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Growth Hormone Diet Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365815/prader-willi-syndrome-what-is-the-general-pediatrician-supposed-to-do-a-review
#1
Caroline Buff Gouveia Passone, Paula Lage Pasqualucci, Ruth Rocha Franco, Simone Sakura Ito, Larissa Baldini Farjalla Mattar, Celia Priszkulnik Koiffmann, Leticia Azevedo Soster, Jorge David Aivazoglou Carneiro, Hamilton Cabral Menezes-Filho, Durval Damiani
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a review about Prader-Willi Syndrome based on the most recent data about the subject and to give recommendation for the general pediatricians for early diagnoses and follow-up. DATA SOURCES: Scientific articles in the PubMed and SciELO databases. The research was not limited to a specific time period and included all articles in such databases. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder resulting from the loss of imprinted gene expression within the paternal chromosome 15q11-q13...
July 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352111/effects-of-casein-non-phosphopeptide-on-the-development-of-rat-muscle-analyzed-using-computed-tomography-scanning-technology
#2
Yan-Guo Shi, Na Zhang, Qing-Qi Guo, Hua-Nan Guan, Shinya Ikeda, Chang-Hui Guo, Wojciech Piekoszewski, Tatyana K Kalenik, Elwna Motkina
The effects of casein non-phosphopeptide (CNPP) on the muscle development of healthy rats and selected blood hormones levels were investigated. CT technology and the ELISA kit were employed to detect the cross-sectional area of each muscle group and blood hormone levels, respectively. The cross-sectional area of the trunk and lower limb muscles of resistance exercise group (REG) rats that were administered a high daily dose of CNPP for 50 days increased more significantly than that of the blank group rats, no exercise group (NEG) rats administered with the same daily dose of CNPP, and REG rats administered with the same daily dose of lactalbumin (P < 0...
November 14, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153529/impaired-repletion-of-intramyocellular-lipids-in-patients-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-after-a-bout-of-aerobic-exercise
#3
Hannah Loher, Stefan Jenni, Julie Bucher, Marion Krüsi, Roland Kreis, Chris Boesch, Emanuel Christ
BACKGROUND: Ectopic lipids such as intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) are depleted by exercise and repleted by diet, whereas intrahepatocellular lipids (IHCL) are increased immediately after exercise. So far, it is unclear how ectopic lipids behave 24 h after exercise and whether the lack of growth hormone (GH) significantly affects ectopic lipids 24 h after exercise. METHODS: Seven male patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and seven sedentary male control subjects (CS) were included...
October 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#4
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714992/issues-in-geriatric-care-maintaining-health-and-vigor
#5
REVIEW
Richard J Ackermann
Medicare covers annual wellness visits that are scheduled separately from regular medical appointments. These visits focus on prevention and health maintenance to help patients achieve successful aging, which is defined as living to old age without disability while also maintaining high physical and psychological levels of functioning and social engagement. To achieve these goals, most adults should perform at least 150 min/week of moderate-intensity exercise and maintain an optimal body mass index (ie, 23 to 32 kg/m2 )...
May 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478123/physical-exercise-mitigates-high-fat-diet-induced-adiposopathy-and-related-endocrine-alterations-in-an-animal-model-of-obesity
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sílvia Rocha-Rodrigues, Inês O Gonçalves, Jorge Beleza, António Ascensão, José Magalhães
The dysregulation of adipokine secretion owing to adiposopathy can contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity-related disorders. Being that exercise is an advised strategy against obesity-induced adiposopathy, we aimed to analyze the role of physical exercise as a preventive and therapeutic strategy against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced adipokine and ghrelin alterations. Rats were pair-fed the Lieber De Carli standard diet (S, 35 Kcal% fat) or HFD (71 Kcal% fat) over 17 weeks. Animals were assigned into four groups as follows: standard diet sedentary (SS), standard diet voluntary physical activity (SVPA), high-fat diet sedentary (HS), and high-fat diet voluntary physical activity (HVPA)...
