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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101974/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychotic-experiences-exploring-the-specificity-of-early-maladaptive-schemas
#1
David Boyda, Danielle McFeeters, Katie Dhingra, Laura Rhoden
OBJECTIVE: One potential mechanism that has received limited attention in psychosis research is early maladaptive schemas (EMS). Our aim was to examine whether EMS acts as a potential mediating pathway between early trauma and psychotic symptomology. METHODS: A quantitative survey was conducted online. N = 302 participants took part. The analysis used a multiple mediation framework. RESULTS: Analysis demonstrated significant specificity effects...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092241/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-secondary-psychotic-features-ptsd-sp-diagnostic-and-treatment-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Ebele Compean, Mark Hamner
Trauma exposure leads to various psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and trauma related disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There are some overlapping symptoms of both PTSD and psychosis that make diagnosis challenging. Despite this overlap, the evidence of PTSD with comorbid psychosis as a distinct entity lies in the research showing biologic, genetic and treatment management differences between psychotic PTSD, non-psychotic PTSD, psychotic disorders and healthy controls...
August 6, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016999/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-schizophrenia-outcomes-for-functioning-distress-and-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#3
Keith R Laws, Nicole Darlington, Tejinder K Kondel, Peter J McKenna, Sameer Jauhar
BACKGROUND: The effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) on the core symptoms of schizophrenia has proven contentious, with current meta-analyses finding at most only small effects. However, it has been suggested that the effects of CBTp in areas other than psychotic symptoms are at least as important and potentially benefit from the intervention. METHOD: We meta-analysed RCTs investigating the effectiveness of CBTp for functioning, distress and quality of life in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and related disorders...
July 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960939/individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-manifest-cognitive-biases-implicated-in-psychosis
#4
Priya Puri, Devvarta Kumar, Kesavan Muralidharan, M Thomas Kishore
Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) frequently manifest psychotic symptoms. Certain cognitive biases have been implicated in the genesis and maintenance of psychotic symptoms. The present study aimed at exploring whether individuals with BPD manifest these cognitive biases. Twenty-eight individuals with BPD and 28 healthy participants were assessed on four sub-domains of the Davos Assessment of Cognitive Biases Scale, viz. jumping to conclusions, belief inflexibility, attention for threat and external attribution...
June 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946270/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-interventions-for-attenuated-positive-psychotic-symptoms-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
Cathy Davies, Joaquim Radua, Andrea Cipriani, Daniel Stahl, Umberto Provenzani, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Background: Attenuated positive psychotic symptoms represent the defining features of the clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR-P) criteria. The effectiveness of each available treatment for reducing attenuated positive psychotic symptoms remains undetermined. This network meta-analysis (NMA) investigates the consistency and magnitude of the effects of treatments on attenuated positive psychotic symptoms in CHR-P individuals, weighting the findings for acceptability. Methods: Web of Science (MEDLINE), PsycInfo, CENTRAL and unpublished/gray literature were searched up to July 18, 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909760/-epidemiology-etiology-and-treatment-of-patients-with-psychosis-and-co-morbid-substance-use-disorder
#6
Franz Moggi
Epidemiology, etiology and treatment of patients with psychosis and co-morbid substance use disorder Abstract. More than 25 years ago, when the research on the efficacy of treatments for patients with a comorbidity of psychosis and substance use disorder has been systematically started, some authors described the treatment of these patients as a "mission impossible". Approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia develop substance use disorders in the course of their life; about one third of them a comorbid alcohol use disorder and about one quarter a comorbid substance use disorder with other addictive substances...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892215/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-symptomatology-and-cognition-in-psychosis-a-qualitative-review
#7
REVIEW
Tina Gupta, Nicholas J Kelley, Andrea Pelletier-Baldelli, Vijay A Mittal
Schizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating condition that affects approximately 1% of the population. Individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia typically exhibit positive (e.g., hallucinations) and negative symptoms (e.g., anhedonia) and impairments in cognitive function. Given the limitations of antipsychotic medication and psychotherapy in fully treating psychosis symptomatology, there has been increasing interest in other interventions such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). tDCS is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique, that is safe, cost-effective, and widely accessible...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867685/understanding-the-barriers-to-accessing-symptom-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-cbt-for-distressing-voices-reflecting-on-and-extending-the-lessons-learnt-from-the-cbt-for-psychosis-literature
#8
Cassie M Hazell, Kathryn Greenwood, Sarah Fielding-Smith, Aikaterini Rammou, Leanne Bogen-Johnston, Clio Berry, Anna-Marie Jones, Mark Hayward
The experience of hearing voices ('auditory hallucinations') can cause significant distress and disruption to quality of life for people with a psychosis diagnosis. Psychological therapy in the form of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for psychosis is recommended for the treatment of positive symptoms, including distressing voices, but is rarely available to patients in the United Kingdom. CBT for psychosis has recently evolved with the development of symptom-specific therapies that focus upon only one symptom of psychosis at a time...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864760/psychodynamic-group-psychoterapy-in-the-early-intervention-program-for-patients-with-psychosis-ripepp
#9
Branka Restek-Petrović, Nina Mayer, Majda Grah
Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. Psychodynamic group psychotherapy presents a unique conceptual format not offered by other types of psychotherapy, and it is especially useful for population of patients with psychotic disorders. During group work, gradual establishment of communication and interactions, and creating a network of relations through experiences of corrective emotional symbiosis, affect the constellation of internal objects and relationships between members, and their restructuring...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864759/day-hospital-for-early-intervention-for-individuals-with-psychotic-disorders
#10
Daniela Šago, Igor Filipčić, Vanja Lovretić, Nina Mayer
