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Sexuality gender studies sexual orientation

Nguyen K Tran, Neal D Goldstein, Seth L Welles
Background: Valid measurement of determinants of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) is critical for intervention planning and resource allocation. However, sexual minority research concerning HIV risk often relies on proxy exposures of sexual behaviors such as sexual orientation and partner gender. Inferring high risk sexual behaviors (i.e., condomless anal intercourse) from these proxies inaccurately captures HIV risk, but few studies have attempted to correct for this bias. Methods: We performed a systematic review of methodological practices for estimating risk of HIV infection among MSM...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Divya Hegde, Priya Sreedaran, Johnson Pradeep
Context: In India, psychiatrist is an important point of helpseeking for sexual complaints. A detailed sexual history can go a long way in understanding sexual difficulties. In this background, there is inadequate information on the difficulties that psychiatry postgraduate trainees experience while taking a sexual history as part of a routine mental health evaluation. Aims: The aim was to study the difficulties experienced by postgraduate psychiatry trainees while taking sexual history as a part of routine mental health evaluation...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Elke Smith, Jessica Junger, Katharina Pauly, Thilo Kellermann, Birgit Dernt, Ute Habel
Several studies report sex differences in sensitivity to gendered stimuli. We assume many of these to reflect differences as to the sex to which one feels attracted rather than to biological sex per se. Investigating voice perception, a function of high social relevance, we show that the behavioural and neural (BOLD) responses to male and female voices are mediated by sex and sexual orientation. In heterosexual men and women, we found an opposite-sex effect, reflected in higher classification accuracy for and a response bias towards voices of the other sex, while the effect became apparent as same-sex effect in homosexual men and women...
August 3, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Christopher R DeCou, Shannon M Lynch
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) and female youth report disproportionately high rates of attempted suicide. Previous studies have not addressed the association between sexual orientation, gender, and attempted suicide among adolescent psychiatric inpatients. This study examined LGBQ orientation as a correlate of attempted suicide above and beyond other risk factors (e.g., age, rurality, trauma exposure, psychopathology), and also examined the interaction between gender and sexual orientation with regard to attempted suicide...
August 2018: Psychological Services
Leila Wood, Sharon Hoefer, Matt Kammer-Kerwick, José Rubén Parra-Cardona, Noël Busch-Armendariz
Sexual harassment is a pervasive problem on college campuses. Across eight academic campuses, 16,754 students participated in an online study that included questions about sexual harassment victimization by a faculty/staff member or by a peer since enrollment at their Institution of Higher Education (IHE). Utilizing an intersectional theory and hurdle models, this study explored the effects of gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, age at enrollment, student status, and time spent at institution on students' risk for peer- and faculty/staff-perpetrated sexual harassment victimization, as well as the extent of victimization for students who experience harassment...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Gilbert Gonzales, Ryan Zinone
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare cancer diagnoses by age, gender, and sexual orientation. METHODS: This study used data on 129,431 heterosexual adults and 3,357 lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults in the 2013-2016 National Health Interview Survey. Logistic regression models compared the prevalence of cancer diagnoses by sexual orientation while controlling for demographics, socioeconomic status, and health profiles. Then, using coefficients from fully adjusted models, we estimated average marginal effects to compare the probability of a cancer diagnosis by sexual orientation across five age categories...
July 24, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Wei Duan-Porter, Brian C Martinson, Nancy Greer, Brent C Taylor, Kristen Ullman, Lauren McKenzie, Christina Rosebush, Roderick MacDonald, Samuel Falde, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is committed to providing high-quality care and addressing health disparities for vulnerable Veterans. To meet these goals, VA policymakers need guidance on how to address social determinants in operations planning and day-to-day clinical care for Veterans. METHOD: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts were searched from inception to January 2017. Additional articles were suggested by peer reviewers and/or found through search of work associated with US and VA cohorts...
July 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Dominic Targema Abaver, Elphina Nomabandla Cishe
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) South Africans continue to face considerable challenges, including societal stigma, homophobic violence (particularly corrective rape), and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases and infections (particularly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS) even when discrimination based on sexual orientation was outlawed by South African's post-apartheid constitution. This study was conducted to ascertain violence, abuse and discrimination against the LGBTI sector as key factors that hinder the smooth implementation of HIV/AIDS programme among sexually minority (LGBTI) group in Walter Sisulu University, South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Lanna J Petterson, Barnaby J Dixson, Anthony C Little, Paul L Vasey
Across cultures, androphilic males (natal males who are predominantly sexually attracted to adult men, not women) tend to present in one of two forms: cisgender or transgender. Previous research has shown that, although their gender presentation and identities are distinct, the two forms are similar in many other ways. The present study examined whether cisgender and transgender androphilic males exhibit a similar pattern of self-reported sexual attraction and viewing time response to images of men and women, and one that is directly inverse to that of cisgender gynephilic males (natal males who are predominately sexually attracted to adult women, not men)...
July 16, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
G Fond, A Bourbon, P Auquier, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Lançon, L Boyer
Medical student wellness has emerged as an important issue in medical education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gender influence on psychiatric and/or psychological follow-up, psychotropic and illicit drug consumption, addictive behaviors, quality of life and motives for consumption in a large multicentric national sample of medical students. METHODS: Medical students of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2017 and fulfilled Internet anonymized questionnaires...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Matt R Nobles, Robert J Cramer, Samantha A Zottola, Sarah L Desmarais, Tess M Gemberling, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright
PURPOSE: Public health and criminal justice stalking victimization data collection efforts are plagued by subjective definitions and lack of known psychosocial correlates. The present study assesses the question of stalking victimization prevalence among three groups. Psychosocial risk and protective factors associated with stalking victimization experiences were assessed. METHODS: Archival data (n = 2159) were drawn from a three-sample (i.e., U.S. nationwide sexual diversity special interest group, college student, and general population adult) cross-sectional survey of victimization, sexuality, and health...
