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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217542/dental-caries-prevalence-among-type-ii-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-adults-attending-a-hospital
#1
Ekta A Malvania, Sona A Sheth, Ashish S Sharma, Saloni Mansuri, Faizan Shaikh, Saloni Sahani
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic metabolic disorder which affects millions of people. At present, India has the highest incidence of diabetes worldwide. Several oral lesions and conditions are associated with diabetes. However, there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the relationship between DM and dental caries. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the dental caries prevalence among type II diabetic and nondiabetic adults attending a hospital in Ahmedabad city...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188549/characteristics-and-source-apportionment-of-black-carbon-aerosols-over-an-urban-site
#2
T A Rajesh, S Ramachandran
Aethalometer based source apportionment model using the measured aerosol absorption coefficients at different wavelengths is used to apportion the contribution of fossil fuel and wood burning sources to the total black carbon (BC) mass concentration. Temporal and seasonal variabilities in BC mass concentrations, equivalent BC from fossil fuel (BC f f ), and wood burning (BC w b ) are investigated over an urban location in western India during January 2014 to December 2015. BC, BC f f , and BC w b mass concentrations exhibit strong diurnal variation and are mainly influenced by atmospheric dynamics...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144089/effect-of-areca-nut-chewing-and-maximal-mouth-opening-in-schoolgoing-children-in-ahmedabad
#3
Azizfatema Munawer Khan, Megha S Sheth, Romsha R Purohit
CONTEXT: Areca nut is chewed by itself and in various scented preparations. Areca nut chewing is widely practiced in many parts of Asia, including India. Users often consider it harmless and report a sense of well-being, but evidence has shown that it is far from harmless and can have multiple oral health implications such as oral submucosal fibrosis posing difficulty in opening mouth and carcinogenesis. Studies in India have reported increasing prevalence of this habit among schoolgoing children...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104967/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-consumers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-regarding-the-disposal-of-unused-medicines
#4
Supriya Sonowal, Chetna Desai, Jigar D Kapadia, Mira K Desai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of consumers in India about disposal of unused medicines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprising 11 questions evaluating the Knowledge (2), Attitude (3) and Practice (6) of unused medicines was prepared and pre validated before administering to 200 consumers of medicines attending the outpatient department of Civil Hospital Ahmedabad, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Requisite permissions from Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent were obtained prior to recruiting them for the study...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#5
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067128/study-of-kite-string-injuries-in-western-india
#6
Chetan Prajapati, Abhay Agrawal, Ravish Atha, Manav P Suri, Jayesh P Sachde, M F Shaikh
A prospective analysis of 104 patients (outdoor and indoor) with manja (powdered glass coated kite string) injury from January 2011 to January 2015 was carried out at Civil Hospital Ahmedabad. All patients were analysed for mode and severity of injury, site of injury, associated injuries, activity being performed when injury occurred, the clinical diagnosis and treatment required. Analysis of collected data revealed that majority of the injuries occurred while driving or in pedestrians with the neck being the most commonly affected body part...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058826/detection-of-sabin-like-type-2-poliovirus-after-global-cessation-of-trivalent-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-in-hyderabad-and-ahmedabad-india-august%C3%A2-september-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
6, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056001/notes-from-the-field-detection-of-sabin-like-type-2-poliovirus-from-sewage-after-global-cessation-of-trivalent-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-hyderabad-and-ahmedabad-india-august-september-2016
#8
Sunil Bahl, Lee M Hampton, Pankaj Bhatnagar, Gadala Srinivasa Rao, Pradeep Haldar, Lucky Sangal, Puttaraju Ak Jetty, Uma P Nalavade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939952/toxico-vigilance-an-inevitable-prerequisite-to-keep-a-watch-on-toxins-around-you
#9
Shweta Sharma, Aruna Dewan, Gyanendra Singh
India has got a handful of poison centers to compensate about 1.25 billion population of India. Hence, a lot of under-reporting of poisoning cases occurs due to limited resources. Gujarat being an upcoming industrial centre of India has got many key industries like textiles, automobiles, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals etc. This magnificent industrial growth has resulted upon increased exposure of various hazardous chemicals among the general and working population. This study reflects trends of poisoning observed in a poison center named Center For Education Awareness and Research On Chemicals and Health (CEARCH) at Ahmedabad...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906962/population-density-climate-variables-and-poverty-synergistically-structure-spatial-risk-in-urban-malaria-in-india
#10
Mauricio Santos-Vega, Menno J Bouma, Vijay Kohli, Mercedes Pascual
BACKGROUND: The world is rapidly becoming urban with the global population living in cities projected to double by 2050. This increase in urbanization poses new challenges for the spread and control of communicable diseases such as malaria. In particular, urban environments create highly heterogeneous socio-economic and environmental conditions that can affect the transmission of vector-borne diseases dependent on human water storage and waste water management. Interestingly India, as opposed to Africa, harbors a mosquito vector, Anopheles stephensi, which thrives in the man-made environments of cities and acts as the vector for both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, making the malaria problem a truly urban phenomenon...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858937/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-for-recurrent-cystoid-macular-edema-due-to-irvine-gass-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#11
A Sudhalkar, J Chhablani, A Vasavada, D Bhojwani, V Vasavada, S Vasavada
PurposeTo determine the preliminary efficacy and safety of off-label dexamethasone implant for treatment of recurrent cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to Irvine-Gass syndrome (IGS).Patients and methodsThis study was set in Raghudeep Eye Clinic, Ahmedabad and LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad (India). It is a Prospective Case Series. Prospective case series comprising of patients with uncomplicated pseudophakia and CME due to IGS who recurred after one course of topical steroids with NSAIDS and a sub-Tenon corticosteroid injection...
