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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336266/an-evaluation-of-collaboration-of-tb-and-hiv-control-program-in-oromia-region-ethiopia-seven-years-retrospective-data
#1
Solomon Sisay, Ayehu Mekonen, Adugna Abera, Yifru Berhan, Tadele Kebede, Abebe Ferede
BACKGROUND: Globally, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Tuberculosis (TB) are one of the leading causes of death if they occurred as co-morbidity in affected individuals. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the collaboration of TB and HIV control activities by determining the co-morbidity rate between 2009 and 2015 in Oromia Region, Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective health facility based study was conducted by collecting data from Directly Observed TREATMENT: Short-course (DOTS) implementing health facilities in the region...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321204/the-softhand-pro-functional-evaluation-of-a-novel-flexible-and-robust-myoelectric-prosthesis
#2
Sasha Blue Godfrey, Kristin D Zhao, Amanda Theuer, Manuel G Catalano, Matteo Bianchi, Ryan Breighner, Divya Bhaskaran, Ryan Lennon, Giorgio Grioli, Marco Santello, Antonio Bicchi, Karen Andrews
Roughly one quarter of active upper limb prosthetic technology is rejected by the user, and user surveys have identified key areas requiring improvement: function, comfort, cost, durability, and appearance. Here we present the first systematic, clinical assessment of a novel prosthetic hand, the SoftHand Pro (SHP), in participants with transradial amputation and age-matched, limb-intact participants. The SHP is a robust and functional prosthetic hand that minimizes cost and weight using an underactuated design with a single motor...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315429/integrated-next-step-counseling-insc-for-sexual-health-and-prep-use-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implementation-and-observations-from-atn110-113
#3
K Rivet Amico, Jessica Miller, Christopher Balthazar, Pedro Alonso Serrano, Jennifer Brothers, Sarah Zollweg, Sybil Hosek
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV infection among young men who have sex with men is a critical part of the HIV prevention landscape in the US. Given the unique challenges and resources of young MSM negotiating safer sex practices, including PrEP, counseling and supportive discussions to optimize both PrEP use and sexual health protection more generally may facilitate reaching HIV prevention goals. Within the context of a large, open-label PrEP study (ATN110/113), support for sexual health promotion and PrEP use was provided through use of integrated Next Step Counseling (iNSC) as part of study visits...
October 9, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311276/street-food-research-worldwide-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
K Abrahale, S Sousa, G Albuquerque, P Padrão, N Lunet
BACKGROUND: Street foods vary with respect to their nutritional value and safety characteristics and contribute to a sizable proportion of food intake in many populations worldwide. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe the coverage in the scientific literature of different health-related and socio-economic aspects of street food consumption and trading. METHODS: Three electronic databases (searched from inception to 16 October 2017), a hand-search of relevant journals and backward citation tracking were used to identify eligible scientific articles with a main objective of investigating or reporting specific results on health-related or socio-economic aspects of street food...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306442/stage-specific-testicular-protein-levels-of-the-oestrogen-receptors-er%C3%AE-and-er%C3%AE-and-cyp19-and-association-with-oestrogenic-contamination-in-the-lambari-astyanax-rivularis-pisces-characidae
#5
André Alberto Weber, Davidson Peruci Moreira, Rafael Magno Costa Melo, Augusto Bicalho Cruz Vieira, Nilo Bazzoli, Elizete Rizzo
Oestrogens participate in various biological processes such as oogenesis, vitellogenesis and testicular development, but studies regarding the distribution and protein levels of oestrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) and aromatase (Cyp19) in testis are rarely investigated in fish species. The aim of the present study was to analyse the expression pattern of ERα, ERβ and Cyp19 in testis of Astyanax rivularis and, in addition, to verify if oestrogenic contamination interferes in the expression levels of these proteins...
October 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296691/an-analysis-of-the-nutrition-status-of-neighboring-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-populations-in-kanungu-district-southwestern-uganda-close-proximity-distant-health-realities
#6
Jeffery Sauer, Lea Berrang-Ford, Kaitlin Patterson, Blanaid Donnelly, Shuaib Lwasa, Didas Namanya, Carol Zavaleta, James Ford, Sherilee Harper
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is a persistent health concern throughout the world. Globally, Indigenous peoples experience poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous neighbours. Despite this, malnutrition among Indigenous populations is poorly understood. This analysis estimated the prevalence, and modeled possible determinants of, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous Bakiga of Kanungu District in Southwestern Uganda...
