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Toyin Tofade, Brian M Shepler, Donna M Feudo, Mara A Kieser, Christene Jolowsky, Monica L Miller, Donald Sullivan, Susan S Vos, Mark Brueckl, Paul C Walker
INTRODUCTION: With over a third of the doctor of pharmacy curriculum relying on experiential education (EE), it is critical that students are assessed and graded in accordance with their actual performance. The objective of this paper is to review advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) grading across the Big Ten Academic Alliance to describe how APPE grading occurs at these institutions and highlight differences in approach and outcomes. METHODS: Experiential directors/deans were asked to import de-identified data (e...
November 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Ting Xia, Alex Collie
Objective Health and social care workers have a significantly higher rate of work-related injury and illness than workers in other industries. The objective of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of work-related injury and illness in the Victorian health and social care sector by demographic, occupation and injury characteristics. Methods A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of population-level workers' compensation claim records, including 43910 claims from the Victorian health and social care over a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015...
December 5, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Agustín Estrada-Peña, Sally Cutler, Aleksandar Potkonjak, Muriel Vassier-Tussaut, Wim Van Bortel, Hervé Zeller, Natalia Fernández-Ruiz, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
BACKGROUND: The bacteria of the group Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are the etiological agents of Lyme borreliosis in humans, transmitted by bites of ticks. Improvement of control measures requires a solid framework of the environmental traits driving its prevalence in ticks. METHODS: We updated a previous meta-analysis of the reported prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in questing nymphs of Ixodes ricinus with a literature search from January 2010-June 2017. This resulted in 195 new papers providing the prevalence of Bb for 926 geo-referenced records...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
Jarosław Wawer
The career of scientists often depends on the number of their published works. This fact leads to the overproduction of low-quality papers burying the important articles and making the knowledge less accessible. One of the methods to counteract these negative aspects might lie in the promotion of healthy trends in publishing behaviour. In the present work the theoretical analysis of a new bibliometric measure is presented and its potential impact on the publishing strategies is carefully discussed.
December 5, 2018: Accountability in Research
Xiaoyang Zhu, Youakim Badr
The Internet of Things aims at connecting everything, ranging from individuals, organizations, and companies to things in the physical and virtual world. The digital identity has always been considered as the keystone for all online services and the foundation for building security mechanisms such as authentication and authorization. However, the current literature still lacks a comprehensive study on the digital identity management for the Internet of Things (IoT). In this paper, we firstly identify the requirements of building identity management systems for IoT, which comprises scalability, interoperability, mobility, security and privacy...
December 1, 2018: Sensors
Manuela Deidda, Claudia Geue, Noemi Kreif, Ruth Dundas, Emma McIntosh
Internationally, policy makers are increasingly focussed on reducing the detrimental consequences and rising costs associated with unhealthy diets, inactivity, smoking, alcohol and other risk factors on the health of their populations. This has led to an increase in the demand for evidence-based, cost-effective Population Health Interventions (PHIs) to reverse this trend. Given that research designs such as randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often not suited to the evaluation of PHIs, Natural Experiments (NEs) are now frequently being used as a design to evaluate such complex, preventive PHIs...
November 27, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Janjira Praneerad, Nichaphat Thongsai, Preeyanuch Supchocksoonthorn, Sumana Kladsomboon, Peerasak Paoprasert
A recent trend in the preparation of carbon dots, optically unique nanomaterials, revolves around the use of readily-available, low-cost natural resources as precursors and their multipurpose applications. In this work, a hydrothermal method for preparing biocompatible carbon dots from radish was developed. The carbon dots were then tested for sensing of Cu2+ and acetic acid vapor. The carbon dots exhibited blue emission under UV illumination with, a quantum yield of 15%. The fluorescence emission was selectively quenched when Cu2+ ions were added, giving a detection limit of 0...
