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Protein creatinine ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080911/evaluation-of-in-house-urine-dipstick-reference-laboratory-urinalysis-and-urine-protein-creatinine-ratio-from-a-colony-of-callimicos-callimico-goeldii
#1
Sarah A Cannizzo, Jennifer N Langan, Mark Warneke, Matthew Allender
This study evaluated results from an in-house (IH) laboratory dipstick, a reference laboratory (RL) urinalysis, and urine protein : creatinine (UPC) ratios from callimicos ( Callimico goeldii ). Urine was collected from 25 individuals comprising a single colony under professional care in North America and compared based on laboratory, sex, age class, and presence or absence of a normal urinalysis. Urine specific gravity and pH between laboratories were statistically different. Overall, 56% to 100% of animals had at least a trace amount of protein in their urine...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052754/the-burden-of-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#2
I-Ting Tsai, Chao-Ping Wang, Yung-Chuan Lu, Wei-Chin Hung, Cheng-Ching Wu, Li-Fen Lu, Fu-Mei Chung, Chia-Chang Hsu, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Teng-Hung Yu
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of cardiovascular disease are at high risk of developing secondary major adverse cardiac events (MACE). This study aimed to identify independent predictors of MACE after hospital admission which could be used to identify of high-risk patients who may benefit from preventive strategies. METHODS: This study included 1,520 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (654 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 866 with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients) who received PCI and/or stenting...
January 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040554/proteinuria-during-dengue-fever-in-children
#3
Anne-Claire Andries, Veasna Duong, Julien Cappelle, Sivuth Ong, Alexandra Kerleguer, Sowath Ly, Arnaud Tarantola, Paul F Horwood, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, Philippe Dussart, Philippe Buchy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate proteinuria occurring during dengue disease in children and assess if measurement of this parameter can help physicians in the clinical management of patients. METHODS: Proteinuria was assessed by dipstick and quantified by urine protein:creatinine ratio (UPCR) in samples from patients hospitalized with a confirmed dengue infection and in healthy controls. RESULTS: The dipstick tested positive in 42...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029431/urine-biomarkers-of-tubular-injury-do-not-improve-on-the-clinical-model-predicting-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#4
Chi-Yuan Hsu, Dawei Xie, Sushrut S Waikar, Joseph V Bonventre, Xiaoming Zhang, Venkata Sabbisetti, Theodore E Mifflin, Josef Coresh, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Jiang He, Claudia M Lora, Edgar R Miller, Robert G Nelson, Akinlolu O Ojo, Mahboob Rahman, Jeffrey R Schelling, Francis P Wilson, Paul L Kimmel, Harold I Feldman, Ramachandran S Vasan, Kathleen D Liu
Few investigations have evaluated the incremental usefulness of tubular injury biomarkers for improved prediction of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. As such, we measured urinary kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase and liver fatty acid binding protein under highly standardized conditions among 2466 enrollees of the prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study. During 9433 person-years of follow-up, there were 581 cases of CKD progression defined as incident end-stage renal disease or halving of the estimated glomerular filtration rate...
October 28, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029393/urinary-uromodulin-and-risk-of-urinary-tract-infections-the%C3%A2-cardiovascular-health-study
#5
Pranav S Garimella, Traci M Bartz, Joachim H Ix, Michel Chonchol, Michael G Shlipak, Prasad Devarajan, Michael R Bennett, Mark J Sarnak
BACKGROUND: Laboratory studies suggest that urinary uromodulin, the most common protein in the urine of healthy adults, may protect against urinary tract infection (UTI). Epidemiologic studies evaluating this relationship in humans are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 953 participants enrolled in the Cardiovascular Health Study. PREDICTOR: Uromodulin assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in spot urine samples...
October 28, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024933/a-preoperative-multimarker-approach-to-evaluate-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Tone B Enger, Hilde Pleym, Roar Stenseth, Guri Greiff, Alexander Wahba, Vibeke Videm
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a multimarker strategy combining preoperative biomarkers representing distinct pathophysiologic pathways enhances preoperative risk assessment of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery (CSA-AKI) and increases knowledge of underlying pathogenesis. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. SETTING: Single-center tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 1,015 adults undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024930/urine-fibrosis-markers-and-risk-of-allograft-failure-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-case-cohort-ancillary-study-of-the-favorit-trial
#7
Joachim H Ix, Ronit Katz, Nisha Bansal, Meredith Foster, Daniel E Weiner, Russell Tracy, Vasantha Jotwani, Jan Hughes-Austin, Dianne McKay, Francis Gabbai, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Andrew Bostom, Andrew S Levey, Michael G Shlipak
BACKGROUND: Kidney tubulointerstitial fibrosis marks risk for allograft failure in kidney transplant recipients, but is poorly captured by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR). Whether urinary markers of tubulointerstitial fibrosis can noninvasively identify risk for allograft failure above and beyond eGFR and ACR is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Case-cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: The FAVORIT (Folic Acid for Vascular Outcome Reduction in Transplantation) Trial was a randomized double-blind trial testing vitamin therapy to lower homocysteine levels in stable kidney transplant recipients...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019038/proteinuria-in-apparently-healthy-elderly-dogs-persistency-and-comparison-between-free-catch-and-cystocentesis-urine
#8
S J J Marynissen, A L Willems, D Paepe, P M Y Smets, P Picavet, L Duchateau, S Daminet
BACKGROUND: Up to 25% of elderly humans have proteinuria, often associated with underlying lesions. Data concerning the presence of proteinuria in elderly dogs is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence and persistence of proteinuria and to compare urinary protein : creatinine ratio (UPC) between free catch and cystocentesis urine samples in apparently healthy elderly dogs. ANIMALS: Hundred apparently healthy elderly dogs. METHODS: Prospective study...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005494/glomerular-lesions-in-proteinuric-miniature-schnauzer-dogs
#9
E Furrow, G E Lees, C A Brown, R E Cianciolo
Miniature Schnauzer dogs are predisposed to idiopathic hypertriglyerceridemia, which increases risk for diseases such as pancreatitis and gallbladder mucocele. Recently, elevated triglyceride concentrations have been associated with proteinuria in this breed, although it is difficult to determine which abnormality is primary. Retrospective review of renal tissue from 27 proteinuric Miniature Schnauzers revealed that 20 dogs had ultrastructural evidence of osmophilic globules consistent with lipid in glomerular tufts...