September 20, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276014/the-relationship-between-trunk-rotation-upper-quarter-dynamic-stability-and-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-overhead-athlete-shoulder-and-elbow-score-in-division-i-collegiate-pitchers
#7
Patrick Chasse, Garrett S Bullock, Abigail C Schmitt, Barrett A Little, Lee H Diehl, Robert J Butler
Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between active trunk rotation range of motion (TROM), upper quarter dynamic stability, and composite and individual item KJOC scores in collegiate baseball pitchers. A secondary purpose was to determine whether differences exist between baseball pitchers with and without an injury history in terms of their performance on TROM, upper quarter dynamic stability, and composite and individual KJOC scores. It was hypothesized that increased TROM and upper quarter dynamic stability are associated with better (higher) KJOC scores and pitchers with an injury history would exhibit lower KJOC scores compared to uninjured pitchers...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274439/a-comparative-assessment-of-epidemiologically-different-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-outbreaks-in-madrid-spain-and-tolima-colombia-an-estimation-of-the-reproduction-number-via-a-mathematical-model
#8
Anuj Mubayi, Marlio Paredes, Juan Ospina
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the Leishmania parasite and transmitted by the Phlebotominae subfamily of sandflies, which infects humans and other mammals. Clinical manifestations of the disease include cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) with a majority (more than three-quarters) of worldwide cases being CL. There are a number of risk factors for CL, such as the presence of multiple reservoirs, the movement of individuals, inequality, and social determinants of health...
April 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241113/is-resource-partitioning-the-key-the-role-of-intra-interspecific-variation-in-coexistence-among-five-small-endemic-fish-species-characidae-in-subtropical-rivers
#9
Mayara P Neves, Jislaine C Da Silva, Dirceu Baumgartner, Gilmar Baumgartner, Rosilene L Delariva
This study focused on intra and interspecific variations in the diet of small species in the Pelotas River, upper Uruguay River ecoregion. We tested the hypothesis that five small characids coexist via resource partitioning. Samplings were performed quarterly between August 2013 and May 2014 at 14 sites in the Pelotas River basin, using gillnets of different mesh sizes, seines, cast nets and electrofishing. In this study, the contents of 1,253 stomachs were analysed from Astyanax dissensus, A. paris, A. saguazu, A...
August 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240280/improving-image-quality-with-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-at-quarter-of-nominal-dose-in-upper-abdominal-ct
#10
Xirong Zhang, Jing Chen, Nan Yu, Zhanli Ren, Qian Tian, Xin Tian, Taiping He, Changyi Guo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of a model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) for improving image quality in upper abdominal CT with quarter of the normal dose, in comparison with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) at normal dose. METHODS: 40 upper abdominal patients were randomly divided into two groups: normal-dose group (n = 20) with tube current modulation for noise index (NI) of 10 HU and 40% ASiR reconstruction; low-dose group (n = 20) with NI = 20  HU in the delay phase and MBIR and 40%ASiR...
September 21, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234386/prevalence-of-salmonella-campylobacter-and-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-on-the-surfaces-of-raw-poultry-packages
#11
Fur-Chi Chen, Sandria Godwin, Angela Green, Shahidullah Chowdhury, Richard Stone
Contamination on the exterior surfaces of raw poultry packages can be transmitted to hands and food contact surfaces during shopping and handling. This study compared the level of microbial contamination and prevalence of foodborne pathogens on the surfaces of raw poultry packages as related to the types of products, types of packaging, and packaging conditions. Packages of whole chicken, cut-up chicken (breast and leg quarter), and ground turkey were purchased from retail stores. Aerobic plate counts (APCs) were significantly different ( P < 0...
October 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231148/isoenzymatic-genotyping-of-staphylococcus-aureus-from-dairy-cattle-and-human-clinical-environments-reveal-evolutionary-divergences
#12
Marcelo Fabiano Gomes Boriollo, Rodrigo Carlos Bassi, José Francisco Höfling
Background The genetic variability of 610 S. aureus isolates from the hands of professional dentists (A), dental clinic environment air (B), bovine milk from cows with and without mastitis (C), an insufflator for milking equipment (D) and milking environment air (E) was studied by isoenzyme genotyping and genetic and cluster analysis. Results Monoclonal and polyclonal patterns of S. aureus were detected in every bacterial population; however, isolates belonging to the same strain were not found among the populations, suggesting the genetic heterogeneity and the intrapopulation spread of strains...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228807/correlation-between-upper-body-balance-muscle-strength-and-power-in-cricketers-belonging-to-different-age-groups
#13
Deepika Singla, M Ejaz Hussain, Pooja Bhati
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess correlation between variables of upper body balance, muscular strength, and power in cricketers belonging to different age groups. Methods: Forty-eight healthy male cricketers (26 adolescents aged 14-17 years and 22 adults aged 18-25 years) were recruited from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India. After a warm-up, the participants underwent Upper Quarter Y Balance Test, backward overhead medicine ball throw test, and back-strength testing in a random order...
