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Alpha thalassemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115104/molecular-basis-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-in-iran
#1
Atefeh Valaei, Morteza Karimipoor, Alireza Kordafshari, Sirous Zeinali
Alpha-thalassemia (α-thal) is probably the most prevalent monogenic condition in the world. Deletions are the most common type of mutations in α-thal, followed by point mutations and small insertion/deletion. In the context of national screening program for prevention of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies in Iran, α-thal carriers have come to more attention. Therefore, the frequency and distribution of α-globin mutations in various regions of the country have been studied in recent years. A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and national databases for finding reports on mutation detection in α-thal carriers and HbH disease with Iranian origin...
January 1, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090069/the-frequency-and-importance-of-common-%C3%AE-globin-gene-deletions-among-%C3%AE-thalassemia-carriers-in-an-iranian-population
#2
Azam Moosavi, Ali M Ardekani
BACKGROUND: β-thalassemia is the most common monogenic disorder in Iran, and one of the challenges in the screening of the carriers is the coinheritance of α-thalassemia mutations. In the view of high prevalence of α-thalassemia mutations in many parts of the country, the aim of this study was to determine the carrier frequency of common alpha deletions, as a secondary modifier in clinical manifestations of beta thalassemia, in known beta-thalassemia carriers and some hematology parameter changes...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075082/response-to-alpha-interferon-treatment-of-the-congenital-dyserythropoietic-anemia-type-i-in-two-sicilian-beta-thalassemia-carriers
#3
V Agrigento, R Barone, S Sclafani, R Di Maggio, M Sacco, A Maggio, E D'Alcamo
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I (CDAI) is an autosomal recessive inherited haematological disorder associated with moderate-to-severe anemia characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis with distinct morphological abnormalities in erythroid precursors. We present two case of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I in two Sicilian patients heterozygous for β(0) 39 globin gene cod 39 C > T with marked bone marrow abnormalities, responding to treatment with alpha interferon. The diagnosis was established using routine haematological and biochemical test, light and electron microscopy; molecular analysis of the CDAN1 gene associated to the CDAI disease was performed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049312/impact-of-annotation-error-in-%C3%AE-globin-genes-on-molecular-diagnosis
#4
J Francis Borgio
BACKGROUND: Recent studies on the variants in duplicated human alpha globin genes (HBA2 and HBA1) actively target the α-globin gene as molecular modulators for the treatment of β-thalassemia major. Identification of the exact position of variant in HBA1, HBA2 or its patchworks is mandatory to support the therapeutic aims in β-thalassemia major, by identifying specific modulators for the reactivation of fetal hemoglobin production. Hence, accurate identification of the variants in α-globin genes is crucial for the proper diagnosis, treatment and genetic counseling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026176/primary-astrocytic-tumours-and-paired-recurrences-have-similar-biological-features-in-idh1-tp53-and-tertp-mutation-and-mgmt-atrx-loss
#5
Xia Li, Jie Wei, Yixiong Liu, Peifeng Li, Linni Fan, Yingmei Wang, Mingyang Li, Danhui Zhao, Zhou Yu, Jing Ye, Ying Guo, Qingguo Yan, Shuangping Guo, Zhe Wang
Astrocytic tumours are the most common type of primary malignant brain tumour. Most astrocytic tumours will recur at some point after surgery. Currently, the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy does not prevent the recurrence of astrocytic tumours. In this study, we investigated the consistency in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), tumour protein p53 (TP53) and telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter (TERTp) mutations during astrocytic tumour recurrence. We also evaluated the protein loss of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation, X-linked (ATRX) during disease recurrence...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981928/-molecular-epidemiological-survey-of-hemoglobinopathies-in-yongzhou-area-of-hunan-province
#6
