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Baby-friendly initiative

Arthur I Eidelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Bridget Spelke, Erika Werner
The postpartum period is a time of significant challenge and need as women adapt to hormonal and physical changes, recover from delivery, experience shifting family responsibilities, and endure sleep deprivation, all while caring for and nourishing their newborn. It is also a period of significant maternal health risk. Recent data on U.S. maternal mortality indicate a shift in the timing of maternal deaths over the past 10 years, with the majority of maternal deaths now occurring postpartum, from one day to one year after delivery...
October 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Mai Stafford, Diana Kuh
OBJECTIVE: We describe sources expected to provide for future care needs among baby-boomers in their late sixties and examine how expectations vary according to earlier health and social experiences. We hypothesised that greater integration in social relationships across adulthood is associated with greater expectation of informal care, and that greater morbidity over a longer time period is associated with greater expectation of formal care. METHOD: The MRC National Survey of Health and Development, a population-based birth cohort study set in mainland Britain, provided data on care expectations for 2135 participants aged 68-69...
October 2018: Maturitas
Trish MacEnroe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Ragnhild Maastrup, Laura N Haiek, Welma Lubbe, Deena Yael Meerkin, Leslie Wolff, Kiyoshi Hatasaki, Mona A Alsumaie, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Yvonne P M Ng, Shefaly Shorey, Roxana Conti, Taynara Leme, Edilaine Giovanini Rossetto, Andrea Aldana Acosta, Ana Esther Ortiz Nuñez, Esther Toala, Mirian Elizabeth Ortigoza Gonzalez, Angelika Berger, Yves Hennequin, Anita Pavicic Bosnjak, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Claire Laurent, Sylvaine Rousseau, Rakel Jonsdottir, Elise M Chapin, Amanda Smildzere, Rasa Tamelienė, Raminta Žemaitienė, Maryse Arendt, Mette Ness Hansen, Anette Schaumburg Huitfeldt, Urszula Bernatowicz-Łojko, Maria do Céu Barbieri-Figueiredo, Ana Paula França, Liubov Abolyan, Irina Pastbina, Carmen Pallás-Alonso, Maria Teresa Moral Pumarega, Mats Eriksson, Renée Flacking, Emily Johnson, Shannon Anderson, Jola Berkman, Diane Boswall, Donna Brown, Julie Emberley, Michelle LeDrew, Maxine Scringer-Wilkes, Sonia Semenic, Nicole Perriman, Debbie O'Donoghue
In 2012, the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative for Neonatal Wards (Neo-BFHI) began providing recommendations to improve breastfeeding support for preterm and ill infants. This cross-sectional survey aimed to measure compliance on a global level with the Neo-BFHI's expanded Ten steps to Successful Breastfeeding and three Guiding Principles in neonatal wards. In 2017 the Neo-BFHI Self-Assessment questionnaire was used in 15 languages to collect data from neonatal wards of all levels of care. Answers were summarized into compliance scores ranging from 0 to 100 at the ward, country and international levels...
September 10, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Holly Robinson, Gabriela Buccini, Leslie Curry, Rafael Perez-Escamilla
Promoting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is a highly feasible and cost-effective means of improving child health. Regulating the marketing of breastmilk substitutes is critical to protecting EBF. In 1981, the World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes (the Code), prohibiting the unethical advertising and promotion of breastmilk substitutes. This comparative study aimed to (a) explore the relationships among Code enforcement and legislation, infant formula sales, and EBF in India, Vietnam, and China; (b) identify best practices for Code operationalization; and (c) identify pathways by which Code implementation may influence EBF...
September 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Julie A Patterson, Nicholas S Keuler, Beth H Olson
The Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) includes a set of 10 evidenced-based maternity practices that when used together have been shown to improve breastfeeding outcomes. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched the Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) survey to assess and monitor these and other evidenced-based maternity practices. The purpose of this study was to explore individual maternity practices measured in the 2013 mPINC survey, along with hospital demographic information, and their relationships with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates, using a sample of United States (U...
September 4, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Anahita Esbati, Amanda Henderson, Jane Taylor, Margaret Barnes
PROBLEM: Despite evidence that implementation of the Initiative has been effective in increasing breastfeeding rates and duration of breastfeeding worldwide; the uptake is low with only 70 Baby Friendly accredited maternity facilities across Australia (approximately 23% of facilities). BACKGROUND: The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding and International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes shaped the foundation for the Initiative to implement practices that protect, promote and support breastfeeding...
August 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Ken-Hsyuan Shan, Teh-Ming Wang, Ming-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: The practices promoted by the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative have become a part of current mainstream postpartum infant care. Rooming-in to facilitate skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding is a major component of this initiative. However, whether rooming-in is associated with admission for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia has seldom been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between rooming-in and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study...
June 12, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
C McParlin, K Hodson, A C Barnes, R Taylor, S C Robson, V Araujo-Soares
AIMS: To investigate the views and experience of pregnant women newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus participating in a 1200 kcal/day diet to achieve moderate weight loss (the WELLBABE study), and to explore barriers to and facilitators of adherence. METHODS: Twelve participants engaged in semi-structured interviews after completion of the 4-week diet. An interview schedule was devised using open-ended questions guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework...