May 2018: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112773/combination-of-recreational-soccer-and-caloric-restricted-diet-reduces-markers-of-protein-catabolism-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Vieira de Sousa, R Fukui, P Krustrup, S Dagogo-Jack, M E Rossi da Silva
BACKGROUND: Moderate calorie-restricted diets and exercise training prevent loss of lean mass and cardiovascular risk. Because adherence to routine exercise recommendation is generally poor, we utilized recreational soccer training as a novel therapeutic exercise intervention in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of acute and chronic soccer training plus calorie-restricted diet on protein catabolism and cardiovascular risk markers in T2D...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797988/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-protocols-of-the-adiposity-and-bone-metabolism-effects-of-exercise-induced-weight-loss-in-obese-adolescents-adibox-project
#8
Elodie Chaplais, Frédéric Dutheil, Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Daniel Courteix
INTRODUCTION: A need exists for sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions, suitable for preventing well-linked chronic disease such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease and some less investigated secondary conditions such as bone alteration. The ADIposity and BOne metabolism: effects of eXercise-induced weight loss in obese adolescents (ADIBOX) protocol was designed to provide a better understanding of the interaction between adipokines and bone hormones in adolescents with obesity and how a 10-month physical activity programme may affect these interactions...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789212/multi-modal-exercise-training-and-protein-pacing-enhances-physical-performance-adaptations-independent-of-growth-hormone-and-bdnf-but-may-be-dependent-on-igf-1-in-exercise-trained-men
#9
Stephen J Ives, Chelsea Norton, Vincent Miller, Olivia Minicucci, Jake Robinson, Gabe O'Brien, Daniela Escudero, Maia Paul, Caitlin Sheridan, Kathryn Curran, Kayla Rose, Nathaniel Robinson, Feng He, Paul J Arciero
OBJECTIVE: Protein-pacing (P; 5-6meals/day @ 2.0g/kgBW/day) and multi-mode exercise (RISE; resistance, interval, stretching, endurance) training (PRISE) improves muscular endurance, strength, power and arterial health in exercise-trained women. The current study extends these findings by examining PRISE on fitness, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) response, cardiometabolic health, and body composition in exercise-trained men...
February 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353948/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-endocrine-knowledge-assessment-questionnaire-impact-of-ac-pediatric-endocrine-knowledge-assessment-questionnaire-intervention-study
#10
Nidhi Gupta, Marwan Zidan, Kathleen Moltz, Amita Adhikari, Colleen Buggs-Saxton, Hanaa Zidan, Dania Abushanab, Aida Lteif, Chandra Edwin
OBJECTIVE: While there is general agreement that patient education is essential for compliance, no objective tools exist to assess knowledge in children and parents of children with endocrine disorders. We aimed to design and validate a Pediatric Endocrine Knowledge Assessment Questionnaire (PEKAQ) for congenital hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, isolated growth hormone deficiency, Graves' disease, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. We evaluated baseline knowledge of children and parents of children with these disorders and assessed impact of educational intervention...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881771/the-changing-drug-culture-use-and-misuse-of-appearance-and-performance-enhancing-drugs
#11
REVIEW
Timothy E Albertson, James A Chenoweth, Daniel K Colby, Mark E Sutter
Awareness of the prevalence of the use of appearance- and performance-enhancing drugs (APEDs) is increasing. Users range from professional athletes and bodybuilders to amateurs and adolescents. Anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) are the most widely used APEDs, typically for purposes of building muscle mass, in forms that include pills, injections, topical preparations, and transdermal systems. AASs are often used in combination with augmenting drugs taken to enhance androgen production and, for men, to decrease estrogen production...
February 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26495123/the-oral-13-c-bicarbonate-technique-for-measurement-of-short-term-energy-expenditure-of-sled-dogs-and-their-physiological-response-to-diets-with-different-fat-carbohydrate-ratios
#12
Caroline Larsson, Øystein Ahlstrøm, Peter Junghans, Rasmus B Jensen, Dominique Blache, Anne-Helene Tauson
The oral [(13)C]bicarbonate technique (o(13)CBT) was assessed for the determination of short-term energy expenditure (EE) under field conditions. A total of eight Alaskan huskies were fed two experimental diets in a cross-over experiment including two periods of 3 weeks. Effects of diets on EE, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and on plasma hormones, blood lactate and glucose were furthermore investigated. The percentages of metabolisable energy derived from protein (P), fat (F) and carbohydrates (C) were 26:58:16 in the PFC diet and 24:75:1 in the PF diet...
2015: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456109/bone-metabolism-and-renal-stone-risk-during-international-space-station-missions
#13
Scott M Smith, Martina Heer, Linda C Shackelford, Jean D Sibonga, Jordan Spatz, Robert A Pietrzyk, Edgar K Hudson, Sara R Zwart
Bone loss and renal stone risk are longstanding concerns for astronauts. Bone resorption brought on by spaceflight elevates urinary calcium and the risk of renal stone formation. Loss of bone calcium leads to concerns about fracture risk and increased long-term risk of osteoporosis. Bone metabolism involves many factors and is interconnected with muscle metabolism and diet. We report here bone biochemistry and renal stone risk data from astronauts on 4- to 6-month International Space Station missions. All had access to a type of resistive exercise countermeasure hardware, either the Advanced Resistance Exercise Device (ARED) or the Interim Resistance Exercise Device (iRED)...
