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Ankle arthrodesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103893/open-triple-fusion-versus-tnc-arthrodesis-in-the-treatment-of-mueller-weiss-disease
#1
Hongtao Zhang, Junkun Li, Yusen Qiao, Jia Yu, Yu Cheng, Yan Liu, Chao Gao, Jiaxin Li
BACKGROUND: Mueller-Weiss disease is a rarely diagnosed deformity where the navicular bone undergoes spontaneous osteonecrosis in adults. Until now, there is no widely accepted operative treatment for this unusual disease. We aimed to compare clinical and radiological outcomes between the open triple fusion and talonavicular-cuneiform arthrodesis for Mueller-Weiss disease of stage 4. METHODS: During the period from February 2012 to June 2016, 10 patients (11 feet) suffering from Mueller-Weiss disease of stage 4 were treated by the same senior surgeon...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095870/comparison-of-compressive-forces-caused-by-various-cannulated-cancellous-screws-used-in-arthroscopic-ankle-arthrodesis
#2
Satoshi Kamijo, Tsukasa Kumai, Shogo Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Mano, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: When performing arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis for end-stage ankle arthritis, internal fixation is performed using bone screws after appropriate preparation. However, optimal characteristics of bone screws have not been examined in terms of pressure force. Objective comparisons of bone-screw performance may provide information on procedures for arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. The study objectives were to determine whether it was possible to measure compressive force changes using the newly developed device and to infer all screw characteristics from measurement results when used in actual surgeries...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071847/hindfoot-fusion-in-haemophilic-arthropathy-6-year-mean-follow-up-of-41-procedures-performed-in-28-adult-patients
#3
M Brkljac, S Shah, C Hay, E C Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilic arthropathy of the ankle is rare disorder caused by recurrent haemarthorses beginning in early adulthood. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the fusion rate of various techniques of hindfoot fusion using internal fixation for the treatment of haemophilic arthropathy of the hindfoot. METHODS: We have evaluated the fusion rate of various techniques of hindfoot (tibiotalar and subtalar joints) fusion for the treatment of haemophilic arthropathy of the hindfoot...
March 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031506/intramedullary-and-intra-osseous-arthrodesis-of-the-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#4
Efstathios Drampalos, Shen Hwa Vun, Irfan Fayyaz
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of arthrodesis of the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in 23 patients. METHODS: Records of 9 men and 14 women aged 27 to 88 (mean, 57) years who underwent arthrodesis of the hallux MTP joint using an intramedullary device and an intra-osseous device were reviewed. Indications for surgery were severe hallux valgus (n=15), hallux rigidus (n=6) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2). Outcome measures included visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux score, bone union, hallux valgus angle (HVA), dorsiflexion angle (DA), complications, revision, and patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030511/ankle-distraction-arthroplasty-indications-technique-and-outcomes
#5
Mitchell Bernstein, Jay Reidler, Austin Fragomen, S Robert Rozbruch
Ankle distraction is an alternative to ankle arthrodesis or total ankle arthroplasty in younger patients with arthritis. Ankle distraction involves the use of external fixation to mechanically unload the ankle joint, which allows for stable, congruent range of motion in the setting of decreased mechanical loading, potentially promoting cartilage repair. Adjunct surgical procedures are frequently done to address lower-extremity malalignment, ankle equinus contractures, and impinging tibiotalar osteophytes. Patients can bear full weight during the treatment course...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989336/a-review-of-399-total-ankle-replacements-analysis-of-ipsilateral-subtalar-joint-arthrodesis-and-associated-talar-component-subsidence
#6
Mark A Prissel, Christopher F Hyer, Gregory C Berlet
Total ankle replacement (TAR) is an accepted treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. When concurrent subtalar joint pathologic features exist, ipsilateral subtalar joint arthrodesis (STJA) can be performed either simultaneous with TAR or as a staged procedure. Limited data exist on the effect of talar component subsidence and prosthesis survivorship. The present study purpose was to evaluate the effect of STJA on talar component subsidence after primary TAR and its effect on TAR survivorship. All patients, a minimum of 18 years old, from a single institution with modern-generation TAR and 1-year minimum follow-up data available were evaluated...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982715/the-effect-of-footwear-adapted-with-a-multi-curved-rocker-sole-in-conjunction-with-knee-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-walking-in-poliomyelitis-subjects-a-pilot-study
#7
Ali Mojaver, Mokhtar Arazpour, Gholamreza Aminian, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Guive Sharifi, Arash Sherafatvaziri
BACKGROUND: Knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs) are used by people with poliomyelitis to ambulate. Whist advances in orthotic knee joint designs for use in KAFOs such the provision of stance control capability have proven efficacy, little attention has been paid to shoe adaptations which may also improve gait. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the alteration to the kinematics and temporal-spatial parameters of gait caused by the use of heel-to-toe rocker-soled footwear when ambulating with KAFOs...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942740/primary-ankle-arthrodesis-for-severely-comminuted-tibial-pilon-fractures
#8
Mohamed E Al-Ashhab
Management of severely comminuted, complete articular tibial pilon fractures (Rüedi and Allgöwer type III) remains a challenge, with few treatment options providing good clinical outcomes. Twenty patients with severely comminuted tibial pilon fractures underwent primary ankle arthrodesis with a retrograde calcaneal nail and autogenous fibular bone graft. The fusion rate was 100% and the varus malunion rate was 10%. Fracture union occurred at a mean of 16 weeks (range, 13-18 weeks) postoperatively. Primary ankle arthrodesis is a successful method for treating highly comminuted tibial pilon fractures, having a low complication rate and a high satisfaction score...
