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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101974/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychotic-experiences-exploring-the-specificity-of-early-maladaptive-schemas
#1
David Boyda, Danielle McFeeters, Katie Dhingra, Laura Rhoden
OBJECTIVE: One potential mechanism that has received limited attention in psychosis research is early maladaptive schemas (EMS). Our aim was to examine whether EMS acts as a potential mediating pathway between early trauma and psychotic symptomology. METHODS: A quantitative survey was conducted online. N = 302 participants took part. The analysis used a multiple mediation framework. RESULTS: Analysis demonstrated significant specificity effects...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095482/the-use-of-newer-antipsychotics-in-bipolar-inpatients-over-a-17-year-observation-period
#2
Julia Dehning, Heinz Grunze, Michaela Walpoth-Niederwanger, Georg Kemmler, Armand Hausmann
Antipsychotics (AP) are commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder. They cover a broad spectrum of indications including acute psychotic, manic and depressive symptoms, and maintenance treatment. This study evaluates the changes in prescribing patterns of first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) and second-generation AP at Innsbruck University Hospital for the treatment of bipolar inpatients between 1999 and 2016. In this retrospective chart review, we included adult patients with a diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder (ICD 9: F296; ICD 10: F31) who were admitted as inpatients at the Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy between 1999 and 2016 for more than 7 days...
August 8, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092241/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-secondary-psychotic-features-ptsd-sp-diagnostic-and-treatment-challenges
#3
REVIEW
Ebele Compean, Mark Hamner
Trauma exposure leads to various psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and trauma related disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There are some overlapping symptoms of both PTSD and psychosis that make diagnosis challenging. Despite this overlap, the evidence of PTSD with comorbid psychosis as a distinct entity lies in the research showing biologic, genetic and treatment management differences between psychotic PTSD, non-psychotic PTSD, psychotic disorders and healthy controls...
August 6, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058819/a-qualitative-study-of-veterans-mixed-emotional-reactions-to-receiving-a-ptsd-diagnosis
#4
Natalie E Hundt, Tracey L Smith, John C Fortney, Jeffrey A Cully, Melinda A Stanley
Many veterans do not engage in needed mental health care. To address this problem, we need to understand these patients' experiences from the very start of their care, which includes the assessment and diagnosis process and the communication of that diagnosis to the patient. The patient's reaction to this process can set the tone for the patient's relationship with the mental health system and his or her therapist, yet therapists often receive little training in how to most effectively provide a diagnosis to patients...
July 30, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040434/medication-adherence-among-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Juliet Beni Edgcomb, Bonnie Zima
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating predictors of medication adherence in children and adolescents with severe mental illness (SMI). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and PsycINFO from 1980 through October 1st, 2017, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated predictors of adherence to psychopharmacologic treatment among children (≤18-years-old) with a primary psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, recent suicide attempt, or psychiatric hospitalization...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30029159/factors-associated-with-the-receipt-of-documented-evidence-based-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-in-va
#6
Rebecca K Sripada, Paul N Pfeiffer, Sheila A M Rauch, Dara Ganoczy, Kipling M Bohnert
OBJECTIVES: The VA has mandated that evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) be offered to patients with PTSD, but only a small minority of the psychotherapy delivered to VA patients with PTSD is a documented EBP. It is unknown what factors are associated with receiving a documented EBP. METHOD: Patients who received an EBP in FY2015 that was documented using a templated progress note (N = 21,808) were compared with patients who received psychotherapy for PTSD that was not documented using a template (N = 251,886)...
July 11, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016999/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-schizophrenia-outcomes-for-functioning-distress-and-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#7
Keith R Laws, Nicole Darlington, Tejinder K Kondel, Peter J McKenna, Sameer Jauhar
BACKGROUND: The effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) on the core symptoms of schizophrenia has proven contentious, with current meta-analyses finding at most only small effects. However, it has been suggested that the effects of CBTp in areas other than psychotic symptoms are at least as important and potentially benefit from the intervention. METHOD: We meta-analysed RCTs investigating the effectiveness of CBTp for functioning, distress and quality of life in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and related disorders...
