Justin Parizo, Hugh J W Sturrock, Ramesh C Dhiman, Bryan Greenhouse
The world population, especially in developing countries, has experienced a rapid progression of urbanization over the last half century. Urbanization has been accompanied by a rise in cases of urban infectious diseases, such as malaria. The complexity and heterogeneity of the urban environment has made study of specific urban centers vital for urban malaria control programs, whereas more generalizable risk factor identification also remains essential. Ahmedabad city, India, is a large urban center located in the state of Gujarat, which has experienced a significant Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum disease burden...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
V S Saravanan, Marissa Ayessa Idenal, Shahin Saiyed, Deepak Saxena, Solvay Gerke
Diseases are rapidly urbanizing. Ageing infrastructures, high levels of inequality, poor urban governance, rapidly growing economies and highly dense and mobile populations all create environments rife for water-borne diseases. This article analyzes the role of institutions as crosscutting entities among a myriad of factors that breed water-borne diseases in the city of Ahmedabad, India. It applies 'path dependency' and a 'rational choice' perspective to understand the factors facilitating the breeding of diseases...
October 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Heli S Raval, J B Nayak, B M Patel, C M Bhadesiya
AIM: The present study was undertaken to understand the zoonotic importance of canine scabies and dermatophytosis with special reference to the knowledge level of dog owners in urban areas of Gujarat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in randomly selected 120 dog owners of 3 urban cities (viz., Ahmedabad, Anand and Vadodara) of Gujarat state, India. Dog owners (i.e., respondents) were subjected to a detailed interview regarding the zoonotic importance of canine scabies and dermatophytosis in dogs...
June 2015: Veterinary World
Suchit S Pandya, Jigar J Hasnani, P V Patel, Vandip D Chauhan, Nitin D Hirani, Ravi Shukla, Hitesh B Dhamsaniya
AIM: This study was undertaken to derive the prevalence rate of Fasciolosis in buffaloes by a collection of fecal and liver samples from Anand and Ahmedabad districts' local slaughter houses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fecal and liver samples were collected during ante- and post-mortem examination, respectively, and brought to the department laboratory preserved in 10% formalin for further processing. Fecal samples were processed with qualitative examination viz.; sedimentation technique for identification of the ova...
July 2015: Veterinary World
Vrutika Patel, Anukriti Sharma, Rup Lal, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Datta Madamwar
BACKGROUND: Gauging the microbial community structures and functions become imperative to understand the ecological processes. To understand the impact of long-term oil contamination on microbial community structure soil samples were taken from oil fields located in different industrial regions across Kadi, near Ahmedabad, India. Soil collected was hence used for metagenomic DNA extraction to study the capabilities of intrinsic microbial community in tolerating the oil perturbation. RESULTS: Taxonomic profiling was carried out by two different complementary approaches i...
2016: BMC Microbiology
Priya Dutta, Ajit Rajiva, Dileep Andhare, Gulrez Shah Azhar, Abhiyant Tiwari, Perry Sheffield
INTRODUCTION: Increasing heat waves-particularly in urban areas where construction is most prevalent, highlight a need for heat exposure assessment of construction workers. This study aims to characterize the effects of heat on construction workers from a site in Gandhinagar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved a mixed methods approach consisting of a cross sectional survey with anthropometric measurements (n = 219) and four focus groups with construction workers, as well as environmental measurements of heat stress exposure at a construction site...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Chinmay Mallik, Naveen Chandra, S Venkataramani, Shyam Lal
Atmospheric carbonyl sulfide (COS) is a major precursor for sulfate aerosols that play a critical role in climate regulation. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of COS measurements as a reliable means to constrain biospheric carbon assimilation. In a scenario of limited availability of COS data around the globe, we present gas-chromatographic measurements of atmospheric COS mixing ratios over Ahmedabad, a semi-arid, urban region in western India. These measurements, being reported for the first time over an Indian site, enable us to understand the diurnal and seasonal variation in atmospheric COS with respect to its natural, anthropogenic and photochemical sources and sinks...
May 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Venugopal Dhananjayan, Subramanian Muralidharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Bhavin S Bhatt, Fenisha D Chahwala, Sangeeta Rathod, Achuit K Singh
Capsicum annuum (Chilli) is a perennial herbaceous plant that is cultivated as an annual crop throughout the world, including India. Chilli leaf curl disease (ChiLCD) is a major biotic constraint, causing major losses in chilli production. During 2014, leaf samples of chilli plants displaying leaf curl disease were collected from the Ahmedabad district of Gujarat, India. These samples were used to isolate, clone and sequence viral genomic DNA and an associated betasatellite DNA molecule. Sequence analysis showed 90...
May 2016: Archives of Virology
Rahel Eynan, Leanna Reiss, Paul Links, Ravi Shah, T S Sathyanarayana Rao, Shubhangi Parkar, Lakshman Dutt, Kranti Kadam, Avinash De Souza, Amresh Shrivastava
INTRODUCTION: India accounts for the highest estimated number of suicides in the World. In 2012, more than 258,000 of the 804,000 suicide deaths worldwide occurred in India. Early identification and effective management of suicidal ideation and behavior are paramount to saving lives. However, mental health resources are often scarce and limited. Throughout India, there is a severe shortage in mental health professions trained, which results in a treatment gap of about 90%. A comprehensive needs assessment was undertaken to identify the nature of the deficits in suicide prevention training for physicians in three Indian cities: Mumbai, Ahmedabad, and Mysore...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Mamidipudi R Praveen, Abhay R Vasavada, Sajani K Shah, Mayuri B Khamar, Rupal H Trivedi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term impact of bilateral cataract surgery on postoperative complications, influence of age at surgery on the pattern of axial growth and central corneal thickness (CCT), and visual and orthoptic assessment in microphthalmic eyes. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract and IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. METHODS: This study assessed children with microphthalmos who had bilateral congenital cataract surgery...
September 2015: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Nehal Patel, Geet Gunjana, Shital Patel, Rashmi Thanvi, Paresh Sathvara, Rajesh Joshi
BACKGROUND: Identifying the commonly prevailing health and nutritional disorders in school going children is essential to initiate appropriate public health measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study was designed to conduct a detail physical health assessment of children studying in class 1-8 (age- 5-13 years) of 31 schools of Ahmedabad city, India between December 2011 and February 2012. Under the school health program of state government, medical history, height, weight and general physical examination findings, including dental and ophthalmic examination were recorded by qualified medical practitioners...
July 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Vineet V Mishra, Rashmi A Gaddagi, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Urmila Sharma, Ushma Patel
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis appears to affect every aspect of a women's reproductive system resulting in infertility and spontaneous pregnancy loss. This study aims to find out the prevalence & clinical characteristics of endometriosis amongst infertile women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A Hospital based retrospective study over a period of one year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective study conducted in the gynaecology department in Institute of Kidney Diseases & Research Centre; Ahmedabad from April 2012 to March 2013 amongst women with a primary complaint of infertility (Primary/Secondary)...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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