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Viktoriia Burkina, Galia Zamaratskaia, Sidika Sakalli, Pham Thai Giang, Vit Kodes, Roman Grabic, Josef Velisek, Jan Turek, Jitka Kolarova, Vladimir Zlabek, Tomas Randak
Monitoring the contamination level in aquatic environments and assessing the impact on aquatic life occurs throughout the world. In the present study, an approach based on a combination of biomarkers and the distribution of various industrial and municipal pollutants was used to investigate the effect of aquatic environmental contamination on fish. Monitoring was performed in ten rivers in the Czech Republic (Berounka, Dyje, Elbe, Lužnice, Odra, Ohře, Otava, Sázava, Svratka, and Vltava rivers, with one or two locations in each river) at the same sites that were regularly monitored within the Czech National Monitoring Program in 2007-2011...
August 8, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Thomas Bechter, Kathrin Baumann, Sebastian Birk, Fabian Bolik, Wolfram Graf, Florian Pletterbauer
Large rivers cover and function over large spatial extents. Accordingly, the detailed assessment of their morphology is complex. Here, a methodology is presented to assess large rivers' morphology (LaRiMo) based on free datasets of geographic information systems. This approach could help to achieve a comparable, transboundary assessment of large river morphology to support the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. The analyses are based on seven parameters describing processes and characteristics related to large river morphology...
July 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bernhard Kratzer, Cordula Köhler, Sandra Hofer, Ursula Smole, Doris Trapin, Jagoba Iturri, Dietmar Pum, Philip Kienzl, Adelheid Elbe-Bürger, Pia Gattinger, Irene Mittermann, Birgit Linhart, Gabriele Gadermaier, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid, Alina Neunkirchner, Rudolf Valenta, Winfried F Pickl
BACKGROUND: In high-risk populations, allergen-specific prophylaxis could protect from sensitization and subsequent development of allergic disease. However, such treatment might itself induce sensitization and allergies, thus requiring hypo-allergenic vaccine formulations. We here characterized the preventive potential of virus-like nanoparticles (VNP) expressing surface exposed or shielded allergens. METHODS: Full-length major mugwort pollen allergen Art v 1 was selectively targeted either to the surface or to the inner side of the lipid bilayer envelope of VNP...
July 23, 2018: Allergy
Peter Elsborg, Anne-Marie Elbe
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the influence of exercise-specific motivation and volition on weight loss maintenance following an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI). METHOD: The study participants were 164 individuals with obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 30 kg/m2) that participated in an ILI. Participants' exercise-specific volition and motivation were assessed before and after the intervention as well as 3 and 12 months after completion. Volition was measured with the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire and motivation was measured with the context translated Sport Motivation Scale...
August 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Veronika Bartáková, Josef Bryja, Martin Reichard
BACKGROUND: Anthropogenic factors can have a major impact on the contemporary distribution of intraspecific genetic diversity. Many freshwater fishes have finely structured and locally adapted populations, but their natural genetic structure can be affected by river engineering schemes across river basins, fish transfers in aquaculture industry and conservation management. The European bitterling (Rhodeus amarus) is a small fish that is a brood parasite of freshwater mussels and is widespread across continental Europe...
July 4, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Anamika Arora, Elbe Peter, G Suja Ani
Context: Variability of the soft-tissue drape in humans has complicated the accuracy of evaluating soft tissue profiles in diagnosis and treatment planning. Aims: The objective of the present study is to establish soft-tissue cephalometric norms for South Indian population using Arnett Bergman Soft tissue analysis. Settings and Design: This study was conducted at the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics. Subjects and Methods: Lateral cephalograms of 60 individuals (30 males and 30 females), age ranging between 18 and 25 years, with orthognathic facial profiles were obtained in natural head position...
