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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074438/reproducibility-of-heart-and-thoracic-wall-position-in-repeated-deep-inspiration-breath-holds-for-radiotherapy-of-left-sided-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Kenneth Wikström, Ulf Isacsson, Kristina Nilsson, Anders Ahnesjö
BACKGROUND: Deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) for radiotherapy of left-sided breast cancer patients can effectively move the heart away from the target and reduce the heart dose compared to treatments in free breathing. This study aims to investigate the positional reproducibility of heart edge (HE) and thoracic wall (TW) during repeated DIBHs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At three occasions, 11 left-sided breast cancer patients were CT imaged during 6 minutes of repeated DIBHs with 60 cine CT series...
August 3, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052751/trans-vertical-mastectomy-with-immediate-implant-based-reconstruction-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Michael Scheflan, Adi Maisel Lotan, Tanir M Allweis
Background: In women with large and ptotic breasts requiring a mastectomy and immediate, implant-based reconstruction, long flaps pose a high risk for flap ischemia and necrosis. A new trans-vertical incision for skin-reducing mastectomy is described, which reduces the skin envelope and lifts the breast. Objective: To describe the new mastectomy access incision and assess its efficacy and safety when followed by immediate implant-based reconstruction. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 70 consecutive patients (101 breasts) with large and ptotic breasts undergoing a unilateral (n=39; 55...
July 24, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916894/modified-treatment-algorithm-for-pseudogynecomastia-after-massive-weight-loss
#3
Ulrich E Ziegler, Udo Lorenz, Adrien Daigeler, Selina N Ziegler, Philip H Zeplin
BACKGROUND: Pseudogynecomastia is the increased aggregation of fatty tissue in the area of the male breast with resultant female appearance. Two forms can appear: pseudogynecomastia after massive weight loss (pseudogynecomastia obese [PO]) and pseudogynecomastia, which is caused only by adipose tissue (pseudogynecomastia fat). For PO, only the Gusenoff classification with corresponding operative treatment options exists. However, this classification is limited by the fact that it underestimates the extensive variability of residual fat tissue and skin excess, both crucial factors for operative planning...
September 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878996/seasonal-impact-on-surgical-site-infections-in-body-contouring-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-602-patients-over-a-period-of-6-years
#4
Dominik Duscher, David Kiesl, Matthias Michael Aitzetmueller, Raphael Wenny, Karl Schableger, Clement Johannes Staud, Michael Pollhammer, Andreas Shamiyeh, Georg M Huemer
PURPOSE: Postoperative Surgical Site Infections (SSI) are severe complications following body-contouring-surgery (BCS). Here we evaluate if SSI rates are influenced by higher temperatures during the summer season. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 602 patients who underwent BCS between 2009 and 2015 in a retrospective cohort study. Data collected included demographics, surgical data and postoperative outcome. BCS procedures included lower and upper-bodylift, abdominoplasty, breast-reduction, mastopexy, brachioplasty and thigh-lift...
June 5, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659716/the-effect-of-smoking-in-the-cosmetic-surgery-population-analysis-of-129-007-patients
#5
Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Julian Winocour, Varun Gupta, Max Yeslev, Nishant Ganesh Kumar, Blair Wormer, James C Grotting, K Kye Higdon
Background: Smoking has been associated with several postoperative adverse outcomes across multiple surgical disciplines, but the literature is limited for aesthetic surgical procedures. Objectives: To compare complication rates between smokers and nonsmokers undergoing common cosmetic procedures, identify specific cosmetic procedures where smoking increases the risk of complications, and evaluate smoking as an independent risk factor for major complications following aesthetic surgery...
April 6, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537252/high-throughput-isolation-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-cascaded-inertial-focusing-microfluidic-channel
#6
Aynur Abdulla, Wenjia Liu, Azarmidokht Gholamipour-Shirazi, Jiahui Sun, Xianting Ding
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare cells that detach from a primary or metastasis tumor and flow into the bloodstream. Intact and viable tumor cells are needed for genetic characterization of CTCs, new drug development, and other research. Although separation of CTCs using spiral channel with two outlets has been reported, few literature demonstrated simultaneous isolation of different types of CTCs from human blood using cascaded inertial focusing microfluidic channel. Herein, we introduce a cascaded microfluidic device consisting of two spiral channels and one zigzag channel designed with different fluid fields, including lift force, Dean drag force, and centrifugal force...
