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lifestyle AND obesity

Anne Tournadre, Gaelle Vial, Frédéric Capel, Martin Soubrier, Yves Boirie
Sarcopenia is defined as a combination of low muscle mass with low muscle function. The term was first used to designate the loss of muscle mass and performance associated with aging. Now, recognized causes of sarcopenia also include chronic disease, a physically inactive lifestyle, loss of mobility, and malnutrition. Sarcopenia should be differentiated from cachexia, which is characterized not only by low muscle mass but also by weight loss and anorexia. Sarcopenia results from complex and interdependent pathophysiological mechanisms that include aging, physical inactivity, neuromuscular compromise, resistance to postprandial anabolism, insulin resistance, lipotoxicity, endocrine factors, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammation...
August 8, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Ruth Elisa Eyl, Lena Koch-Gallenkamp, Lina Jansen, Viola Walter, Prudence Carr, Michael Hoffmeister, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt
PURPOSE: Since physical activity (PA) has been shown to be associated with better prognosis and quality of life (QOL) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, this study focuses on the barriers of PA among CRC survivors. METHODS: This study is based on a population-based study from Germany of 1343 women and men, diagnosed with CRC between 2003 and 2008 and being alive five years later. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations between baseline as well as five-year follow-up (5YFU) characteristics and physical inactivity (PIA) at 5YFU...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Julie M Pike, Lisa Yazel-Smith, Kathryn M Haberlin, Tamara S Hannon
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth has increased as a result of the obesity epidemic. Diabetes prevention programming is needed for youth, at risk for T2D, and their families. However, there is a lack of diabetes prevention services for this population. There is evidence for the benefit of lifestyle modification for decreasing diabetes risk, however there are barriers for youth to access these services in a traditional clinical setting. Our Youth Diabetes Prevention Clinic (YDPC) created partnerships within the community to increase access to diabetes prevention services for at risk youth...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Zhenzhen Jia, Joni Zhang, Dulce Trindade, Tanja Sobko
Objectives Many obesity-related chronic diseases originate from unhealthy childhood habits. The aim of this study was to describe 9-month-old infants' physical activity levels and patterns and to examine the correlates. Understanding these factors is necessary for improving the effectiveness of physical activity intervention programs for infants. Methods In total, 143 infant-mother dyads from Macau, SAR China, participated in this study. Physical activity (PA) was assessed by using the Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer and the demographic variables were collected by questionnaires...
August 9, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Pernilla Sandvik, Anna Ek, Maria Somaraki, Ulf Hammar, Karin Eli, Paulina Nowicka
BACKGROUND: Characteristics of picky eaters of different weight status have not been sufficiently investigated. We used two newly developed screening cut-offs for picky eating in the Food fussiness (FF) subscale of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of picky eaters in preschool-aged children with thinness, normal weight, overweight or obesity. METHODS: Data for 1272 preschoolers (mean age 4.9 years) were analyzed...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
S Abel, L C Whitehead, K J Coppell
AIM: To explore the experiences of people recently diagnosed with prediabetes and overweight or obese in making dietary changes following a six-month primary care nurse-delivered dietary intervention pilot. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 participants, purposefully selected to ensure a mix of ethnicity, gender and glycaemic outcome. Thematic analysis of interview data was undertaken. RESULTS: Participants described feeling shocked when they received the diagnosis of prediabetes...
August 9, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Eman Mokbel Alissa
Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the associations of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Saudi adults. Methods: The study comprised 400 participants (70 men and 330 women), aged between 40 and 88 years, randomly selected from the medicine clinics at the King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in a cross-sectional study design. A standardized questionnaire was used to determine demographics variables, general health, lifestyle habits, and medical history...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jodie M Dodd, Jennie Louise, Andrea R Deussen, Andrew J McPhee, Julie A Owens, Jeffrey S Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the effect of an antenatal dietary and lifestyle intervention in pregnant women who are overweight or obese on child outcomes at age 18 months. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of children at 18 months of age who were born to women who participated in the Limiting Weight Gain in Overweight and Obese Women during Pregnancy to Improve Health Outcomes randomized trial. The primary follow-up study outcome was prevalence of child BMI z scores >85th percentile...
