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Red clover

Mäkinen Hanna, Kaseva Janne, Virkajärvi Perttu, Kahiluoto Helena
The within-species diversity in response to weather and the gaps in the response diversity in the modern set of forage crop cultivars were determined using an approach that assessed the adaptive capacity under global climate change. The annual dry matter (DM) yields were recorded in multi-location MTT (Maa- ja elintarviketalouden tutkimuskeskus) Agrifood Research Official Variety Trials in Finland for modern forage crop cultivars from 2000 to 2012, as a response to agroclimatic variables critical to yield based on the year-round weather data...
2018: Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change
Marijana Tucak, Daniela Horvat, Tihomir Cupic, Goran Krizmanic, Vesna Tomas, Marija Ravlic, Svetislav Popovic
BACKGROUND: Alfalfa and red clover are the most widespread and most important perennial legumes, primarily used as a high quality feed for livestock. Both alfalfa and red clover, as well as some other plant species from Fabaceae family, are a rich natural source of phytoestrogens, nonsteroidal compounds with estrogenic activity whose beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of many diseases are demonstrated in numerous scientific studies. OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, various herbal preparations are present on the world market and their use is constantly increasing, as well as the growing demands of consumers for environmentally sound and health-safe production of plant species used as sources of active substances...
July 30, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Manohar Chakrabarti, Randy D Dinkins, Arthur G Hunt
Studies on prevalence and significance of alternative polyadenylation (APA) in plants have been so far limited mostly to the model plants. Here, a genome-wide analysis of APA was carried out in different tissue types in the non-model forage legume red clover (Trifolium pratense L). A profile of poly(A) sites in different tissue types was generated using so-called 'poly(A)-tag sequencing' (PATseq) approach. Our analysis revealed tissue-wise dynamics of usage of poly(A) sites located at different genomic locations...
July 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xujiao Li, Jipeng Tian, Qing Zhang, Yun Jiang, Zhe Wu, Zhu Yu
This study was conducted to study the effects of ensiled alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and red clover (Trifolium pretense) at different ratios on dynamics of fermentation parameters, N distribution, protein fractions, and protease activities during ensiling. Alfalfa and red clover were harvested and wilted to 35 and 25% dry matter, respectively, chopped to 1 cm, mixed, weighed into 1.0-L buckets at a density of 700 g/L, and ensiled for 1, 3, 7, 15, and 30 d at 30°C. The treatments were mixing ratio of alfalfa to red clover at 100:0, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, and 0:100 (R0, R30, R50, R70, and R100, respectively; fresh weight)...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Marek Jarecki, Brian Grant, Ward Smith, Bill Deen, Craig Drury, Andrew VanderZaag, Budong Qian, Jingyi Yang, Claudia Wagner-Riddle
Agricultural practices such as including perennial alfalfa ( L.), winter wheat ( L.), or red clover ( L.) in corn ( L.) rotations can provide higher crop yields and increase soil organic C (SOC) over time. How well process-based biogeochemical models such as DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) capture the beneficial effects of diversified cropping systems is unclear. To calibrate and validate DNDC for simulation of observed trends in corn yield and SOC, we used long-term trials: continuous corn (CC) and corn-oats ( L...
