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Exercise Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342539/movement-through-active-personalised-engagement-map-a-self-management-programme-designed-to-promote-physical-activity-in-people-with-multimorbidity-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Helen Dallosso, Tom Yates, Hamidreza Mani, Laura J Gray, Nafeesa Dhalwani, Emma Baldry, Clare Gillies, Sue Cradock, Mark Batt, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, defined as two or more concurrent chronic diseases within the same individual, is becoming the clinical norm within primary care. Given the burden of multimorbidity on individuals, carers and health care systems, there is a need for effective self-management programmes. Promoting active participation within their clinical care and following a healthy lifestyle will help empower patients and target lifestyle factors that are exacerbating their conditions. The aim of this study is to establish whether a tailored, structured self-management programme can improve levels of physical activity at 12 months, in people with multimorbidity...
October 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342512/physical-activity-status-by-pain-severity-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-nationwide-study-in-korea
#2
Hye-Young Shim, Mira Park, Hee-June Kim, Hee-Soo Kyung, Ji-Yeon Shin
BACKGROUNDS: Few reports have explored the extent to which physical activity is affected by pain severity in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. We used national representative data to investigate the physical activity of KOA patients compared to the general population to determine what proportion of patients met physical activity recommendations and to explore how the proportion changes with pain severity. METHODS: We used data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V; 2010-2012)...
October 20, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342464/effect-of-a-home-based-low-intensity-physical-exercise-program-in-older-adults-dialysis-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-excite-trial
#3
Rossella Baggetta, Graziella D'Arrigo, Claudia Torino, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali, Giovanni Tripepi
BACKGROUND: Older adults dialysis patients represent the frailest subgroup of the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) population and physical exercise program may mitigate the age-related decline in muscle mass and function. METHODS: Dialysis patients of the EXCITE trial aged > 65 years (n = 115, active arm, n = 53; control arm, n = 62) were submitted in random order to a home based, low intensity physical exercise program. At baseline and 6 months after exercise training 6-min walking distance (6MWD) and 5-time sit-to-stand test (5STS) were performed, and quality of life (QoL) was tested...
October 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340794/cost-effectiveness-of-a-primary-care-based-exercise-intervention-in-perimenopausal-women-the-flamenco-project
#4
Zuzana Špacírová, David Epstein, Leticia García-Mochón, Virginia A Aparicio, Milkana Borges-Cosic, M Puerto López Del Amo, José J Martín-Martín
OBJECTIVE: Adequate physical activity levels and a healthy lifestyle may prevent all kinds of non-communicable diseases, promote well-being and reduce health-care costs among perimenopausal women. This study assessed an exercise programme for perimenopausal women. METHOD: A total of 150 women (aged 45-64 years) not engaged in regular physical activity were randomly assigned to either a 16 week exercise intervention or to the control group. The study was conducted from the perspective of the National Health System...
October 16, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340619/physical-exercise-and-cognitive-engagement-outcomes-for-mild-neurocognitive-disorder-a-group-randomized-pilot-trial
#5
Liselotte De Wit, Deirdre O'Shea, Melanie Chandler, Tripti Bhaskar, Jared Tanner, Prashanthi Vemuri, Julia Crook, Miranda Morris, Glenn Smith
BACKGROUND: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is considered a risk state for the development of dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. It is also a period in which interventions may be most effective in slowing progression to dementia. Computerized cognitive training and increased physical activity have shown to be among the most promising interventions. However, current evidence from randomized controlled trials comparing cognitive training, physical activity, and an active control is inconsistent...
October 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339660/exercise-induced-changes-in-soluble-st2-concentrations-in-marathon-runners
#6
Vincent L Aengevaeren, Roland R J VAN Kimmenade, Maria T E Hopman, Niels VAN Royen, James V Snider, James L Januzzi, Keith P George, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that extreme endurance exercise may induce cardiac micro-damage that could lead to subsequent myocardial fibrosis. Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity (sST2) is a cardiac biomarker for assessment of myocardial fibrosis, inflammation and strain. We evaluated baseline and exercise-induced sST2 concentrations in a heterogeneous cohort of marathon runners to identify predictors for sST2 concentrations. METHODS: Ninety-two runners supplied demographic data, health status, physical activity levels and marathon experience...
October 18, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339213/identification-of-signs-and-symptoms-of-axillary-web-syndrome-and-breast-seroma-during-a-course-of-physical-therapy-seven-months-post-lumpectomy-a-case-report
#7
Tamar Jacob, Jillian Bracha
Background and Purpose: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) and seroma are common and function-limiting side effects after breast cancer treatments. Studies of AWS and seroma are rare, and there are no guidelines for physical therapy in these cases. Case Description: After left breast lumpectomy due to invasive ductal carcinoma, a 65-year-old female patient underwent intraoperative radiation therapy and whole breast radiation. Seven months later, during treatment for breast swelling, AWS and breast seroma were identified by a physical therapist certified in lymphedema treatment...