November 20, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
James F Nowak, Johnson Samuel
Minimally-assisted tooth repair (MaTR) systems are envisioned to be capable of substituting for the skill of a dentist. If successfully developed, MaTR systems could enable lower-skilled dental technicians to provide dental care at a fraction of the overall medical cost. This paper explores a key initial step towards the development of such systems by quantifying the machining responses of pristine human teeth relevant to dental preparation procedures. The working hypothesis of the study is that such findings will enable the benchmarking of key process planning and control metrics relevant for the future development of MaTR systems...
November 16, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Ernesto Roldan-Valadez, Shirley Yoselin Salazar-Ruiz, Rafael Ibarra-Contreras, Camilo Rios
BACKGROUND: Understanding the impact of a publication by using bibliometric indices becomes an essential activity not only for universities and research institutes but also for individual academicians. This paper aims to provide a brief review of the current bibliometric tools used by authors and editors and proposes an algorithm to assess the relevance of the most common bibliometric tools to help the researchers select the fittest journal and know the trends of published submissions by using self-evaluation...
December 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Arijana Bušić, Nenad Marđetko, Semjon Kundas, Galina Morzak, Halina Belskaya, Mirela Ivančić Šantek, Draženka Komes, Srđan Novak, Božidar Šantek
Production of biofuels from renewable feedstocks has captured considerable scientific attention since they could be used to supply energy and alternative fuels. Bioethanol is one of the most interesting biofuels due to its positive impact on the environment. Currently, it is mostly produced from sugar- and starch-containing raw materials. However, various available types of lignocellulosic biomass such as agricultural and forestry residues, and herbaceous energy crops could serve as feedstocks for the production of bioethanol, energy, heat and value-added chemicals...
September 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Woojun Choi, Guoxiang Hu, Kyuju Kwak, Minseok Kim, De-En Jiang, Jai-Pil Choi, Dongil Lee
This paper describes the effects of doped metals on hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyzed by atomically controlled MAu24 and M2Au36 nanoclusters, where M = Pt and Pd. HER performances, such as onset potential (Eonset), catalytic current density and turnover frequency (TOF), are comparatively examined with respect to the doped metals. Doping Pt or Pd into gold nanoclusters not only changes the electrochemical redox potentials of nanoclusters but also considerably improves the HER activities. Eonset is found to be controlled by the nanocluster's reduction potential matching with the reduction potential of H+...
December 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gustavo Hermes Soares, Nayara Fernanda Pereira, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Mariana Minatel Braga, Edgard Michel-Crosato
OBJECTIVES: To determine the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted regarding the severity of dental caries in South American Indigenous peoples using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, SciELO, LILACS and grey literature up to March 2018. Literature search was conducted up to March 2018. No restrictions on language or year of publication were applied. Descriptive analysis and meta-analysis of studies were performed to determine mean dmft/DMFT index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) and temporal trends for selected age brackets...
December 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Vishnu Chaturvedi, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Ferry Hagen, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, Hamid Badali, Anamelia Lorenzetti Bocca, Jose F Cano-Lira, Cunwei Cao, Sudha Chaturvedi, Sanjay H Chotirmall, Anne D van Diepeningen, Jean-Pierre Gangneux, Jesus Guinea, Sybren de Hoog, Macit Ilkit, Rui Kano, Weida Liu, Nilce M Martinez-Rossi, Marcia de Souza Carvalho Melhem, Mario Augusto Ono, Yuping Ran, Stephane Ranque, Celia Maria de Almeida Soares, Takashi Sugita, Philip A Thomas, Anna Vecchiarelli, Nancy L Wengenack, Patrick C Y Woo, Jianping Xu, Rosely M Zancope-Oliveira
Mycopathologia was founded in 1938 to 'diffuse the understanding of fungal diseases in man and animals among mycologists.' This was an important mission considering that pathogenic fungi for humans and animals represent a tiny minority of the estimated 1.5-5 million fungal inhabitants on Earth. These pathogens have diverged from the usual saprotrophic lifestyles of most fungi to colonize and infect humans and animals. Medical and veterinary mycology is the subdiscipline of microbiology that dwells into the mysteries of parasitic, fungal lifestyles...