December 2015: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387476/a-3-day-high-fat-low-carbohydrate-diet-does-not-alter-exercise-induced-growth-hormone-response-in-healthy-males
#14
Hiroto Sasaki, Aya Ishibashi, Yoshihumi Tsuchiya, Nobuhiro Shimura, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kumiko Ebi, Kazushige Goto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of 3 days isoenergetic high-fat/low-carbohydrate diet (HF-LC) relative to low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet (LF-HC) on the exercise-induced growth hormone (GH) response in healthy male subjects. DESIGN: Ten healthy young males participated in this study. Each subject consumed the HF-LC (18±1% protein, 61±2% fat, 21±1% carbohydrate, 2720 kcal per day) for 3 consecutive days after consuming the LF-HC (18±1% protein, 20±1% fat, 62±1% carbohydrate, 2755 kcal per day) for 3 consecutive days...
December 2015: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26086438/on-the-complex-relationship-between-energy-expenditure-and-longevity-reconciling-the-contradictory-empirical-results-with-a-simple-theoretical-model
#15
Chen Hou, Kaushalya Amunugama
The relationship between energy expenditure and longevity has been a central theme in aging studies. Empirical studies have yielded controversial results, which cannot be reconciled by existing theories. In this paper, we present a simple theoretical model based on first principles of energy conservation and allometric scaling laws. The model takes into considerations the energy tradeoffs between life history traits and the efficiency of the energy utilization, and offers quantitative and qualitative explanations for a set of seemingly contradictory empirical results...
July 2015: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25914527/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-its-management-in-older-people
#16
REVIEW
Sima Ataollahi Eshkoor, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Chan Yoke Mun, Chee Kyun Ng
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition in the elderly. It is characterized by deterioration of memory, attention, and cognitive function that is beyond what is expected based on age and educational level. MCI does not interfere significantly with individuals' daily activities. It can act as a transitional level of evolving dementia with a range of conversion of 10%-15% per year. Thus, it is crucial to protect older people against MCI and developing dementia. The preventive interventions and appropriate treatments should improve cognitive performance, and retard or prevent progressive deficits...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25904412/obesity-and-breast-cancer-not-only-a-risk-factor-of-the-disease
#17
REVIEW
Doris S M Chan, Teresa Norat
Obesity not only is an independent risk factor of postmenopausal breast cancer (BC), and in particular estrogen receptor-positive/progesterone receptor-positive BC, it is also a prognostic factor of the disease. Substantial evidence has shown that obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI) is linked to BC outcomes. All-cause and BC-specific mortality risk increase for each BMI unit increase in pre- and postmenopausal BC survivors is estimated to range from 8 to 29 %, depending on when BMI is ascertained...
May 2015: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729690/effect-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-therapy-on-body-mass-index-and-growth-in-girls-with-idiopathic-central-precocious-puberty
#18
Ahmet Anık, Gönül Çatlı, Ayhan Abacı, Ece Böber
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy on body mass index (BMI) and growth in girls diagnosed with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital records of 32 girls with idiopathic CPP who have been receiving GnRH agonist therapy for at least 12 months were retrospectively reviewed and auxological, clinical and laboratory parameters of the patients were recorded. BMI, body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS) for chronological age body mass index standard deviation score (CA-BMI SDS), BMI SDS for bone age body mass index standard deviation score (BA-BMI SDS), ratios of obesity and overweight were assessed before treatment and on the 12(th) month of therapy in patients diagnosed with idiopathic CPP...
March 2015: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25702057/treatment-of-dyslipidemia-in-hiv
#19
REVIEW
Rajagopal V Sekhar
Patients infected with HIV have a high risk of developing dyslipidemia. Effective therapeutic strategies can be challenging due to an increase risk of drug interactions and other comorbidities. Understanding the underlying pathophysiology and the principles of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic interventions can be of value in the appropriate management of dyslipidemia in the HIV-infected patient.
April 2015: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25675147/multiple-roles-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-metabolism
#20
REVIEW
L I Li, Liling Tang
It is necessary to use more effective and safer therapies to treat the increasing prevalence of metabolic diseases. The evidence from several studies indicates that FGF21 which acts as an endocrine hormone can induce beneficial influence to metabolism without apparent adverse effects. Thus, the pharmacologic and physiologic actions of FGF21 play a key role in controlling substrate utilization and energy balance. Recently, the developments in the understanding of FGF21 have contributed to make FGF21 a viable and promising therapeutic agent...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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