June 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Feng Luo, Guang Hong, Tong Wang, Lingling Jia, Jun-Yu Chen, Lai Suo, Xi-Bo Pei, Qian-Bing Wan
This study evaluated the wettability of commercial vinyl polysiloxane impression materials by measuring contact angles on horizontal and non-horizontal surfaces using artificial saliva. Three light bodies (Affinis [Affi], Silagum [Sila] and Variotime [Vario-LB]) and one extra light body (Viriotime [Vario-ELB]) were prepared with flat surfaces. Static and dynamic contact angles were measured using the sessile drop method as a function of time. Contact angle hysteresis was the value of advancing contact angle minus receding contact angle...
June 29, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
L H Thomsen, U S Kesmodel, K Erb, L Bungum, D Pedersen, B Hauge, H O Elbæk, B B Povlsen, C Y Andersen, P Humaidan
STUDY QUESTION: Is the chance of a live birth following IVF treatment and fresh embryo transfer affected by early and mid-luteal serum progesterone (P4) levels? SUMMARY ANSWER: Low as well as high serum P4 levels in the early and mid-luteal phase reduce the chance of a live birth following IVF treatment with fresh embryo transfer. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Data from non-human studies and studies of frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles indicate that low as well as high P4 levels during the mid-luteal phase decrease the chance of pregnancy...
June 28, 2018: Human Reproduction
Rasmus Elbæk Andersen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Pascal Madeleine
Vibroarthrography (VAG) has been proposed as a diagnostic tool for knee joint disorders. The methodological aspects of VAG assessments, such as sensor placement and outcomes measures have not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sensor placement and the effect of the knee extension and flexion movements using different added loads on six parameters extracted from VAGs of asymptomatic subjects. We hypothesized non-uniform distribution of VAGs during knee movement resulting from the underlying biomechanical features...
June 21, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Dominika Polak, Christine Hafner, Peter Briza, Claudia Kitzmüller, Adelheid Elbe-Bürger, Nazanin Samadi, Maria Gschwandtner, Wolfgang Pfützner, Gerhard J Zlabinger, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid, Barbara Bohle
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils and allergen-specific T cells accumulate in patients with allergic late-phase reactions (LPRs). Their presence is associated with severe inflammation. Cytokines, such as GM-CSF, IFN-γ, and IL-3, which are typically found in patients with allergic LPRs, have been proposed to convert neutrophils into antigen-presenting cells (APCs). OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the antigen-processing and antigen-presenting capacities of neutrophils from allergic patients...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
P Krustrup, C A Williams, M Mohr, P R Hansen, E W Helge, A-M Elbe, M de Sousa, J Dvorak, A Junge, A Hammami, A Holtermann, M N Larsen, D Kirkendall, J F Schmidt, T R Andersen, P Buono, M Rørth, D Parnell, L Ottesen, S Bennike, J J Nielsen, A E Mendham, A Zar, J Uth, T Hornstrup, K Brasso, L Nybo, B R Krustrup, T Meyer, P Aagaard, J L Andersen, H Hubball, P A Reddy, K Ryom, F Lobelo, S Barene, J W Helge, I G Fatouros, G P Nassis, J C Xu, S A Pettersen, J A Calbet, A Seabra, A N Rebelo, P Figueiredo, S Póvoas, C Castagna, Z Milanovic, J Bangsbo, M B Randers, J Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Elbæk Pedersen, Jens Peter Bonde, Niels Erik Ebbehøj, Johnni Hansen
PURPOSE: Occupational exposure of firefighters involves a complex range of potential health threats from toxic chemicals, shift work, extreme heat, physical and emotional strain. The aim of this study is to examine overall and disease-specific mortality among Danish firefighters. METHODS: Through systematic collection of personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions, past and present male Danish firefighters were identified (n = 11,775). Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional employment, vital status and cause of death was linked to each member of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Register of Causes of Death...
