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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537646/transition-of-cancer-in-populations-in-india
#1
Aleyamma Mathew, Preethi Sara George, Jagathnath Krishna K M, Durga Vasudevan, Francis V James
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: An assessment of transition of cancer in India during the past 30 years, according to changes in demographic and epidemiologic risk factors was undertaken. MATERIALS & METHODS: Cancer registry data (http://www.ncdirindia.org), (population coverage <10%), was compared with transition in life-expectancy and prevalence on smoking, alcohol and obesity. We fitted linear regression to the natural logarithm of the estimated incidence rates of various cancer registries in India...
December 8, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514381/the-association-between-early-onset-cardiac-events-caused-by-neoadjuvant-or-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients-and-some-novel-autophagy-related-polymorphisms-in-their-genomic-dna-a-real-world-study
#2
Binliang Liu, Tao An, Meiying Li, Zongbi Yi, Chunxiao Li, Xiaoying Sun, Xiuwen Guan, Lixi Li, Yanfeng Wang, Yuhui Zhang, Binghe Xu, Fei Ma, Yixin Zeng
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of cancer patients die of cardiovascular diseases. The cardiotoxicity of chemotherapy is particularly important in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) with limited therapeutic options. Cardiac autophagy is an important mechanism of cardiotoxicity. This research was aimed to investigate the cardiotoxicity of chemotherapy in TNBC, screen the susceptible population, and determine the relationship between cardiotoxicity and autophagy-related polymorphisms...
December 4, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477361/adherence-to-diet-and-body-weight-recommendations-among-cancer-survivors-after-completion-of-initial-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Tjon A Joe Sheena, Pannekoek Sarai, Kampman Ellen, Hoedjes Meeke
This systematic review of the literature aimed to 1) provide an overview of the extent to which cancer survivors adhere to diet and body weight recommendations after completion of initial treatment and 2) gain insight into characteristics associated with adherence to these recommendations. Four databases were searched for relevant papers. We included observational studies describing adherence to recommendations on body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference, fruit and vegetable intake, and alcohol consumption of adult (≥18 yr) cancer survivors after the completion of initial treatment (i...
November 27, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473364/gathering-momentum-for-the-way-ahead-fifth-report-of-the-lancet-standing-commission-on-liver-disease-in-the-uk
#4
Roger Williams, Graeme Alexander, Richard Aspinall, Rachel Batterham, Neeraj Bhala, Nick Bosanquet, Katherine Severi, Anya Burton, Robyn Burton, Matthew E Cramp, Natalie Day, Anil Dhawan, John Dillon, Colin Drummond, Jessica Dyson, James Ferguson, Graham R Foster, Ian Gilmore, Jonny Greenberg, Clive Henn, Mark Hudson, Helen Jarvis, Deirdre Kelly, Jake Mann, Neil McDougall, Martin McKee, Kieran Moriarty, Joanne Morling, Philip Newsome, John O'Grady, Liz Rolfe, Peter Rice, Harry Rutter, Nick Sheron, Douglas Thorburn, Julia Verne, Jyotsna Vohra, John Wass, Andrew Yeoman
This report presents further evidence on the escalating alcohol consumption in the UK and the burden of liver disease associated with this major risk factor, as well as the effects on hospital and primary care. We reiterate the need for fiscal regulation by the UK Government if overall alcohol consumption is to be reduced sufficiently to improve health outcomes. We also draw attention to the effects of drastic cuts in public services for alcohol treatment, the repeated failures of voluntary agreements with the drinks industry, and the influence of the industry through its lobbying activities...
November 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412695/burden-of-cancer-attributable-to-obesity-type-2-diabetes-and-associated-risk-factors
#5
REVIEW
Alejandro López Suárez
Overweight and obesity constitute a global pandemic with devastating consequences that affect >2 billion people. Obesity plays a central role in morbidity and mortality of diseases of multiple organs and systems, and it is a major contributor to the growing incidence of cancer. There is now sufficient level of evidence for the association between overweight and 11 types of cancer, among which are two of the most common cancers worldwide, those of the colorectum and postmenopausal breast. Sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and excessive alcohol intake also account for the burden of cancer by promoting obesity...
