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Changyong Tang, Min Wang, Peijian Wang, Lei Wang, Qingfeng Wu, Weixiang Guo
In the neurogenic niches, adult neural stem and/or progenitor cells (NSCs) generate functional neurons throughout life, which has been implicated in learning and memory and affective behaviors. During adult neurogenesis, newborn neurons release feedback signals into the niches to regulate NSC proliferation and differentiation. However, whether and how NSCs contribute to the niche governing newborn neuron development is still unknown. Using a combination of cell ablation, retrovirus-mediated single-cell labeling, and signaling pathway modulation, we show that adult hippocampal NSCs continuously supply pleiotrophin factor to the newborn neurons...
November 14, 2018: Neuron
Jiupeng Zhou, Yuanli Yang, Yongfeng Zhang, Heng Liu, Quanli Dou
BACKGROUND: Some researchers reported that pleiotrophin (PTN) is associated with the development and metastasis of various tumors and it is a poor prognostic factor for the tumor patients. However, the results of other researches are inconsistent with them. It is obliged to do a meta-analysis to reach a definite conclusion. METHODS: The published studies relevant to PTN were searched in the databases including PubMed, Embase and Web of Science until March 20, 2018...
2018: PloS One
Julio Sevillano, María Gracia Sánchez-Alonso, Begoña Zapatería, María Calderón, Martín Alcalá, María Limones, Jimena Pita, Esther Gramage, Marta Vicente-Rodríguez, Daniel Horrillo, Gema Medina-Gómez, María Jesús Obregón, Marta Viana, Ismael Valladolid-Acebes, Gonzalo Herradón, María Pilar Ramos-Álvarez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Pleiotrophin, a developmentally regulated and highly conserved cytokine, exerts different functions including regulation of cell growth and survival. Here, we hypothesise that this cytokine can play a regulatory role in glucose and lipid homeostasis. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we performed a longitudinal study characterising the metabolic profile (circulating variables and tissue mRNA expression) of gene-targeted Ptn-deficient female mice and their corresponding wild-type counterparts at different ages from young adulthood (3 months) to older age (15 months)...
October 16, 2018: Diabetologia
Rajkiran Reddy Banala, Satish Kumar Vemuri, Murahari Penkulinti, Gurava Reddy Av, Subbaiah Gpv
Study Design: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. Purpose: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and to study the corresponding gene-expression profile in the spine and different organs. Overview of Literature: Scoliosis involves abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, the causes of which remain unclear. In the literature, it is suggested that scoliosis is genetically heterogeneous, as there are multiple factors involved directly or indirectly in its pathogenesis...
October 18, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Shengxian Liu, Fang Wang, Gelin Liu
Preeclampsia (PE) in pregnancy is associated with vitrified-thawed embryo transfer. Pleiotrophin (PTN) is important in inflammation via its receptors. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of PTN on the risk of PE following embryo transfer. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to determine the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and PTN in serum. The knockdown of PTN was conditionally induced by tamoxifen (tax) treatment. The tail-cuff method and Bradford assay were used to monitor blood pressure and the level of urine protein, respectively...
November 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Qian Zhang, Bingyu Guo, Qiang Hui, Peng Chang, Kai Tao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are few effective treatment options for hypertrophic scars. MircoRNAs are a class of small, noncoding RNAs involved in multiple biological functions. METHODS: Gene chip screening was used to screen out the differential expression of miRNAs in hypertrophic scars and normal tissues. Western blot and real-time PCR were used to confirm the expression of pleiotrophin (PTN) in hypertrophic scars. After analyze the correlation between PTN and miR-137 using correlation analysis, we used miRDB software to analyze the binding sites of miR-137 and PTN...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Heather A Himburg, Christina M Termini, Lauren Schlussel, Jenny Kan, Michelle Li, Liman Zhao, Tiancheng Fang, Joshua P Sasine, Vivian Y Chang, John P Chute
Bone marrow (BM) perivascular stromal cells and vascular endothelial cells (ECs) are essential for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) maintenance, but the roles of distinct niche compartments during HSC regeneration are less understood. Here we show that Leptin receptor-expressing (LepR+) BM stromal cells and ECs dichotomously regulate HSC maintenance and regeneration via secretion of pleiotrophin (PTN). BM stromal cells are the key source of PTN during steady-state hematopoiesis because its deletion from stromal cells, but not hematopoietic cells, osteoblasts, or ECs, depletes the HSC pool...