July 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
Mohammed Rashed Chowdhury, Saman Lashkari, Søren Krogh Jensen, Morten Ambye-Jensen, Martin Riis Weisbjerg
Soluble protein extracted from leaves and stems of grasses and forage legumes is defined as green protein. The present study was conducted to evaluate in situ green protein degradability, intestinal protein disappearance, and in vitro fatty acids biohydrogenation (BH) in dairy cows. Three green protein concentrates (red clover, ryegrass, and grass clover) were heat treated as follows: oven-drying at 70 °C, subsequent autoclaving at 121 °C for 45 min, and for grass clover also spin flash-drying. Freeze-dried green protein was considered as a control (untreated)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jana Dluhošová, Jan Ištvánek, Jan Nedělník, Jana Řepková
The genus clover ( Trifolium sp.) is one of the most economically important genera in the Fabaceae family. More than 10 species are grown as manure plants or forage legumes. Red clover's ( T. pratense ) genome size is one of the smallest in the Trifolium genus, while many clovers with potential breeding value have much larger genomes. Zigzag clover ( T. medium ) is closely related to the sequenced red clover; however, its genome is approximately 7.5x larger. Currently, almost nothing is known about the architecture of this large genome and differences between these two clover species...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Richard H Guenther, Steven A Lommel, Charles H Opperman, Tim L Sit
Nanoparticle formulations of agrichemicals may enhance their performance while simultaneously mitigating any adverse environmental effects. Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV) is a soil-transmitted plant virus with many inherent attributes that allow it to function as a plant virus-based nanoparticle (PVN) when loaded with biologically active ingredients. Here we describe how to formulate a PVN loaded with the nematicide abamectin (Abm) beginning with the propagation of the virus through the formulation, deactivation, and characterization of the finished product...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Javier Espinoza, Alejandro Urzúa, Leonardo Bardehle, Andrés Quiroz, Javier Echeverría, Marcia González-Teuber
The beetle Hylastinus obscurus Marsham (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), endemic to Europe and Northern Africa, is one of the most important red clover pests in Chile. As commercial insecticides are less effective against this pest, plant secondary metabolites have been considered as an alternative for its control. Here, we have investigated the chemical composition of essential oil (EO), petroleum ether extract (PEE), and dichloromethane extract (DCME) from Pilgerodendron uviferum heartwood. Additionally, the effects of EO and extracts on the feeding behavior (% of weight shift) of H...
May 27, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Franziska Schulz, Edwin Westreicher-Kristen, Joachim Molkentin, Karin Knappstein, Andreas Susenbeth
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of replacing maize silage plus soybean meal with red clover silage (RCS) plus wheat on the fatty acid (FA) profile in the milk fat of cows. Forty-four lactating German Holstein cows were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design with 21-d periods composed of 13 d of adaptation to diets followed by an 8-d sampling phase. Experimental diets offered as total mixed ration consisted of a constant forage-to-concentrate ratio (75:25) with target proportions of RCS to maize silage of 15:60 (RCS15 ), 30:45 (RCS30 ), 45:30 (RCS45 ), and 60:15 (RCS60 ) on a dry matter basis...
August 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sunwoo Park, Fuller W Bazer, Whasun Lim, Gwonhwa Song
Formononetin is an isoflavone that is extracted from red clovers or soy. It has anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-tumor effects against cells in various diseases. Several cohort studies have indicated that phytoestrogen intake, including formononetin, could reduce the risk of various carcinogenesis. In fact, many case-control studies have indicated the potential value of flavonoids as drug supplements in the treatment of many cancer patients. However, the toxic effects and the anti-cancer mechanism of formononetin in ovarian cancer are unknown...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Alice Hazotte, Olivier Péron, Pierre Gaudin, Abdesselam Abdelouas, Thierry Lebeau
With the aim of improving the phytoextraction rate of cesium (Cs), the effect of Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 17400 and its siderophore pyoverdine (PVD) on the uptake of Cs by red clover was studied in soil pots. This work also provides a mechanistic understanding of the Cs-bacteria (or PVD)-illite-plant interactions by using a simplified experimental design, i.e., hydroponics with either Cs in solution or Cs-spiked illite in suspension. For soil spiked with 11.2 mmol kg-1 (1480 mg kg-1 ) of Cs, 0.43% of total Cs was taken up by red clover in 12 days (119 μmol g-1 (16 mg g-1 ) of Cs dry matter in roots and 40 μmol g-1 (5 mg g-1 ) in shoots)...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jiajing Feng, Lulu Fu, Tengda Huang, Hua Geng, Wei Jiang, Zhaohui Wang
A rylene annulated phthalocyanine (ZnPcPDI4) was designed and synthesized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses unambiguously confirmed the giant molecule quasi-planar "four leaf clover" skeleton with a 27 Å diameter and a two-dimensional cage-like supramolecular structure. The fully conjugated characteristics endowed it with significant Q-band red-shifts to the near-infrared region of 785 nm, and a largely degenerated LUMO level.
