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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814975/the-typically-developing-paediatric-foot-how-flat-should-it-be-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hayley Uden, Rolf Scharfbillig, Ryan Causby
BACKGROUND: All typically developing children are born with flexible flat feet, progressively developing a medial longitudinal arch during the first decade of their lives. Whilst the child's foot is expected to be flat, there is currently no consensus as to how flat this foot should be. Furthermore, whilst feet are observed to decrease in flatness with increasing age, it is not known how flat they should be at each age increment. The objective of this systematic review is to define the postural characteristics of the 'typically' developing paediatric foot...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791817/binder-syndrome-clinical-findings-and-surgical-treatment-of-18-patients-at-the-department-of-plastic-surgery-in-polanica-zdr%C3%A3-j
#2
Piotr H Drozdowski, Ireneusz Łątkowski, Mateusz G Zachara, Piotr Wójcicki
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783556/foot-structure-is-significantly-associated-to-subtalar-joint-kinetics-and-mechanical-energetics
#3
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Foot structure has been implicated as a risk factor of numerous overuse injuries, however, the mechanism linking foot structure and the development of soft-tissue overuse injuries are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify factors that could predict foot function during walking. METHODS: A total of eleven variables (including measures of foot structure, anthropometry and spatiotemporal gait characteristics) were investigated for their predictive ability on identifying kinematic, kinetic and energetic components of the foot...
July 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779803/deltoid-ligament-repair-in-flatfoot-deformity
#4
REVIEW
Ezekiel Oburu, Mark S Myerson
Deltoid ligament reconstruction allows for joint preservation of the ankle in the setting of patients a triple arthrodesis due to a flat foot deformity. Although the increased forces that may occur in the ankle joint after a triple arthrodesis cannot be eliminated, reconstruction of the ligament will delay and may prevent the onset arthritis, allowing the patient to maintain mobility of the ankle joint. The anatomy, surgery, and risks and benefits are discussed.
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764143/prevalence-of-flexible-flat-foot-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ashok Aenumulapalli, Manoj Mohan Kulkarni, Achleshwar Ramnarain Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot (pes planus) is a commonly observed disorder in clinical practice. The height of Medial Longitudinal Arch (MLA) determines the degree of pes planus. Majority of the previous studies on prevalence of flexible flat foot were done among children. AIM: The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of flexible flat foot among 18-21-year-old Indian adults using Navicular Drop Test (NDT) which is regarded as reliable and valid method to characterise MLA...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742605/predictors-of-the-biomechanical-effects-of-customized-foot-orthoses-in-adults-with-flat-arched-feet
#6
John B Arnold, Thomas May, Christopher Bishop
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential presence and characteristics of biomechanical responders to customized foot orthoses during walking in adults with flat-arched feet. DESIGN: Experimental, repeated-measures. SETTING: University clinic and laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen symptom-free adults with flat-arched feet. INTERVENTIONS: Customized foot orthoses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In-shoe foot biomechanics were measured during walking with and without customized foot orthoses using 3D analysis...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661843/managing-cost-of-niche-diseases-depends-innovative-approaches
#7
Mike Cantor
And health plans can't be caught flat-footed. They need to keep pace with the introduction of new treatments and be ready with strategies that address patient needs and manage costs. Using objective clinical data to guide dosing and working to redirect care to a patient's home is a place to start.
June 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644193/heel-raised-foot-posture-do-not-affect-trunk-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-a-barbell-back-squat-in-recreational-weightlifters
#8
Szu-Ping Lee, Carrie Gillis, Javier J Ibarra, Derek Oldroyd, Ryan Zane
It is claimed that weightlifting shoes with a raised heel may lead to a more upright trunk posture, and thus reduce the risk of back injuries during a barbell back squat. These proclaimed biomechanical effects have not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare trunk and lower extremity biomechanics during barbell back squats in 3 foot postures.14 recreational weightlifters (7 male and 7 female) between the ages of 18-50 performed barbell back squats in 3 conditions (barefoot on a flat surface, barefoot on a heel-raised platform, and wearing heel-raised weightlifting shoes) at 80% of their 1-RM...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634924/chondroblastoma-in-adult-age
#9
Andrea Angelini, Mohammad Hassani, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Giulia Trovarelli, Carlo Romagnoli, Antonio Berizzi, Pietro Ruggieri
PURPOSE: Chondroblastoma (CB) is a rare benign tumor that occurs most commonly in the second decade of life. No studies on CB in adulthood have been reported. Our purposes were to report a single-institution experience on CB in adults and to discuss the clinical and imaging findings, type of treatment, oncologic and functional outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed and treated for CB from 1981 to 2014 were reviewed. The main inclusion criterion was patients above their 30 years of age at diagnosis...