September 6, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Zhan Gao, Baozhen Qu, Lan Yao, Zengyu Ma, Pengfei Cui, Shicui Zhang
Midkine (MK) and pleiotrophin (PTN) are the only two members of heparin-binding growth factor family. MK/PTN homologues found from Drosophila to humans are shown to have antibacterial activities and their antibacterial domains are conserved during evolution. However, little is known about MK/PTN homologue in the basal chordate amphioxus, and overall, information regarding MK/PTN homologues is rather limited in invertebrates. In this study, we identified a single MK/PTN homologue in Branchiostoma japonicum, termed BjMiple, which has a novel domain structure of PTN-PTNr1-PTNr2, and represents the ancestral form of vertebrate MK/PTN family proteins...
December 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Nesreen Zoghoul Alsmadi, Geetanjali S Bendale, Aswini Kanneganti, Tarik Shihabeddin, An H Nguyen, Elijah Hor, Swarup Dash, Benjamin Johnston, Rafael Granja-Vazquez, Mario I Romero-Ortega
The repair of nerve gap injuries longer than 3 cm is limited by the need to sacrifice donor tissue and the morbidity associated with the autograft gold standard, while decellularized grafts and biodegradable conduits are effective only in short nerve defects. The advantage of isogenic nerve implants seems to be the release of various growth factors by the denervated Schwann cells. We evaluated the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor, neurotrophins, and pleiotrophin (PTN) supplementation of multi-luminal conduits, in the repair of 3 and 4 cm nerve gaps in the rabbit peroneal nerve...
September 15, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Pei-Song Bai, Peng Hou, Ying Kong
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a male-dominant cancer. Several factors may contribute to the gender difference. Recent investigations have reported that miRNAs are involved in sex-linked signaling pathways and play a critical role in the molecular pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC. Therefore, we speculated that some of these miRNAs might contribute to the gender differences observed in HBV-related HCC. Our results showed that miR-371a-5p was significantly upregulated in tumor tissue and serum from HCC patients and that the expression level of miR-371a-5p was related to HBV infection, sexuality, TNM stage, adjacent organ invasion and microvascular invasion...
September 1, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Rosalía Fernández-Calle, Marta Vicente-Rodríguez, Miryam Pastor, Esther Gramage, Bruno Di Geronimo, José María Zapico, Claire Coderch, Carmen Pérez-García, Amy W Lasek, Beatriz de Pascual-Teresa, Ana Ramos, Gonzalo Herradón
Pleiotrophin (PTN) and Midkine (MK) are neurotrophic factors that are upregulated in the prefrontal cortex after alcohol administration and have been shown to reduce ethanol drinking and reward. PTN and MK are the endogenous inhibitors of Receptor Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (RPTP) β/ζ (a.k.a. PTPRZ1, RPTPβ, PTPζ), suggesting a potential role for this phosphatase in the regulation of alcohol effects. To determine if RPTPβ/ζ regulates ethanol consumption, we treated mice with recently developed small-molecule inhibitors of RPTPβ/ζ (MY10, MY33-3) before testing them for binge-like drinking using the drinking in the dark protocol...
July 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Evgenia Lampropoulou, Ioanna Logoviti, Marina Koutsioumpa, Maria Hatziapostolou, Christos Polytarchou, Spyros S Skandalis, Ulf Hellman, Manolis Fousteris, Sotirios Nikolaropoulos, Efrosini Choleva, Margarita Lamprou, Angeliki Skoura, Vasileios Megalooikonomou, Evangelia Papadimitriou
Pleiotrophin (PTN) stimulates endothelial cell migration through binding to receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase beta/zeta (RPTPβ/ζ) and αν β3 integrin. Screening for proteins that interact with RPTPβ/ζ and potentially regulate PTN signaling, through mass spectrometry analysis, identified cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) activator p35 among the proteins displaying high sequence coverage. Interaction of p35 with the serine/threonine kinase CDK5 leads to CDK5 activation, known to be implicated in cell migration...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chi Hua Sarah Lin, Yu Zhang, Kenneth Kaushansky, Huichun Zhan
Myeloproliferative neoplasms are clonal stem cell disorders characterized by hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell expansion. The acquired kinase mutation JAK2V617F plays a central role in these disorders. Abnormalities of the marrow microenvironment are beginning to be recognized as an important factor in the development of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Endothelial cells are an essential component of the hematopoietic vascular niche. Endothelial cells carrying the JAK2V617F mutation can be detected in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms, suggesting that the mutant vascular niche is involved in the pathogenesis of these disorders...