June 28, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Anup Bastola, Jeffrey A Davis
The redbanded stink bug, Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood), has emerged as a major stink bug pest of soybean in Louisiana during the last decade. In the spring, this species is usually found in leguminous hosts where populations can build up before migrating to soybean fields in the summer. However, studies looking at the preference of this species to the potential spring leguminous hosts under the natural conditions are lacking. Field studies were conducted in different geographical locations of Louisiana from 2013 to 2015 to evaluate preference of P...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Masao Higo, Ryohei Sato, Ayu Serizawa, Yuichi Takahashi, Kento Gunji, Yuya Tatewaki, Katsunori Isobe
Background: Understanding diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is important for optimizing their role for phosphorus (P) nutrition of soybeans ( Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in P-limited soils. However, it is not clear how soybean growth and P nutrition is related to AMF colonization and diversity of AMF communities in a continuous P-unfertilized cover cropping system. Thus, we investigated the impact of P-application and cover cropping on the interaction among AMF colonization, AMF diversity in soybean roots, soybean growth and P nutrition under a five-year P-unfertilized crop rotation...
2018: PeerJ
Rafał I Rawski, Przemysław T Sanecki, Małgorzata Dżugan, Klaudia Kijowska
It has been experimentally proven that germinated plant seeds, such as leek, red clover, broccoli, and others contain proteases, which are able to digest animal protein such as gelatin, bovine albumin, casein, and egg albumin. Preliminary tests were carried out with the use of a semi-qualitative gelatin test, which is often applied to prove the presence of fruit enzymes. Quantitative examinations were carried out with the use of a ninhydrin reaction for amino acid determination as well as the Bradford and Smith methods for protein determination...
2018: Chemické Zvesti
Igor Koloniuk, Jana Fránová, Tatiana Sarkisova, Jaroslava Přibylová, Ondřej Lenz, Karel Petrzik, Josef Špak
During aetiological study of diseased red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) using high throughput sequencing, a novel virus with a 10 kb genome divided into two segments was discovered. The virus, tentatively named red clover associated varicosavirus (RCaVV), is phylogenetically related to classifiable members of the genus Varicosavirus (family Rhabdoviridae, order Mononegavirales). Analysis of mRNA levels from the individual RCaVV genes suggested possible differences in transcription regulation between rhabdoviruses with divided and undivided genomes...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Virology
Samuel Hall, Eleanor Walshe, Claudia Ajayi, Kevin Boyle, Colin Griffith
Background: Herbal supplements are commonly used, however, their side-effect profiles are poorly understood and not subject to the same scrutiny as prescribed medications. Some herbal supplements such as St Johns' Wort are accepted to interfere with clotting pathways, however others, including Red Clover have theoretical bleeding risks based on coumarin content with very little underlying evidence. Case Description: This case reports a 65-year-old woman who suffered a spontaneous acute-on-chronic subdural hemorrhage with a significant postoperative re-hemorrhage...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Grażyna Budryn, Ilona Gałązka-Czarnecka, Ewelina Brzozowska, Joanna Grzelczyk, Radosław Mostowski, Dorota Żyżelewicz, José P Cerón-Carrasco, Horacio Pérez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Oreste Risi, Michele Manica, Rocca Carmela Lisanti, Antonio Manfredi, Giuseppe Romeo Tecci
OBJECTIVES: To assess any beneficial effect on quality of life of a daily treatment with a phytotherapic product containing astragalus, thyme, lavender, hop, equisetum, red clover, cypress and agrimonia at titrated concentrations in a cohort of female patients complaining mild stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 non-consecutive female out-patients with mild SUI or mild MUI were assessed with a clinical evaluation, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and Patients' Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale (PPIUS) at baseline the start of the study and after two months of therapy with the phytotherapic product...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
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