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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287361/hyaluronic-acid-a-promising-skin-rejuvenating-biomedicine-a-review-of-recent-updates-and-pre-clinical-and-clinical-investigations-on-cosmetic-and-nutricosmetic-effects
#1
REVIEW
Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Nur Liyana Roswandi, Muhammad Waqas, Haroon Habib, Fahad Hussain, Shahzeb Khan, Muhammad Sohail, Nor Amlizan Ramli, Hnin Ei Thu, Zahid Hussain
Hyaluronic acid (HA) plays multifaceted role in regulating the various biological processes such as skin repairmen, diagnosis of cancer, wound healing, tissue regeneration, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulation. Owing to its remarkable biomedical and tissue regeneration potential, HA has been numerously employed as one of the imperative components of the cosmetic and nutricosmetic products. The present review aims to summarize and critically appraise recent developments and clinical investigations on cosmetic and nutricosmetic efficacy of HA for skin rejuvenation...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276046/the-evolution-from-subcutaneous-to-prepectoral-prosthetic-breast-reconstruction
#2
Ryan E Rebowe, Lindsay J Allred, Maurice Y Nahabedian
Prosthetic breast reconstruction is the most common method of reconstruction offered to women following mastectomy. Prepectoral breast reconstruction has recently reemerged as an alternative technique to the partial and total muscle coverage methods. Though this technique has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in the recent published literature, many surgeons have been hesitant to adopt it out of fear of incurring the same complications associated with subcutaneous reconstructions of the past. However, recent advancements in plastic surgery including the use of acellular dermal matrices, autologous fat grafting, and improved breast implants and improved mastectomy techniques have enabled plastic surgeons to revisit the prepectoral space...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195464/e-ii-feasibility-of-sub-dermal-soft-tissue-deformation-assessment-using-b-mode-ultrasound-for-pressure-ulcer-prevention
#3
J Doridam, A Macron, C Vergari, A Verney, P-Y Rohan, H Pillet
Pressure Ulcer (PU) prevention remains a main public health issue. The physio-pathology of this injury is not fully understood, and a satisfactory therapy is currently not available. Recently, several works suggested that mechanical strains are responsible of deformation-induced damage involved in the initiation of Deep Tissue Injury (DTI). A better assessment of the internal behavior could allow to enhance the modeling of the transmission of loads into the different structures composing the buttock. A few studies focused on the experimental in vivo buttock deformation quantification using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), but its use has important drawbacks...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151780/fat-necrosis-after-breast-conserving-oncoplastic-surgery
#4
Haruka Nakada, Masayuki Inoue, Kazushige Furuya, Hideki Watanabe, Kou Ikegame, Yuko Nakayama, Masato Ohmori, Hiroshi Nakagomi
BACKGROUND: Fat necrosis is a subjective early as well as delayed complication, which sometimes mimics local recurrence and ruins the quality of life by pain and poor cosmetic result. While, the frequency and severity of fat necrosis are important issues that breast surgeons should explain to the patient, these data are not revealed well. METHODS: A total of 1476 patients who underwent breast surgery from January 2000 to December 2012 were enrolled in the present study...
August 27, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142739/diffuse-dermal-angiomatosis-of-the-breast-with-adjacent-fat-necrosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Fatma Frikha, Sonia Boudaya, Najla Abid, Saiida Garbaa, Tahya Sellami, Hamida Turki
Diffuse dermal angiomatosis (DDA) is a type of reactive skin angioproliferation. Clinically, this rare disorder presents as red-violet purpuric papules and/or plaques (some with a greater tendency towards necrosis and ulceration), which can be localized in any body area, but is most often seen in the upper and lower extremities. Localization in the breast commonly presents with severe intractable breast pain and characteristic reticular violaceous erythematous plaques with central ulcerations. Histological examination is fundamental for the diagnosis and is characterized by varied patterns of lobular or diffuse hyperplasia of endothelial cells at the extravascular level...
May 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114316/mr-lymphography-in-patients-with-upper-limb-lymphedema-the-gps-for-feasibility-and-surgical-planning-for-lympho-venous-bypass
#6
Assaf A Zeltzer, Carola Brussaard, Merel Koning, Randy De Baerdemaeker, Benoit Hendrickx, Moustapha Hamdi, Johan de Mey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lymphedema is caused by insufficient lymphatic drainage leading to abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid within soft tissues. Lympho-venous anastomosis (LVA), as a surgical option for selected patients, is widely applied. Through preoperative localization of functional lymphatics with indocyanine green, real time visualization of functioning lymphatic vessels is possible. This examination is time consuming and operator dependant and is not suitable to differentiate the ratio of fat hypertrophy to liquid edema...