August 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Mona Bidier, Mareen Salz, Jochen Meyburg, Adelheid Elbe-Bürger, Felix Lasitzschka, Ingrid Hausser, Knut Schäkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Petra Heymann, Regine Gienger, Andreas Hett, Stephan Müller, Christoph Laske, Sibylle Robens, Thomas Ostermann, Ulrich Elbing
Based on the knowledge of art therapy, we developed a new neuropsychological drawing test in order to identify individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well as dementia patients and healthy controls (HC). By observing a variety of drawing characteristics of 92 participants with a mean age of 67.7, art therapy and dementia experts discriminate HC from MCI, early dementia of the Alzheimer-type (eDAT), and moderate dementia of the Alzheimer-type (mDAT) by the process analysis of tree drawings on a digitizing tablet...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
A-M Elbe, P Elsborg, S Dandanell, J W Helge
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weight loss during and after a unique type of weight loss intervention, namely, a residential intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI), and participants' obesity-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) several years after the intervention. In the residential ILI under investigation, participants attended a 10- to 12-week long course away from their daily living environment, namely, at Ubberup Folk High School located in Denmark...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
Hai Bi, Carlos-Andres Palma, Yuxiang Gong, Peter Hasch, Mark Elbing, Marcel Mayor, Joachim Reichert, Johannes V Barth
Precisely controlling well-defined, stable single-molecule junctions represents a pillar of single-molecule electronics. Early attempts to establish computing with molecular switching arrays were partly challenged by limitations in the direct chemical characterization of metal-molecule-metal junctions. While cryogenic scanning probe studies have advanced the mechanistic understanding of current- and voltage-induced conformational switching, metal-molecule-metal conformations are still largely inferred from indirect evidence...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Simon Brand, Michael P Schlüsener, Dinah Albrecht, Uwe Kunkel, Claudia Strobel, Tamara Grummt, Thomas A Ternes
An analytical method based on high resolution mass spectrometry coupled with liquid chromatography (LC-HRMS) for 25 quaternary phosphonium compounds (QPCs) and derived phosphine oxides (POs) was developed and validated. To investigate the occurrence and fate of QPCs in the aquatic environment, water, suspended solids and sediments from the rivers Rhine and Elbe (upper and middle Elbe as well as tidal Elbe) were analyzed, as well as samples from tributaries bearing significant loads of QPCs. For the first time, the quaternary phosphonium compound tetrabutylphosphonium (Bu4 P+ ) was detected...
June 1, 2018: Water Research
Pooja Tajpara, Christopher Schuster, Elisabeth Schön, Philip Kienzl, Martin Vierhapper, Michael Mildner, Adelheid Elbe-Bürger
Together with keratinocytes (KCs) and the dense network of Langerhans cells (LCs), the epidermis is an ideal portal for vaccine delivery. Pattern recognition receptor agonists, in particular polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [p(I:C)], are promising adjuvant candidates for therapeutic vaccination to generate protective T-cell immunity. Here we established an ex vivo skin explant model to study the expression and activation of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-sensing pattern recognition receptors in LCs and KCs in human skin...
August 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Stuart C Painter, Dan J Lapworth, E Malcolm S Woodward, Silke Kroeger, Chris D Evans, Daniel J Mayor, Richard J Sanders
The flow of terrestrial carbon to rivers and inland waters is a major term in the global carbon cycle. The organic fraction of this flux may be buried, remineralized or ultimately stored in the deep ocean. The latter can only occur if terrestrial organic carbon can pass through the coastal and estuarine filter, a process of unknown efficiency. Here, data are presented on the spatial distribution of terrestrial fluorescent and chromophoric dissolved organic matter (FDOM and CDOM, respectively) throughout the North Sea, which receives organic matter from multiple distinct sources...
July 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Ismail Cem Sormaz, Fatih Tunca, Yasemin Giles Şenyürek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the bilateral patterns and motor function of the extralaryngeal branches (ELB) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve(RLN). METHODS: This study included 500 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) was used in 230 patients. Demographic data, indications for surgery, the bilateral patterns of ELB of the RLN, electromyographic activity of the ELB, distance between the branching point to the entrance into the larynx, and the rate of postoperative morbidity were analyzed...
February 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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