November 30, 2018: Mycopathologia
Sarah Martindale, Hayley E Mableson, Biruk Kebede, Fikre H Kiros, Abraham Tamiru, Belete Mengistu, Anna Krueger, Charles D Mackenzie, Louise A Kelly-Hope
Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and podoconiosis are disabling diseases, endemic in Ethiopia. The main clinical manifestations include lymphoedema from LF and podoconiosis, and hydrocoele from LF. To ensure access to morbidity management and disability prevention (MMDP) services, data on patient numbers in each implementation unit (IU) is required. House-to-house census is considered the gold standard for determining patient numbers, and data are usually collated and reported using paper-based methods...
2018: MHealth
Adam Chakos, Dean Jbara, Kamal Singh, Tristan D Yan, David H Tian
Background: Numerous agents have been trialed following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to maintain long-term graft patency. While clear evidence exists for the use of aspirin in maintaining graft patency, the role of dual-antiplatelet therapy in CABG patients is not as well established. This network meta-analysis aimed to compare the short-term post-CABG graft patency outcomes for patients with none, one or two antiplatelet agents. Methods: Electronic databases were queried for randomized controlled trials comparing CABG graft patency rates at three months and beyond using various antiplatelet agents or placebo...
September 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
P S Andersen, E Andersen, M Graversgaard, A A Christensen, H Vejre, T Dalgaard
Scenario-building is a widely used tool to initiate discussions on future land uses. In scenarios possible futures can be explored and peoples' ideas as well as societal trends can be visualized by the use of maps, pictures and figures. With focus on agricultural nitrogen management, and point of departure in the farmers' decisions-regarding fertilizer inputs, crop rotations, land use, and drainage, landscape scenarios are formulated based on local ideas for future nitrogen management and general prospects for local development...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Natalie Baier, Alexander Geissler, Mickael Bech, David Bernstein, Thomas E Cowling, Terri Jackson, Johan van Manen, Andreas Rudkjøbing, Wilm Quentin
INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of hospital emergency department (ED) visits pose a challenge to health systems in many countries. This paper aims to examine emergency and urgent care systems, in six countries and to identify reform trends in response to current challenges. METHODS: Based on a literature review, six countries - Australia, Denmark, England, France, Germany and the Netherlands - were selected for analysis. Information was collected using a standardized questionnaire that was completed by national experts...
November 10, 2018: Health Policy
Mireia Calvo, Virginie Le Rolle, Daniel Romero, Nathalie Béhar, Pedro Gomis, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo I Hernández
This paper proposes the integration and analysis of a closed-loop model of the baroreflex and cardiovascular systems, focused on a time-varying estimation of the autonomic modulation of heart rate in Brugada syndrome (BS), during exercise and subsequent recovery. Patient-specific models of 44 BS patients at different levels of risk (symptomatic and asymptomatic) were identified through a recursive evolutionary algorithm. After parameter identification, a close match between experimental and simulated signals (mean error = 0...
November 28, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
A Margarida Teixeira, Clara Sousa
Nuts are highly appreciated due to their nutritional relevance and flavour, being the source of many desirable and healthy compounds as polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants. Their characterization became the target of many studies in the last years through conventional analytical techniques as chromatographic ones. Due to the limitations associated to these techniques, as time, cost and environmental concerns, spectroscopic techniques have been increasingly pointed as reliable alternatives. Either applied to raw materials quality control or to more complex process, as industrial in-line monitoring, spectroscopic techniques, namely vibrational spectroscopy, are gathering strong acceptance...
March 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
José Luis Ruiz-Real, Juan Uribe-Toril, Jaime De Pablo Valenciano, Juan Carlos Gázquez-Abad
The relevance of circular economy to environmental science has led to a notable increase of research works during the last few years. It is very important to know the evolution of the publications that relate these two concepts, as well as the main areas of knowledge in which these investigations are framed. The purpose is to understand and highlight the state of art of circular economy and the role and relationship of the environment. Bibliometric analysis allows to evaluate developments in knowledge on a specific subject and assesses the scientific influence of researches and sources...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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