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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097671/the-application-of-the-acellular-dermal-matrix-in-the-correction-of-the-tear-trough-deformity
#1
Di Yue, Xiaowei Wu, Haichen Song, Zhichun Zhou, Man Ye, Mengshan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) used in correcting the tear trough deformity has been reported, but there were only a few cases. The long-term effectiveness of ADM was not clear. We aim to discuss the technique and the effect of using ADM to correct the tear trough deformity through more cases. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017. Twenty-six patients who showed obvious tear trough deformity with moderate or severe orbital fat bulging and excess of lower eyelid skin were treated with ADM to improve the appearance of the midface...
August 10, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089435/hard-palate-dermis-fat-composite-graft-for-reconstruction-of-contracted-anophthalmic-socket
#2
Catherine J Choi, Ann Q Tran, David T Tse
PURPOSE: To describe a novel technique of using a hard palate-dermis fat composite graft (HPDFG) for reconstruction of a contracted anophthalmic socket. METHODS: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series of four patients who underwent HPDFG placement by one surgeon between 2010 and 2017. RESULTS: Six harvested HPDFGs were placed in four patients with contracted anophthalmic sockets. A harvested hard palate graft (HPG) and a dermis fat graft (DFG) were adjoined with sutures to form a composite graft...
August 8, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064607/hardness-and-painful-lesion-of-the-breast
#3
Alejandro Vilas-Sueiro, Daniel González-Vilas, Cristina Aguilera, Benigno Monteagudo, Cristina De De Las Heras
Dear Editor, Lupus panniculitis or lupus profundus is a rare inflammatory complication found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) (1). When the breast is involved, the term lupus mastitis (LM) is used. This disease involving the breast is rare, and the lesions may precede, coincide with, or occur later than the onset of other lupus lesions. Tissue biopsy is required to confirm the suspected diagnoses of LM. We report a case of a patient with lupus mastitis due to the important differential diagnosis...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058570/safety-and-efficacy-of-autologous-noncultured-dermal-cell-suspension-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-localized-facial-volume-loss-a-pilot-study
#4
Alok Kumar Sahoo, Savita Yadav, Vinod K Sharma, Anita Singh Parihar, Surabhi Vyas, Somesh Gupta
Background: Available options for correction of facial volume loss, such as synthetic fillers, autologous fat and cultured fibroblasts, have limitations viz. temporary effect and high cost. Aim: To assess the use of a novel technique, autologous non-cultured dermal cell suspension transplantation, for correction of localized facial volume loss due to inflammatory pathologies. Methods: It was a pilot study conducted in the Dermatology Outpatient Department, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India...
July 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057597/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-in-patients-with-linear-morphea-treated-with-methotrexate-and-high-dose-corticosteroid
#5
Mohammad Shahidi-Dadras, Fahimeh Abdollahimajd, Razieh Jahangard, Ali Javinani, Amir Ashraf-Ganjouei, Parviz Toossi
Background: Morphea is an inflammatory disease of the connective tissue that may lead to thickening and hardening of the skin due to fibrosis. The aim of this study was to document magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes in patients with linear morphea who were treated with methotrexate (MTX) and high-dose corticosteroid. Methods: This study was conducted on 33 patients from the outpatient's dermatology clinic of our institute, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
2018: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030915/detecting-and-quantifying-activity-inflammation-in-localized-scleroderma-with-thermal-imaging
#6
I Ranosz-Janicka, A Lis-Święty, A Skrzypek-Salamon, L Brzezińska-Wcisło
BACKGROUND: The disease phase in localized scleroderma (LoS) is commonly assessed by clinical investigation using the LoS cutaneous assessment tool (LoSCAT). There is a need for more objective methods for assessing the degree of activity/inflammation in LoS. The aim of our work was to evaluate the correlation between severity of the LoS lesions scored using LoSCAT and the degree of hyperthermia observed with infrared thermography (IRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The LoS lesions were examined using the LoSCAT and IRT independently by two examiners...
July 21, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022246/fgf-2-combined-with-bilayer-artificial-dermis-composed-of-collagen-matrix-prompts-generation-of-fat-pad-in-subcutis-of-mice
#7
Natsuko Kakudo, Naoki Morimoto, Takeshi Ogawa, Shigeru Taketani, Kenji Kusumoto
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 induces mitogenesis, angiogenesis and adipogenesis. In this study, the adipogenesis-inducing effects of FGF-2 combined with bilayer artificial dermis in mice were evaluated. FGF-2-impregnated bilayer artificial dermis composed of collagen matrix, PELNAC (Gunze Corp., Osaka, Japan) was implanted subcutaneously into the thoracic region of mice. At 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, samples were collected for H&E staining, von Willebrand factor immunostaining, and perilipin immunostaining to examine adipose tissue localization and angiogenesis...