July 2018: Haematologica
Li-Qiang Liu, Li-Fei Feng, Cheng-Rui Nan, Zong-Mao Zhao
The present study was conducted to investigate the clinical significance of cAMP responsive element binding protein 3 like 1 (CREB3L1) and pleiotrophin (PTN) expression in prognosis of patients with brain gliomas. Human brain tissue samples were collected from normal glial tissues (control), low- and high-grade glioma tissues. CREB3L1 and PTN expression levels in cells were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and population distribution of the CREB3L1- and PTN-presenting patients was examined. The CREB3L1 and PTN mRNA expression levels in three types of the brain cells was determined by RT-PCR...
May 29, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Honggang Sun, Liqin He, Lan Ma, Tao Lu, Jianguo Wei, Kejie Xie, Xingmu Wang
Thyroid cancer is one of the most prevalent endocrine neoplasm. The present study examined the effects of Colorectal Neoplasia Differentially Expressed (CRNDE) on the progression of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect CRNDE, miR-384 and pleiotrophin (PTN) mRNA expression. Western blot was used to measure PTN protein levels. Cell proliferation, cell growth, cell invasion and migration of PTC cells were determined by CCK-8, colony formation, transwell invasion and migration assays, respectively...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Rui Wang, Yuxing Cai, Baoping Zhang, Zhengxia Wu
The present study aimed to perform screening of a gene signature for the discrimination and prognostic prediction of stage I and II lung squamous carcinoma. A microarray meta‑analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between stage I and II lung squamous carcinoma samples in seven microarray datasets collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus database via the MetaQC and MetaDE package in R. The important DEGs were selected according to the betweenness centrality value of the protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network...
March 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Miryam Pastor, Rosalía Fernández-Calle, Bruno Di Geronimo, Marta Vicente-Rodríguez, José María Zapico, Esther Gramage, Claire Coderch, Carmen Pérez-García, Amy W Lasek, Leonor Puchades-Carrasco, Antonio Pineda-Lucena, Beatriz de Pascual-Teresa, Gonzalo Herradón, Ana Ramos
A new series of blood-brain barrier permeable molecules designed to mimic the activity of Pleiotrophin in the CNS has been designed and synthesized. These compounds exert their action by interacting with the intracellular domain PD1 of the Protein Tyrosine-Phosphatase Receptor Z1 (PTPRZ1), and inhibiting its tyrosine phosphatase activity. The most potent compounds 10a and 12b (IC50  = 0,1 μM) significantly increase the phosphorylation of key tyrosine residues of PTPRZ1 substrates involved in neuronal survival and differentiation, and display protective effects against amphetamine-induced toxicity...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Binqing Fu, Yonggang Zhou, Xiang Ni, Xianhong Tong, Xiuxiu Xu, Zhongjun Dong, Rui Sun, Zhigang Tian, Haiming Wei
Natural killer (NK) cells are present in large populations at the maternal-fetal interface during early pregnancy. However, the role of NK cells in fetal growth is unclear. Here, we have identified a CD49a+ Eomes+ subset of NK cells that secreted growth-promoting factors (GPFs), including pleiotrophin and osteoglycin, in both humans and mice. The crosstalk between HLA-G and ILT2 served as a stimulus for GPF-secreting function of this NK cell subset. Decreases in this GPF-secreting NK cell subset impaired fetal development, resulting in fetal growth restriction...
December 19, 2017: Immunity
Gimena Gomez, Mariano D Saborido, M Alejandra Bernardi, Oscar S Gershanik, Irene R Taravini, Juan E Ferrario
L-DOPA is the gold standard pharmacological therapy for symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), however, its long-term use is associated with the emergence of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms of LID is crucial for the development of newer and more effective therapeutic approaches. In previous publications, we have shown that Pleiotrophin (PTN), a developmentally regulated trophic factor, is up-regulated by L-DOPA in the striatum of dopamine denervated rats...
February 14, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Yuki Takakura, Noritaka Yamaguchi, Takuya Honda, Mariko Morii, Ryuzaburo Yuki, Yuji Nakayama, Naoto Yamaguchi
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor-type tyrosine kinase that promotes cell growth upon stimulation with ligands such as midkine and pleiotrophin. Recently, a truncated isoform of ALK was identified in a variety of tumors. This isoform is expressed from a novel ALK transcript initiated from a de novo alternative transcription initiation (ATI) site in ALK intron 19 (referred to as ALKATI ). ALKATI , which consists of only the intracellular kinase domain, localizes to the nucleus as well as the cytoplasm...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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