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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317596/update-on-pathological-platelet-activation-in-coronary-thrombosis
#1
REVIEW
Edoardo Elia, Fabrizio Montecucco, Piero Portincasa, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Hamid Mollazadeh, Federico Carbone
Although coronary thrombosis (CT) is integral to cardiovascular outcomes, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. CT may occur in case of atherosclerotic plaque erosion/rupture, or even after stenting implantation. Platelets (PLT) activation is the keystone of atherothrombosis and depends on many dysregulated elements, including endothelial dysfunction, oxidized lipoproteins, and immune response. Besides the classical view of PLT as an effector of hemostatic response, a new repertoire of PLT activities is emerging...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316837/microstructure-mechanical-properties-biocompatibility-and-in-vitro-corrosion-and-degradation-behavior-of-a-new-zn-5ge-alloy-for-biodegradable-implant-materials
#2
Xian Tong, Dechuang Zhang, Xiaotuan Zhang, Yingchao Su, Zimu Shi, Kun Wang, Jianguo Lin, Yuncang Li, Jixing Lin, Cuie Wen
Zinc (Zn)-based alloys are considered a new class of biodegradable implant materials due to their superior chemical stability and processability compared to biodegradable magnesium (Mg) alloys. In this study, we report a new biodegradable Zn-5Ge alloy with highly desirable mechanical, corrosion, and biological properties. Microstructural characterization revealed the effective grain-refining effect of germanium (Ge) on the Zn alloy. Tensile test results indicated that the hot-rolled Zn-5Ge alloy showed an ultimate tensile strength of 237...
October 11, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316676/early-immunologic-response-of-irreversible-electroporation-versus-cryoablation-in-a-rodent-model-of-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Sarah B White, Zhouli Zhang, Jeane Chen, Venkateswara R Gogineni, Andrew C Larson
PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in immune responses between cryoablation and irreversible electroporation (IRE) in a preclinical mouse model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mouse pancreatic cancer cell line (PANC-2) was implanted in the bilateral flanks of mice, and tumor-bearing mice were divided into 6 groups. One of the tumors was ablated either with contact cryoablation using an argon-cooled cryoablation probe for 1 minute at 5% power or by IRE for a total of 64 100-μs-duration, 1250-V/cm2 pulses with 100-ms spacing...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315717/in-situ-blood-vessel-regeneration-using-neuropeptide-substance-p-conjugated-small-diameter-vascular-grafts
#4
Muhammad Shafiq, Lina Wang, Dengke Zhi, Qiuying Zhang, Kai Wang, Lianyong Wang, Dong-Hwee Kim, Deling Kong, Soo Hyun Kim
In situ blood vessel regeneration through host stem/progenitor cell mobilization may hold great promise for vascular reconstruction. Neuropeptide substance P (SP) has been shown to accelerate tissue repair by endogenous cell mobilization and recruitment. This study was aimed to evaluate the vascular regeneration potential of SP and heparin co-tethered vascular grafts. Polycaprolactone (PCL), PCL/SP-conjugated poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL-SP) (SP), and PCL/PLCL-SP/heparin-conjugated PLCL (Hep/SP) vascular grafts were implanted as rat abdominal aorta substitutes for up to 2 weeks and 4 weeks...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315471/imaging-glioma-progression-by-intravital-microscopy
#5
Fabio Stanchi, Ken Matsumoto, Holger Gerhardt
We describe here a method for generating mouse orthotopic gliomas in order to follow their progression over time by multi-photon laser scanning microscopy. After craniotomy of the parietal bone, glioma cells are implanted in the brain cortex and a glass window is cemented atop, allowing chronical imaging of the tumor. The expression of different fluorescent proteins in tumor cells and in specific cell types of a number of currently available transgenic mouse strains allows obtaining multicolor 3D images of the tumor over time...