July 18, 2018: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007274/the-influence-of-fat-grafting-on-skin-quality-in-cosmetic-foot-grafting-a-randomized-cross-over-clinical-trial
#8
Stephanie E Dreifuss, Danielle Minteer, Beth R Gusenoff, Jeffrey A Gusenoff
Background: Pedal fat grafting is a cosmetic procedure indicated to treat the functional and aesthetic sequelae of pedal fat pad atrophy. Fat grafting has been found to mitigate these symptoms, but the exact mechanism is unknown. Objectives: We hypothesize that pedal fat grafting may improve skin quality, accounting for prolonged symptomatic improvement despite loss of grafted fat. Methods: Patients with pedal atrophy were enrolled in a randomized crossover clinical trial...
July 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005786/dorsal-augmentation-using-autogenous-tissues
#9
REVIEW
Man-Koon Suh
Autogenous materials used for Asian dorsal augmentation are temporal fascia, dermofat, solid block type of costal cartilage, and diced cartilage. The temporal fascia is used for radix augmentation or correction of minor focal depression. Dermofat, solid block costal cartilage, and diced cartilage are recommended for major dorsal augmentation. The vertically oriented folded dermal graft curtails use of the fat component. Diced cartilage wrapped in temporal fascia exhibits a lower resorption rate, and may easily fit into the contour of the dorsum...
August 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005778/breast-reconstruction
#10
REVIEW
Hani Sbitany
Breast reconstruction is offered to women undergoing mastectomy or breast conservation, given its safe nature and highly aesthetic reconstructive outcomes. Breast implants are safe, offer flexibility of sizes and projections, and shorter recovery. Autologous flaps allow women to avoid prosthetic devices, using skin and fat to replace breast tissue. The increasing frequency of nipple-sparing mastectomy, autologous fat grafting, use of acellular dermal matrices, and prepectoral prosthetic reconstruction have enhanced aesthetic outcomes...
August 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876184/goldilocks-mastectomy-with-bilateral-in-situ-nipple-preservation-via-dermal-pedicle
#11
Heather Richardson, Joel A Aronowitz
Patients who don't want or can't have formal breast reconstruction after mastectomy surgery can be considered for a Goldilocks mastectomy, where the breast fullness is recreated from what is left behind after the gland tissue is removed from underneath the skin in a breast reduction pattern. A Goldilocks mastectomy does not require the use of implants or tissue transfer from other parts of the body and may be completed in a single surgery. This is best suited for larger breasted women who are willing to have much smaller breasts as a result...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863558/post-neurosurgical-temporal-deformities-various-techniques-for-correction-and-associated-complications
#12
Gabriel F Santiago, Jordan Terner, Amir Wolff, Jeffrey Teixeira, Henry Brem, Judy Huang, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: An irregular craniofacial contour along the temporal fossa, known commonly as 'temporal hollowing deformity,' (THD) can arise from multiple etiologies. In fact, up to half of all patients who undergo neurosurgical pterional dissections develop some form of temporal contour deformities. Unfortunately, temporal hollowing correction remains surgically challenging with many techniques resulting in high rates of failure and/or morbidity. METHODS: Herein, we describe anatomy contributing to postsurgical temporal deformity as well as time-tested prevention and surgical correction techniques...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863552/glabellar-rejuvenation-in-forehead-lift-reversed-periosteum-or-dermal-fat-graft-to-cover-pedicled-glabellar-flap
#13
Xiu-Qi Li, Jia-Qi Wang
Forehead aging is characterized by wrinkles, loss of skin elasticity, brow ptosis, and soft-tissue atrophy. For patients with prominent rhytids and marked brow ptosis, forehead lift is still the most effective treatment with a persisting result. In order to eliminate the glabellar wrinkles, forehead lift usually requires the removal of the corrugator supercilii muscle and procerus, which can lead to glabellar flattening or depression. Instead of muscle removal, the corrugator supercilii muscle, procerus, and the underlying galea were dissected as a pedicled glabellar flap...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842962/bioactive-compounds-and-health-benefits-of-some-palm-species-traditionally-used-in-africa-and-the-americas-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Tânia da Silveira Agostini-Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to previous ethno-medicinal reviews, Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Phoenix dactylifera are among the main palms which are often used on the American and African continents to treat infections, infestations and disorders in the digestive, respiratory, genito-urinary, dermal, endocrine, cardiovascular, muscular-skeletal, mental and neural systems, as well as neoplasms, dental issues and metabolic and nutritional disorders. In addition, one or more species of the wild genera Acrocomia, Areca, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Borassus, Calamus, Chamaedorea, Chamaerops, Euterpe, Hyphaene, Mauritia, Oenocarpus and Syagrus have a high number of records of these ethno-medicinal uses...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799829/utility-of-a-high-resolution-superficial-diagnostic-ultrasound-system-for-assessing-skin-thickness-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sanjana Iyengar, Inder R Makin, Divya Sadhwani, Esther Moon, Arianna F Yanes, Amelia Geisler, Sirunya Silapunt, Sabah Servaes, Alexandra Weil, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Compared with other imaging modalities, ultrasound is relatively deeply penetrating and can be used to evaluate deep dermal and subcutaneous structures. OBJECTIVE: Image skin thickness of the face and neck using high-frequency diagnostic ultrasound devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skin overlying 20 different predesignated face and neck anatomic sites in 32 individuals was imaged using 2 commercially available high-frequency diagnostic ultrasound devices, a dedicated imaging device and a diagnostic device bundled with a therapeutic device...
