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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580232/mineralization-of-a-sulfonated-textile-dye-reactive-red-31-from-simulated-wastewater-using-pellets-of-aspergillus-bombycis
#1
Razia Khan, M H Fulekar
BACKGROUND: Reactive Red 31, applied extensively in the commercial textile industry, is a hazardous and persistent azo dye compound often present in dye manufacturing and textile industrial effluents. Aspergillus bombycis strain was isolated from dye contaminated zones of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Vatva, Ahmedabad, India. The decolorization potential was monitored by the decrease in maximum absorption of the dye using UV-visible spectroscopy. Optimization of physicochemical conditions was carried out to achieve maximum decolorization of Reactive Red 31 by fungal pellets...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546662/pregnancy-outcome-in-patients-with-solitary-kidney
#2
Vineet V Mishra, Kavita M Mistry, Sakshi S Nanda, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Solitary kidney may be congenital or as a result of nephrectomy. There is a lot of literature available on quality of life in these patients, but there is limited data on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: To study pregnancy outcome in patients with solitary kidney either congenital or due to nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design This is a retrospective observational study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2011 to 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389269/estimation-of-reproduction-number-and-non-stationary-spectral-analysis-of-dengue-epidemic
#3
Murali Krishna Enduri, Shivakumar Jolad
In this work we analyze the post monsoon Dengue outbreaks by analyzing the transient and long term dynamics of Dengue incidences and its environmental correlates in Ahmedabad city in western India from 2005 to 2012. We calculate the reproduction number Rp using the growth rate of post monsoon Dengue outbreaks and biological parameters like host and vector incubation periods and vector mortality rate, and its uncertainties are estimated through Monte-Carlo simulations by sampling parameters from their respective probability distributions...
April 5, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360462/cotton-dust-exposure-analysis-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms
#4
Bharat M Dangi, Anjali R Bhise
BACKGROUND: Cotton industry workers are exposed to various hazards in the different departments of textile factories. The major health problems associated with cotton dust are respiratory problems, byssinosis, bronchitis and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of cotton dust exposure on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted at cotton mill in the Ahmedabad city...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276102/mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-gujarat-india
#5
Atul K Patel, Ketan K Patel, Kamlesh Patel, Swati Gohel, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The prevalence of mucormycosis is reportedly high in India, although the studies are mainly from north and south India only. We analysed the mucormycosis cases at tertiary care centres of West India. We retrieved the clinical details of all the patients with probable and proven mucormycosis diagnosed at Sterling Hospital and ID clinic at Ahmedabad, Gujarat over the period from 1 January 2013 through 30 April 2015. The data were analysed to determine demography, risk factors, underlying diseases, site of infection and outcome of these patients...
June 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272004/surgical-outcomes-post-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-stage-iv-cancers-of-oral-cavity
#6
(no author information available yet)
AIM: To know the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical outcomes (R1 resections, post-operative complications, recurrence and follow up) in Stage IV borderline operable cancers of oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in group A (n=45) were those who were referred for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with an intention to operate at a later date. These were compared with 45 patients of group B who were operated upfront. All 90 patients have stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271997/a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-profile-and-long-term-outcome-to-imatinib-mesylate-alone-in-childhood-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-chronic-phase
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is relatively rare malignancy in childhood. There are limited studies of use of Imatinib Mesylate (IM) alone in management of CML in this age group. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 30 consecutive children with CML chronic phase treated with IM alone. RESULTS: The median age at the time of diagnosis was 11 years with male preponderance. Asthenia and abdominal discomfort due to splenomegaly were the most common presenting features and splenomegaly a dominant sign...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242968/salpingoscopy-an-adjuvant-to-laparoscopy-in-evaluation-of-infertile-women
#8
Vineet V Mishra, Rajani Nawal, Rohina S Aggarwal, S Choudhary, Tanvir Singh, Urmila Sharma, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate salpingoscopic tubal mucosal grading and to find out correlation between laparoscopic external tubal appearance and salpingoscopic mucosal appearance. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. INTERVENTION: Salpingoscopy and laparoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven infertile women between 21 and 40 years of age group who attended infertility clinic at IKDRC, Ahmedabad, from May 2015 to August 2015, were enrolled in the study...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217542/dental-caries-prevalence-among-type-ii-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-adults-attending-a-hospital
#9
Ekta A Malvania, Sona A Sheth, Ashish S Sharma, Saloni Mansuri, Faizan Shaikh, Saloni Sahani
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic metabolic disorder which affects millions of people. At present, India has the highest incidence of diabetes worldwide. Several oral lesions and conditions are associated with diabetes. However, there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the relationship between DM and dental caries. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the dental caries prevalence among type II diabetic and nondiabetic adults attending a hospital in Ahmedabad city...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188549/characteristics-and-source-apportionment-of-black-carbon-aerosols-over-an-urban-site
#10
T A Rajesh, S Ramachandran
Aethalometer based source apportionment model using the measured aerosol absorption coefficients at different wavelengths is used to apportion the contribution of fossil fuel and wood burning sources to the total black carbon (BC) mass concentration. Temporal and seasonal variabilities in BC mass concentrations, equivalent BC from fossil fuel (BC f f ), and wood burning (BC w b ) are investigated over an urban location in western India during January 2014 to December 2015. BC, BC f f , and BC w b mass concentrations exhibit strong diurnal variation and are mainly influenced by atmospheric dynamics...