April 3, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528026/aesthetic-surgery-in-transplant-patients-a-single-center-experience
#7
Burak Özkan, Abbas Albayati, Atilla Adnan Eyüboğlu, Ahmet Çağrı Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertaş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491661/thread-lift-in-breast-ptosis
#8
Gulhima Arora, Sandeep Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479477/clinical-testing-of-brca1-and-brca2-a-worldwide-snapshot-of-technological-practices
#9
Amanda Ewart Toland, Andrea Forman, Fergus J Couch, Julie O Culver, Diana M Eccles, William D Foulkes, Frans B L Hogervorst, Claude Houdayer, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Alvaro N Monteiro, Susan L Neuhausen, Sharon E Plon, Shyam K Sharan, Amanda B Spurdle, Csilla Szabo, Lawrence C Brody
Clinical testing of BRCA1 and BRCA2 began over 20 years ago. With the expiration and overturning of the BRCA patents, limitations on which laboratories could offer commercial testing were lifted. These legal changes occurred approximately the same time as the widespread adoption of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies. Little is known about how these changes impacted laboratory practices for detecting genetic alterations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer genes. Therefore, we sought to examine current laboratory genetic testing practices for BRCA1 / BRCA2 ...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464176/latissimus-dorsi-and-immediate-fat-transfer-lift-for-complete-autologous-breast-reconstruction
#10
James M Economides, David H Song
Background: Despite the popularity of latissimus dorsi (LD) flap in breast reconstruction, a breast implant is often necessary to achieve sufficient volume. Prior reports describe fat grafting to the LD flap as a secondary procedure to correct contour deformities and improve volume. Our institution has instituted autologous breast reconstruction with an LD flap and immediate fat transfer (LIFT). Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing the LIFT procedure was undertaken...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401738/cytotoxicity-enhancement-in-breast-cancer-cells-with-carbonate-apatite-facilitated-intracellular-delivery-of-anti-cancer-drugs
#11
Tahereh Fatemian, Ezharul Hoque Chowdhury
Pharmacotherapy as the mainstay in the management of breast cancer has demonstrated various drawbacks, including non-targeted bio distribution and narrow therapeutic and safety windows. Thus, enhancements in pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles of the classical anti-cancer drugs could lead to improved efficacy against cancer cells. Therefore, inorganic pH-dependent carbonate apatite (CA) nanoparticles were utilized to efficiently deliver various drugs into cancer cells. Following characterization and various modifications in the structure of CA complexes with different drugs, lifted outcomes were achieved...
February 5, 2018: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075821/mastopexy-on-reconstructed-breast-following-massive-weight-loss-an-innovative-technique-using-dermo-capsular-flaps
#12
A Cogliandro, M Barone, G Cassotta, R Salzillo, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: We have developed a dermo-capsular flap mastopexy technique for patients who have experienced massive weight loss after breast reconstruction. The aim of this technique is to lift the inframammary fold, adequately cover the implant, and remove excess skin, elevating the breast and obtaining symmetry with the contralateral breast. METHODS: Between January 2014 and February 2017, we performed this technique on 20 women who were candidates for second-stage breast reconstruction following nipple-sparing mastectomy...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075819/augmentation-mastopexy-with-a-dermal-encapsulated-round-or-anatomic-autoprosthesis
#13
Safvet Ors
INTRODUCTION: Several factors, such as aging, pregnancy, and weight loss, reduce the elasticity of the breast tissue, and ptosis occurs. Due to aging and gravity, it is not possible to completely prevent breast ptosis. The goal is to delay the recurrence of ptosis as much as possible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 female patients aged 25-55 years. The patients who underwent surgery had different levels of ptosis. Although the patients wanted their breasts to be lifted and an increase in projection, they did not want implants to be used...
February 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045533/liposuction-augmentation-mammaplasty
#14
Ryan Harris, Peter Raphael, Scott W Harris
Background: The female breast loses superior fullness and becomes more ptotic over time. Women often present to their plastic surgeon requesting reversal of this evolution. While liposuction alone has been proven to lift the breast, no solution combining augmentation and liposuction has been reported. Objectives: Herein, we introduce a technique called liposuction-augmentation mammaplasty (LAM) that can achieve "scarless" lifting or simply volume equalization prior to inserting same-sized implants...
