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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657198/scoring-systems-and-outcome-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-admitted-in-intensive-care-units
#1
Jitendra Goswami, Manish R Balwani, Vivek Kute, Manoj Gumber, Mohan Patel, Umesh Godhani
The outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is difficult to predict. This study assessed the outcome of CKD patients admitted to the ICU and evaluated prediction of 30-day mortality using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II), Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. One hundred consecutive CKD patients admitted to the ICU at a tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad between 2011 and 2013 were included prospectively...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624599/a-snapshot-of-gut-microbiota-of-an-adult-urban-population-from-western-region-of-india
#2
Disha Tandon, Mohammed Monzoorul Haque, Saravanan R, Shafiq Shaikh, Sriram P, Ashok Kumar Dubey, Sharmila S Mande
The human gut microbiome contributes to a broad range of biochemical and metabolic functions that directly or indirectly affect human physiology. Several recent studies have indicated that factors like age, geographical location, genetic makeup, and individual health status significantly influence the diversity, stability, and resilience of the gut microbiome. Of the mentioned factors, geographical location (and related dietary/socio-economic context) appears to explain a significant portion of microbiome variation observed in various previously conducted base-line studies on human gut microbiome...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615280/comparison-of-ocular-wavefront-aberrations-in-subluxated-lenses-before-and-after-lens-extraction-with-intraocular-lens-implantation
#3
Samaresh Srivastava, Vaishali Vasavada, Viraj Vasavada, Shail Vasavada, Mamidipudi R Praveen, Rajendra Reddy, Abhay R Vasavada
PURPOSE: To compare the change in ocular higher-order wavefront aberrations (HOAs), visual acuity, and modulation transfer function (MTF) after lens extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with subluxated lenses. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Eyes with subluxated lenses having lens extraction with IOL implantation were included...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569206/incidences-of-mortality-of-indian-peafowl-pavo-cristatus-due-to-pesticide-poisoning-in-india-and-accumulation-pattern-of-chlorinated-pesticides-in-tissues-of-the-same-species-collected-from-ahmedabad-and-coimbatore
#4
Kanthan Nambirajan, Subramanian Muralidharan, Subbian Manonmani, Venkatachalam Kirubhanandhini, Kitusamy Ganesan
Incidences of mortality of Indian peafowl Pavo cristatus, the national bird (Schedule I Indian Wild Life Protection Act 1972), are rampant in India. Between January 2011 and March 2017, around 550 peafowl in 35 incidences were reported dead across the country. Due to the non-availability of fresh carcases, poisoning could not be confirmed. Birds which died due to kite string injuries in Ahmedabad (15) and accidents in Coimbatore (5) were tested for residues of chlorinated pesticides, namely hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), endosulfan, heptachlor, dicofol, dieldrin and cholipyrifos...
March 23, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541986/impact-of-dynamical-and-microphysical-schemes-on-black-carbon-prediction-in-a-regional-climate-model-over-india
#5
Rohit Srivastava, Sherin Hassan Bran
Aerosol concentrations and their properties strongly depend on dynamics of atmosphere. Effects of physical and dynamical parameterizations on meteorology and black carbon (BC) mass in Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with Chemistry (WRF-CHEM) are investigated over India. Simulations are performed in ten experiments considering two boundary layer, three cumulus parameterization, and five microphysics schemes during winter and monsoon of 2008. Morrison double-moment physical parameterization, Yonsei University boundary layer parameterization with Kain-Fritsch and Grell-Freitas cumulus parameterization schemes are found suitable to simulate meteorology and BC mass over India...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516095/a-model-for-sustained-collaboration-to-address-the-unmet-global-burden-of-bladder-exstrophy-epispadis-complex-and-penopubic-epispadis-the-international-bladder-exstrophy-consortium
#6
Rakesh S Joshi, Dhirendra Shrivastava, Richard Grady, Anjana Kundu, Jaishri Ramji, Pramod P Reddy, Joao Luiz Pippi-Salle, Jennifer R Frazier, Douglas A Canning, Aseem R Shukla
Importance: International collaboration to alleviate the massive burden of surgical disease is recognized by World Health Organization as an urgent need, yet the surgical mission model to treat reconstructive surgical challenges is often constrained in ensuring adequate patient follow-up, optimal outcomes, and sustainability. Objective: To determine whether a collaboration predicated on long-term commitment by surgeons returning to the same institution annually combined with an experienced host surgical team and infrastructure to ensure sustained patient follow-up could provide surgical care with acceptable outcomes to treat bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BE) and penopubic epispadias (PE)...