2019: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315470/development-of-patient-derived-tumor-xenograft-models
#6
Daniela Annibali, Eleonora Leucci, Els Hermans, Frédéric Amant
In spite of the latest advancements in understanding cancer development and progression, drugs successful in preclinical testing often fail upon reaching phase III clinical trials. A reason for this is the use of inappropriate preclinical models that do not preserve tumor heterogeneity. Although used for decades, cell cultures derived from patients substantially deviate from their original biopsy upon culturing; moreover, they cannot predict the response of an organism as a whole.Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models are emerging as powerful tools since they have a predictive therapeutic value and preserve the heterogeneity of the original tumors...
2019: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315444/oxidant-stress-induction-and-signalling-in-xenografted-human-breast-cancer-tissues-plus-estradiol-treated-or-n-ethyl-n-nitrosourea-treated-female-rats-via-altered-estrogen-sulfotransferase-rsult1e1-expressions-and-sod1-catalase-regulations
#7
Aarifa Nazmeen, Smarajit Maiti
N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) is highly used in rodent models of tumerogenesis/carcinogenesis. Xenografting human-cancer tissues/cells with estradiol (E2) treatment is also used to generate rodent-models of gynaecological cancers. The altered metabolic-redox environment leading to establishment of pre-tumorigenesis condition and their mechanism are less studied. Here, female Wister rats were treated with these drugs at their pre-tumerogenic dosage (one group ENU single intra-peritoneal dose of 90 mg/kg b.w. and another group were implanted with human breast tumor (stage-IIIB) and fed with 2...
October 12, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315421/dental-pulp-stem-cells-overexpressing-stromal-derived-factor-1%C3%AE-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-dental-pulp-regeneration
#8
Lifang Zhu, Waruna Lakmal Dissanayaka, Chengfei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) overexpressing dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in vascularized dental pulp regeneration in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human DPSCs were transfected with VEGF or SDF-1α using premade lentiviral particles. Overexpression was verified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and western blot analysis...
October 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314394/modification-of-the-ceramic-implant-surfaces-from-zirconia-by-the-magnetron-sputtering-of-different-calcium-phosphate-targets-a-comparative-study
#9
Anna I Kozelskaya, Evgeny N Bolbasov, Alexey S Golovkin, Alexander I Mishanin, Alice N Viknianshchuk, Evgeny V Shesterikov, Аndrey Ashrafov, Vadim A Novikov, Alexander Y Fedotkin, Igor A Khlusov, Sergey I Tverdokhlebov
In this study, thin calcium phosphate (Ca-P) coatings were deposited on zirconia substrates by radiofrequency (RF) magnetron sputtering using different calcium phosphate targets (calcium phosphate tribasic (CPT), hydroxyapatite (HA), calcium phosphate monobasic, calcium phosphate dibasic dehydrate (DCPD) and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) powders). The sputtering of calcium phosphate monobasic and DCPD powders was carried out without an inert gas in the self-sustaining plasma mode. The physico-chemical, mechanical and biological properties of the coatings were investigated...
October 11, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312884/effects-of-human-recombinant-type-i-ifns-ifn-%C3%AE-2b-and-ifn-%C3%AE-1a-on-growth-and-migration-of-primary-endometrial-stromal-cells-from-women-with-deeply-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-preliminary-study
#10
Alessandra Dicitore, Sara Castiglioni, Davide Saronni, Davide Gentilini, Maria Orietta Borghi, Stefano Stabile, Michele Vignali, Anna Maria Di Blasio, Luca Persani, Giovanni Vitale
OBJECTIVE(S): Endometriosis is a major cause of infertility and disability for women, caused by the presence of inflammatory endometrial implants in extrauterine locations. Among the constituents involved in the immune response during the development of endometriosis, several chemokines, including interferons (IFNs) may have a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the anti-proliferative and anti-migratory activities of type I IFNs (IFN-α2b and IFN-β1a) in primary endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) isolated from women with deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE)...
