keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Protein creatinine ratio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900965/effect-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-sulodexide-on-peritoneal-function-and-albumin-leakage-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Yosra Guedri, K Najla Damma, Melek Toumi, Wissal Sahtout, Awatef Azzabi, Sinda Mrabet, Safa Nouira, Dalila Saidane, Samira Amor, Anis Belarbia, Dorsaf Zellama, Abdellatif Achour
Peritoneal protein loss is one of the inevitable consequences during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Our objective was to study the effect of sulodexide on the protein loss and efficiency of dialysis. This study included six patients receiving CAPD treated with sulodexide at the dose of 600 IU/day given by intraperitoneal injection for 10 days. Clinical and biologic parameters were assessed before starting the treatment (D0 and after 10 days of treatment (D10. We also evaluated the benefit of therapy persisting 20 days after the end of treatment (D30...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898405/n-acetyl-cysteine-attenuated-the-deleterious-effects-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-on-the-kidney-of-non-diabetic-rats
#2
Karina Thieme, Karolline S Da Silva, Nelly T Fabre, Sergio Catanozi, Maria Beatriz Monteiro, Daniele Pereira Santos-Bezerra, Juliana Martins Costa-Pessoa, Maria Oliveira-Souza, Ubiratan F Machado, Marisa Passarelli, Maria Lucia Correa-Giannella
AIM: To assess the renal effects of chronic exposure to advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in the absence of diabetes and the potential impact of concomitant treatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). METHODS: Wistar rats received intraperitoneally 20 mg/kg/day of albumin modified (AlbAGE) or not (AlbC) by advanced glycation for 12 weeks and oral NAC (600mg/L; AlbAGE+NAC and AlbC+NAC, respectively). Biochemical, urinary and renal morphological analyses; carboxymethyl-lysine (CML, an AGE), CD68 (macrophage infiltration), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE, marker of oxidative stress) immunostaining; intrarenal mRNA expression of genes belonging to pathways related to AGEs (Ager, Ddost, Nfkb1), renin-angiotensin system (Agt, Ren, Ace), fibrosis (Tgfb1, Col4a1), oxidative stress (Nox4, Txnip), and apoptosis (Bax, Bcl2); and reactive oxidative species (ROS) content were performed...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893692/relationship-between-serum-uric-acid-and-metastatic-and-nonmetastatic-rectal-cancer-patients-with-undergoing-no-chemotherapy
#3
Cheng Yuan, Xin-Hua Xu, Xiao-Long Wang, Lu Xu, Zhuo Chen, Yuan-Qiang Li
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of uric acid (UA) in assessing rectal cancer metastasis.There were 475 newly diagnosed patients with complete data in our study, a total of 475 cases were reviewed, and divided into patients with metastasis and without metastasis.There were several statistical differences in age, tumor diameter, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), and C-reactive protein (CRP) between the 2 groups. Importantly, serum concentrations of UA in patients with lymphatic metastasis were found to be increased compared with patients without lymphatic metastasis (270...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891373/retrospective-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-in-hospital-outcomes-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-adults-with-acute-pyelonephritis
#4
Shailesh C Trivedi, Sanjeev R Phatak, Renu S Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Acute Pyelonephritis (APN) is a common infection in community. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may have different effect on clinical characteristics and outcomes of APN compared to non-diabetic individuals. AIM: To compare clinical characteristics and assess outcomes of APN patients with and without DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 122 patients with DM (n=61) and without DM (n=61) was conducted at a single, private, urban set-up from Gujarat, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889417/dietary-zinc-and-incident-calcium-kidney-stones-in-adolescence
#5
Gregory E Tasian, Michelle E Ross, Lihai Song, Robert W Grundmeier, James Massey, Michelle R Denburg, Lawrence Copelovitch, Steven Warner, Thomas Chi, David W Killilea, Marshall L Stoller, Susan L Furth
PURPOSE: To determine the association between dietary zinc intake and incident calcium kidney stones and examine the relationship between dietary zinc intake and urinary zinc excretion among adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a nested case-control study conducted within a large pediatric healthcare system. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and spot urine chemistries were obtained for 30 participants aged 12-18 years with a first idiopathic calcium-based kidney stone and 30 healthy controls, matched on age, sex, race, and month of enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887684/the-relationship-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-to-intestinal-mucosal-injury-in-premature-infants