March 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456948/is-routine-use-of-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-of-temporal-bone-in-patients-of-atticoantral-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-without-intracranial-complications-justified
#7
Meeta Bathla, Hiren Doshi, Atul Kansara
Role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of temporal bone is established in cases of atticoantral chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with intracranial complications. Routine use of HRCT in management of patients of atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications has been an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the routine use of HRCT of temporal bone in such cases. This study was a prospective study done at LG hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad to evaluate and compare the temporal bone findings in HRCT and intraoperative findings in 100 patients with atticoantral CSOM...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456943/transnasal-endoscopic-optic-nerve-decompression-in-post-traumatic-optic-neuropathy
#8
Devang Gupta, Monica Gadodia
To quantify the successful outcome in patients following optic nerve decompression in post traumatic unilateral optic neuropathy in form of improvement in visual acuity. A prospective study was carried out over a period of 5 years (January 2011 to June 2016) at civil hospital Ahmedabad. Total 20 patients were selected with optic neuropathy including patients with direct and indirect trauma to unilateral optic nerve, not responding to conservative management, leading to optic neuropathy and subsequent impairment in vision and blindness...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404285/role-of-percutaneous-computed-tomography-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-treatment-of-osteoid-osteoma
#9
Ajay R Upadhyay, Nikunj Chandrakant Desai, Digish U Vaghela
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of nidus in osteoid osteoma (OO). Materials and Methods: RFA was performed on fifty patients with clinically and radiologically diagnosed OO. RFA was done in the department of radio-diagnosis in our institute (a tertiary care providing institute in Ahmedabad, Western India). Ablation was performed by putting at an electrode tip (3-5 mm) into nidus under CT guidance with targeted temperature of 90°C for 3 min...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091667/measurement-of-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide-and-water-vapor-in-built-up-urban-areas-in-the-gandhinagar-ahmedabad-region-in-india-using-a-portable-tunable-diode-laser-spectroscopy-system
#10
Anirban Roy, Neetesh Kumar Sharma, Arup Lal Chakraborty, Abhishek Upadhyay
This paper reports open-path in situ measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide at Gandhinagar (23.2156°N, 72.6369°E) and Ahmedabad (23.0225°N, 72.5714°E) in the heavily industrialized state of Gujarat in western India. Calibration-free second harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f WMS) is used to carry out accurate and fully automated measurements. The mean values of the mole fraction of carbon dioxide at four locations were 438 ppm, 495 ppm, 550 ppm, and 740 ppm, respectively. These values are much higher than the current global average of 406...