August 8, 2018: Pediatrics
Helen A Vidgen, Penelope V Love, Sonia E Wutzke, Lynne A Daniels, Chris E Rissel, Christine Innes-Hughes, Louise A Baur
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity poses an urgent global challenge. The World Health Organization (WHO) Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity recommends the provision of appropriate family-based, lifestyle weight management services through universal health care to support families of children with overweight or obesity; however, there are few examples of their implementation 'at scale'. The purpose of this research was to compare and contrast the impact of system and organisational factors on the implementation of childhood obesity management services within two Australian States (New South Wales and Queensland) to comprehensively describe their influence on the achievement of the WHO recommendation...
August 7, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
A G Obrezan, N V Kulikov
In this article we present data of scientific studies of prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), pathogenetic and risk factors of CHF development patients with DM (hyperglycemia, elevated body mass index, age, ischemic heart disease, nephropathy, proteinuria, DM duration, etc.). The article also contains results of analysis of mortality of patients with and without DM in dependence of ejection fraction value. After characterization of drugs for treatment of CHF in general and specifically in patients with DM we make focus on perspective directions in treatment of this group of patients...
July 2018: Kardiologiia
Gabriel Adan Araujo Leite, Thamiris Moreira Figueiredo, Tainá Louise Pacheco, Marina Trevizan Guerra, Janete Aparecida Anselmo-Franci, Wilma De Grava Kempinas
Dyslipidemias are occurring earlier in different countries due to the increase of obesity, bad eating habits, and sedentary lifestyle. Rosuvastatin reduces serum cholesterol; however, several studies associated statin exposure with male reproduction impairment. Ascorbic acid (AA) is an antioxidant substance that plays a protective role in the male reproductive system. Male rats were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (n = 10), which received saline solution 0.9%, 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin, 150 mg/day of AA or 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin associated with 150 mg/day of AA from post-natal day (PND) 23 until PND 53...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Adele Idolo, Tiziana Grassi, Francesco Bagordo, Alessandra Panico, Mattia De Giorgi, Francesca Serio, Marcello Guido, Prisco Piscitelli, Giovanni De Filippis, Annamaria Raho, Antonella De Donno
During the years 2014⁻2016 the University of Salento performed the "Impact of Air Quality on Health of Residents in the Municipalities of Cutrofiano, Galatina, Sogliano Cavour, Soleto and Sternatia" (IMP.AIR) study, an epidemiological-molecular research project aiming to evaluate early DNA damage in children living in an area of Salento with high incidence of lung cancer among the male population. One hundred and twenty-two children aged 6⁻8 years attending primary school were enrolled and the frequency of micronucleated cells (MNC) in oral mucosa was evaluated...
August 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Janey S A Pratt, Allen Browne, Nancy T Browne, Matias Bruzoni, Megan Cohen, Ashish Desai, Thomas Inge, Bradley C Linden, Samer G Mattar, Marc Michalsky, David Podkameni, Kirk W Reichard, Fatima Cody Stanford, Meg H Zeller, Jeffrey Zitsman
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee updated their evidence-based guidelines published in 2012, performing a comprehensive literature search (2009-2017) with 1387 articles and other supporting evidence through February 2018. The significant increase in data supporting the use of metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) in adolescents since 2012 strengthens these guidelines from prior reports. Obesity is recognized as a disease; treatment of severe obesity requires a life-long multidisciplinary approach with combinations of lifestyle changes, nutrition, medications, and MBS...