January 1, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004272/rice-bran-protein-hydrolysates-attenuate-diabetic-nephropathy-in-diabetic-animal-model
#10
Kampeebhorn Boonloh, Eun Soo Lee, Hong Min Kim, Mi Hye Kwon, You Mi Kim, Patchareewan Pannangpetch, Bunkerd Kongyingyoes, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Supawan Thawornchinsombut, Eun Young Lee, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Choon Hee Chung
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is an important microvascular complication of uncontrolled diabetes. The features of DN include albuminuria, extracellular matrix alterations, and progressive renal insufficiency. Rice bran protein hydrolysates (RBPs) have been reported to have antihyperglycemic, lipid-lowering, and anti-inflammatory effects in diabetic rats. Our study was to investigate the renoprotective effects of RBP in diabetic animals and mesangial cultured cells. METHODS: Eight-week-old male db/m and db/db mice were orally treated with tap water or RBP (100 or 500 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000719/association-between-low-grade-albuminuria-and-frailty-among-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-people-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-i-lan-longitudinal-aging-study
#11
Chun-Chin Chang, Chien-Yi Hsu, Ting-Yung Chang, Po-Hsun Huang, Li-Kuo Liu, Liang-Kung Chen, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shing-Jong Lin
Frailty is characterized by decreased physiological reserve and increased vulnerability to atherosclerosis and subsequent mortality. Recently, low-grade albuminuria has been proposed as an atherosclerotic risk factor. We aimed to investigate the relationship between low-grade albuminuria and frailty by using cross-sectional data among community-dwelling middle-aged and older people. Totally, 1,441 inhabitants of I-Lan County with normal urinary albumin excretion (urine albumin to urine creatinine ratio [UACR] <30 mg/g) were enrolled (677 men; mean age 63 ± 9 years, range from 50 to 91 years old)...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000010/two-cases-demonstrating-thalidomide-s-efficacy-in-refractory-lupus-nephritis
#12
REVIEW
Rita Raturi, Avani A Patel, John D Carter
Renal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is common and has been associated with an increased risk of mortality [1]. Early diagnosis is imperative to control proteinuria and prevent the progression to end-stage renal disease. Standard induction therapies include cyclophosphamide (CYC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF); however, it has been estimated that approximately 30% of patients are refractory to these standard treatments after 1 year [2]. We present two cases of patients diagnosed with lupus nephritis (LN) who demonstrated persistent proteinuria while on standard treatments that markedly improved after addition of thalidomide (THD)...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994942/effect-of-telmisartan-on-kidney-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-an-observational-study
#13
Ashish Agrawal, Shibnath Kamila, Swetha Reddy, Joyal Lilly, Ms Sadhguna Mariyala
Background: Globally the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rising, an important cause of death and loss of disability-adjusted life years. Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is involved in its pathogenesis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of telmisartan (40 mg/day), an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in Indian patients with CKD in real-life setting. Method: This was a prospective observational study. Fifty-six patients (>18 years) diagnosed with CKD were enrolled into the study...
2016: Journal of drug assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993956/association-of-kidney-function-and-early-kidney-injury-with-incident-hypertension-in-hiv-infected-women
#14
Simon B Ascher, Rebecca Scherzer, Carmen A Peralta, Phyllis C Tien, Carl Grunfeld, Michelle M Estrella, Alison Abraham, Deborah R Gustafson, Marek Nowicki, Anjali Sharma, Mardge H Cohen, Anthony W Butch, Mary A Young, Michael R Bennett, Michael G Shlipak
Subclinical kidney disease is associated with developing hypertension in the general population, but data are lacking among HIV-infected people. We examined associations of kidney function and injury with incident hypertension in 823 HIV-infected and 267 HIV-uninfected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, a multicenter, prospective cohort of HIV-infected and uninfected women in the United States. Baseline kidney biomarkers included estimated glomerular filtration rate using cystatin C, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, and 7 urine biomarkers of tubular injury: α-1-microglobulin, interleukin-18, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, liver fatty acid-binding protein, N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase, and α1-acid-glycoprotein...
