keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Subcapsular cataract

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807717/myofibroblast-transdifferentiation-the-dark-force-in-ocular-wound-healing-and-fibrosis
#1
REVIEW
Daisy Y Shu, Frank J Lovicu
Wound healing is one of the most complex biological processes to occur in life. Repair of tissue following injury involves dynamic interactions between multiple cell types, growth factors, inflammatory mediators and components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Aberrant and uncontrolled wound healing leads to a non-functional mass of fibrotic tissue. In the eye, fibrotic disease disrupts the normally transparent ocular tissues resulting in irreversible loss of vision. A common feature in fibrotic eye disease is the transdifferentiation of cells into myofibroblasts that can occur through a process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
August 12, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757693/effect-of-phacoemulsification-on-measurement-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-optic-nerve-head-parameters-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Bhaskar Jha, Reetika Sharma, Murugesan Vanathi, Tushar Agarwal, Talvir Sidhu, Ankit Tomar, Tanuj Dada
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of phacoemulsification cataract extraction on measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer and optic nerve head parameters using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, hospital-based study of 100 patients of 40 years of age and above, with no other ocular morbidity except cataract and planned for phacoemulsification with IOL implantation (SN60WF) at a tertiary centre at AIIMS, New Delhi, India...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728538/effects-of-cataract-opacity-and-surgery-on-sleep-quality
#3
Aya Kokune, Masahiko Ayaki, Kazuo Tsubota, Kazuno Negishi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the type of cataract opacity associated with subjective sleep quality for cataract patients. METHODS: A total of 180 consecutive patients (average age 74.2 years) underwent cataract surgery with implantation of a UV-blocking or blue light-blocking intra ocular lens. The participants' subjective sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) before and at 2 months after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups for analysis: normal sleepers (preoperative PSQI ≤ 5) and poor sleepers (preoperative PSQI ≥ 6)...
July 20, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728281/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-cataract-in-residents-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-xinjing-town-shanghai
#4
B J Zhu, X R Zou, Y Xu, X L Bai, M Lu, Y Y Ma, L N Lu, J F Zhu, H D Zou, X Xu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, subtypes and risk factors of cataract in type 2 diabetic individuals. Methods: Geographically defined cluster sampling method was used in this population-based, cross-sectional study. There were 7 756 type 2 diabetes individuals in Xinjing Town with a residential population of 88 864. The type 2 diabetic individuals were randomly selected from 20 basic sample units in Xinjing Town of Changning District from April to June 2016. All participants received visual acuity measurement and eye examination...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707381/radiation-associated-lens-changes-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory-results-from-the-ic-cataract-cataracts-attributed-to-radiation-in-the-cath-lab-study
#5
Aris Karatasakis, Harilaos S Brilakis, Barbara A Danek, Judit Karacsonyi, Jose Roberto Martinez-Parachini, Phuong-Khanh J Nguyen-Trong, Aya J Alame, Michele K Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Kenneth Rosenfield, Roxana Mehran, Ehtisham Mahmud, Charles E Chambers, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between occupational exposure to ionizing radiation and the prevalence of lens changes in interventional cardiologists (ICs) and catheterization laboratory ("cath-lab") staff. BACKGROUND: Exposure to ionizing radiation is associated with the development of lens opacities. ICs and cath-lab staff can receive high doses of ionizing radiation without protection, and may thus be at risk for lens opacity formation. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at an interventional cardiology conference...
July 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666280/amyloid-%C3%AE-1-43-accumulates-in-the-lens-epithelium-of-cortical-opacification-in-japanese-patients
#6
Noriaki Nagai, Yu Mano, Hiroko Otake, Teppei Shibata, Eri Kubo, Hiroshi Sasaki
Purpose: We investigated the accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42, Aβ1-43) in the lens epithelium of patients with opacification of five different types (cortical cataract [COR]; nuclear cataract [NUC]; posterior subcapsular cataract [PSC]; retrodots [RD]; and water clefts [WC]). Methods: Samples were collected from Japanese patients taken during cataract surgery; Aβ levels and mRNA expression were determined by ELISA and a real-time RT-PCR method, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662131/the-association-between-gout-and-cataract-risk-a-meta-analysis
#7
Chenqi Luo, Xinyi Chen, Hongchuan Jin, Ke Yao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between gout and age-related cataracts (ARCs). METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of the PubMed and Web of Science databases was conducted to identify papers on the association between gout and cataract risk that had been published between February 1991 and January 2017. Pooled relative risks (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. The random-effects model was used instead of the fixed-effects model when heterogeneity was identified, as indicated by a Cochran's Q statistic P-value <0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657409/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-age-related-cataract
#8
Sangshin Park, Nam-Kyong Choi
PURPOSE: Cataract and insufficient vitamin D intake are both increasing worldwide concerns, yet little is known about the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and age-related cataract. We performed this study to determine the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and age-related cataract in adults. METHODS: Study participants comprised 16,086 adults aged 40 years or older who had never been diagnosed with or undergone surgery for cataract using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2008 to 2012...