#6
Nhan Hyung, Insiyah Campwala, Danilo S Boskovic, Laurel Slater, Yayesh Asmerom, Megan S Holden, Danilyn M Angeles, Gerald Gollin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of intestinal mucosal injury before and after transfusions in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Urine was collected throughout the hospital stay of 62 premature infants and specimens obtained within 24h before and after transfusion were assayed for intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP). A urinary iFABP:creatinine ratio (iFABPu:Cru) of 2.0pg/nmol was considered elevated. RESULT: Forty-nine infants were transfused...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875290/whole-body-protein-turnover-and-net-protein-balance-after-pediatric-thoracic-surgery-a-noninvasive-single-dose-15n-glycine-stable-isotope-protocol-with-end-product-enrichment
#7
Brenna S Fullerton, Eric A Sparks, Faraz A Khan, Jeremy G Fisher, Rocco Anzaldi, Michael R Scoville, Yong-Ming Yu, David A Wagner, Tom Jaksic, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: We used the (15)N glycine urinary end-product enrichment technique to quantify whole body protein turnover following thoracic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single dose of (15)N glycine (2 mg/kg) was administered orally on postoperative day 1 to children (1-18 years) following thoracic surgery. (15)N enrichment of ammonia and urea was measured in mixed urine after 12 and 24 hours, respectively, and protein synthesis, breakdown, and net balance determined...
November 15, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872513/vaginal-lactoferrin-modulates-pge2-mmp-9-mmp-2-and-timp-1-amniotic-fluid-concentrations
#8
Alessandro Trentini, Martina Maritati, Carlo Cervellati, Maria C Manfrinato, Arianna Gonelli, Carlo A Volta, Fortunato Vesce, Pantaleo Greco, Franco Dallocchio, Tiziana Bellini, Carlo Contini
Inflammation plays an important role in pregnancy, and cytokine and matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) imbalance has been associated with premature rupture of membranes and increased risk of preterm delivery. Previous studies have demonstrated that lactoferrin (LF), an iron-binding protein with anti-inflammatory properties, is able to decrease amniotic fluid (AF) levels of IL-6. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of vaginal LF administration on amniotic fluid PGE2 level and MMP-TIMP system in women undergoing genetic amniocentesis...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865264/changes-in-serum-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-after-treatment-for-canine-leishmaniosis-in-sick-dogs
#9
Camila Peres Rubio, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Josefa Hernández-Ruiz, Luis Pardo-Marin, Sergi Segarra, José Joaquín Ceron
Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a zoonotic disease being endemic in several parts of the world. In this study we investigated the behavior of a panel of biomarkers of oxidative stress in 12 sick dogs naturally infected by CanL before and at days 30 and 180 of a successful therapy with a standard treatment. The assays total oxidant status (TOS), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), serum thiol and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) were included in the panel...
December 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847345/differential-associations-between-systemic-markers-of-disease-and-cortical-thickness-in-healthy-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#10
Artur Martins Coutinho, Jean-Philippe Coutu, Emily Rose Lindemer, H Diana Rosas, Bruce R Rosen, David H Salat
Aside from cortical damage associated with age, cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, it's an outstanding question if factors of global health, including normal variation in blood markers of metabolic and systemic function, may also be associated with individual variation in brain structure. This cross-sectional study included 138 individuals between 40 to 86 years old who were physically healthy and cognitively intact. Eleven markers (total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, insulin, fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, albumin, total protein) and five derived indicators (estimated glomerular filtration rate, creatinine clearance rate, insulin-resistance, average glucose, and cholesterol/HDL ratio) were obtained from blood sampling of all participants...