February 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992580/urinary-podocyte-loss-is-increased-in-patients-with-fabry-disease-and-correlates-with-clinical-severity-of-fabry-nephropathy
#15
Brent Fall, C Ronald Scott, Michael Mauer, Stuart Shankland, Jeffrey Pippin, Jonathan A Jefferson, Eric Wallace, David Warnock, Behzad Najafian
Chronic kidney disease is a major complication of Fabry disease. Podocytes accumulate globotriaosylceramide inclusions more than other kidney cell types in Fabry patients. Podocyte injury occurs early in age, and is progressive. Since injured podocytes detach into the urine (podocyturia), we hypothesized that podocyturia would increase in Fabry patients and correlate with clinical severity of Fabry nephropathy. Urine specimens from 39 Fabry patients and 24 healthy subjects were evaluated for podocyturia. Most of the Fabry patients and many healthy subjects had podocyturia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992535/cleaved-form-of-osteopontin-in-urine-as-a-clinical-marker-of-lupus-nephritis
#16
Koji Kitagori, Hajime Yoshifuji, Takuma Oku, Chiyomi Sasaki, Hitomi Miyata, Keita P Mori, Toshiki Nakajima, Koichiro Ohmura, Daisuke Kawabata, Naoichiro Yukawa, Yoshitaka Imura, Kosaku Murakami, Ran Nakashima, Takashi Usui, Takao Fujii, Kaoru Sakai, Motoko Yanagita, Yoshitaka Hirayama, Tsuneyo Mimori
We assessed the utility of two forms of osteopontin (OPN), OPN full and its cleaved form (OPN N-half), in plasma and urine as markers of disease activity in lupus nephritis (LN). Samples were collected from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (LN: N = 29, non-LN: N = 27), IgA nephropathy (IgAN) (N = 14), minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) (N = 5), diabetic nephropathy (DN) (N = 14) and healthy volunteers (HC) (N = 17). While there was no significant difference in urine OPN full concentration between groups, urine OPN N-half concentration was significantly higher in patients with LN than HC (p < 0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990767/contribution-of-serum-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-levels-to-the-presence-of-microalbuminuria-in-a-chinese-hyperglycemic-population
#17
Xiang Hu, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqi Luo, Yiting Xu, Qin Xiong, Xiaoping Pan, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were vulnerable to micro- and macrovascular complications in the presence of microalbuminuria. Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) was proposed as an indicator for albuminuria in patients with diabetes. The present study aimed to explore the associations between serum A-FABP levels and microalbuminuria in the hyperglycemic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum A-FABP levels were detected using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989876/iridoid-glycoside-from-cornus-officinalis-ameliorated-diabetes-mellitus-induced-testicular-damage-in-male-rats-involvement-of-suppression-of-the-ages-rage-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#18
Yuping Chen, Yunhao Wu, Xiaoyang Gan, Kai Liu, L V Xing, Hongsheng Shen, Guoying Dai, Huiqin Xu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (CO) has been widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine for treating diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications. Iridoid glycoside from C. officinalis (IGCO) can resist apoptosis, hyperglycemia, oxidation and so on. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of IGCO on DM-induced testicular damage through inhibition of the AGEs/RAGE/p38 MAPK signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A DM model of male Wistar rats was induced with streptozotocin injection (30mg/kg, i...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979049/medical-management-of-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-expert%C3%A2-review-from-the-clinical-practice-updates-committee-of%C3%A2-the-aga-institute
#19
Mack C Mitchell, Lawrence S Friedman, Craig J McClain
The purpose of this clinical practice update is to review diagnostic criteria for severe acute alcoholic hepatitis and to determine the current best practices for this life-threatening condition. The best practices in this review are based on clinical trials, systematic reviews including meta-analysis and expert opinion to develop an approach to diagnosis and management. Best Practice Advice 1: Abstinence from drinking alcohol is the cornerstone of treatment for alcohol hepatitis (AH). Best Practice Advice 2: Patients with jaundice and suspected AH should have cultures of blood, urine, and ascites, if present, to determine the presence of bacterial infections regardless of whether they have fever...
January 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977574/rituximab-shows-no-effect-on-remission-in-patients-with-refractory-nephrotic-syndrome-a-moose-compliant-meta-analysis
#20
Supei Yin, Ting He, Yi Li, Jingshuang Wang, Wei Zeng, Sha Tang, Jinghong Zhao
To assess the efficacy of rituximab in treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome (NS) compared with other agents.Studies were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, and CNKI up to April 2016. The standardized mean difference or relative risk or odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess the efficacy of rituximab treatment compared with other agents in refractory NS.Totally, 8 studies were included. The present study showed that there was a significant higher relapse-free survival rate in rituximab group than that in the other agents group...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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