December 8, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935562/current-conservative-management-and-classification-of-club-foot-a-review
#9
Ganesan Balasankar, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily
Clubfoot, known as congenital talipes equinovarus, is one of the complex paediatric foot deformity with the incidence of 1 in every 1000 live births. It consists of four complex foot abnormalities such as forefoot adductus, midfoot cavus, and hindfoot varus and ankle equinus. There are a number of surgical techniques (soft tissue releases, arthrodesis) used to correct clubfoot. However currently the conservative management (manipulation, serial casting, and braces) of clubfoot is considered as the best choice and it is widely accepted among orthopaedists...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926682/clinical-outcomes-of-nonunions-of-hindfoot-and-ankle-fusions
#10
Fabian Krause, Alastair S E Younger, Judith F Baumhauer, Timothy R Daniels, Mark Glazebrook, Peter T Evangelista, Michael S Pinzur, Gowreeson Thevendran, Rafe M J Donahue, Christopher W DiGiovanni
BACKGROUND: While nonunion after foot and ankle fusion surgery has been associated with poor outcomes, we are not aware of any longitudinal study on this subject. Thus, we prospectively evaluated the impact of nonunion on clinical outcomes of foot and ankle fusions and identified potential risk factors for nonunion after these procedures. METHODS: Using data from a randomized clinical trial on recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB; Augment Bone Graft, BioMimetic Therapeutics), union was defined either by assessment of computed tomography (CT) scans at 24 weeks by a reviewer blinded to the type of treatment or by the surgeon's composite assessment of clinical and radiographic findings at 52 weeks and CT findings at 24 or 36 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923216/efficacy-of-a-cellular-bone-allograft-for-foot-and-ankle-arthrodesis-and-revision-nonunion-procedures
#11
Travis J Dekker, Peter White, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: Bone graft substitutes are often required in patients at risk for nonunion, and therefore, an allograft that most closely mimics an autograft is highly sought after. This study explored the utility and efficacy of a cellular bone allograft used for foot and ankle arthrodesis and revision nonunion procedures in a patient population at risk for nonunion. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent arthrodesis and revision nonunion procedures with a cellular bone allograft was performed at a single academic institution...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920332/comparison-of-ankle-fusion-rates-with-and-without-anterior-plate-augmentation
#12
Phillip M Mitchell, Diana G Douleh, A Brian Thomson
BACKGROUND: The optimal fixation construct for tibiotalar arthrodesis continues to be debated. While biomechanical data and clinical series support anterior plate augmentation, comparative studies assessing its use are sparse. The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of successful tibiotalar arthrodesis with and without anterior plate augmentation of a compression screw construct. METHODS: We studied 64 patients (65 ankles) undergoing tibiotalar arthrodesis done by a single surgeon over a 10-year period (2006-2016) with anterior plate augmentation beginning in 2010...