June 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602320/precision-pulse-capsulotomy-initial-clinical-experience-in-simple-and-challenging-cataract-surgery-cases
#9
Kevin Waltz, Vance M Thompson, Gabriel Quesada
PURPOSE: To evaluate precision pulse capsulotomy (PPC) in simple and challenging cataract surgery cases. SETTING: Clínica Quesada, San Salvador, El Salvador. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This single-center prospective study assessed cataract surgeries with anterior capsulotomy performed using a PPC device through a 2.2 mm corneal incision in the presence of an ophthalmic viscosurgical device. This was followed by phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512508/lhermitte-duclos-disease-and-cerebellar-gangliocytoma-an-incidental-finding-in-a-patient-with-gradual-vision-loss
#10
Akshay Badakere, Pratik Chaugule, Soveeta Souravee Rath
A 50-year-old male patient presented to the neuro-ophthalmology clinic with chief complaints of gradual decrease in vision in both eyes, more in the left eye, for 6 years. On general examination, the patient had a hemiplegic gait. His presenting acuity was 20/50 in the right eye and 20/320 in the left eye, not improving further. He had dense posterior subcapsular cataracts in both eyes, and fundus examination revealed pale discs. Humphrey visual field tests 30-2 revealed a vertical nasal midline defect in the right eye and grossly depressed fields in the left eye...
June 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511470/study-on-steroid-induced-ocular-findings-in-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Vijay Agrawal, Kusum Devpura, Laxmikant Mishra, Sajan Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Long term use of corticosteroids in Nephrotic Syndrome (NS) is associated with ocular complications such as Posterior Subcapsular Cataract (PSC), glaucoma, increased intra-ocular pressure, ptosis, mydriasis, eyelid skin atrophy, keratisis, thinning of cornea and sclera, repeated hordeolum exacerbations. AIM: To determine ocular abnormalities in children with NS and their association with steroid dosing and duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred patients with NS in the age group of 2-18 years, with no evidence of other systemic disease, were considered for the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492871/risk-factors-for-posterior-subcapsular-cataract-in-retinitis-pigmentosa
#12
Kohta Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Yusuke Murakami, Jun Funatsu, Shunji Nakatake, Takashi Tachibana, Noriko Yoshida, Shintaro Nakao, Toshio Hisatomi, Shigeo Yoshida, Takeshi Yoshitomi, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Koh-Hei Sonoda
Purpose: Posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) is a frequent complication in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The risk factors for PSC formation in RP are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for PSC. Methods: We retrospectively studied a total of 322 eyes of 173 patients who were diagnosed with typical RP. We considered the following possible risk factors for PSC: age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, high myopia, asthma, history of steroid intake, and aqueous flare...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489707/intravitreal-dexamethasone-ozurdex-implant-for-radiation-maculopathy-secondary-to-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-posterior-uveal-melanoma
#13
Irem Koc, Sibel Kadayifcilar, Hayyam Kiratli, Bora Eldem
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of 0.7 mg intravitreal dexamethasone implant in the treatment of radiation maculopathy after stereotactic radiotherapy for posterior uveal melanoma. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of seven eyes of seven consecutive patients was performed. Extracted data included age, sex, initial and follow-up visual acuities and central macular thickness values, intraocular pressure, follow-up time, number of implants, and time elapsed from radiotherapy to implantation...