July 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
David A Muñiz Pedrogo, Michael D Jensen, Carol T Van Dyke, Joseph A Murray, Jeffrey A Woods, Jun Chen, Purna C Kashyap, Vandana Nehra
The rising incidence of obesity requires the reevaluation of our current therapeutic strategies to optimize patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether compositional and functional characteristics of the gut microbiota in adults predict responses to a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program in overweight and obese adults. We recruited 26 participants from the Mayo Clinic Obesity Treatment Research Program between August 6, 2013, and September 12, 2013, to participate in a lifestyle intervention program for weight loss...
August 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Marc J Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Cheng K Fred Wen, Jaimie N Davis, Quintilia Àvila, Magaly Juarez, Niquelle Brown Wadé, Christianne J Lane
Innovative lifestyle interventions are needed to reduce type 2 diabetes risk in adolescents. This report describes the protocol of the Imagine HEALTH cluster randomized control trial, that tests an intervention based in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and uses lifestyle education combined with the mind-body, complementary health modality of guided imagery (GI), to address obesity prevention and treatment in predominantly Latino adolescents. The primary aim is to determine the unique effects of each of the three major components of the 12-week lifestyle intervention (lifestyle education, stress reduction guided imagery, and lifestyle behavior guided imagery) compared to control on primary outcomes of physical activity (accelerometry), dietary intake (3-day recall), and stress biomarker levels (salivary cortisol)...
August 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Matty D A Karsten, Anne M van Oers, Henk Groen, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Mireille N M van Poppel, Anouk Geelen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Rebecca C Painter, Ben W J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
PURPOSE: To identify demographic, (bio)physical, behavioral, and psychological determinants of successful lifestyle change and program completion by performing a secondary analysis of the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial, investigating a preconception lifestyle intervention. METHODS: The 6-month lifestyle intervention consisted of dietary counseling, physical activity, and behavioral modification, and was aimed at 5-10% weight loss. We operationalized successful lifestyle change as successful weight loss (≥ 5% weight/BMI ≤ 29 kg/m2 ), weight loss in kilograms, a reduction in energy intake, and an increase in physical activity during the intervention program...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Sandeep Prabhu, Hariharan Sugumar, Peter M Kistler
The interaction between arrhythmias and certain lifestyle factors such as obesity and alcohol consumption is well-established. There is significant public and professional interest in the role of various diets, vitamins, and minerals in cardiovascular health. However, many widely held beliefs are not supported by the literature. There is limited evidence for routine magnesium and omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids supplementation, while coffee, tea, nuts, antioxidant vitamins, and even chocolate may have some antiarrhythmic properties...
July 4, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Nia Coupe, Sarah Cotterill, Sarah Peters
BACKGROUND: People living in deprived areas are more likely to be overweight or obese, have poorer health outcomes, and tend to benefit less from interventions than those from more affluent backgrounds. One approach to address such health inequalities is to tailor existing interventions to low socio-economic populations, yet there is limited evidence to inform their design. This study aims to identify how best to tailor lifestyle interventions to low socio-economic populations to improve outcomes...
August 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
Nicolette G C Van Der Sande, Peter J Blankestijn, Frank L J Visseren, Martine M Beeftink, Michiel Voskuil, Jan Westerink, Michiel L Bots, Wilko Spiering
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive diagnostic evaluation of potential modifiable factors of difficult-to-control hypertension would enable clinicians to target-specific amendable causes. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence of underlying medical conditions, lifestyle factors, and concomitant medication use in an integrated diagnostic evaluation in patients with difficult-to-control hypertension, referred to a tertiary center. METHODS: The study population consisted of 653 patients referred between 2006 and 2016 for difficult-to-control hypertension to the University Medical Center Utrecht...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Sherin E Mathews, Rekha B Kumar, Alpana P Shukla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are epidemiologically and pathophysiologically linked disorders. Here, we summarize the effect of obesity on NASH and how it has a cascading effect on cardiovascular dysfunction. We also review the current and emerging treatment options for NASH. RECENT FINDINGS: The link between NASH and cardiac dysfunction has been further delineated in recent studies demonstrating endothelial dysfunction, diastolic dysfunction, and increased coronary artery calcification in patients with known NASH...
August 1, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
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