October 3, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312852/evaluation-of-the-host-immune-response-to-decellularized-lung-scaffolds-derived-from-%C3%AE-gal-knockout-pigs-in-a-non-human-primate-model
#11
Elizabeth C Stahl, Ryan W Bonvillain, Clint D Skillen, Brandon L Burger, Hidetaka Hara, Whayoung Lee, Cynthia B Trygg, Peter J Didier, Brooke F Grasperge, Nicholas C Pashos, Bruce A Bunnell, John Bianchi, David L Ayares, Kelly I Guthrie, Bryan N Brown, Thomas H Petersen
Whole organ tissue engineering is a promising approach to address organ shortages in many applications, including lung transplantation for patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Engineered lungs may be derived from animal sources after removing cellular content, exposing the extracellular matrix to serve as a scaffold for recellularization with human cells. However, the use of xenogeneic tissue sources in human transplantation raises concerns due to the presence of the antigenic Gal epitope. In the present study, lungs from wild type or α-Gal knockout pigs were harvested, decellularized, and implanted subcutaneously in a non-human primate model to evaluate the host immune response...
September 28, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312574/super-thick-amniotic-membrane-graft-for-ocular-surface-reconstruction
#12
Paul T Finger, Puneet Jain, Sri Krishna Mukkamala
PURPOSE: Evaluate Super-Thick Amniotic Membrane Graft(ST-AMG) for ocular surface reconstruction. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: SETTING: Single center, clinical practice POPULATION: Selected patients with typically large ocular surface abnormalities that required reconstruction. INTERVENTION: Surgical insertion of ST-AMG for reconstruction or repair of the ocular surface. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraoperative handling, graft position at 1 week post-implantation, graft dissolution at 3-weeks, epithelialization of the ocular surface and symblepharon...
October 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312028/uterine-epithelial-cells-undergo-a-plasma-membrane-transformation-during-early-pregnancy-in-the-domestic-cat-felis-catus
#13
Jessica S Dudley, Christopher R Murphy, Michael B Thompson, Tanya Carter, Bronwyn M McAllan
Mammals exhibit similar changes in uterine epithelial morphology during early pregnancy despite having a diverse range of placental types. The uterine epithelium undergoes rapid morphological and molecular change ("plasma membrane transformation") during the early stages of pregnancy to allow attachment of the blastocyst. The domestic cat, Felis catus is in the order Carnivora; all species within the Carnivora studied so far develop an endotheliochorial placenta during pregnancy. The endotheliochorial placental type is a common form of placental invasion in mammals...
September 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311888/evidence-of-osteogenic-regulation-in-calcific-porcine-aortic-valves
#14
Fanglin Lu, Hao Wu, Yifan Bai, Dejun Gong, Cuiping Xia, Qin Li, Fanglin Lu, Zhiyun Xu
BACKGROUND: Chemically cross-linked animal tissues, such as porcine aortic valves (PAVs) have many documented advantages over mechanical valves. However, calcification is the major underlying pathologic process that results in bioprosthetic valve failure. Recently, several reports described the expression of noncollagenous bone matrix proteins in bioprosthetic valves and suggested an actively regulated process of tissue repair. METHODS: Thirty-one explanted PAVs with evidence of calcification were collected and examined for the protein expression implicated in myofibroblast activation, osteoblast differentiation, and bone matrix deposition by using immunohistochemistry...
September 13, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311857/effect-of-the-bmp-2-doses-on-the-osteogenic-potential-of-hmscs-containing-te-constructs
#15
Adeline Decambron, Nausikaa Devriendt, Nathanael Larochette, Mathieu Manassero, Marianne Bourguignon, Hanane El-Hafci, Hervé Petite, Véronique Viateau, Delphine Logeart-Avramoglou
The addition of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) with multipotent stromal cells (MSC) is an attractive strategy to enhance the bone-forming potential of MSC-based tissue engineering (TE) constructs. However, the effective dosage of BMP-2 remains to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the effects of human MSCs co-delivered with BMP-2 at either low or high dosage on the bone-forming potential of constructs in a mice ectopic model. Our results showed that the addition of only low dose of BMP-2 was beneficial to enhance the bone-forming potential of MSCs, whereas high dose of BMP-2 overcame the advantage of combining this growth factor with MSCs...