October 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338347/hepatokines-a-novel-group-of-exercise-factors
#8
REVIEW
Cora Weigert, Miriam Hoene, Peter Plomgaard
Regular physical activity not only improves the exercise capacity of the skeletal muscle performing the contractions, but it is beneficial for the whole body. An extensive search for "exercise factors" mediating these beneficial effects has been going on for decades. Particularly skeletal muscle tissue has been investigated as a source of circulating exercise factors, and several myokines have been identified. However, exercise also has an impact on other tissues. The liver is interposed between energy storing and energy utilising tissues and is highly active during exercise, maintaining energy homeostasis...
October 18, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338019/characterizing-the-aerobic-and-anaerobic-energy-costs-of-polynesian-dances
#9
Wei Zhu, D Eli Lankford, Joel D Reece, Daniel P Heil
This study characterized both aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditure (EE) for several Polynesian dances in a group of experienced professional Polynesian dancers. Thirteen men and 17 women were tested using indirect calorimetry to assess aerobic EE (and converted to METs), and fingertip blood lactate to estimate anaerobic EE, during both resting and dancing activities. Total EE was then computed as the sum of both aerobic and anaerobic activity energy expenditure (AEE, or EE above resting). One sample t-tests compared mean MET values for each type of dance to the 3-MET and 6-MET thresholds for moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), respectively...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337971/protective-role-of-vitamin-c-intake-on-muscle-damage-in-male-adolescents-performing-strenuous-physical-activity
#10
Shreef G N Gabrial, Marie-Christine R Shakib, Gamal N Gabrial
BACKGROUND: Strenuous non-regular exercise increases reactive oxygen species ROS level leading to an impaired balance between the endogenous antioxidant defence system and the free radicals production. Antioxidants intake can detoxify the peroxides produced during exercise, attenuating the inflammatory responses and therefore may prevent exercise-induced muscle damage. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of vitamin C intake in attenuating markers of muscle damage, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in male adolescents performing the non-regular strenuous exercise...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337877/knee-extensors-muscle-plasticity-over-a-5-years-rehabilitation-process-after-open-knee-surgery
#11
Martin Flück, Claudio Viecelli, Andreas M Bapst, Stephanie Kasper, Paola Valdivieso, Martino V Franchi, Severin Ruoss, Jean-Marc Lüthi, Martin Bühler, Helgard Claassen, Hans Hoppeler, Christian Gerber
We investigated molecular and cellular parameters which set metabolic and mechanical functioning of knee extensor muscles in the operated and contralateral control leg of 9 patients with a chronically insufficient anterior cruciate ligament (ACL; 26.6 ± 8.3 years, 8 males, 1 female) after open reconstructive surgery (week 0), after ambulant physiotherapy under cast immobilization (week 9), succeeding rehabilitation training (up to week 26), and subsequent voluntary physical activity (week 260). Clinical indices of knee function in the operated leg were improved at 52 weeks and remained at a comparable level at week 260...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337478/school-based-exercise-programs-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
CONTEXT: The effects of school-based physical activity (PA) programs on different cardiometabolic risk factors and the most appropriate features of PA programs to achieve maximum effectiveness are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of the effectiveness of school-based PA interventions on cardiometabolic risk factors in children. DATA SOURCES: We identified studies from database inception to February 22, 2018. STUDY SELECTION: We selected studies that were focused on examining the effect of school-based PA interventions on cardiometabolic risk factors in children...
October 18, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337466/prenatal-exercise-including-but-not-limited-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-and-urinary-incontinence-during-and-following-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Taniya S Nagpal, Michelle F Mottola, Rachel J Skow, Laurel Riske, Veronica J Poitras, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Casey E Gray, Nick Barrowman, Victoria L Meah, Frances Sobierajski, Marina James, Megan Nuspl, Ashley Weeks, Andree-Anne Marchand, Linda G Slater, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Ruben Barakat, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between prenatal physical activity and prenatal and postnatal urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were included (except case studies) if they were published in English, Spanish or French and contained information on the Population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), Intervention (subjective or objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise, alone ["exercise-only"] or in combination with other intervention components [e...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337460/2019-canadian-guideline-for-physical-activity-throughout-pregnancy
#14
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Mary Duggan, Ruben Barakat, Phil Chilibeck, Karen Fleming, Milena Forte, Jillian Korolnek, Taniya Nagpal, Linda G Slater, Deanna Stirling, Lori Zehr
The objective is to provide guidance for pregnant women and obstetric care and exercise professionals on prenatal physical activity. The outcomes evaluated were maternal, fetal or neonatal morbidity, or fetal mortality during and following pregnancy. Literature was retrieved through searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, Education Resources Information Center, SPORTDiscus, ClinicalTrials...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337309/short-term-and-long-term-cost-effectiveness-of-a-pedometer-based-exercise-intervention-in-primary-care-a-within-trial-analysis-and-beyond-trial-modelling
#15
Nana Anokye, Julia Fox-Rushby, Sabina Sanghera, Derek G Cook, Elizabeth Limb, Cheryl Furness, Sally Margaret Kerry, Christina R Victor, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Peter H Whincup, Ulf Ekelund, Stephen deWilde, Tess Harris
OBJECTIVES: A short-term and long-term cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of two pedometer-based walking interventions compared with usual care. DESIGN: (A) Short-term CEA: parallel three-arm cluster randomised trial randomised by household. (B) Long-term CEA: Markov decision model. SETTING: Seven primary care practices in South London, UK. PARTICIPANTS: (A) Short-term CEA: 1023 people (922 households) aged 45-75 years without physical activity (PA) contraindications...
