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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456948/is-routine-use-of-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-of-temporal-bone-in-patients-of-atticoantral-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-without-intracranial-complications-justified
#1
Meeta Bathla, Hiren Doshi, Atul Kansara
Role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of temporal bone is established in cases of atticoantral chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with intracranial complications. Routine use of HRCT in management of patients of atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications has been an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the routine use of HRCT of temporal bone in such cases. This study was a prospective study done at LG hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad to evaluate and compare the temporal bone findings in HRCT and intraoperative findings in 100 patients with atticoantral CSOM...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456943/transnasal-endoscopic-optic-nerve-decompression-in-post-traumatic-optic-neuropathy
#2
Devang Gupta, Monica Gadodia
To quantify the successful outcome in patients following optic nerve decompression in post traumatic unilateral optic neuropathy in form of improvement in visual acuity. A prospective study was carried out over a period of 5 years (January 2011 to June 2016) at civil hospital Ahmedabad. Total 20 patients were selected with optic neuropathy including patients with direct and indirect trauma to unilateral optic nerve, not responding to conservative management, leading to optic neuropathy and subsequent impairment in vision and blindness...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404285/role-of-percutaneous-computed-tomography-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-treatment-of-osteoid-osteoma
#3
Ajay R Upadhyay, Nikunj Chandrakant Desai, Digish U Vaghela
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of nidus in osteoid osteoma (OO). Materials and Methods: RFA was performed on fifty patients with clinically and radiologically diagnosed OO. RFA was done in the department of radio-diagnosis in our institute (a tertiary care providing institute in Ahmedabad, Western India). Ablation was performed by putting at an electrode tip (3-5 mm) into nidus under CT guidance with targeted temperature of 90°C for 3 min...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091667/measurement-of-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide-and-water-vapor-in-built-up-urban-areas-in-the-gandhinagar-ahmedabad-region-in-india-using-a-portable-tunable-diode-laser-spectroscopy-system
#4
Anirban Roy, Neetesh Kumar Sharma, Arup Lal Chakraborty, Abhishek Upadhyay
This paper reports open-path in situ measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide at Gandhinagar (23.2156°N, 72.6369°E) and Ahmedabad (23.0225°N, 72.5714°E) in the heavily industrialized state of Gujarat in western India. Calibration-free second harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f WMS) is used to carry out accurate and fully automated measurements. The mean values of the mole fraction of carbon dioxide at four locations were 438 ppm, 495 ppm, 550 ppm, and 740 ppm, respectively. These values are much higher than the current global average of 406...
November 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063886/evaluation-of-concurrent-malaria-and-dengue-infections-among-febrile-patients
#5
Parul D Shah, Tanmay K Mehta
CONTEXT: Despite a wide overlap between endemic areas for two important vector-borne infections, malaria and dengue, published reports of co-infections are scarce till date. AIMS: To find the incidence of dengue and malaria co-infection as well as to ascertain the severity of such dengue and malaria co-infection based on clinical and haematological parameters. SETTING AND DESIGN: Observational, retrospective cross-sectional study was designed including patients who consulted the tertiary care hospital of Ahmedabad seeking treatment for fever compatible with malaria and/or dengue...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#6
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016575/role-of-intravenous-ferric-carboxy-maltose-in-pregnant-women-with-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#7
Vineet Mishra, Khusaili Gandhi, Priyankur Roy, Shaheen Hokabaj, Kunur N Shah
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency amongst women of childbearing age. Peri-partum iron deficiency anaemia is associated with significant maternal, foetal and infant morbidity. Current options for treatment include oral iron, which can be ineffective and poorly tolerated, and red blood cell transfusions, which carry an inherent risk and should be avoided. Ferric carboxymaltose is a modern treatment option. The study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose for correction of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnant women...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991614/postoperative-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-the-bag-versus-posterior-optic-capture-in-pediatric-cataract%C3%A2-surgery
#8
Abhay R Vasavada, Vaishali Vasavada, Sajani K Shah, Rupal H Trivedi, Viraj A Vasavada, Shail A Vasavada, Samaresh Srivastava, Aditya Sudhalkar
PURPOSE: To compare complications in children up to 4 years old having cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation using 2 techniques: in-the-bag IOL with anterior vitrectomy or optic capture of IOL with no anterior vitrectomy. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. DESIGN: Prospective randomized control clinical trial. METHODS: The study included children having cataract surgery with IOL implantation...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580232/mineralization-of-a-sulfonated-textile-dye-reactive-red-31-from-simulated-wastewater-using-pellets-of-aspergillus-bombycis
#9
Razia Khan, M H Fulekar
BACKGROUND: Reactive Red 31, applied extensively in the commercial textile industry, is a hazardous and persistent azo dye compound often present in dye manufacturing and textile industrial effluents. Aspergillus bombycis strain was isolated from dye contaminated zones of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Vatva, Ahmedabad, India. The decolorization potential was monitored by the decrease in maximum absorption of the dye using UV-visible spectroscopy. Optimization of physicochemical conditions was carried out to achieve maximum decolorization of Reactive Red 31 by fungal pellets...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546662/pregnancy-outcome-in-patients-with-solitary-kidney
#10
Vineet V Mishra, Kavita M Mistry, Sakshi S Nanda, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Solitary kidney may be congenital or as a result of nephrectomy. There is a lot of literature available on quality of life in these patients, but there is limited data on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: To study pregnancy outcome in patients with solitary kidney either congenital or due to nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design This is a retrospective observational study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2011 to 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389269/estimation-of-reproduction-number-and-non-stationary-spectral-analysis-of-dengue-epidemic
#11
Murali Krishna Enduri, Shivakumar Jolad
In this work we analyze the post monsoon Dengue outbreaks by analyzing the transient and long term dynamics of Dengue incidences and its environmental correlates in Ahmedabad city in western India from 2005 to 2012. We calculate the reproduction number Rp using the growth rate of post monsoon Dengue outbreaks and biological parameters like host and vector incubation periods and vector mortality rate, and its uncertainties are estimated through Monte-Carlo simulations by sampling parameters from their respective probability distributions...