September 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097671/the-application-of-the-acellular-dermal-matrix-in-the-correction-of-the-tear-trough-deformity
#7
Di Yue, Xiaowei Wu, Haichen Song, Zhichun Zhou, Man Ye, Mengshan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) used in correcting the tear trough deformity has been reported, but there were only a few cases. The long-term effectiveness of ADM was not clear. We aim to discuss the technique and the effect of using ADM to correct the tear trough deformity through more cases. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017. Twenty-six patients who showed obvious tear trough deformity with moderate or severe orbital fat bulging and excess of lower eyelid skin were treated with ADM to improve the appearance of the midface...
October 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089435/hard-palate-dermis-fat-composite-graft-for-reconstruction-of-contracted-anophthalmic-socket
#8
Catherine J Choi, Ann Q Tran, David T Tse
PURPOSE: To describe a novel technique of using a hard palate-dermis fat composite graft (HPDFG) for reconstruction of a contracted anophthalmic socket. METHODS: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series of four patients who underwent HPDFG placement by one surgeon between 2010 and 2017. RESULTS: Six harvested HPDFGs were placed in four patients with contracted anophthalmic sockets. A harvested hard palate graft (HPG) and a dermis fat graft (DFG) were adjoined with sutures to form a composite graft...
August 8, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064607/hardness-and-painful-lesion-of-the-breast
#9
Alejandro Vilas-Sueiro, Daniel González-Vilas, Cristina Aguilera, Benigno Monteagudo, Cristina De De Las Heras
Dear Editor, Lupus panniculitis or lupus profundus is a rare inflammatory complication found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) (1). When the breast is involved, the term lupus mastitis (LM) is used. This disease involving the breast is rare, and the lesions may precede, coincide with, or occur later than the onset of other lupus lesions. Tissue biopsy is required to confirm the suspected diagnoses of LM. We report a case of a patient with lupus mastitis due to the important differential diagnosis...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058570/safety-and-efficacy-of-autologous-noncultured-dermal-cell-suspension-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-localized-facial-volume-loss-a-pilot-study
#10
Alok Kumar Sahoo, Savita Yadav, Vinod K Sharma, Anita Singh Parihar, Surabhi Vyas, Somesh Gupta
Background: Available options for correction of facial volume loss, such as synthetic fillers, autologous fat and cultured fibroblasts, have limitations viz. temporary effect and high cost. Aim: To assess the use of a novel technique, autologous non-cultured dermal cell suspension transplantation, for correction of localized facial volume loss due to inflammatory pathologies. Methods: It was a pilot study conducted in the Dermatology Outpatient Department, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India...
July 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057597/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-in-patients-with-linear-morphea-treated-with-methotrexate-and-high-dose-corticosteroid
#11
Mohammad Shahidi-Dadras, Fahimeh Abdollahimajd, Razieh Jahangard, Ali Javinani, Amir Ashraf-Ganjouei, Parviz Toossi
Background: Morphea is an inflammatory disease of the connective tissue that may lead to thickening and hardening of the skin due to fibrosis. The aim of this study was to document magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes in patients with linear morphea who were treated with methotrexate (MTX) and high-dose corticosteroid. Methods: This study was conducted on 33 patients from the outpatient's dermatology clinic of our institute, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
2018: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030915/detecting-and-quantifying-activity-inflammation-in-localized-scleroderma-with-thermal-imaging
#12
I Ranosz-Janicka, A Lis-Święty, A Skrzypek-Salamon, L Brzezińska-Wcisło
BACKGROUND: The disease phase in localized scleroderma (LoS) is commonly assessed by clinical investigation using the LoS cutaneous assessment tool (LoSCAT). There is a need for more objective methods for assessing the degree of activity/inflammation in LoS. The aim of our work was to evaluate the correlation between severity of the LoS lesions scored using LoSCAT and the degree of hyperthermia observed with infrared thermography (IRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The LoS lesions were examined using the LoSCAT and IRT independently by two examiners...
July 21, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022246/fgf-2-combined-with-bilayer-artificial-dermis-composed-of-collagen-matrix-prompts-generation-of-fat-pad-in-subcutis-of-mice
#13
Natsuko Kakudo, Naoki Morimoto, Takeshi Ogawa, Shigeru Taketani, Kenji Kusumoto
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 induces mitogenesis, angiogenesis and adipogenesis. In this study, the adipogenesis-inducing effects of FGF-2 combined with bilayer artificial dermis in mice were evaluated. FGF-2-impregnated bilayer artificial dermis composed of collagen matrix, PELNAC (Gunze Corp., Osaka, Japan) was implanted subcutaneously into the thoracic region of mice. At 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, samples were collected for H&E staining, von Willebrand factor immunostaining, and perilipin immunostaining to examine adipose tissue localization and angiogenesis...