Jie Tian, Deguo Tang, Shaohui Yang, Ju Wang, Yanmin Ai, Miao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the molecular epidemiology of hemoglobinopathies in Yongzhou area of Hunan province in order to provide a basis for making the guidelines of local thalassemia prevention program. METHODS: Two thousand and two samples (1001 couples) were randomly recruited based on demographic data and distribution of ethnic groups. All samples were subjected to full blood count and analysis of hemoglobin and 6 common alpha-thalassemia mutations. Known beta-thalassemia mutations were screened in samples with beta-thalassemia trait...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981562/rare-%C3%AE-0-thalassemia-deletions-detected-by-mlpa-in-five-unrelated-brazilian-patients
#7
Natália O Mota, Elza M Kimura, Roberta D Ferreira, Gisele A Pedroso, Dulcinéia M Albuquerque, Daniela M Ribeiro, Magnun N N Santos, Cristina M Bittar, Fernando F Costa, Maria de Fatima Sonati
Alpha-thalassemias are among the most common genetic diseases in the world. They are characterized by hypochromic and microcytic anemia and great clinical variability, ranging from a practically asymptomatic phenotype to severe anemia, which can lead to intrauterine or early neonatal death. Deletions affecting the α-globin genes, located on chromosome 16p13.3, are the main causes of α-thalassemia. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) can be used to detect rearrangements that cause α-thalassemia, particularly large deletions involving the whole α cluster and/or deletions in the HS-40 region...
October 2, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980701/isocitrate-dehydrogenase-mutant-glioma-evolving-clinical-and-therapeutic-implications
#8
REVIEW
Julie J Miller, Helen A Shih, Ovidiu C Andronesi, Daniel P Cahill
The metabolic genes isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 are commonly mutated in low-grade glioma and in a subset of glioblastoma. These mutations co-occur with other recurrent molecular alterations, including 1p/19q codeletions and tumor suppressor protein 53 (TP53) and alpha thalassemia/mental retardation (ATRX) mutations, which together help to define a molecular signature that aids in the classification of gliomas and helps to better predict clinical behavior. A confluence of research suggests that glioma development in IDH-mutant and IDH wild-type tumors is driven by different oncogenic processes and responds differently to current treatment paradigms...
December 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901965/anaplastic-gliomas-in-adults-an-update
#9
Cristina Izquierdo, Bastien Joubert, François Ducray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review summarizes recent advances on the oncogenesis, classification and treatment of adult anaplastic gliomas. RECENT FINDINGS: According to the 2016 WHO classification, three main molecular subgroups of adult diffuse anaplastic gliomas can be distinguished based on the 1p/19q codeletion and isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation status. In the future, this classification may be further refined based on the telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter and alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked mutation status, gene expression, DNA methylation and genomic profiling...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900367/measurement-of-hba1c-and-hba2-by-capillarys-2-flex-piercing-hba1c-programme-for-simultaneous-management-of-diabetes-and-screening-for-thalassemia
#10
Peifeng Ke, Jiawei Liu, Yan Chao, Xiaobin Wu, Yujuan Xiong, Li Lin, Zemin Wan, Xinzhong Wu, Jianhua Xu, Junhua Zhuang, Xianzhang Huang
INTRODUCTION: Thalassemia could interfere with some assays for haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurement, therefore, it is useful to be able to screen for thalassemia while measuring HbA1c. We used Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing (Capillarys 2FP) HbA1c programme to simultaneously measure HbA1c and screen for thalassemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from 498 normal controls and 175 thalassemia patients were analysed by Capillarys 2FP HbA1c programme (Sebia, France). For method comparison, HbA1c was quantified by Premier Hb9210 (Trinity Biotech, Ireland) in 98 thalassaemia patients samples...
October 1, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899405/neonatal-hemolytic-anemia-does-not-always-indicate-thalassemia-a-case-report
#11
Arwa A Al-Harazi, Bilguis M Al-Eryani, Butheinah A Al-Sharafi
BACKGROUND: Congenital erythropoietic porphyria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that affects heme-porphyrin synthesis. This disorder is due to the genetic defect of uroporphyrinogen III cosynthase. This defect results in the accumulation of high amounts of uroporphyrin I in all tissues, leading to clinical manifestations ranging from mild to severe chronic damage of the skin, cartilage and bone. Hypertrichosis, erythrodontia and reddish-colored urine are often present, as well as hemolytic anemia accompanied by hepatosplenomegaly...