August 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631280/age-and-sex-associated-morphological-variations-of-metatarsal-torsional-patterns-in-humans
#10
Masateru Kitashiro, Naomichi Ogihara, Tetsuro Kokubo, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeo Nagura
It has been demonstrated that the torsional patterns of the metatarsal heads are associated with the presence or absence of the medial longitudinal arch in hominoid feet. The relatively untwisted second metatarsal is unique in humans, but that of the African apes is much more inverted, suggesting that the torsion of the second metatarsal might represent the overall shape and flatness of the foot. Some clinical studies have recently argued that the onset of foot pathologies such as hallux valgus might be related to the torsional pattern of the metatarsals...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617260/pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-in-southern-italy-a-5-years-study
#11
Gianmarco Troiano, Nicola Nante, Guglielmo Lucio Citarelli
INTRODUCTION: Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings. The study of the distribution of such pressures makes it possible to evaluate the postural and locomotory biomechanics together with its pathological variations. METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2016 we conducted a cross sectional study in order to diagnose flatfoot and hollowfoot through the baropodometric analysis, and collecting additional information such as gender and the age...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610319/nine-true-bugs-heteroptera-newly-discovered-in-illinois
#12
Daniel R Swanson, Steven J Taylor, Sam W Heads
Six heteropteran species are reported for the first time from Illinois based on recently caught specimens from various bioinventories: the flat bug Neuroctenus pseudonymus Bergroth (Aradidae: Mezirinae), the stilt bug Metacanthus multispinus (Ashmead) (Berytidae: Metacanthinae), the leaf-footed bugs Anasa repetita Heidemann and Chelinidea vittiger Uhler (Coreidae: Coreinae), the ambush bug Phymata fasciata fasciata (Gray) (Reduviidae: Phymatinae), and the scentless plant bug Arhyssus nigristernum (Signoret) (Rhopalidae: Rhopalinae)...
May 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594068/chimpanzee-ankle-and-foot-joint-kinematics-arboreal-versus-terrestrial-locomotion
#13
Nicholas B Holowka, Matthew C O'Neill, Nathan E Thompson, Brigitte Demes
OBJECTIVES: Many aspects of chimpanzee ankle and midfoot joint morphology are believed to reflect adaptations for arboreal locomotion. However, terrestrial travel also constitutes a significant component of chimpanzee locomotion, complicating functional interpretations of chimpanzee and fossil hominin foot morphology. Here we tested hypotheses of foot motion and, in keeping with general assumptions, we predicted that chimpanzees would use greater ankle and midfoot joint ranges of motion during travel on arboreal supports than on the ground...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571173/flat-foot-in-a-random-population-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functionality
#14
Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Francisco Alonso-Tajes, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Sergio Perez-Garcia, Rocio Seijo-Bestilleiro, Vanesa Balboa-Barreiro
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot is a common deformity in adults. It is characterized by medial rotation and plantar flexion of the talus, eversion of the calcaneus, collapsed medial arch and abduction of the forefoot. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of flat foot and its impact on quality of life, dependence, foot pain, disability and functional limitation among random population of 40-year-old and above. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study in a random population sample from Cambre (A Coruña-Spain) (n=835) was performed (α =0...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559643/variability-between-clarke-s-angle-and-chippaux-smirak-index-for-the-diagnosis-of-flat-feet
#15
Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Beatriz Lopez-Calviño, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Vicente Gil-Guillen
BACKGROUND: The measurements used in diagnosing biomechanical pathologies vary greatly. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between Clarke's angle and Chippaux-Smirak index, and to determine the validity of Clarke's angle using the Chippaux-Smirak index as a reference. METHODS: Observational study in a random population sample (n= 1,002) in A Coruña (Spain). After informed patient consent and ethical review approval, a study was conducted of anthropometric variables, Charlson comorbidity score, and podiatric examination (Clarke's angle and Chippaux-Smirak index)...