August 1, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
David Harillo-Acevedo, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo, Maria Ruzafa-Martinez
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and duration of breastfeeding are at low levels and may be improved by the support of health care professionals. Our objective was to determine the effect of implementing a breastfeeding clinical practice guideline on factors associated with breastfeeding support by health care professionals, adopting a Theory of Planned Behavior approach. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study during 2016 in a health area with implemented clinical practice guideline on breastfeeding, comparing the results with data from a previous cross-sectional study (2011) in the same area, in a standard-care area, and in a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI)-accredited area...
July 26, 2018: Birth
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
BACKGROUND: In-hospital feeding practices have been shown negatively to affect breastfeeding exclusivity and duration. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence and determinants of delayed breastfeeding, provision of traditional prelacteal foods, and use of infant formula in hospital. METHODS: Between June 2014 and March 2015, 700 women were recruited from three public and two private maternity hospitals in Shiraz, Iran. Data were collected at recruitment via face-to-face interviews and extracted from medical records...
July 27, 2018: Birth
Abigail L Liberty, Kathryn Wouk, Ellen Chetwynd, Tamar Ringel-Kulka
BACKGROUND: Significant disparities in breastfeeding support and practice exist in North Carolina. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is a worldwide intervention that encourages birth facilities to adopt specific practices in support of breastfeeding. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative on breastfeeding initiation in North Carolina, with special attention to rural areas. METHODS: To better understand disparities in breastfeeding initiation across North Carolina, we conducted a secondary analysis of birth certificate data from 2011 to 2014...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Alexander Manu, Shams Arifeen, John Williams, Edward Mwasanya, Nabila Zaka, Beth Anne Plowman, Debra Jackson, Priscilla Wobil, Kim Dickson
BACKGROUND: There is a global drive to promote facility deliveries but unless coupled with concurrent improvement in care quality, it might not translate into mortality reduction for mothers and babies. The World Health Organization published the new "Standards for improving quality of care for mothers and newborns in health facilities" but these have not been tested in low- and middle-income settings. UNICEF and its partners are taking the advantage provided by the Mother and Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative in Bangladesh, Ghana and Tanzania to test these standards to inform country adaptation...
July 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Valerie J Flaherman, Shannon Chan, Riya Desai, Fransisca Handy Agung, Hendri Hartati, Fitra Yelda
OBJECTIVE: Although initiating breast-feeding is common in Indonesia, rates of exclusive breast-feeding are low. Our objective was to identify early barriers to exclusive breast-feeding in Indonesian hospitals. DESIGN: Qualitative. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in April-June 2015. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four participants including public health officials, hospital administrators, health-care professionals and parents...
October 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Richmond Aryeetey, Fiona Dykes
Although breastfeeding confers both short- and long-term benefits for children and their mothers, breastfeeding practice remains suboptimal, globally. In addition to barriers including misperceptions and inappropriate marketing of breast milk substitutes, inadequate support for breastfeeding remains a challenge in many settings. To improve access to appropriate health system support, the World Health Organization (WHO) has reviewed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI), which ensures provision of optimal clinical care and support to mothers and their infants...
July 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Monika Pathania, Charu Pannu, Anand Jain, Minakshi Dhar, Nitish Pathania, Rahul Goel
Introduction: There is paucity of studies on infant feeding practices from the rural areas of garhwal Himalayas of the state of uttarakhand. The present study was designed to assess the infant feeding practices in Garhwal region. Infant feeding practices have significant implications on a child's health. Early nutritional status especially during the first year of life has been shown to have a significant effect on child health and development. Optimal infant feeding practices are crucial for nutritional status, growth, development, health, and ultimately the survival of infants and young children...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Kirsty V Biggs, Katherine Hurrell, Eleanor Matthews, Ekaterina Khaleva, Daniel Munblit, Robert J Boyle
Breastfeeding rates are low in the UK, where approximately one quarter of infants receive a breastmilk substitute (BMS) in the first week of life. We investigated the reasons for early BMS use in two large maternity units in the UK, in order to understand the reasons for the high rate of early BMS use in this setting. Data were collected through infant feeding records, as well as maternal and midwife surveys in 2016. During 2016, 28% of infants received a BMS supplement prior to discharge from the hospital maternity units with only 10% supplementation being clinically indicated...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
Mildred Maingi, Judith Kimiywe, Sharon Iron-Segev
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child nutrition is critical for proper growth and development. In order to promote optimal nutrition at an early age, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have developed the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) to address poor breastfeeding practices in maternity wards. However, impact is limited in less developed countries like Kenya, where more than half of all births are home deliveries. Therefore, Kenya has explored the adoption of Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) in its rural settings...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Louise M Wallace, Yuanying Ma, Li Qian Qiu, Orla M Dunn
UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative (BFHI) is the global standard for maternity and community services requiring all practitioners to be trained to support mothers in the essential skills of supporting positioning and attachment, and hand expression. These studies aim to rigorously assess knowledge in nurses, midwives, and doctors in these skills, tested before and after watching short videos demonstrating these skills. Practitioners were attending BFHI education, and the video study was additional. In Phase 1 clinicians in England were randomised to one of two videos (practitioner role play or clinical demonstration)...
July 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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