July 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015791/brain-and-behavior-commentary-on-two-cases-involving-the-effect-of-structural-brain-lesions-on-psychiatric-disorders
#8
David A Kahn
In this issue of the journal, 2 case reports are presented that illustrate explicit influences of structural brain lesions on psychiatric symptoms. In both cases, the patients had preexisting, classically diagnosed psychiatric disorders-schizophrenia in the first case and bipolar I disorder in the second case. In the first case, a 61-year-old woman with chronic paranoid schizophrenia experienced a marked reduction in psychotic symptoms after bilateral frontal strokes. In the second case, a 60-year-old man who had experienced manic and depressive episodes since his 20s developed partial complex seizures after having repeated head trauma in his 40s, with subsequent onset of chronic personality changes associated with temporal lobe epilepsy that made his psychiatric treatment a greater challenge...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975338/compassion-and-loving-kindness-meditation-an-overview-and-prospects-for-the-application-in-clinical-samples
#9
Johannes Graser, Ulrich Stangier
OBJECTIVES: This article presents a brief overview of the empirical evidence of well-established mindfulness interventions and an in-depth review of less-established compassion-based interventions (CBIs) and loving-kindness meditation (LKM). Definitions, cognitive and physiological mechanisms, and methods of assessment are discussed. METHOD: A literature review using the databases Google Scholar, PsycINFO, and PubMed was conducted. RESULTS: Whereas the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy has been documented in many trials, only seven randomized, controlled trials have been completed on CBIs and LKM...
July 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960939/individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-manifest-cognitive-biases-implicated-in-psychosis
#10
Priya Puri, Devvarta Kumar, Kesavan Muralidharan, M Thomas Kishore
Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) frequently manifest psychotic symptoms. Certain cognitive biases have been implicated in the genesis and maintenance of psychotic symptoms. The present study aimed at exploring whether individuals with BPD manifest these cognitive biases. Twenty-eight individuals with BPD and 28 healthy participants were assessed on four sub-domains of the Davos Assessment of Cognitive Biases Scale, viz. jumping to conclusions, belief inflexibility, attention for threat and external attribution...
June 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946270/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-interventions-for-attenuated-positive-psychotic-symptoms-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-network-meta-analysis
#11
Cathy Davies, Joaquim Radua, Andrea Cipriani, Daniel Stahl, Umberto Provenzani, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Background: Attenuated positive psychotic symptoms represent the defining features of the clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR-P) criteria. The effectiveness of each available treatment for reducing attenuated positive psychotic symptoms remains undetermined. This network meta-analysis (NMA) investigates the consistency and magnitude of the effects of treatments on attenuated positive psychotic symptoms in CHR-P individuals, weighting the findings for acceptability. Methods: Web of Science (MEDLINE), PsycInfo, CENTRAL and unpublished/gray literature were searched up to July 18, 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909768/-psychotherapy-of-psychotic-disorders
#12
Fabian Lamster, Matthias Jäger
Psychotherapy of psychotic disorders Abstract. The efficacy of psychotherapy for individuals with psychotic disorders is well documented and its implementation is recommended by international guidelines. Goals of psychotherapeutic interventions are reduction of symptoms, prevention of relapse, improvement of cognitive, emotional and social functioning, social integration and participation, and enhancement of quality of life as well as self-perception. Cognitive-behavioral and family interventions, cognitive and social trainings as well as psychoeducation are particularly recommended according to the literature...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909760/-epidemiology-etiology-and-treatment-of-patients-with-psychosis-and-co-morbid-substance-use-disorder
#13
Franz Moggi
Epidemiology, etiology and treatment of patients with psychosis and co-morbid substance use disorder Abstract. More than 25 years ago, when the research on the efficacy of treatments for patients with a comorbidity of psychosis and substance use disorder has been systematically started, some authors described the treatment of these patients as a "mission impossible". Approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia develop substance use disorders in the course of their life; about one third of them a comorbid alcohol use disorder and about one quarter a comorbid substance use disorder with other addictive substances...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892215/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-symptomatology-and-cognition-in-psychosis-a-qualitative-review
#14
REVIEW
Tina Gupta, Nicholas J Kelley, Andrea Pelletier-Baldelli, Vijay A Mittal
Schizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating condition that affects approximately 1% of the population. Individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia typically exhibit positive (e.g., hallucinations) and negative symptoms (e.g., anhedonia) and impairments in cognitive function. Given the limitations of antipsychotic medication and psychotherapy in fully treating psychosis symptomatology, there has been increasing interest in other interventions such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). tDCS is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique, that is safe, cost-effective, and widely accessible...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867685/understanding-the-barriers-to-accessing-symptom-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-cbt-for-distressing-voices-reflecting-on-and-extending-the-lessons-learnt-from-the-cbt-for-psychosis-literature
#15
Cassie M Hazell, Kathryn Greenwood, Sarah Fielding-Smith, Aikaterini Rammou, Leanne Bogen-Johnston, Clio Berry, Anna-Marie Jones, Mark Hayward
The experience of hearing voices ('auditory hallucinations') can cause significant distress and disruption to quality of life for people with a psychosis diagnosis. Psychological therapy in the form of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for psychosis is recommended for the treatment of positive symptoms, including distressing voices, but is rarely available to patients in the United Kingdom. CBT for psychosis has recently evolved with the development of symptom-specific therapies that focus upon only one symptom of psychosis at a time...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864765/the-role-of-psychodynamic-and-personality-assessment-in-psychopharmacotherapy-of-suicidal-psychotic-patients
#16
Darko Marčinko, Sanda Radanović Ćorić, Maja Šeparović Lisak, Duško Rudan, Vjeko Jeleč, Vedran Bilić
Optimal psychopharmacotherapy is based upon the results of many different factors. One of the main factors is therapeutic alliance. The role of psychodynamic is very important in the context of good therapeutic alliance. Lack of mentalizing capacity implies disturbed view of psychopharmacotherapy. Therapeutic relationship and optimal alliance offers the frame for acceptance of psychiatric drugs as positive and useful for psychological growth. Our literature search of a recent papers relating psychopharmacology and psychodynamic have revealed progress in psychoanalytic theory related to medication...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864760/psychodynamic-group-psychoterapy-in-the-early-intervention-program-for-patients-with-psychosis-ripepp
#17
Branka Restek-Petrović, Nina Mayer, Majda Grah
Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. Psychodynamic group psychotherapy presents a unique conceptual format not offered by other types of psychotherapy, and it is especially useful for population of patients with psychotic disorders. During group work, gradual establishment of communication and interactions, and creating a network of relations through experiences of corrective emotional symbiosis, affect the constellation of internal objects and relationships between members, and their restructuring...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864759/day-hospital-for-early-intervention-for-individuals-with-psychotic-disorders
#18
Daniela Šago, Igor Filipčić, Vanja Lovretić, Nina Mayer
In long-term outcome studies on individuals with first-episode psychosis, improved remission and recovery rates perhaps reflect the improved treatment in dedicated early intervention program. The first episode is a critical period in which individuals with psychosis, as well as members of their families, are confronted with the illness for the first time. Until nowadays, treatment of first psychotic episodes in Croatia has usually been provided in hospital setting. The day hospital provides comprehensive therapeutic approach that refers to early systematic application of all available and effective therapeutic methods in the initial phases of psychotic disorders, and aims to attain and maintain remission and recovery, as well as insight and adherence to treatment...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864753/challenges-of-assessment-and-treatment-of-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-in-an-adolescent
#19
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Josipa Jukić, Mia Flander
The onset of psychosis is typically preceded by a prodromal phase that is characterised by the emergence of "attenuated" psychotic symptoms. This phase is described as ultra-high risk (UHR) or at-risk mental state (ARMS) of psychosis. Criteria have been established for identifying these young people who are at clinical high risk. People at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis have about 30% chance of developing the illness within two years. This category was introduced with the goal of developing treatments for prevention of psychotic disorders...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864752/early-intervention-services-for-early-phase-psychosis-centre-for-integrative-psychiatry-in-psychiatric-hospital-sveti-ivan-croatia
#20
Katarina Matić, Natko Gereš, Josefina Gerlach, Diana Prskalo-Čule, Tihana Zadravec Vrbanc, Vanja Lovretić, Dina Librenjak, Sandra Vuk Pisk, Ena Ivezić, Ivona Šimunović Filipčić, Vjekoslav Jeleč, Igor Filipčić
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that early and effective management in the critical early years of schizophrenia can improve long-term outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate time to relapse of the patients with early-phase psychosis treated in the Centre for integrative psychiatry (CIP). SUBJECT AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on the sample of 373 early-phase psychosis patients admitted to Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan", Zagreb Croatia: from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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