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Exercise Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30536728/physical-exercise-and-non-insulin-glucose-lowering-therapies-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-review
#1
REVIEW
M L Eckstein, D M Williams, L K O'Neil, J Hayes, J W Stephens, R M Bracken
In the UK the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) advocates intensive lifestyle programmes that attain the levels of daily physical activity set out by the Chief Medical Officer as a first-line strategy for improving the health of people at risk of developing diabetes or reducing the risk of development of Type 2 diabetes. For people with Type 2 diabetes, lifestyle measures complement pharmacological treatments that include both oral and injectable therapies. In line with this, NICE guidelines also support intensification of efforts to improve patient lifestyle along with these glucose-lowering therapies...
December 7, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534868/-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Fabian Lanuza, Jorge Sapunar, Edmundo Hofmann
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFDL) includes fatty liver or simple steatosis, characterized by lipid deposits in hepatocytes and more advanced stages such as steatohepatitis (NASH) and non-alcoholic cirrhosis. Physical inactivity, hypercaloric and unbalanced diet together with aging play a key role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and are strongly associated with metabolic and physical activity continue to be major components in prevention and first-line treatment to attenuate or reverse NAFLD. Dietary patterns, their composition and weight reduction would be the most relevant nutritional aspects in NAFDL treatment...
August 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534471/rehabilitation-of-chronic-brachial-plexus-neuropraxia-and-loss-of-cervical-extension-in-a-high-school-football-player-a-case-report
#3
Ryan A Hartley, Michael E Kordecki
Background and Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534470/clinical-reasoning-in-the-face-of-uncertainty-conservative-physical-therapy-management-of-a-teenage-athlete-diagnosed-with-a-proximal-humeral-non-ossifying-fibroma
#4
Timothy J Reynolds, Joseph Paul Coviello, Michael Costello
Background and Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF. Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534079/mechanisms-and-modulation-of-oxidative-nitrative-stress-in-type-4-cardio-renal-syndrome-and-renal-sarcopenia
#5
REVIEW
Márta Sárközy, Zsuzsanna Z A Kovács, Mónika G Kovács, Renáta Gáspár, Gergő Szűcs, László Dux
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem and a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CKD could amplify the progression of chronic heart failure leading to the development of type 4 cardio-renal syndrome (T4CRS). The severity and persistence of heart failure are strongly associated with mortality risk in T4CRS. CKD is also a catabolic state leading to renal sarcopenia which is characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle strength and physical function. Renal sarcopenia also promotes the development of CVD and increases the mortality in CKD patients...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532724/not-the-function-of-eating-but-spontaneous-activity-and-energy-expenditure-reflected-in-restlessness-and-a-drive-for-activity-appear-to-be-dysregulated-in-anorexia-nervosa-treatment-implications
#6
Regina C Casper
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is uncommon as a syndrome, despite widespread dieting or voluntary food restriction, especially among female adolescents. This suggests that restriction of caloric intake might not be the only component driving weight loss in AN. Historical observations and experimental evidence from energy expenditure studies and recordings from movement sensors reviewed in this paper reveal that AN is associated with motor activity levels and with an energy output not significantly different from that in normal-weight healthy age-matched controls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532351/role-of-physical-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Ketaki S Bhalsing, Masoom M Abbas, Louis C S Tan
Parkinson's disease (PD) is common, age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder caused by a severe loss of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Given the projected increase in the number of people with PD over the coming decades, interventions aimed at minimizing morbidity and improve quality of life are crucial. There is currently no fully proven pharmacological therapy that can modify or slow the disease progression. Physical activity (PA) can complement pharmacological therapy to manage the inherent decline associated with the disease...
October 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531490/acute-exercise-effects-among-young-adults-with-analog-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#8
Matthew P Herring, Derek C Monroe, Brett R Gordon, Mats Hallgren, Mark J Campbell
Recent findings support positive effects of acute aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with subclinical, or analogue, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). However, exercise effects among young adult men with analogue GAD are unstudied. PURPOSE: This study replicated initial findings of positive effects of acute vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with analogue GAD, examined responses among young adult men with analogue GAD, and explored sex-related differences and moderation by physical activity level, trait anxiety, depression, and poor sleep status...