In long-term outcome studies on individuals with first-episode psychosis, improved remission and recovery rates perhaps reflect the improved treatment in dedicated early intervention program. The first episode is a critical period in which individuals with psychosis, as well as members of their families, are confronted with the illness for the first time. Until nowadays, treatment of first psychotic episodes in Croatia has usually been provided in hospital setting. The day hospital provides comprehensive therapeutic approach that refers to early systematic application of all available and effective therapeutic methods in the initial phases of psychotic disorders, and aims to attain and maintain remission and recovery, as well as insight and adherence to treatment...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864753/challenges-of-assessment-and-treatment-of-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-in-an-adolescent
#11
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Josipa Jukić, Mia Flander
The onset of psychosis is typically preceded by a prodromal phase that is characterised by the emergence of "attenuated" psychotic symptoms. This phase is described as ultra-high risk (UHR) or at-risk mental state (ARMS) of psychosis. Criteria have been established for identifying these young people who are at clinical high risk. People at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis have about 30% chance of developing the illness within two years. This category was introduced with the goal of developing treatments for prevention of psychotic disorders...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864752/early-intervention-services-for-early-phase-psychosis-centre-for-integrative-psychiatry-in-psychiatric-hospital-sveti-ivan-croatia
#12
Katarina Matić, Natko Gereš, Josefina Gerlach, Diana Prskalo-Čule, Tihana Zadravec Vrbanc, Vanja Lovretić, Dina Librenjak, Sandra Vuk Pisk, Ena Ivezić, Ivona Šimunović Filipčić, Vjekoslav Jeleč, Igor Filipčić
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that early and effective management in the critical early years of schizophrenia can improve long-term outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate time to relapse of the patients with early-phase psychosis treated in the Centre for integrative psychiatry (CIP). SUBJECT AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on the sample of 373 early-phase psychosis patients admitted to Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan", Zagreb Croatia: from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749710/attenuated-psychotic-symptom-interventions-in-youth-at-risk-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Daniel J Devoe, Megan S Farris, Parker Townes, Jean Addington
AIM: Attenuated psychotic symptoms (APSs) have been the primary emphasis in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis for assessing symptomology and determining subsequent transition to a psychotic disorder. Previous reviews primarily focused on the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on APS; however, a comprehensive assessment of other interventions to date is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all intervention studies examining APS in CHR youth...
May 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728871/psychological-interventions-in-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Nefeli Anagnostopoulou, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Anca Alba
BACKGROUND: Early onset psychosis (EOP), referring to psychosis with onset before the age of 18 years, is a more severe form of psychosis associated with worse prognosis. While medication is the treatment of choice, psychological interventions are also considered to have an important role in the management of symptoms and disability associated with this condition. The present review aimed to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted on the Embase, Medline, and PsychInfo databases for papers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) referring to psychological interventions in EOP...
May 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710162/virtual-cbt-improves-social-functioning-in-psychosis
#15
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606545/should-people-with-psychosis-be-supported-in-choosing-cognitive-therapy-as-an-alternative-to-antipsychotic-medication-a-commentary-on-current-evidence
#16
Anthony P Morrison
Evidence from randomised controlled trials suggest that both antipsychotic medication and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) can be helpful to people with a diagnosis of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder. On this basis, many clinical guidelines recommend that people with psychosis should be offered both antipsychotic medication and CBT and that they should be collaboratively involved in the decisions about which treatment options they choose. The reality of service provision is often very different, with data regarding the availability of such treatment options and the extent of user involvement in decision making suggesting that medication is much more widely available and that service users are often not involved in these decisions, despite retaining decision making capacity...
March 29, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#17
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
May 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494866/a-brief-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-internalised-stigma-in-acute-inpatients-who-experience-psychosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lisa Wood, Rory Byrne, Gabriela Enache, Anthony P Morrison
Internalised stigma is problematic for people who experience psychosis therefore psychological interventions are required. This study examine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) intervention for internalised stigma with psychiatric inpatients experiencing psychosis. A feasibility randomised controlled trial was conducted, comparing CBT with a psychoeducational (PE) control arm. Thirty participants (aged 18-65, with psychosis, and currently admitted to a psychiatric hospital) were randomised to one of two conditions...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482525/internet-based-grief-therapy-for-bereaved-individuals-after-loss-due-to-haematological-cancer-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rahel Hoffmann, Julia Große, Michaela Nagl, Dietger Niederwieser, Anja Mehnert, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% of the individuals experiencing the death of a loved one develop prolonged grief disorder (PGD) after bereavement. Family members of haematological cancer patients might be particularly burdened since their loss experience is preceded by a very strenuous time of disease and aggressive treatment. However, support needs of relatives of cancer patients often remain unmet, also after the death of the patient. Therapeutic possibilities are enhanced by providing easily available and accessible Internet-based therapies...
February 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480322/-differential-indication-for-psychotherapy-in-psychosis-are-there-evidence-based-criteria
#20
REVIEW
S Klingberg, K Hesse
The major objective of this paper is to discuss the available evidence on the question as to which patients benefit most from psychotherapy in psychotic disorders and the question of which kind of psychotherapy. From a methodological perspective, this task can be seen as the question of moderators of treatment success. To answer this question, the status of efficacy research on psychotherapeutic interventions in schizophrenia is summarized in a first step. Secondly, studies comparing different active psychotherapeutic approaches are discussed...
March 2018: Der Nervenarzt
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