March 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552040/functional-outcomes-following-anterior-transfer-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-for-foot-drop-secondary-to-peroneal-nerve-palsy
#16
Byung-Ki Cho, Kyoung-Jin Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Se-Hyuk Im, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: This retrospective comparative study reports the practical function in daily and sports activities after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. METHODS: Seventeen patients were followed for a minimum of 3 years after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. Matched controls were used to evaluate the level of functional restoration. Functional evaluations included American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) scores, and isokinetic muscle strength test...
June 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529251/image-quality-and-clinical-usefulness-of-ray-summation-image-reconstructed-from-ct-data-compared-with-digital-radiography
#17
Shogo Suzuki, Katsuhiro Ichikawa, Shigeru Tamaki
Ray-summation (raysum) images reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) volume data resemble digital radiography (DR) images. Therefore, they have a potential to be used instead of DR images.The aim of this study was to compare the physical image quality evaluated by signal-difference-to-noise ratio (SDNR) and clinical usefulness between raysum and DR images. We employed an oval water phantom simulating adult abdomen for image quality measurement. Raysum images were reconstructed from CT volume data using an assumed x-ray quality of 70 keV...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502541/prolonged-stance-phase-during-walking-in-intermittent-claudication
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lindy N M Gommans, Annemieke T Smid, Marc R M Scheltinga, Ernst Cancrinus, Frans A M Brooijmans, Kenneth Meijer, Joep A W Teijink
BACKGROUND: Patients with intermittent claudication (IC) tend to walk slower and consume approximately 40% more oxygen during walking compared with healthy individuals. An unfavorable locomotion pattern has been suggested to explain this metabolic inefficiency. However, detailed knowledge of gait parameters in IC is lacking. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the gait pattern of newly diagnosed IC patients was compared with that of healthy controls. Spatiotemporal gait parameters such as step length and duration of stance phase were obtained by a photoelectric technique (OptoGait; Microgate, Bolzano, Italy)...
August 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486847/the-effects-of-common-footwear-on-stance-phase-mechanical-properties-of-the-prosthetic-foot-shoe-system
#19
Matthew J Major, Joel Scham, Michael Orendurff
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic feet are prescribed based on their mechanical function and user functional level. Subtle changes to the stiffness and hysteresis of heel, midfoot, and forefoot regions can influence the dynamics and economy of gait in prosthesis users. However, the user's choice of shoes may alter the prosthetic foot-shoe system mechanical characteristics, compromising carefully prescribed and rigorously engineered performance of feet. OBJECTIVES: Observe the effects of footwear on the mechanical properties of the prosthetic foot-shoe system including commonly prescribed prosthetic feet...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473641/ladder-treadmill-a-method-to-assess-locomotion-in-cats-with-an-intact-or-lesioned-spinal-cord
#20
Manuel Escalona, Hugo Delivet-Mongrain, Aritra Kundu, Jean-Pierre Gossard, Serge Rossignol
After lesions of the CNS, locomotor abilities of animals (mainly cats) are often assessed on a simple flat treadmill (FTM) which imposes little demands on supraspinal structures as is the case when walking on targets. Therefore, the aims of the present work were 1) to develop a treadmill allowing the assessment of locomotion of intact cats required to place the paws on the rungs of a moving ladder treadmill (LTM); 2) to assess the capability of cats after a unilateral spinal hemisection at T10 to cope with such a demanding locomotor task; 3) to regularly train cats for 6wks on the LTM to see whether such regular training improves locomotor recovery on the FTM...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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