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cystic pancreatic , guideline

Olaya I Brewer Gutierrez, Anne Marie Lennon
Pancreatic cysts are common and are incidentally detected in up to 13.5% of individuals. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) are precursors to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Most will never develop into pancreatic cancer. Several types of pancreatic cysts have no malignant potential. Solid tumors can present as a pancreatic cysts. Guidelines recommend surveillance. Management includes differentiating IPMNs and MCNs from other types, identifying those at highest risk of harboring pancreatic cancer or high-grade dysplasia, and referral to a multidisciplinary group for evaluation and consideration of surgical resection...
January 2019: Medical Clinics of North America
Nyanza K L M Timmers, Rebecca K Stellato, Cornelis K van der Ent, Roderick H J Houwen, Janna W Woestenenk
Pancreatic-insufficient children with cystic fibrosis (CF) receive age-group-specific vitamin D supplementation according to international CF nutritional guidelines. The potential advantageous immunomodulatory effect of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) on pulmonary function (PF) is yet to be established and is complicated by CF-related vitamin D malabsorption. We aimed to assess whether current recommendations are optimal for preventing deficiencies and whether higher serum 25(OH)D levels have long-term beneficial effects on PF...
November 16, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Andrew Khoi Nguyen, Agathon Girgis, Timnit Tekeste, Karen Chang, Mopelola Adeyemo, Armen Eskandari, Emilio Alonso, Priyanka Yaramada, Charles Chaya, Albert Ko, Edmund Burke, Isaiah Roggow, Rebecca Butler, Aniket Kawatkar, Brian S Lim
AIM: To examine the practice pattern in Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC), i.e ., gastroenterology (GI)/surgery referrals and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), for pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) after the region-wide dissemination of the PCN management algorithm. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed; patients with PCN diagnosis given between April 2012 and April 2015 (18 mo before and after the publication of the algorithm) in KPSC (integrated health system with 15 hospitals and 202 medical offices in Southern California) were identified...
November 6, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Michał Wlaźlak, Aleksandra Oleśna, Marian Danilewicz, Janusz Strzelczyk
Introduction Frequency of detection of pancreatic cystic lesions increased recent years. The majorities are pseudocysts, the remaining cysts are mainly neoplasms. Proven risk of malignancy affects intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN). Material and methods 145 patients operated on at the Department of General and Transplant Surgery in Barlicki Hospital in Lodz, Poland, in 2007-2016 due to pancreatic cystic lesion. The type of surgery, histopathological diagnosis and basic demographic data were analyzed...
June 20, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Bing-Qi Li, Jun Lu, Samuel Seery, Jun-Chao Guo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Due to its rarity, epidermoid cyst in intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIPAS) is still a diagnostic dilemma during clinical practice. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiologic features and management of ECIPAS. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for English articles reporting on ECIPAS up to April 30th, 2018 following the methodology suggested by the PRISMA guidelines. Categorical variables were reported as frequency and percentage...
October 22, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
A R G Sheel, S Harrison, I Sarantitis, J A Nicholson, T Hanna, C Grocock, M Raraty, J Ramesh, A Farooq, E Costello, R Jackson, M Chapman, A Smith, R Carter, C Mckay, Z Hamady, G P Aithal, R Mountford, P Ghaneh, P Hammel, M M Lerch, C Halloran, S P Pereira, W Greenhalf
OBJECTIVES: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are associated with risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). It is unclear if an IPMN in individuals at high risk of PDAC should be considered as a positive screening result or as an incidental finding. Stratified familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) populations were used to determine if IPMN risk is linked to familial risk of PDAC. METHODS: This is a cohort study of 321 individuals from 258 kindreds suspected of being FPC and undergoing secondary screening for PDAC through the European Registry of Hereditary Pancreatitis and Familial Pancreatic Cancer (EUROPAC)...
October 23, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
H Lafoeste, L Regard, C Martin, G Chassagnon, P-R Burgel
INTRODUCTION: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease primarily affecting the lungs, which could lead to chronic respiratory failure and premature death. CF patients are usually followed in specialized centers, but may present outside of these centers when they seek care for acute pulmonary and/or non-pulmonary complications. The aim of this paper is to provide appropriate knowledge necessary for managing respiratory and non-respiratory emergencies in CF adults. METHODS: The review is based on international guidelines, extensive search of the available literature using Pubmed, and experience of the CF reference center at Cochin hospital (Paris, France)...
October 18, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Aliye Uc, Dana K Andersen, Drucy Borowitz, Marshall J Glesby, Julia Mayerle, Robert Sutton, Stephen J Pandol
A workshop was sponsored by the Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, on July 25, 2018, in Pittsburgh, Penn. The workshop was designed to bring together a multidisciplinary group of experts to accelerate the development of therapeutics for clinical application in inflammatory diseases of the exocrine pancreas. Three separate working groups (acute pancreatitis, recurrent acute pancreatitis, and chronic pancreatitis) were formed to address the needs, gaps, and opportunities...
November 2018: Pancreas
Christopher J DiMaio
Pancreatic cystic lesions are a common clinical entity. The majority are neoplastic and have the potential for malignant transformation. To assist with patient management, a number of clinical guidelines have been developed over the past decade. However, controversies exist in regards to the various guidelines and treatment strategies they offer. This article will review the various clinical guidelines for management of pancreatic cysts, describe the limitations of these guidelines, and present future directions for improvement in clinical decision making for patients diagnosed with a pancreatic cystic neoplasm...