December 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531459/increasing-wellness-through-physical-activity-in-children-with-chronic-disease-and-disability
#9
Nailah Coleman, Blaise A Nemeth, Claire M A LeBlanc
Children with chronic medical conditions face many challenges when considering sport participation. Compared with their healthy counterparts, they are often discouraged from physical activity or sports participation because of real or perceived limitations imposed by their condition. Prescribed exercise should be based on the demands of the sport, the effect of the disease on performance, and the potential for exercise-induced acute or chronic worsening of the illness or disability. This article will focus on several examples of chronic medical conditions and the clinician's role in providing advice about sport participation...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531382/a-high-intensity-exercise-boot-camp-for-persons-with-parkinson-disease-a-phase-ii-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-of-feasibility-safety-signal-of-efficacy-and-disease-mechanisms
#10
Merrill R Landers, James W Navalta, Andrew S Murtishaw, Jefferson W Kinney, Sarah Pirio Richardson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a high-intensity multimodal exercise program (aerobic, strengthening, and balance training) have not been well vetted in persons with Parkinson disease (PD). Thus, the primary aim was to determine whether a high-intensity multimodal exercise boot camp (HIBC) was both feasible and safe in persons with PD. The secondary aim was to determine whether the program would produce greater benefit than a usual care, low-intensity exercise program (UC)...
January 2019: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531289/physical-activity-is-associated-with-attenuated-disease-progression-in-copd
#11
Heleen Demeyer, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Maria A Ramon, Jordi de Batlle, Marta Benet, Ignasi Serra, Stefano Guerra, Eva Farrero, Esther Rodriguez, Jaume Ferrer, Jaume Sauleda, Eduard Monso, Joaquim Gea, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Alvar Agusti, Josep M Antó, Judith Garcia-Aymerich
INTRODUCTION: COPD progression is variable and affects several disease domains, including decline in lung function, exercise capacity, muscle strength and health status as well as changes in body composition. We aimed to assess the longitudinal association of physical activity (PA) with these a priori selected components of disease progression. METHOD: We studied 114 COPD patients from the PAC-COPD cohort [94% male, mean (SD) 70 (8) years of age, 54 (16) FEV1 % predicted] at baseline and 2...
December 7, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530963/low-back-pain-among-nursing-professionals-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#12
Riziq Allah Mustsfa Gaowgzeh
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain (LBP) is often work-related and is commonly observed among nurses. LBP occurs below the 12th rib and above the gluteal fold. In nurses, back disorders are mainly associated with heavy physical activity, such as lifting and moving patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented work is to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and associations of personal characteristics, general health status, and physical load with complaints of LBP. METHODS: In this study, sixty nurses were randomly chosen to answer self-administered questionnaires...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530580/short-term-effect-of-a-chronic-pain-self-management-intervention-delivered-by-an-easily-accessible-primary-healthcare-service-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Torunn Hatlen Nøst, Aslak Steinsbekk, Ola Bratås, Kjersti Grønning
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on persons with chronic pain after 3 months of a group-based chronic pain self-management course compared with a drop-in, low-impact outdoor physical group activity on patient activation and a range of secondary outcomes. DESIGN: An open, pragmatic, parallel group randomised controlled trial. Analyses were performed using a two-level linear mixed model. SETTING: An easily accessible healthcare service provided by Norwegian public primary healthcare...
December 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530451/accuracy-of-wrist-worn-activity-monitors-during-common-daily-physical-activities-and-types-of-structured-exercise-evaluation-study
#14
Ravi Kondama Reddy, Rubin Pooni, Dessi P Zaharieva, Brian Senf, Joseph El Youssef, Eyal Dassau, Francis J Doyle Iii, Mark A Clements, Michael R Rickels, Susana R Patton, Jessica R Castle, Michael C Riddell, Peter G Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Wrist-worn activity monitors are often used to monitor heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) in a variety of settings including more recently in medical applications. The use of real-time physiological signals to inform medical systems including drug delivery systems and decision support systems will depend on the accuracy of the signals being measured, including accuracy of HR and EE. Prior studies assessed accuracy of wearables only during steady-state aerobic exercise...