December 5, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909032/midterm-outcomes-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-hydrogel-hemiarthroplasty-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#13
Timothy R Daniels, Alastair S E Younger, Murray J Penner, Kevin J Wing, Sara Lyn Miniaci-Coxhead, Ellie Pinsker, Mark Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is the most common arthritic condition of the foot. A randomized clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint hemiarthroplasty with a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel implant (Cartiva) demonstrated pain relief and functional outcomes equivalent to first MTP arthrodesis at 2 years postoperation, with no cases of implant fragmentation, wear, or bone loss. We prospectively determined 5-year outcomes of first MTP hemiarthroplasty with the PVA hydrogel implant...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908492/fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-tibio-talo-calcaneal-nailing-short-term-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#14
D Georgiannos, V Lampridis, I Bisbinas
INTRODUCTION: The management of ankle fractures in the elderly remains unpredictable, secondary to their various co-morbidities. Although tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing has been an effective option for ankle arthrodesis due to ankle arthritis or Charcot arthropathy there are few reports regarding the use of TTC nail for the treatment of ankle fractures. PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to compare the results of ORIF versus TTC nailing for the treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the elderly...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903929/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-particulated-juvenile-articular-cartilage-and-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-articular-cartilage-lesions-of-the-talus
#15
Nathan S Lanham, John J Carroll, Minton T Cooper, Venkat Perumal, Joseph S Park
Background Articular cartilage lesions of the talus remain a challenging clinical problem because of the lack of natural regeneration and limited treatment options. Microfracture is often the first-line therapy, however lesions larger than 1.5 cm(2) have been shown to not do as well with this treatment method. Methods The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of iliac crest bone marrow aspirate concentrate/collagen scaffold (ICBMA) and particulated juvenile articular cartilage (PJAC) for larger articular cartilage lesions of the talus...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903299/arthroscopic-arthrodesis-for-ankle-arthritis-without-bone-graft
#16
Xiaojun Duan, Liu Yang, Li Yin
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis is considered by many to be the standard operative treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. The purpose of this study was to perform a new technique for ankle joint surface and determine the outcome for the union rates of ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis. METHODS: A total of 68 patients with posttraumatic arthritis, primary osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis were treated by ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis between May 2007 and December 2012...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900266/ankle-arthrodesis-a-systematic-approach-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Youichi Yasui, Charles P Hannon, Dexter Seow, John G Kennedy
Ankle arthrodesis is a common treatment used for patients with end-stage ankle arthritis (ESAA). The surgical goal of ankle arthrodesis is to obtain bony union between the tibia and talus with adequate alignment [slight valgus (0°-5°)], neutral dorsiflexion, and slight external rotation positions) in order to provide a pain-free plantigrade foot for weightbearing activities. There are many variations in operative technique including deferring approaches (open or arthroscopic) and differing fixation methods (internal or external fixation)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871418/efficacy-of-a-cellular-allogeneic-bone-graft-in-foot-and-ankle-arthrodesis-procedures
#18
REVIEW
Travis J Dekker, Peter White, Samuel B Adams
A cellular allogeneic bone graft can be used in patients at high risk for nonunion after arthrodesis surgery. This study explores the utility and efficacy of MAP3 in foot and ankle arthrodesis procedures. Map3 is a cellular allogeneic bone graft that contains osteogenic, osteoconductive, osteoinductive, and angiogenic properties. A total of 23 mostly high-risk patients were included in this study. The overall fusion rate was 83%. Univariate analysis demonstrated diabetic patients remain at risk of recurrent nonunion (P<...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871417/large-bm-intra-articular-allograft
#19
REVIEW
Joan R Williams, Michael E Brage
Posttraumatic tibiotalar arthritis is a challenging problem in young, active patients. Many of these patients do not want to pursue ankle arthrodesis after they fail conservative treatment measures, as they wish to preserve joint motion. Osteochondral shell allograft arthroplasty has been described as a reasonable alternative for treating these patients. The procedure itself is technically demanding; however, with improvements in surgical technique and adequate preoperative patient counseling, it provides improvement in ankle function and has good outcomes for most patients at long-term follow-up...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871416/bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-bone-healing-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Joshua S Harford, Travis J Dekker, Samuel B Adams
Autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) has become a popular orthobiologic to augment bone healing. The potential benefit comes from osteoprogenitor cells and growth factors that can lead to new bone formation in the setting of foot and ankle arthrodesis procedures. BMAC has an excellent safety record and has demonstrated efficacy in animal models of bone healing. Although scant, the literature on the use of BMAC in foot and ankle surgery does demonstrate promise for this orthobiologic adjuvant.
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
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