December 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843794/an-analysis-of-serious-adverse-drug-reactions-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#12
Kinjal Prajapati, Mira Desai, Samidh Shah, Jigar Panchal, Jigar Kapadia, Ramkumar Dikshit
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the various aspects of serious adverse drug reactions (serious ADRs) such as clinical presentation, causality, severity, and preventability occurring in a hospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All serious ADRs reported from January 2010 to May 2015 at ADR Monitoring Centre, Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, were selected as per the World health Organization -Uppsala Monitoring Center (WHO-UMC) criteria...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843792/a-study-of-medication-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Nrupal Patel, Mira Desai, Samdih Shah, Prakruti Patel, Anuradha Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and types of medication errors (MEs), to evaluate occurrence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs), and assess rationality of prescription orders in a tertiary care teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted in General Medicine and Pediatric ward of Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad during October 2012 to January 2014. MEs were categorized as prescription error, dispensing error, and administration error (AE)...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651625/an-overview-on-fertility-outcome-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#14
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi S Nanda, Kavita Mistry, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Bhumika M Vyas
BACKGROUND: The number of patients undergoing renal transplant are increasing with time. Most of these patients fall in the reproductive age group, who are going to conceive sooner or later. But there are few recipients who either are infertile before transplant or became infertile due to underlying renal pathology responsible for transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To study fertility outcome in female renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x43dda88) STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2004 to 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630358/prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer-hypes-and-hopes-6th-international-translational-cancer-research-conference
#15
Prabhudas Patel, Hemangini Vora, Bharat B Aggarwal, Varsha Gandhi, Kapil Mehta, Sen Pathak
Cancer is primarily an "old-age" disease that has an "age-old" history. The overall incidence of cancer is much higher in Western countries, but is rapidly growing in Eastern countries perhaps due to change in life-style. Almost three million studies published to date indicate that cancer is a hyperproliferative disorder that arises from dysregulation of multiple cell signaling pathways. The cancer genome landscape indicates that approximately 140 genes and 12 cell signaling pathways drive almost all cancers...
2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461802/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-effect-of-azadirachtin-plant-extract-soluneem-%C3%A2-on-commonly-found-root-canal-pathogenic-microorganisms-viz-enterococcus-faecalis-in-primary-teeth-a-microbiological-study
#16
Shanal Shah, Karthik Venkataraghavan, Prashant Choudhary, Shameer Mohammad, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin G Shah
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Soluneem ™ when used as an irrigating solution along with other commonly used irrigating solution sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) against Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microorganism used in this study was E. faecalis (Microbial Type Culture Collection 439). Test substance used was Soluneem ™, which was obtained from Vittal Mallya Scientific Research Foundation (VMSRF), Bengaluru...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382081/spatiotemporal-analysis-of-malaria-in-urban-ahmedabad-gujarat-india-identification-of-hot-spots-and-risk-factors-for-targeted-intervention
#17
Justin Parizo, Hugh J W Sturrock, Ramesh C Dhiman, Bryan Greenhouse
The world population, especially in developing countries, has experienced a rapid progression of urbanization over the last half century. Urbanization has been accompanied by a rise in cases of urban infectious diseases, such as malaria. The complexity and heterogeneity of the urban environment has made study of specific urban centers vital for urban malaria control programs, whereas more generalizable risk factor identification also remains essential. Ahmedabad city, India, is a large urban center located in the state of Gujarat, which has experienced a significant Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum disease burden...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126201/urbanization-and-human-health-in-urban-india-institutional-analysis-of-water-borne-diseases-in-ahmedabad
#18
V S Saravanan, Marissa Ayessa Idenal, Shahin Saiyed, Deepak Saxena, Solvay Gerke
Diseases are rapidly urbanizing. Ageing infrastructures, high levels of inequality, poor urban governance, rapidly growing economies and highly dense and mobile populations all create environments rife for water-borne diseases. This article analyzes the role of institutions as crosscutting entities among a myriad of factors that breed water-borne diseases in the city of Ahmedabad, India. It applies 'path dependency' and a 'rational choice' perspective to understand the factors facilitating the breeding of diseases...
October 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065644/zoonotic-importance-of-canine-scabies-and-dermatophytosis-in-relation-to-knowledge-level-of-dog-owners
#19
Heli S Raval, J B Nayak, B M Patel, C M Bhadesiya
AIM: The present study was undertaken to understand the zoonotic importance of canine scabies and dermatophytosis with special reference to the knowledge level of dog owners in urban areas of Gujarat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in randomly selected 120 dog owners of 3 urban cities (viz., Ahmedabad, Anand and Vadodara) of Gujarat state, India. Dog owners (i.e., respondents) were subjected to a detailed interview regarding the zoonotic importance of canine scabies and dermatophytosis in dogs...
June 2015: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047167/study-on-prevalence-of-fasciolosis-in-buffaloes-at-anand-and-ahmedabad-districts-gujarat-india
#20
Suchit S Pandya, Jigar J Hasnani, P V Patel, Vandip D Chauhan, Nitin D Hirani, Ravi Shukla, Hitesh B Dhamsaniya
AIM: This study was undertaken to derive the prevalence rate of Fasciolosis in buffaloes by a collection of fecal and liver samples from Anand and Ahmedabad districts' local slaughter houses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fecal and liver samples were collected during ante- and post-mortem examination, respectively, and brought to the department laboratory preserved in 10% formalin for further processing. Fecal samples were processed with qualitative examination viz.; sedimentation technique for identification of the ova...
July 2015: Veterinary World
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