October 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337214/a-prospective-examination-of-physical-activity-predictors-in-pregnant-women-with-normal-weight-and-overweight-obesity
#16
Erica L Rauff, Danielle Symons Downs
BACKGROUND: Scant research has examined the relationship between exercise behavior and weight status in pregnant women. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in which pregnant women (N = 332) completed self-report measures at each trimester. Repeated measures multivariate analysis of covariance (controlling for race, education, and parity) examined changes in the motivational determinants of exercise over time and by weight status. Regression analyses were conducted to understand how the motivational determinants predicted exercise behavior and to examine the impact of prepregnancy weight status...
October 15, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336718/umbrella-and-systematic-review-methodology-to-support-the-2018-physical-activity-guidelines-advisory-committee
#17
Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy, Bonny Bloodgood
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, a group of experts in exercise science and health, began an extensive review of the literature to inform the second edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: The purpose of this paper is to describe the evidence-based methodology used to review, evaluate, and synthesize published, peer-reviewed physical activity research. The protocol-driven methodology was designed to maximize transparency, minimize bias, and ensure relevant, timely, and high-quality systematic reviews...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336195/hippocampal-distribution-of-parvalbumin-neurons-in-female-and-male-rats-submitted-to-the-same-volume-and-intensity-of-aerobic-exercise
#18
Eduardo Varejão Díaz Placencia, Fernando Tadeu Serra, Jessica Salles Henrique, Ricardo Mario Arida, Sérgio Gomes da Silva
Several studies report the influence of gender on physical exercise-induced brain plasticity, including neurotrophic factor levels, neurogenesis, and navigation strategies in spatial memory task. However, it has been noted that females are physically more active than males in animal models of physical exercise. With this in mind, we conducted an experimental study to investigate the effect of sex on the brain of rats submitted to same volume and intensity of aerobic exercise. To do so, we used calcium-binding protein parvalbumin as neuroplastic marker to explore the hippocampal formation (a brain neurogenic/mnemonic region) of male and female rats submitted to 4 weeks of aerobic exercise on a treadmill at 12 m/min, 30 min per day...
October 15, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335864/association-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-enos-gene-polymorphisms-and-physical-fitness-levels-with-plasma-nitrite-concentrations-and-arterial-blood-pressure-values-in-older-adults
#19
Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Átila Alexandre Trapé, Thaís Amanda Reia, Riccardo Lacchini, Gustavo Henrique Oliveira-Paula, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, André Mourão Jacomini, Carlos Roberto Bueno Júnior, Anderson Saranz Zago
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms are associated with reduced eNOS activity and nitric oxide (NO) production leading to an increase in blood pressure (BP). Regular exercise is the main strategy to minimize the deleterious effects of polymorphisms. However, due to the differences that physical exercise can be performed, some controversial results are found. Therefore it seems reasonable to evaluate the training status (TS). Thus, this study aimed to investigate the association of eNOS gene haplotypes and different levels of TS on nitrite concentrations (NO2-) and BP values in older adult...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335718/influence-of-the-actn3-genotype-and-the-exercise-intensity-on-the-respiratory-exchange-ratio-and-excess-oxygen-consumption-after-exercise
#20
Hugo de L Corrêa, Heitor S Ribeiro, Áthila T D Maya, Rodrigo P Neves, Milton R de Moraes, Ricardo M Lima, Otávio T Nóbrega, Aparecido P Ferreira
de L. Corrêa, H, Ribeiro, HS, Maya, ÁTD, Neves, RP, de Moraes, MR, Lima, RM, Nóbrega, OT, and Ferreira, AP. Influence of the ACTN3 genotype and the exercise intensity on the respiratory exchange ratio and excess oxygen consumption after exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to assess the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after high-intensity interval training and continuous moderate-intensity aerobic training in accordance with the ACTN3 genotype...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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