November 12, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846788/urinary-oxalate-to-creatinine-ratios-in-healthy-turkish-schoolchildren
#11
Ismail Dursun, İlknur Çelik, Hakan M Poyrazoglu, Kader Köse, Esen Tanrıkulu, Habibe Sahin, Kenan Yılmaz, Ahmet Öztürk, Sibel Yel, Zübeyde Gündüz, Ruhan Düşünsel
AIM: we aimed to establish reference values for urinary oxalate to creatinine ratios in healthy children aged 6-15 years and to investigate the relationship between their nutritional habits and oxalate excretion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Random urine specimens from 953 healthy children aged 6-15 years were obtained and analyzed for oxalate and creatinine. Additionally, a 24-h dietary recall form was prepared and given to them. The ingredient composition of the diet was calculated...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846769/effect-of-cichorium-intybus-l-seed-extract-on-renal-parameters-in-experimentally-induced-early-and-late-diabetes-type-2-in-rats
#12
Yasin Pourfarjam, Lotfollah Rezagholizadeh, Azin Nowrouzi, Alipasha Meysamie, Sarah Ghaseminejad, Nasrin Ziamajidi, Davood Norouzi
Blood and urine biochemistry screening tests are important for initial detection of diabetes, determination of severity of its complications, and monitoring of therapy. We evaluated the effects of aqueous chicory seed extract (CSE), on renal biochemical parameters, histology, and Na+/glucose cotansporters, SGLT1 and SGLT2 expression levels using metformin, and aspirin as controls. Late stage type 2 diabetes (LT2D; FBS, >300 mg/dl) and early stage type 2 diabetes (ET2D; FBS, 140-220 mg/dl) were induced in rats by streptozotocin (STZ group) and a combination of STZ and niacinamide (NIA/STZ group), respectively...
November 16, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832180/cordyceps-militaris-treatment-preserves-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetic-nephropathy-mice
#13
Sung-Hsun Yu, Navneet Kumar Dubey, Wei-Shan Li, Ming-Che Liu, Han-Sun Chiang, Sy-Jye Leu, Ying-Hua Shieh, Feng-Chou Tsai, Win-Ping Deng
Diabetic nephropathy is derived from long-term effects of high blood glucose on kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients. Several antidiabetic drugs and herbal medications have failed to prevent episodes of DN. Hence, this study aimed to further investigate the renal injury-reducing effect of antidiabetic CmNo1, a novel combination of powders of fruiting bodies and mycelia of Cordyceps militaris. After being administered with streptozotocin-nicotinamide and high-fat-diet, the diabetic nephropathy mouse model displayed elevated blood glucose and renal dysfunction markers including serum creatinine and kidney-to-body weight ratio...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830586/effect-of-dietary-quebracho-tannin-extract-on-feed-intake-digestibility-excretion-of-urinary-purine-derivatives-and-milk-production-in-dairy-cows
#14
Anika Henke, Uta Dickhoefer, Edwin Westreicher-Kristen, Karin Knappstein, Joachim Molkentin, Mario Hasler, Andreas Susenbeth
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary Quebracho tannin extract (QTE) on feed intake, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), excretion of urinary purine derivatives (PD) and milk composition and yield in dairy cows. Fifty Holstein cows were divided into two groups. To reach a similar performance of both groups, cows were divided according to their milk yield, body weight, days in milk and number of lactations at the start of the experiment averaging 33.2 ± 8.2 kg/d, 637 ± 58 kg, 114 ± 73 d and 2...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826732/renin-angiotensin-ii-aldosterone-system-blockers-and-time-to-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children-with-ckd
#15
Alison G Abraham, Aisha Betoko, Jeffrey J Fadrowski, Christopher Pierce, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Alvaro Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Clinical care decisions to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a growing child must often be made without the benefit of evidence from clinical trials. We used observational data from the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children cohort to estimate the effectiveness of renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system blockade (RAAS) to delay renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children with CKD. METHODS: A total of 851 participants (median age: 11 years, median glomerular filtration rate [GFR]: 52 ml/min/1...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826645/surgery-alters-parameters-of-vitamin-d-status-and-other-laboratory-results
#16
N Binkley, D Coursin, D Krueger, P Iglar, J Heiner, R Illgen, M Squire, J Lappe, P Watson, K Hogan
: Fracture liaison services often perform laboratory testing, but these results may be altered by surgery. In 40 hip arthroplasty patients, many laboratory parameters of bone health relevance were reduced by 8-22% on the first post-operative day. Laboratory results obtained in the immediate post-surgery interval do not reliably ascertain baseline status. INTRODUCTION: As secondary causes of osteoporosis are common, fracture liaison services often perform laboratory testing in the immediate post-fracture interval...