October 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Jan G D'Haese, Jens Werner
The management of cystic pancreatic neoplasms has increasingly gained clinical attention due to their frequent incidental detection by cross-sectional imaging and their potential for progression to pancreatic cancer. Surgical resection is warranted for all mucinous cystic neoplasms, solid pseudopapillary neoplasms, and main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms since these lesions harbor a major risk for malignant transformation. For branch-duct IPMN (BD-IPMN), the risk for malignancy is considerably lower so that some lesions may be safely followed while others require surgical resection...
July 2018: Visceral Medicine
Lianne Scholten, Nadine C M van Huijgevoort, Jeanin E van Hooft, Marc G Besselink, Marco Del Chiaro
Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN) include different types of cysts with various biological behavior. The most prevalent PCN are intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), and serous cystic neoplasm (SCN). Management of PCN should focus on the prevention of malignant progression, while avoiding unnecessary morbidity of surgery. This requires specialized centers with dedicated multidisciplinary PCN teams. The malignant potential of PCN varies enormously between the various types of PCN...
July 2018: Visceral Medicine
Luca Barresi, Matteo Tacelli, Dario Ligresti, Mario Traina, Ilaria Tarantino
Despite the progress achieved by scientific research in recent years, pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) remain a challenging clinical problem. A significant percentage of benign PCLs are still wrongly sent to surgery, with all the related risks of a high number of surgery-related complications and mortality. Diagnosis of the type of PCL, and risk stratification for malignancy are essential for a correct management of these lesions. Several guidelines have identified some clinical and morphological aspects suggesting the need for more accurate exams...
August 11, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
Stefano Andrianello, Massimo Falconi, Roberto Salvia, Stefano Crippa, Giovanni Marchegiani
The sudden prevalence increase of pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN) related to the use of cross-sectional imaging has raised several concerns. Even if there is a tangible risk of progression towards pancreatic cancer (PC), surgical resection cannot be offered to all patients due to the high risk of morbidity and mortality. Available guidelines are useful tools to identify patients at higher risk for harboring cancer thanks to their sensitivity. Because of their low specificity, however, such a risk is often overestimated...
July 2018: Visceral Medicine
Georg Beyer, Elisabetta Goni, Marlies Köpke, Jan G D'Haese, Jens Werner, Jörg Schirra, Julia Mayerle
Cystic pancreatic lesions are common findings in an aging society due to an increasing availability of high-resolution cross-sectional imaging. Although the overall prevalence of malignancy and the rate of malignant conversion are low, especially mucinous pancreatic cystic lesions such as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and mucinous cystic neoplasm harbor significant malignant potential depending on their morphology and size. Recently updated guidelines recommend sophisticated algorithms for initial workup and surveillance based on individual characteristics of the cystic lesion and the patient, thus weighing the lifetime risk for malignancy against the adverse event rate of potentially curative surgery in the light of number and location of cystic lesions, age of the patient, comorbidities, and the resulting life expectancy as well as the effect of repeated follow-up examinations on the patient's quality of life...
July 2018: Visceral Medicine
Jorrit Jv de Vries, Anne B Chang, Catherine M Bonifant, Elizabeth Shevill, Julie M Marchant
BACKGROUND: People with cystic fibrosis (CF) and pancreatic insufficiency are at risk of a deficiency in fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency predominantly causes eye and skin problems, while excessive levels of vitamin A can harm the respiratory and skeletal systems in children and interfere with the metabolism of other fat-soluble vitamins. Most CF centres administer vitamin A as supplements to reduce the frequency of vitamin A deficiency in people with CF and to improve clinical outcomes such as growth, although the recommended dose varies between different guidelines...
August 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Krzysztof Dąbkowski, Beata Kos-Kudła, Elżbieta Andrysiak-Mamos, Anhelli Syrenicz, Joanna Pilch-Kowalczyk, Teresa Starzyńska
Cystic pancreatic tumors are detected with increasing frequency and remain a clinical problem. Since they have different potential of malignancy the management and decision making process is a hard task. Guidelines, concerning pancreatic cystic tumors indicate the management with mucinous, serous cystic pancreatic neoplasms and solid pseudopappilary tumor, while the management with pancreatic cystic neuroendocrine tumors is not included into these standards. This review tries to answer the question are the cystic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors different entity from solid tumors of neuroendocrine origin...
2018: Endokrynologia Polska
Yousuke Nakai, Kazuhiko Koike
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Jon M Harrison, Carlos Fernandez-Del Castillo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With recent advances in radiographic testing, there have been increases in the incidental identification of pancreatic cysts. Determining management, specifically, which cysts can be watched versus intervened upon has significant impact on at the patient-physician level as well as globally on resource allocation and healthcare expenditures. This review focuses on the three main guidelines (Fukuoka guidelines, European consensus, and American Gastroenterological Association recommendations) for management of pancreatic cystic disease after incidental identification...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Jennifer Phan, V Raman Muthusamy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to critically analyze the current literature regarding the management of incidental pancreatic cysts. Given their increased rates of detection due to the frequent use of cross-sectional imaging, correctly identifying the subset of high risk lesions that are appropriate for surgical resection is critical. However, the existing consensus and societal guidelines discussed in this review lack high quality data to create evidence-based recommendations, making achieving this important aim challenging...
June 9, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Lianne Scholten, Nadine C M van Huijgevoort, Marco J Bruno, Carlos Fernandez-Del Castillo, Sohei Satoi, Alain Sauvanet, Christopher Wolfgang, Paul Fockens, Suresh T Chari, Marco Del Chiaro, Jeanin E van Hooft, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: The risk of invasive cancer in resected intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with main pancreatic duct involvement is 33%-60%. Most guidelines, therefore, advise resection of main duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and mixed type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in surgically fit patients, although advice on the surgical strategy (partial or total pancreatectomy) differs. We performed a survey amongst international experts to guide the design of future studies and help to prepare for a single international set of guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Surgery
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