March 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991039/heavy-load-lifting-acute-response-in-breast-cancer-survivors-at-risk-for-lymphedema
#15
Kira Bloomquist, Peter Oturai, Megan L Steele, Lis Adamsen, Tom Møller, Karl Bang Christensen, Bent Ejlertsen, Sandra C Hayes
PURPOSE: Despite a paucity of evidence, prevention guidelines typically advise avoidance of heavy lifting in an effort to protect against breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study compared acute responses in arm swelling and related symptoms after low- and heavy-load resistance exercise among women at risk for lymphedema while receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a randomized, crossover equivalence trial. Women receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy for breast cancer who had undergone axillary lymph node dissection (n = 21) participated in low-load (60%-65% 1-repetition maximum, two sets of 15-20 repetitions) and heavy-load (85%-90% 1-repetition maximum, three sets of 5-8 repetitions) upper-extremity resistance exercise separated by a 1-wk wash-out period...
February 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894814/minimally-invasive-and-remote-access-thyroid-surgery-in-the-era-of-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
Jonathon O Russell, Salem I Noureldine, Mai G Al Khadem, Ralph P Tufano
Thyroid surgery has evolved throughout the years from being one of the most dangerous surgeries to becoming one of the safest surgical procedures performed today. Recent technologic innovations have allowed surgeons to remove the thyroid gland from a remote site while avoiding visible neck scars. There are many endoscopic approaches for thyroidectomy. The most common cervical approach is the minimally invasive video-assisted technique developed by Miccoli et al. The robotic transaxillary and axillary breast approaches avoid a neck scar and have been demonstrated to be safe and effective in international populations...
December 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684896/a-technique-of-endoscopic-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer
#17
Yu Wang, Ji-Xiang Wu, Shan Guan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is a widely accepted surgical technique for patients with early breast cancer. The technique improves cosmetic outcomes, but a decrease in nipple sensitivity has been observed with NSM because of the incision into the nipple-areola complex (NAC). Endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy with skin lifting system (ENSMSLS) removes all breast tissue through the axillary incision used for the sentinel lymph node biopsy, to avoid incision around the NAC area...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650403/the-classic-pitanguy-technique-and-its-modifications-in-mammaplasty-ten-years-of-experiences
#18
Harris Zavrides
BACKGROUND: Mammaplasty surgery has been modified in the past few years, as plastic surgeons worked to improve and maintain the breast shape and especially the "bottoming out" of the gland. The classic Pitanguy's technique has been shown to be an anatomically safe technique in the management of the breast. However, as first described, cannot be applied in gigantomastia or in severe breast ptosis cases or in cases of dense breast parenchyma or for a long-lasting breast lift result...
November 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565880/etanercept-attenuates-thermal-and-mechanical-hyperalgesia-induced-by-bone-cancer
#19
Yan Yang, Juan Zhang, Qin Gao, Jinhua Bo, Zhengliang Ma
Bone cancer pain commonly occurs when tumors originating in the breast, prostate or lung metastasize to long bones, spinal vertebrae and/or the pelvis. However, the underlying mechanisms of bone cancer pain remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to determine the role of spinal tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the development of bone cancer pain. Osteosarcoma NCTC 2472 cells were implanted into the femoral intramedullary space of C3H/HeJ mice to establish a bone cancer model. Resulting pain-related behaviors, namely spontaneous foot lifting, paw withdrawal mechanical threshold and paw withdrawal thermal latency were observed prior to inoculation and on days 3, 5, 7, 10 and 14 thereafter...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461788/coping-with-loss-of-ability-vs-acceptance-of-disease-in-women-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#20
Katarzyna Cieślak, Wojciech Golusiński
AIM: To answer the question: is there a correlation between copying with the loss of ability and the acceptance of disease? BACKGROUND: The loss of ability is the beginning of a process of dealing with a widely understood dysfunction and its consequences. This happens owing to the lifting of the barriers that emerged due to the loss of ability and through the acquisition of skills that help an individual find their way in the new reality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 90 patients with history of breast cancer...
May 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
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