June 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790683/surgical-and-oncological-outcomes-of-free-dermal-fat-graft-for-breast-reconstruction-after-breast-conserving-surgery
#16
Fabrizio De Biasio, Serena Bertozzi, Ambrogio P Londero, Daria Almesberger, Chiara Zanin, Andrea Marchesi, Carla Cedolini, Andrea Risaliti, Pier C Parodi
BACKGROUND: Oncoplastic breast surgery originated in order to improve the esthetic result of breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Autologous free dermal fat graft (FDFG) is an emerging oncoplastic technique to improve the cosmetic outcome of breast-conserving surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze our experience with FDFGs in breast reconstruction after breast-conserving surgery. Oncological outcomes, surgical complications and cosmetic results were considered...
June 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787514/therapeutic-effects-of-human-adipose-derived-products-on-impaired-wound-healing-in-irradiated-tissue
#17
Szu-Hsien Wu, Takako Shirado, Takanobu Mashiko, Jingwei Feng, Rintaro Asahi, Koji Kanayama, Masanori Mori, Daekwan Chi, Ataru Sunaga, Shunji Sarukawa, Kotaro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Clinical sequelae of irradiation result in tissue devitalization (e.g., ischemia, fibrosis, and atrophy) where wound healing capacity is impaired. Fat-derived products may work to treat such pathology. METHODS: Nonlethal irradiation at various doses (5, 10, and 15 Gy) and frequencies (one to three times on sequential days) was delivered to dorsal skin of nude mice, and subsequent gross and microscopic changes were evaluated for up to 4 weeks. Cutaneous punch wounds were then created to compare wound healing in irradiated and nonirradiated states...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760873/early-morphea-simulating-patch-stage-mycosis-fungoides-in-two-cases
#18
Hamid R Ghasemi Basir, Pedram Alirezaei, Aliasghar Rezanejad, Sajjad Daneshyar
Morphea is a skin disorder characterized by thickening of dermis and subcutaneous tissues and loss of adnexal structures. In the early inflammatory stage of morphea, diagnostic histological findings are absent and this may lead to confusion with other inflammatory dermatoses such as mycosis fungoides (MF). We report two cases of early stage morphea mimicking patchstage of MF. Histopathologic examination of biopsies obtained early in the disease course revealed lymphocytic epidermotropism arranged in small pautrier-like collections as well as linear arrangements in dermal- epidermal junction...
April 23, 2018: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747256/-the-application-of-dermal-fat-flap-in-the-reconstruction-of-deformity-after-resecting-the-nasal-tip-schwannoma-a-case-report
#19
J J Wu, J Zheng, H P Liu, M S Qiu, W C Liu, Q Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718902/bovine-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-levator-lengthening-in-thyroid-related-upper-eyelid-retraction
#20
Jing Sun, Xingtong Liu, Yidan Zhang, Yazhuo Huang, Sisi Zhong, Sijie Fang, Ai Zhuang, Yinwei Li, Huifang Zhou, Xianqun Fan
BACKGROUND Eyelid retraction is the most common and often the first sign of thyroid eye disease (TED). Upper-eyelid retraction causes both functional and cosmetic problems. In order to correct the position of the upper eyelid, surgery is required. Many procedures have demonstrated good outcomes in mild and moderate cases; however, unpredictable results have been obtained in severe cases. Dryden introduced an upper-eyelid-lengthening procedure, which used scleral grafts, but outcomes were unsatisfactory. A new technique is introduced in this study as a reasonable alternative for TED-related severe upper-eyelid retraction correction...
May 2, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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