September 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891254/fetal-isovolumetric-time-intervals-as-a-marker-of-abnormal-cardiac-function-in-fetal-anemia-from-homozygous-alpha-thalassemia-1-disease
#12
Fuanglada Tongprasert, Kasemsri Srisupundit, Suchaya Luewan, Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Phudit Jatavan, Theera Tongsong
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fetal isovolumetric time intervals can be an early sonographic marker of fetal anemia in fetuses with homozygous alpha thalassemia-1. METHODS: Pregnancies at risk for fetal homozygous alpha thalassemia-1 disease at 18-22 weeks were recruited before cordocentesis for hemoglobin typing. Isovolumetric contraction time (ICT) and isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT) intervals were measured by placing pulsed wave Doppler sample volume within the left ventricle to obtain the mitral and aortic waveform...
October 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887661/widening-the-spectrum-of-deletions-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-alpha-thalassemia
#13
José Ferrão, Marisa Silva, Lúcia Gonçalves, Susana Gomes, Pedro Loureiro, Andreia Coelho, Armandina Miranda, Filomena Seuanes, Ana Batalha Reis, Francisca Pina, Raquel Maia, Paula Kjöllerström, Estela Monteiro, João F Lacerda, João Lavinha, João Gonçalves, Paula Faustino
Inherited deletions of α-globin genes and/or their upstream regulatory elements (MCSs) give rise to α-thalassemia, an autosomal recessive microcytic hypochromic anemia. In this study, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification performed with commercial and synthetic engineered probes, Gap-PCR, and DNA sequencing were used to characterize lesions in the sub-telomeric region of the short arm of chromosome 16, possibly explaining the α-thalassemia/HbH disease phenotype in ten patients. We have found six different deletions, in heterozygosity, ranging from approximately 3...
November 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884221/evaluation-of-the-greek-tranqol-a-novel-questionnaire-for-measuring-quality-of-life-in-transfusion-dependent-thalassemia-patients
#14
Philippos Klonizakis, Robert Klaassen, Nikolaos Sousos, Aris Liakos, Apostolos Tsapas, Efthymia Vlachaki
The aim of our study was to evaluate the Greek version of the transfusion-dependent quality of life (TranQol) questionnaire and report our experience of using this novel disease-specific quality of life (QoL) measure in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT). The TranQol and SF-36v2 questionnaires were administered to 94 adult TDT patients with a mean age of 32.1 years (SD = 7, range = 19-58), recruited from the Adult Thalassemia Unit of Hippokration General Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece...
November 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868518/associations-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-and-bcl11a-with-stroke-in-nigerian-united-states-and-united-kingdom-sickle-cell-anemia-cohorts
#15
Santosh L Saraf, Titilola S Akingbola, Binal N Shah, Chinedu A Ezekekwu, Omowunmi Sonubi, Xu Zhang, Lewis L Hsu, Mark T Gladwin, Roberto F Machado, Richard S Cooper, Victor R Gordeuk, Bamidele O Tayo
Alpha-thalassemia and the BCL11A rs1427407 T allele are commonly observed in sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients and are associated with reduced hemolysis and higher hemoglobin F levels, respectively. We investigated whether a high-risk genetic profile, defined as SCA patients who did not inherit either α-thalassemia or the BCL11A rs1427407 T allele, had stronger associations with clinical and laboratory variables than the individual genetic components in the University of Ibadan cohort (n=249). We then replicated our findings in SCA cohorts from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)(n=260) and Walk-Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension and Sickle cell disease with Sildenafil Therapy (Walk-PHaSST)(n=387)...