September 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227845/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-female-genital-mutilation-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-the-bawku-municipality-and-pusiga-district-of-northern-ghana
#14
Evelyn Sakeah, Cornelius Debpuur, Abraham Rexford Oduro, Paul Welaga, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah, Cheryl A Moyer
BACKGROUND: Globally, three million girls are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM) and an estimated 200 million girls and women in the world have undergone FGM. While the overall prevalence of FGM in Ghana is 4%, studies have shown that the overall prevalence in the Upper East Region is 38%, with Bawku municipality recording the highest at 82%. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a quantitative approach: a survey with women of reproductive age (15-49)...
September 18, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222765/ascertaining-infectious-disease-burden-through-primary-care-clinic-attendance-among-young-aboriginal-children-living-in-four-remote-communities-in-western-australia
#15
David Hendrickx, Asha C Bowen, Julie A Marsh, Jonathan R Carapetis, Roz Walker
Infectious diseases contribute a substantial burden of ill-health in Australia's Aboriginal children. Skin infections have been shown to be common in remote Aboriginal communities, particularly in the Northern Territory, Australia. However, primary care data on skin and other infectious diseases among Aboriginal children living in remote areas of Western Australia are limited. We conducted a retrospective review of clinic presentations of all children aged 0 to 5 years presenting to four clinics located in the Western Desert region of Western Australia between 2007 and 2012 to determine this burden at a local level...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219971/integrating-storytelling-into-a-communication-skills-teaching-program-for-medical-oncology-fellows
#16
Andrew C Shaw, Jennifer L McQuade, Matthew J Reilley, Burke Nixon, Walter F Baile, Daniel E Epner
Oncology training focuses primarily on biomedical content rather than psychosocial content, which is not surprising in light of the enormous volume of technical information that oncology fellows assimilate in a short time. Nonetheless, the human connection, and specifically communication skills, remains as important as ever in caring for highly vulnerable patients with cancer. We previously described a year-long communication skills curriculum for oncology fellows that consisted of monthly 1-hour seminars with role play as the predominant teaching method (Epner and Baile, Acad Med...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213231/ectopic-transglutaminase-1-and-3-expression-accelerating-keratinization-in-oral-lichen-planus
#17
Katsumitsu Shimada, Takanaga Ochiai, Hiromasa Hasegawa
Objective Oral lichen planus (OLP) characterized by interface mucositis frequently shows hyper-keratinization. To clarify mechanisms of excess keratinization, we investigated key molecules for cornified cell envelope (CE). Methods Involucrin (IVL), loricrin (LOR), transglutaminase 1 (TGase 1) and transglutaminase 3 (TGase 3) were immunohistochemically examined in 20 specimens of OLP; five specimens of buccal mucosa served as controls. Subsequently, the data were statistically analyzed. Results IVL in OLP was localized in the cell membrane, in contrast to its localization in the cytoplasm in controls...
September 13, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194222/analysis-of-water-polo-injuries-during-8904-player-matches-at-fina-world-championships-and-olympic-games-to-make-the-sport-safer
#18
Margo Mountjoy, Jim Miller, Astrid Junge
OBJECTIVE: To analyse injuries of water polo players reported during four Summer Olympic Games (2004, 2008, 2012, 2016) and four Federation Internationale de Natation World Championships (2009, 2013, 2015, 2017). METHODS: Injuries during training and matches were reported daily by the team physicians and the local medical staff at the sports venues using an established surveillance system. RESULTS: A total of 381 injuries were reported, equivalent to 14...
September 7, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192185/item-statistics-derived-from-three-option-versions-of-multiple-choice-questions-are-usually-as-robust-as-four-or-five-option-versions-implications-for-exam-design
#19
Catherine Loudon, Aide Macias-Muñoz
Different versions of multiple-choice exams were administered to an undergraduate class in human physiology as part of normal testing in the classroom. The goal was to evaluate whether the number of options (possible answers) per question influenced the effectiveness of this assessment. Three exams (each with three versions) were given to each of two sections during an academic quarter. All versions were equally long, with 30 questions: 10 questions with 3 options, 10 questions with 4, and 10 questions with 5 (always one correct answer plus distractors)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169354/performance-of-real-world-functional-tasks-using-an-updated-oral-electronic-vision-device-in-persons-blinded-by-trauma
#20
Patricia Grant, Meesa Maeng, Tiffany Arango, Rich Hogle, Janet Szlyk, William Seiple
There is an immediate need for noninvasive therapies to improve the functional abilities of persons blinded by traumatic injury. The BrainPort Vision Pro, an updated hands-free oral electronic vision device, enables perception of visual information using the tongue as a substitute for the eye. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the BrainPort Vision Pro on real-world functional task performance in persons who are profoundly blind (light perception or worse) due to traumatic injury (ocular or cortical)...
September 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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