November 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063886/evaluation-of-concurrent-malaria-and-dengue-infections-among-febrile-patients
#11
Parul D Shah, Tanmay K Mehta
CONTEXT: Despite a wide overlap between endemic areas for two important vector-borne infections, malaria and dengue, published reports of co-infections are scarce till date. AIMS: To find the incidence of dengue and malaria co-infection as well as to ascertain the severity of such dengue and malaria co-infection based on clinical and haematological parameters. SETTING AND DESIGN: Observational, retrospective cross-sectional study was designed including patients who consulted the tertiary care hospital of Ahmedabad seeking treatment for fever compatible with malaria and/or dengue...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#12
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016575/role-of-intravenous-ferric-carboxy-maltose-in-pregnant-women-with-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#13
Vineet Mishra, Khusaili Gandhi, Priyankur Roy, Shaheen Hokabaj, Kunur N Shah
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency amongst women of childbearing age. Peri-partum iron deficiency anaemia is associated with significant maternal, foetal and infant morbidity. Current options for treatment include oral iron, which can be ineffective and poorly tolerated, and red blood cell transfusions, which carry an inherent risk and should be avoided. Ferric carboxymaltose is a modern treatment option. The study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose for correction of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnant women...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991614/postoperative-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-the-bag-versus-posterior-optic-capture-in-pediatric-cataract%C3%A2-surgery
#14
Abhay R Vasavada, Vaishali Vasavada, Sajani K Shah, Rupal H Trivedi, Viraj A Vasavada, Shail A Vasavada, Samaresh Srivastava, Aditya Sudhalkar
PURPOSE: To compare complications in children up to 4 years old having cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation using 2 techniques: in-the-bag IOL with anterior vitrectomy or optic capture of IOL with no anterior vitrectomy. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. DESIGN: Prospective randomized control clinical trial. METHODS: The study included children having cataract surgery with IOL implantation...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580232/mineralization-of-a-sulfonated-textile-dye-reactive-red-31-from-simulated-wastewater-using-pellets-of-aspergillus-bombycis
#15
Razia Khan, M H Fulekar
BACKGROUND: Reactive Red 31, applied extensively in the commercial textile industry, is a hazardous and persistent azo dye compound often present in dye manufacturing and textile industrial effluents. Aspergillus bombycis strain was isolated from dye contaminated zones of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Vatva, Ahmedabad, India. The decolorization potential was monitored by the decrease in maximum absorption of the dye using UV-visible spectroscopy. Optimization of physicochemical conditions was carried out to achieve maximum decolorization of Reactive Red 31 by fungal pellets...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546662/pregnancy-outcome-in-patients-with-solitary-kidney
#16
Vineet V Mishra, Kavita M Mistry, Sakshi S Nanda, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Solitary kidney may be congenital or as a result of nephrectomy. There is a lot of literature available on quality of life in these patients, but there is limited data on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: To study pregnancy outcome in patients with solitary kidney either congenital or due to nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design This is a retrospective observational study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2011 to 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389269/estimation-of-reproduction-number-and-non-stationary-spectral-analysis-of-dengue-epidemic
#17
Murali Krishna Enduri, Shivakumar Jolad
In this work we analyze the post monsoon Dengue outbreaks by analyzing the transient and long term dynamics of Dengue incidences and its environmental correlates in Ahmedabad city in western India from 2005 to 2012. We calculate the reproduction number Rp using the growth rate of post monsoon Dengue outbreaks and biological parameters like host and vector incubation periods and vector mortality rate, and its uncertainties are estimated through Monte-Carlo simulations by sampling parameters from their respective probability distributions...
June 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360462/cotton-dust-exposure-analysis-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms
#18
Bharat M Dangi, Anjali R Bhise
BACKGROUND: Cotton industry workers are exposed to various hazards in the different departments of textile factories. The major health problems associated with cotton dust are respiratory problems, byssinosis, bronchitis and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of cotton dust exposure on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted at cotton mill in the Ahmedabad city...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276102/mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-gujarat-india
#19
Atul K Patel, Ketan K Patel, Kamlesh Patel, Swati Gohel, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The prevalence of mucormycosis is reportedly high in India, although the studies are mainly from north and south India only. We analysed the mucormycosis cases at tertiary care centres of West India. We retrieved the clinical details of all the patients with probable and proven mucormycosis diagnosed at Sterling Hospital and ID clinic at Ahmedabad, Gujarat over the period from 1 January 2013 through 30 April 2015. The data were analysed to determine demography, risk factors, underlying diseases, site of infection and outcome of these patients...
June 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272004/surgical-outcomes-post-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-stage-iv-cancers-of-oral-cavity
#20
(no author information available yet)
AIM: To know the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical outcomes (R1 resections, post-operative complications, recurrence and follow up) in Stage IV borderline operable cancers of oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in group A (n=45) were those who were referred for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with an intention to operate at a later date. These were compared with 45 patients of group B who were operated upfront. All 90 patients have stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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