November 6, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396926/modified-nucleosides-molecular-markers-suitable-for-small-volume-cancer
#6
Philipp Opitz, Olf Herbarth, Annerose Seidel, Andreas Boehm, Milos Fischer, Christian Mozet, Andreas Dietz, Gunnar Wichmann
BACKGROUND: Modified nucleosides (mNS) in urine are shown to be encouraging markers in cancer, mostly in patients presenting with high tumor mass such is breast and lung cancer. To our knowledge, mNS have not been investigated in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). HNSCC is characterized by early metastasis into locoregional lymph nodes and slow infiltrating growth, but even in the advanced stage exhibits only a relatively low cancer volume. Therefore, reliable distinction between HNSCC and healthy controls by urinary mNS might pose substantial analytical problems and even more as patients with HNSCC mostly have an increased exposure to tobacco smoke and excessive alcohol consumption which affect the renal mNS pattern...
November 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387004/molecular-mechanisms-linking-high-body-mass-index-to-breast-cancer-etiology-in-post-menopausal-breast-tumor-and-tumor-adjacent-tissues
#7
Yujing J Heng, Jun Wang, Thomas U Ahearn, Susan B Brown, Xuehong Zhang, Christine B Ambrosone, Victor Piana de Andrade, Adam M Brufsky, Fergus J Couch, Tari A King, Francesmary Modugno, Celine M Vachon, Natalie C DuPre, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Melissa A Troester, David J Hunter, A Heather Eliassen, Rulla M Tamimi, Susan E Hankinson, Andrew H Beck
PURPOSE: In post-menopausal women, high body mass index (BMI) is an established breast cancer risk factor and is associated with worse breast cancer prognosis. We assessed the associations between BMI and gene expression of both breast tumor and adjacent tissue in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) diseases to help elucidate the mechanisms linking obesity with breast cancer biology in 519 post-menopausal women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII...
November 1, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359894/smoking-and-alcohol-drinking-effect-on-radiotherapy-associated-risk-of-second-primary-cancer-and-mortality-among-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Paola DiMarzio, Rita Peila, Oonagh Dowling, Dennis M Timony, Amrita Balgobind, Lucille N Lee, Karen M Kostroff, Gloria Y F Ho
BACKGROUND: Smoking and alcohol consumption are potential risk factors for breast cancer (BC) and may modify the risk of radiotherapy-associated second primary cancer (SPC) occurrence and total mortality. We explored the joint effect of smoking, or alcohol drinking, and radiotherapy on the risk of SPC and overall mortality among BC survivals. METHODS: We conducted a cancer registry-based study of 10,676 BC cases (stage 0-III) with data on smoking and alcohol consumption at time of diagnosis and clinical and therapeutics characteristics...
October 22, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319964/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-breast-cancer-patients-including-sea-island-african-americans-implications-for-survivorship
#9
Vivian J Bea, Joan E Cunningham, Anthony J Alberg, Dana Burshell, Colleen E Bauza, Kendrea D Knight, Tonya R Hazelton, Heidi Varner, Rita Kramer, Susan Bolick, Deborah Hurley, Catishia Mosley, Marvella E Ford
Background/Objective: Data suggest that modifiable risk factors such as alcohol and tobacco use may increase the risk of breast cancer (BC) recurrence and reduce survival. Female BC mortality in South Carolina is 40% higher among African Americans (AAs) than European Americans (EAs). Given this substantial racial disparity, using a cross-sectional survey design we examined alcohol and tobacco use in an ethnically diverse statewide study of women with recently diagnosed invasive breast cancer. This included a unique South Carolina AA subpopulation, the Sea Islanders (SI), culturally isolated and with the lowest European American genetic admixture of any AA group...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299404/lifestyle-patterns-and-survival-following-breast-cancer-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#10
Humberto Parada, Xuezheng Sun, Chiu-Kit Tse, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of lifestyle patterns on survival following breast cancer. We aimed to identify distinct lifestyle patterns based on five behavior/dietary exposures among a population-based sample of women diagnosed with breast cancer and to examine their association with subsequent survival. METHODS: In the Carolina Breast Cancer Study Phases I/II, we interviewed 1,808 women 20-74 years of age following diagnosis of invasive breast cancer...