April 25, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795231/radiation-induced-gliomas-a-report-of-four-cases-and-analysis-of-molecular-biomarkers
#16
Tsunehito Nakao, Yasuo Sasagawa, Sumihito Nobusawa, Yasushi Takabatake, Hemragul Sabit, Masashi Kinoshita, Katsuyoshi Miyashita, Yasuhiko Hayashi, Hideaki Yokoo, Mitsutoshi Nakada
Radiation-induced glioma (RIG) is a rare secondary glioma. The tumors morphologically resemble their sporadically arising counterparts. Recently, the WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system was revised to incorporate molecular biomarkers together with classic histological features. The status of molecular biomarkers in RIG, however, remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate if commonly accepted glioma-specific biomarkers are relevant in RIGs. Among 269 gliomas diagnosed as WHO grade 2, 3 and 4 in our institution, four were diagnosed as RIGs...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783617/an-age-dependent-response-to-hydroxyurea-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-anemia-patients-with-alpha-thalassemia-trait
#17
Lisa Figueiredo, Kerry Morrone, Catherine Wei, Karen Ireland, Hillel W Cohen, Catherine Driscoll, Deepa Manwani
Hydroxyurea (HU) is a key drug therapy for individuals with sickle cell anemia (SCA), yet its clinical and hematologic responses can be variable. Various studies have reported the role of α-thalassemia as one of the most prevalent heritable traits that may modify HU response. We provide data from 62 pediatric and adolescent patients with SCA, 26 with co-inherited α-thalassemia trait. Our data suggest that altered hematologic and clinical responses to HU therapy are noted in adolescent SCA individuals with co-inherited α-thalassemia trait...
July 31, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777865/-results-of-thalassemia-screening-and-genetic-diagnosis-for-13-738-pregnant-women
#18
Yuanyuan Han, Wei Dai, Xingmei Liu, Guifang Li, Yin Xu, Xingwei Ma, Yuanyuan Li, Wenping Han, Nannan Yang, Qin Xu, Ling Huang, Shengwen Huang
OBJECTIVE: To report on the result of thalassemia screening and genetic diagnosis for pregnant women from Guiyang region. METHODS: Prenatal screening for thalassemia was carried out based on erythrocyte parameters and hemoglobin electrophoresis. Single-tube multiplex GAP-PCR and PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization were performed on suspected cases to identify common alpha- and beta- thalassemia mutations, and direct sequencing was used for identifying rare mutations...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777854/-a-novel-double-heterozygote-of-hbb-c-219t-a-220g-t-gene-diagnosis-and-pedigree-analysis
#19
Jiezhong Lv, Zhaofan Luo, Jianpei Fang, Tao Du, Hongman Xue, Yong Liu, Jianping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To identify a novel hemoglobinopathy applied by direct sequencing and clone sequencing. METHODS: EDTA anticoagulated blood of proband and his parents were analyzed by hematology analyzers and Capillarys hemoglobin electrophoresis (CE). Then thalassemia genetypes were screened by gap-PCR and reverse dot blot (RDB). Proband was suspected with abnormal hemoglobin combine alpha beta compound thalassemia. The mutation of beta-globin was identified by direct sequencing and clone sequencing...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771834/molecular-prenatal-diagnosis-of-alpha-and-beta-thalassemia-in-pregnant-hakka-women-in-southern-china
#20
Pingsen Zhao, Heming Wu, Zhixiong Zhong, Liubing Lan, Mei Zeng, Hualan Lin, Huaxian Wang, Zhiyuan Zheng, Luxian Su, Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: To date, there has been no systematic study of DNA-based prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia in pregnant Hakka women in southern China. METHODS: A total of 279 pregnant Hakka women with confirmed cases of thalassemia who had been treated at the Meizhou People's Hospital in China's Guangdong Province from January 2014 to December 2016 were here enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of couples and villus, amniotic fluid, or fetal cord blood...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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