June 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360462/cotton-dust-exposure-analysis-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms
#12
Bharat M Dangi, Anjali R Bhise
BACKGROUND: Cotton industry workers are exposed to various hazards in the different departments of textile factories. The major health problems associated with cotton dust are respiratory problems, byssinosis, bronchitis and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of cotton dust exposure on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted at cotton mill in the Ahmedabad city...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276102/mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-gujarat-india
#13
Atul K Patel, Ketan K Patel, Kamlesh Patel, Swati Gohel, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The prevalence of mucormycosis is reportedly high in India, although the studies are mainly from north and south India only. We analysed the mucormycosis cases at tertiary care centres of West India. We retrieved the clinical details of all the patients with probable and proven mucormycosis diagnosed at Sterling Hospital and ID clinic at Ahmedabad, Gujarat over the period from 1 January 2013 through 30 April 2015. The data were analysed to determine demography, risk factors, underlying diseases, site of infection and outcome of these patients...
June 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272004/surgical-outcomes-post-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-stage-iv-cancers-of-oral-cavity
#14
(no author information available yet)
AIM: To know the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical outcomes (R1 resections, post-operative complications, recurrence and follow up) in Stage IV borderline operable cancers of oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in group A (n=45) were those who were referred for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with an intention to operate at a later date. These were compared with 45 patients of group B who were operated upfront. All 90 patients have stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271997/a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-profile-and-long-term-outcome-to-imatinib-mesylate-alone-in-childhood-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-chronic-phase
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is relatively rare malignancy in childhood. There are limited studies of use of Imatinib Mesylate (IM) alone in management of CML in this age group. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 30 consecutive children with CML chronic phase treated with IM alone. RESULTS: The median age at the time of diagnosis was 11 years with male preponderance. Asthenia and abdominal discomfort due to splenomegaly were the most common presenting features and splenomegaly a dominant sign...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242968/salpingoscopy-an-adjuvant-to-laparoscopy-in-evaluation-of-infertile-women
#16
Vineet V Mishra, Rajani Nawal, Rohina S Aggarwal, S Choudhary, Tanvir Singh, Urmila Sharma, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate salpingoscopic tubal mucosal grading and to find out correlation between laparoscopic external tubal appearance and salpingoscopic mucosal appearance. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. INTERVENTION: Salpingoscopy and laparoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven infertile women between 21 and 40 years of age group who attended infertility clinic at IKDRC, Ahmedabad, from May 2015 to August 2015, were enrolled in the study...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217542/dental-caries-prevalence-among-type-ii-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-adults-attending-a-hospital
#17
Ekta A Malvania, Sona A Sheth, Ashish S Sharma, Saloni Mansuri, Faizan Shaikh, Saloni Sahani
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic metabolic disorder which affects millions of people. At present, India has the highest incidence of diabetes worldwide. Several oral lesions and conditions are associated with diabetes. However, there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the relationship between DM and dental caries. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the dental caries prevalence among type II diabetic and nondiabetic adults attending a hospital in Ahmedabad city...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188549/characteristics-and-source-apportionment-of-black-carbon-aerosols-over-an-urban-site
#18
T A Rajesh, S Ramachandran
Aethalometer based source apportionment model using the measured aerosol absorption coefficients at different wavelengths is used to apportion the contribution of fossil fuel and wood burning sources to the total black carbon (BC) mass concentration. Temporal and seasonal variabilities in BC mass concentrations, equivalent BC from fossil fuel (BC f f ), and wood burning (BC w b ) are investigated over an urban location in western India during January 2014 to December 2015. BC, BC f f , and BC w b mass concentrations exhibit strong diurnal variation and are mainly influenced by atmospheric dynamics...
March 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144089/effect-of-areca-nut-chewing-and-maximal-mouth-opening-in-schoolgoing-children-in-ahmedabad
#19
Azizfatema Munawer Khan, Megha S Sheth, Romsha R Purohit
CONTEXT: Areca nut is chewed by itself and in various scented preparations. Areca nut chewing is widely practiced in many parts of Asia, including India. Users often consider it harmless and report a sense of well-being, but evidence has shown that it is far from harmless and can have multiple oral health implications such as oral submucosal fibrosis posing difficulty in opening mouth and carcinogenesis. Studies in India have reported increasing prevalence of this habit among schoolgoing children...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104967/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-consumers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-regarding-the-disposal-of-unused-medicines
#20
Supriya Sonowal, Chetna Desai, Jigar D Kapadia, Mira K Desai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of consumers in India about disposal of unused medicines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprising 11 questions evaluating the Knowledge (2), Attitude (3) and Practice (6) of unused medicines was prepared and pre validated before administering to 200 consumers of medicines attending the outpatient department of Civil Hospital Ahmedabad, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Requisite permissions from Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent were obtained prior to recruiting them for the study...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
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