December 10, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530214/blood-pressure-and-pulmonary-health-effects-of-ozone-and-black-carbon-exposure-in-young-adult-runners
#15
Vivian C Pun, Kin-Fai Ho
Physical activity has been shown to promote health and well-being, however, exercising in environments with high level of air pollution might increase the risk of cardio-respiratory impairments. In this crossover study, we constructed linear mixed models to investigate the impact of short-term exposure to black carbon (BC) and ozone on blood pressure and pulmonary functions among 30 healthy adult runners after 30-minute run on a clean and polluted route on separate days in August 2015 in Hong Kong. Runners were on average 20...
November 30, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529883/effects-of-regular-high-cocoa-chocolate-intake-on-arterial-stiffness-and-metabolic-characteristics-during-exercise
#16
Masato Nishiwaki, Yuri Nakano, Naoyuki Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of regular high-cocoa chocolate consumption on arterial stiffness and fat oxidation during light- to moderate-intensity exercise. METHODS: This randomized, controlled, parallel-group intervention study included 32 Japanese college students (mean age, 20.7 ± 0.3 y; men, n = 24; women, n = 8) who were assigned to either control or intervention groups (n = 16 each). The control group did not alter their habitual diet or physical activity throughout the study period...
October 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529578/precision-in-promoting-physical-activity-and-exercise-with-the-overarching-goal-of-moving-more
#17
REVIEW
Cemal Ozemek, Ross Arena
Physical inactivity is strongly associated with an unfavorable health profile, increasing an individual's risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Initiating a regular exercise routine contributes to improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, resting blood pressure, blood glucose, and circulating lipoproteins. However, the extent to which positive changes occur come with significant inter-individual variability within intervention groups; non-responders and responders have been commonly identified across populations, highlighting that not all exercise regimens are universally effective in all individuals and should therefore not be treated as a "one-size fits all" prescription...
December 7, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529444/evaluation-of-pain-functional-capacity-and-kinesiophobia-in-women-in-the-chronic-stage-of-chikungunya-virus-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northeastern-brazil
#18
Clécio Gabriel de Souza, Jardson Faustino da Costa, Diego de Sousa Dantas, Rodrigo Pegado de Abreu Freitas, Johnnatas Mikael Lopes, Alexandre Hideki Okano
Arboviral diseases have been considered a global public health problem due to their growing territorial dispersion and impact on the population around the world. Individuals affected by the chikungunya virus go through an acute febrile illness associated with severe pain and long-lasting polyarthralgia. After the initial stage, infected individuals may progress to the chronic stage, which has an epidemic character and a high rate of disability and reduced mobility, impacting negatively on their quality of life...
December 7, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529339/exercise-as-a-reward-self-paced-exercise-perception-and-delay-discounting-in-comparison-with-food-and-money
#19
Tamam A Albelwi, Robert D Rogers, Hans-Peter Kubis
Exercise is an important health behavior. Expressed reasons for participation are often delayed outcomes i.e. health threats and benefits, but also enjoyment. However, we do not know how people evaluate exercise as a reward. The value of rewards diminish the longer we have to wait for them and the discounting effect can undermine decision-making. Here, we investigated delay-discounting of exercise perception and its valuation with time delays; we conducted self-paced exercise sessions on treadmill and compared the discounting rates of exercise (kex ) with those of established rewards of food (kfo ) and money (km )...
December 4, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528166/motivators-and-barriers-for-participation-in-aquatic-and-land-based-exercise-training-programs-for-people-with-stable-heart-failure-a-mixed-methods-approach
#20
Julie A Adsett, Norman R Morris, Suzanne S Kuys, Jennifer D Paratz, Alison M Mudge
BACKGROUND: Aquatic exercise training may be suitable for people with stable heart failure (HF) to engage in physical activity. OBJECTIVES: Acceptability, experiences and preferences regarding aquatic and traditional land-based exercise training, were explored in people with HF. METHODS: As part of a comparative intervention study, participants completed a questionnaire assessing acceptability, benefits and challenges of aquatic compared to land-based programs...
December 4, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
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