May 9, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444876/cataracts-in-a-population-of-bengal-cats-in-france
#14
Aurélie Bourguet, Gilles Chaudieu, Alice Briatta, Alexandre Guyonnet, Marie Abitbol, Sabine Chahory
OBJECTIVE: To document the clinical appearance and prevalence of cataracts in a French population of Bengal cats. METHODS: Two distinct populations of Bengal cats were examined as follows: (i) 51 animals recruited for evaluation of national prevalence of ocular diseases in an observational study conducted between October 2014 and November 2016 at the Alfort ophthalmology unit; (ii) 12 patients referred for cataract diagnosis examined at a veterinary eye clinic located in central France, between December 2014 and February 2016...
April 25, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399936/transient-bilateral-cataract-during-intensive-glucose-control-a-case-report
#15
Jung Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Cataracts are generally known to occur in hyperglycemic conditions in diabetic patients. In this case, cataract occurred in the course of glucose level control in a patient who had been in a hyperglycemic state. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old Korean man who had uncontrolled diabetes for more than a year presented with bilateral posterior subcapsular cataracts, which developed within days of initiating antihyperglycemic therapy. With control of his serum glucose level for several weeks, the cataracts regressed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391646/factors-affecting-signal-strength-in-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#16
Ryan Lee, Yih-Chung Tham, Carol Y Cheung, Elizabeth Sidhartha, Rosalynn Grace Siantar, Sing-Hui Lim, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
PURPOSE: To identify ocular factors that affect signal strength in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: Data from 1312 participants of the population-based Singapore Malay Eye Study-2 (SiMES-2) were included in the analysis. All participants underwent standardized ophthalmic examination, including measurements of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refractive error, axial length, corneal curvature and presence of cataracts. Optic disc and macular cube scans were acquired using the Cirrus HD-OCT (software version 6...
April 9, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365272/erk1-2-signaling-is-required-for-the-initiation-but-not-progression-of-tgf%C3%AE-induced-lens-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-emt
#17
Magdalena C Wojciechowski, Leila Mahmutovic, Daisy Y Shu, Frank J Lovicu
Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGFβ) potently induces lens epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). The resultant mesenchymal cells resemble those found in plaques of human forms of subcapsular cataract. Smad signaling has long been implicated as the sole driving force of TGFβ-mediated activity. Rat lens epithelial explants were used to examine the role of the Smad-independent signaling, namely the MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway, in the initiation and progression of TGFβ-induced EMT. Phase contrast microscopy was used to observe the morphological changes associated with TGFβ-induced EMT in this model, including cell elongation, cell membrane blebbing, cell loss as indicated by the area of bare capsule and capsular wrinkling...
June 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340314/ocular-manifestations-in-children-with-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Ghada Gawdat, Dina El-Fayoumi, Huda Marzouk, Yomna Farag
PURPOSE: To study the ocular manifestations of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), including the ocular side-effects of the systemic medications used. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on 40 children diagnosed with JSLE was conducted. Ophthalmological and laboratory investigations as well as a calculation of the Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) were performed. RESULTS: Forty consecutive children, 32 females and 8 males, with JSLE were examined...
March 24, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328621/ocular-involvement-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Samuele Naviglio, Fulvio Parentin, Silvia Nider, Nicolò Rassu, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura
BACKGROUND: Data on ocular manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children are limited. Some authors have reported a high prevalence of asymptomatic uveitis, yet the significance of these observations is unknown and there are no recommendations on which ophthalmologic follow-up should be offered. METHODS: Children with IBD seen at a single referral center for pediatric gastroenterology were offered ophthalmologic evaluation as part of routine care for their disease...
March 21, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291554/implantation-of-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-for-myopia-and-hyperopia%C3%A2-%C3%A2-long-term-clinical-outcomes
#20
H Kocová, E Vlková, L Michalcová, O Motyka
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term refractive outcomes of implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation and late postoperative complications. METHODS: We assessed outcomes of patients who underwent ICL implantation (type ICM V4 for myopia, ICH V3 for hyperopia, TICM V4 for astigmatism) in our department between 1998 and 2013. It comprised 62 eyes (40 myopic and 22 hyperopic). The average follow-up period was 10.5 years. We evaluated: uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE), ICL vault, endothelial cell density and late postoperative complications...
March 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
keyword
keyword
16661
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"