March 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144089/effect-of-areca-nut-chewing-and-maximal-mouth-opening-in-schoolgoing-children-in-ahmedabad
#11
Azizfatema Munawer Khan, Megha S Sheth, Romsha R Purohit
CONTEXT: Areca nut is chewed by itself and in various scented preparations. Areca nut chewing is widely practiced in many parts of Asia, including India. Users often consider it harmless and report a sense of well-being, but evidence has shown that it is far from harmless and can have multiple oral health implications such as oral submucosal fibrosis posing difficulty in opening mouth and carcinogenesis. Studies in India have reported increasing prevalence of this habit among schoolgoing children...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104967/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-consumers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-regarding-the-disposal-of-unused-medicines
#12
Supriya Sonowal, Chetna Desai, Jigar D Kapadia, Mira K Desai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of consumers in India about disposal of unused medicines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprising 11 questions evaluating the Knowledge (2), Attitude (3) and Practice (6) of unused medicines was prepared and pre validated before administering to 200 consumers of medicines attending the outpatient department of Civil Hospital Ahmedabad, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Requisite permissions from Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent were obtained prior to recruiting them for the study...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#13
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067128/study-of-kite-string-injuries-in-western-india
#14
Chetan Prajapati, Abhay Agrawal, Ravish Atha, Manav P Suri, Jayesh P Sachde, M F Shaikh
A prospective analysis of 104 patients (outdoor and indoor) with manja (powdered glass coated kite string) injury from January 2011 to January 2015 was carried out at Civil Hospital Ahmedabad. All patients were analysed for mode and severity of injury, site of injury, associated injuries, activity being performed when injury occurred, the clinical diagnosis and treatment required. Analysis of collected data revealed that majority of the injuries occurred while driving or in pedestrians with the neck being the most commonly affected body part...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058826/detection-of-sabin-like-type-2-poliovirus-after-global-cessation-of-trivalent-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-in-hyderabad-and-ahmedabad-india-august%C3%A2-september-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056001/notes-from-the-field-detection-of-sabin-like-type-2-poliovirus-from-sewage-after-global-cessation-of-trivalent-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-hyderabad-and-ahmedabad-india-august-september-2016
#16
Sunil Bahl, Lee M Hampton, Pankaj Bhatnagar, Gadala Srinivasa Rao, Pradeep Haldar, Lucky Sangal, Puttaraju Ak Jetty, Uma P Nalavade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939952/toxico-vigilance-an-inevitable-prerequisite-to-keep-a-watch-on-toxins-around-you
#17
Shweta Sharma, Aruna Dewan, Gyanendra Singh
India has got a handful of poison centers to compensate about 1.25 billion population of India. Hence, a lot of under-reporting of poisoning cases occurs due to limited resources. Gujarat being an upcoming industrial centre of India has got many key industries like textiles, automobiles, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals etc. This magnificent industrial growth has resulted upon increased exposure of various hazardous chemicals among the general and working population. This study reflects trends of poisoning observed in a poison center named Center For Education Awareness and Research On Chemicals and Health (CEARCH) at Ahmedabad...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906962/population-density-climate-variables-and-poverty-synergistically-structure-spatial-risk-in-urban-malaria-in-india
#18
Mauricio Santos-Vega, Menno J Bouma, Vijay Kohli, Mercedes Pascual
BACKGROUND: The world is rapidly becoming urban with the global population living in cities projected to double by 2050. This increase in urbanization poses new challenges for the spread and control of communicable diseases such as malaria. In particular, urban environments create highly heterogeneous socio-economic and environmental conditions that can affect the transmission of vector-borne diseases dependent on human water storage and waste water management. Interestingly India, as opposed to Africa, harbors a mosquito vector, Anopheles stephensi, which thrives in the man-made environments of cities and acts as the vector for both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, making the malaria problem a truly urban phenomenon...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858937/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-for-recurrent-cystoid-macular-edema-due-to-irvine-gass-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#19
A Sudhalkar, J Chhablani, A Vasavada, D Bhojwani, V Vasavada, S Vasavada
PurposeTo determine the preliminary efficacy and safety of off-label dexamethasone implant for treatment of recurrent cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to Irvine-Gass syndrome (IGS).Patients and methodsThis study was set in Raghudeep Eye Clinic, Ahmedabad and LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad (India). It is a Prospective Case Series. Prospective case series comprising of patients with uncomplicated pseudophakia and CME due to IGS who recurred after one course of topical steroids with NSAIDS and a sub-Tenon corticosteroid injection...
December 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843794/an-analysis-of-serious-adverse-drug-reactions-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#20
Kinjal Prajapati, Mira Desai, Samidh Shah, Jigar Panchal, Jigar Kapadia, Ramkumar Dikshit
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the various aspects of serious adverse drug reactions (serious ADRs) such as clinical presentation, causality, severity, and preventability occurring in a hospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All serious ADRs reported from January 2010 to May 2015 at ADR Monitoring Centre, Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, were selected as per the World health Organization -Uppsala Monitoring Center (WHO-UMC) criteria...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
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