July 18, 2018: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007274/the-influence-of-fat-grafting-on-skin-quality-in-cosmetic-foot-grafting-a-randomized-cross-over-clinical-trial
#14
Stephanie E Dreifuss, Danielle Minteer, Beth R Gusenoff, Jeffrey A Gusenoff
Background: Pedal fat grafting is a cosmetic procedure indicated to treat the functional and aesthetic sequelae of pedal fat pad atrophy. Fat grafting has been found to mitigate these symptoms, but the exact mechanism is unknown. Objectives: We hypothesize that pedal fat grafting may improve skin quality, accounting for prolonged symptomatic improvement despite loss of grafted fat. Methods: Patients with pedal atrophy were enrolled in a randomized crossover clinical trial...
July 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005786/dorsal-augmentation-using-autogenous-tissues
#15
REVIEW
Man-Koon Suh
Autogenous materials used for Asian dorsal augmentation are temporal fascia, dermofat, solid block type of costal cartilage, and diced cartilage. The temporal fascia is used for radix augmentation or correction of minor focal depression. Dermofat, solid block costal cartilage, and diced cartilage are recommended for major dorsal augmentation. The vertically oriented folded dermal graft curtails use of the fat component. Diced cartilage wrapped in temporal fascia exhibits a lower resorption rate, and may easily fit into the contour of the dorsum...
August 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005778/breast-reconstruction
#16
REVIEW
Hani Sbitany
Breast reconstruction is offered to women undergoing mastectomy or breast conservation, given its safe nature and highly aesthetic reconstructive outcomes. Breast implants are safe, offer flexibility of sizes and projections, and shorter recovery. Autologous flaps allow women to avoid prosthetic devices, using skin and fat to replace breast tissue. The increasing frequency of nipple-sparing mastectomy, autologous fat grafting, use of acellular dermal matrices, and prepectoral prosthetic reconstruction have enhanced aesthetic outcomes...
August 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876184/goldilocks-mastectomy-with-bilateral-in-situ-nipple-preservation-via-dermal-pedicle
#17
Heather Richardson, Joel A Aronowitz
Patients who don't want or can't have formal breast reconstruction after mastectomy surgery can be considered for a Goldilocks mastectomy, where the breast fullness is recreated from what is left behind after the gland tissue is removed from underneath the skin in a breast reduction pattern. A Goldilocks mastectomy does not require the use of implants or tissue transfer from other parts of the body and may be completed in a single surgery. This is best suited for larger breasted women who are willing to have much smaller breasts as a result...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863558/post-neurosurgical-temporal-deformities-various-techniques-for-correction-and-associated-complications
#18
Gabriel F Santiago, Jordan Terner, Amir Wolff, Jeffrey Teixeira, Henry Brem, Judy Huang, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: An irregular craniofacial contour along the temporal fossa, known commonly as 'temporal hollowing deformity,' (THD) can arise from multiple etiologies. In fact, up to half of all patients who undergo neurosurgical pterional dissections develop some form of temporal contour deformities. Unfortunately, temporal hollowing correction remains surgically challenging with many techniques resulting in high rates of failure and/or morbidity. METHODS: Herein, we describe anatomy contributing to postsurgical temporal deformity as well as time-tested prevention and surgical correction techniques...
October 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863552/glabellar-rejuvenation-in-forehead-lift-reversed-periosteum-or-dermal-fat-graft-to-cover-pedicled-glabellar-flap
#19
Xiu-Qi Li, Jia-Qi Wang
Forehead aging is characterized by wrinkles, loss of skin elasticity, brow ptosis, and soft-tissue atrophy. For patients with prominent rhytids and marked brow ptosis, forehead lift is still the most effective treatment with a persisting result. In order to eliminate the glabellar wrinkles, forehead lift usually requires the removal of the corrugator supercilii muscle and procerus, which can lead to glabellar flattening or depression. Instead of muscle removal, the corrugator supercilii muscle, procerus, and the underlying galea were dissected as a pedicled glabellar flap...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842962/bioactive-compounds-and-health-benefits-of-some-palm-species-traditionally-used-in-africa-and-the-americas-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Tânia da Silveira Agostini-Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to previous ethno-medicinal reviews, Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Phoenix dactylifera are among the main palms which are often used on the American and African continents to treat infections, infestations and disorders in the digestive, respiratory, genito-urinary, dermal, endocrine, cardiovascular, muscular-skeletal, mental and neural systems, as well as neoplasms, dental issues and metabolic and nutritional disorders. In addition, one or more species of the wild genera Acrocomia, Areca, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Borassus, Calamus, Chamaedorea, Chamaerops, Euterpe, Hyphaene, Mauritia, Oenocarpus and Syagrus have a high number of records of these ethno-medicinal uses...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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