October 12, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311776/the-benefit-of-minced-cartilage-over-isolated-chondrocytes-in-atelocollagen-gel-on-chondrocyte-proliferation-and-migration
#16
Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Masakazu Ishikawa, Shigeru Miyaki, Ryosuke Matsushita, Munekazu Kanemitsu, Nobuo Adachi
Objective Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a necessary procedure for the repair of articular cartilage defects; however, isolated chondrocyte implantation requires a 2-step procedure (for harvesting and implantation) and is limited by cytotoxicity due to enzymatic digestion. Therefore, in this in vitro study, we evaluated the possible benefit of using minced cartilage embedded in a 3-dimensional culture scaffold and fixed with fibrin glue, in comparison with isolated chondrocytes in atelocollagen, to induce cell migration, proliferation, and matrix production, using cartilage from patients with knee joint osteoarthritis...
October 12, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311715/a-review-of-spinal-and-peripheral-neuromodulation-and-neuroinflammation-lessons-learned-thus-far-and-future-prospects-of-biotype-development
#17
REVIEW
Krishnan V Chakravarthy, Fang Xing, Kelly Bruno, Alexander R Kent, Adil Raza, Rene Hurlemann, Thomas M Kinfe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing literature evidence both clinically and experimentally on the existence of potent, adaptive interactions between the central and peripheral aspects of the neuroimmune system in the genesis and maintenance of chronic neuropathic extremity pain and nociceptive back pain. The neuroinflammatory pathways are modulated by the interaction of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which are released by peripheral immune system-derived cell species (macrophages and leukocytes)...
October 12, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311630/lentiviral-based-reporter-constructs-for-profiling-chondrogenic-activity-in-primary-equine-cell-populations
#18
A Martin-Pena, R M Porter, G Plumton, T M McCarrel, A J Morton, M V Guijarro, S C Ghivizzani, B Sharma, G D Palmer
Successful clinical translation of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies for cartilage repair will likely require the implementation of standardised protocols and broadly applicable tools to facilitate the comparisons among cell types and chondroinduction methods. The present study investigated the utility of recombinant lentiviral reporter vectors as reliable tools for comparing chondrogenic potential among primary cell populations and distinguishing cellular-level variations of chondrogenic activity in widely used three-dimensional (3D) culture systems...
October 12, 2018: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311558/review-of-endometriosis-diagnosis-through-advances-in-biomedical-engineering
#19
Ruchi Shah, Ravi P Jagani
Endometriosis is characterized as the ectopic presence of endometrium in various locations within the abdominal cavity, such as the fallopian tube, the pouch of Douglas, the ovaries, outside the ovaries, and more. The inner lining of the uterus, endometrium, is a dynamic tissue that undergoes morphological and functional changes cyclically. The proliferation of endometrial cells during menstruation is influenced by increasing circulating estrogen levels. Adult progenitor stem cells are likely responsible for this remarkable regenerative capacity and hence, enhanced capacity to generate endometriosis...
2018: Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311062/comparative-effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-platelet-poor-plasma-and-fetal-bovine-serum-on-the-proliferative-response-of-periodontal-ligament-cell-subpopulations
#20
Constanza E Martínez, Roberto Gómez, Alexis M Kalergis, Patricio C Smith
OBJECTIVES: Cell-based therapies involve the need to expand cell cultures ex vivo for their subsequent implantation in an autologous manner. An important limitation regarding this technology is the use of fetal bovine serum (FBS) that has critical safety limitations. Platelet-derived fractions represent an autologous source of growth factors that may be used for the expansion of these cell cultures. Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells comprise a heterogeneous cell population that may not necessarily respond in a uniform manner to proliferative stimuli...
October 11, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
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