January 2019: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30272598/changes-in-health-behaviours-and-body-mass-index-after-a-breast-cancer-diagnosis-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Ana Barbosa, Ana Rute Costa, Filipa Fontes, Teresa Dias, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
The aim of the study was to describe changes in health behaviours and BMI after breast cancer diagnosis, depicting the potential influence of sociodemographic, clinical and psychological characteristics. A total of 428 breast cancer patients were prospectively followed for 3 years, since diagnosis. At the end of follow-up, women were classified regarding their adherence to recommendations for cancer prevention, prediagnosis and after 3 years, including not smoking, alcohol consumption up to one drink per day, intake of at least five portions per day of fruits and/or vegetables, physical activity and body mass index (BMI) less than 25...
September 27, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255453/psychosocial-stress-is-associated-with-benign-breast-disease-in-young-chinese-women-results-from-project-elefant
#12
Timothy M Barrow, Cheng Peng, Ander Wilson, Hao Wang, Hongbin Liu, Lilin Shen, Nai-Jun Tang, Chanachai Sae-Lee, Peng-Hui Li, Liqiong Guo, Hyang-Min Byun
PURPOSE: Psychosocial stress, including bereavement and work-related stress, is associated with the risk of breast cancer. However, it is unknown whether it may also be linked with increased risk of benign breast disease (BBD). METHODS: Our study leveraged 61,907 women aged 17-55 years old from the Project ELEFANT study. BBD was diagnosed by clinician. Self-reported data on psychosocial stress over a 10-year period was retrospectively collected from questionnaires and categorised by cause (work, social and economic) and severity (none, low and high)...
September 25, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249004/epidemiology-of-moderate-alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-association-or-causation
#13
REVIEW
Samir Zakhari, Jan B Hoek
Epidemiological studies have been used to show associations between modifiable lifestyle habits and the incidence of breast cancer. Among such factors, a history of alcohol use has been reported in multiple studies and meta-analyses over the past decades. However, associative epidemiological studies that were interpreted as evidence that even moderate alcohol consumption increases breast cancer incidence have been controversial. In this review, we consider the literature on the relationship between moderate or heavy alcohol use, both in possible biological mechanisms and in variations in susceptibility due to genetic or epigenetic factors...
September 22, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248155/distinct-epidemiological-profiles-associated-with-inflammatory-breast-cancer-ibc-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-ibc-registry-at-the-university-of-texas-md-anderson-cancer-center
#14
Tamer M Fouad, Naoto T Ueno, Robert K Yu, Joe E Ensor, Ricardo H Alvarez, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Anthony Lucci, James M Reuben, Wei Yang, Jie S Willey, Vicente Valero, Melissa L Bondy, Massimo Cristofinalli, Sanjay Shete, Wendy A Woodward, Randa El-Zein
BACKGROUND: To date, studies on inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) lack comprehensive epidemiological data. We analyzed detailed prospectively collected clinical and epidemiological data from the IBC Registry at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. METHODS: Patients with IBC (n = 248) were consecutively diagnosed and prospectively enrolled between November 2006 and April 2013. All patients were newly diagnosed and at least 18 years old. Secondary IBC was excluded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079469/childhood-trauma-is-predictive-for-clinical-staging-alcohol-consumption-and-emotional-symptoms-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
Bruna Amélia M Sarafim-Silva, Gabrielle D Duarte, Maria Lúcia M M Sundefeld, Éder Ricardo Biasoli, Glauco I Miyahara, Daniel Galera Bernabé
BACKGROUND: Traumatic events in childhood have been associated with the occurrence of anxiety and depression in adulthood. This relation has been investigated in patients with breast cancer; however, it has been little explored in patients with other types of cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of childhood trauma in patients with head and neck cancer and its association with clinicopathological variables and anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: The study included 110 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) before they started cancer treatment...