July 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jianmin Shao, Esther S Chang, Chuansheng Chen
This cross-sectional study examined how minority stress (i.e., internalized homonegativity, self-concealment, and rejection sensitivity) and positive parent-child relationship dynamics (i.e., respect for parents and perceived parental support for sexual orientation) were associated with the psychological adjustment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals in China. Based on survey responses from 277 self-identified Chinese LGB young adults, results from structural equation modeling showed that minority stress was not a significant predictor of psychological maladjustment, whereas respect for parents and perceived parental support for sexual orientation were associated with positive psychological adjustment...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Jennifer L Klein, Danielle Tolson Cooper
Technology has shifted some human interactions to the virtual world. For many young adults, sexual encounters now occur through virtual means, as social media, picture exchanges, sexually explicit Web sites, and video chatting have become popular alternative outlets for these activities to occur. This study used the self-report responses of 812 undergraduate students (282 men and 530 women), collected from an online survey. In addition to using 10 personal demographic control variables, this study used five sexual activity/relationship characteristics (number of sexual partners, relationship status, age to first use pornography, frequency of sexual activity/intercourse, and frequency of masturbation), and the four constructs of Akers' social learning theory (identified as differential association, differential reinforcement, imitation/modeling, and definitions favorable) to predict a seven-item count of deviant cyber-sexual activities, and two measures of "sexting" behaviors...
July 9, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Ian Rivers, Cesar Gonzalez, Nuno Nodin, Elizabeth Peel, Allan Tyler
Evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people are more likely to attempt to take their own lives in their youth when compared to heterosexual and/or cisgender people. This study draws on in-depth interviews with 17 LGBT individuals living in England, and explores the narratives used by participants to better understand their perceptions of risk and protective circumstances to explain suicide attempts in youth. Using a Goffman-informed thematic analysis, results identified three key themes that were linked to attempts to end life in youth...
June 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Jillian C Shipherd, Jill E Darling, Ruth S Klap, Danielle Rose, Elizabeth M Yano
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare experiences related to healthcare of LGBT women and non-LGBT women in a sample of routine users of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) primary care services and examine the impact of those experiences on delaying or missing appointments for VHA care. METHODS: Women veterans (N = 1391) who had at least three primary care visits in the previous year at 12 VHA facilities were surveyed by phone in January-March 2015 in a baseline wave of a cluster-randomized quality improvement trial...
July 2018: LGBT Health
J Hess, A Henkel, J Bohr, C Rehme, A Panic, L Panic, R Rossi Neto, B Hadaschik, Y Hess
Male-to-Female (MtF) gender affirmation surgery (GAS) comprises the creation of a functional and aesthetic perineogenital complex. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of GAS on sexuality. We retrospectively surveyed all 254 MtF transsexual patients who had undergone GAS with penile inversion vaginoplasty at the Department of Urology, University Hospital Essen, Germany, between 2004 and 2010. In total, we received 119 completed questionnaires after a median of 5.05 years since surgery. Of the study participants, 33...
2018: BioMed Research International
Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Patricia García de Olalla, Alicia González Antelo, Manuel Fernández Quevedo, Oriol Romaní, Joan A Caylà
This study aimed to describe the methodological characteristics of publications on HIV and masculinity, to identify possible information gaps and determine the main thematic areas. A systematic review was conducted of gender, masculinity, HIV infection and other sexually-transmitted infections in original articles published between 1992 and 2015. Original studies published from Pubmed and Scopus were included. A total of 303 articles were identified, of which 187 were selected. Most of the studies were qualitative and the most widely used technique was the interview...
July 4, 2018: Global Public Health
Roi Jacobson, Daphna Joel
The present study explored the relations between self-reported aspects of gender identity and sexual orientation in an online sample of 4756 cisgender English-speaking participants (1129 men) using the Multi-Gender Identity Questionnaire and a sexual orientation questionnaire. Participants also labeled their sexual orientation. We found a wide range of gender experiences in the sample, with 38% of the participants feeling also as the "other" gender, 39% wishing they were the "other" gender, and 35% wishing they had the body of the "other" sex...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Dalal Katsiaficas
Social responsibilities are a central component of adolescents' and young adults' development, particularly for those from immigrant backgrounds. Social responsibility-a sense of responsibility and duty that extends beyond the self (Wray-Lake & Syvertsen, 2011) includes both family obligations (Fuligni, 2001; 2007) and community engagement (Jensen, 2008; Lerner et al., 2002). What is often missing, however, are the ways in which social identities and social inequality shape young adult's development of social responsibilities...
July 3, 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Jamie E Parnes, Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner
Marijuana use holds a curvilinear relation to sexual orientation, whereby bisexual individuals reporter higher frequency of use than exclusively hetero- or homosexual individuals. This relation differs by gender, with more pronounced differences among women. Bisexual individuals are at greater risk for negative consequences of marijuana use, such as dependence. To mitigate potential risks, individuals employ protective behavioral strategies (PBS). While differences in use are known, research has yet to examine if consequences and PBS use vary by sexual orientation...
June 19, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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