November 8, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814274/urinary-ngal-for-the-diagnosis-of-the-renal-injury-from-multiple-myeloma
#17
Wenhan Du, Ting Shen, Hui Li, Yingying Liu, Lagu He, Li Tan, Min Hu
OBJECTIVES: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been proved as a sensitive biomarker in acute and chronic renal injury. Renal impairment is a common complication of multiple myeloma (MM). We attempt to assess the value of NGAL for the early and accurate diagnosis of renal injury in MM patients. METHODOLOGY: Forty-five MM patients with CKD stage I to V(MM-renal group), 20 MM patients with normal kidney function (MM-non-renal group), and 37 healthy volunteers (healthy control) were compared for serum and urinary NGAL and other renal injury biomarkers (Creatinine[CRE]; Cystatin-C [CysC]; N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase [NAG])...
October 28, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812309/urinary-orosomucoid-validation-of-an-automated-immune-turbidimetric-test-and-its-possible-clinical-use
#18
Péter Kustán, Balázs Szirmay, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Ágnes Lakatos, Diána Mühl, Per Hjort Christensen, Attila Miseta, Gábor L Kovács, Tamás Kőszegi
INTRODUCTION: Besides routine serum markers of inflammatory diseases, the diagnostic potential of selected urinary proteins has not been fully exploited yet. Former studies revealed that urinary orosomucoid (u-ORM) might have complementary information in inflammatory disorders. Our aim was to develop and validate a fully automated method for u-ORM measurements and to evaluate its potential clinical impact on systemic inflammatory diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A particle-enhanced immune turbidimetric assay was validated for a Cobas 8000/c502 analyzer to determine u-ORM levels...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809710/the-questioning-for-routine-monthly-monitoring-of-proteinuria-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-on-deferasirox-chelation
#19
Turan Bayhan, Şule Ünal, Ozan Ünlü, Hakan Küçüker, Anıl Doğukan Tutal, Erdem Karabulut, Fatma Gümrük
BACKGROUND: Iron chelation therapy is one of the mainstays of the management of the patients with β-thalassemia (BT) major. Deferasirox is an oral active iron chelating agent. Proteinuria is one of the potential renal adverse effects of deferasirox, and monthly follow-up for proteinuria is suggested by Food and Drug Administration and European Medicine Agency. METHODS: We aimed to investigate the necessity for monthly monitoring for proteinuria among patients with BT on deferasirox...
November 3, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805727/reference-intervals-for-biochemical-blood-variables-packed-cell-volume-and-body-temperature-in-pet-rats-rattus-norvegicus-using-point-of-care-testing
#20
Anneleen Houtmeyers, Luc Duchateau, Bettina Grünewald, Katleen Hermans
BACKGROUND: Rats (Rattus norvegicus) are increasingly kept as pets, thus more and more requiring veterinary care. Important differences exist between pet and laboratory rats, but little information is available on pet rats. Diagnosis and treatment of pet rat diseases would benefit from RIs specific for this animal population. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish RIs for biochemical blood variables, PCV, and body temperature in pet rats. Additionally, influences of sex and feed rationing method (ad libitum, restricted) on these variables were determined...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
keyword
keyword
16659
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"