September 15, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034993/mendelian-randomization-studies-of-cancer-risk-a-literature-review
#16
Brandon L Pierce, Peter Kraft, Chenan Zhang
Purpose of review: In this paper, we summarize prior studies that have used Mendelian Randomization (MR) methods to study the effects of exposures, lifestyle factors, physical traits, and/or biomarkers on cancer risk in humans. Many such risk factors have been associated with cancer risk in observational studies, and the MR approach can be used to provide evidence as to whether these associations represent causal relationships. MR methods require a risk factor of interest to have known genetic determinants that can be used as proxies for the risk factor (i...
June 2018: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014030/occupational-inequalities-in-female-cancer-incidence-in-japan-hospital-based-matched-case-control-study-with-occupational-class
#17
Masayoshi Zaitsu, Rena Kaneko, Takumi Takeuchi, Yuzuru Sato, Yasuki Kobayashi, Ichiro Kawachi
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in female cancer incidence have previously been undocumented in Japan. Methods: Using a nationwide inpatient dataset (1984-2016) in Japan, we identified 143,806 female cancer cases and 703,157 controls matched for sex, age, admission date, and admitting hospital, and performed a hospital-based matched case-control study. Based on standardized national classification, we categorized patients' socioeconomic status (SES) by occupational class (blue-collar, service, professional, manager), cross-classified by industry sector (blue-collar, service, white-collar)...
August 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996806/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-school-going-children-investigating-reproductive-and-neurobehavioral-health-effects-due-to-environmental-pesticide-exposure-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-study-protocol
#18
Shala Chetty-Mhlanga, Wisdom Basera, Samuel Fuhrimann, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Steven Delport, Mufaro Mugari, Jennifer Van Wyk, Martin Röösli, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie
BACKGROUND: Research on reproductive health effects on children from low-level, long-term exposure to pesticides currently used in the agricultural industry is limited and those on neurobehavioral effects have produced conflicting evidence. We aim at investigating the association between pesticide exposure on the reproductive health and neurobehavior of children in South Africa, by including potential relevant co-exposures from the use of electronic media and maternal alcohol consumption...
July 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963111/interactions-between-alcohol-consumption-and-adjuvant-hormone-therapy-in-relation-to-breast-cancer-free-survival
#19
Allison Kowalski, Catherine Woodstock Striley, Deepthi Satheesa Varma, Kathleen Marie Egan, Lusine Yaghjyan
Purpose: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increase in breast cancer risk, but findings on the association of alcohol with survival after breast cancer diagnosis have been inconsistent. Further, whether these associations could differ by adjuvant hormone therapy status is unknown. We examined interactions between alcohol consumption and adjuvant hormone therapy in relation to breast cancer-free survival among women with a primary breast cancer diagnosis. Methods: Participants in this study included 1,399 women diagnosed with primary breast cancer between 2007 and 2012 at the Moffitt Cancer Center...
June 2018: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951370/cancer-incidence-in-europe-an-ecological-analysis-of-nutritional-and-other-environmental-factors
#20
Pavel Grasgruber, Eduard Hrazdira, Martin Sebera, Tomas Kalina
The aim of this work was to offer an ecological alternative to conventional observational studies and identify factors potentially associated with cancer incidence in Europe. The incidence of 24 types of cancer in 39 European countries (2012) was compared with a long-term mean supply of 68 food items from the FAOSTAT database (1993-2011) and some other variables such as smoking, body mass index, raised cholesterol, and socioeconomic indicators. In addition to simple Pearson linear correlations, the data were analyzed via factor analyses and penalized regression methods...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
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