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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554062/emigration-and-alcohol-consumption-among-migrant-household-members-staying-behind-evidence-from-kyrgyzstan
#1
Sara Paulone, Artjoms Ivlevs
Despite the growth of alcohol consumption and international migration in many developing countries, the links between the two remain underexplored. We study the relationship between emigration of household members, receiving remittances (migrant monetary transfers), and alcohol consumption of migrant household members staying behind in Kyrgyzstan, a poor post-socialist country that has recently witnessed both large-scale emigration and a rise in alcohol-related health problems. Using a large longitudinal survey, we find that, among the ethnic majority (Kyrgyz), an increase in migrant remittances is associated with a higher likelihood and frequency of consuming alcohol, as well as an increase in the consumption of beer...
December 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553940/typology-of-cannabis-use-among-adults-a-latent-class-approach-to-risk-and-protective-factors
#2
Kara Manning, Lorra Garey, Daniel J Paulus, Julia D Buckner, Julianna B D Hogan, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is among the most widely used substances worldwide. The United States has seen an increase in the number of adult daily cannabis users and in the number of adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder. However, little work has examined patterns of use or unique subgroups of adult cannabis users, which may be useful in developing targeted treatment interventions for problematic cannabis users. Therefore, the current study used latent profile analysis to identify whether cannabis users can be categorized across distinct subgroups of adult users...
December 10, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553694/trauma-exposure-dsm-5-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-sexual-risk-outcomes
#3
Natalie P Mota, Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Isabel Garcés, Kirby Magid, Japandeep Sethi, Shannon Struck, Renée El-Gabalawy, Tracie O Afifi
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined associations between DSM-5 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and three sexual risk outcomes: presence of a sexually transmitted disease/infection, frequency of condom use, and sex with a known user of injection drugs. METHODS: Data were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (2012-2013, analyzed 2017), a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized U.S. adults aged ≥18 years...
December 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553202/one-carbon-metabolism-nutrient-intake-and-the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-urinary-arsenic-metabolites-in-adults-in-the-chihuahua-cohort
#4
Paige A Bommarito, Xiaofan Xu, Carmen González-Horta, Blanca Sánchez-Ramirez, Lourdes Ballinas-Casarrubias, René Santos Luna, Susana Román Pérez, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Gonzalo G García-Vargas, Luz M Del Razo, Mirek Stýblo, Michelle A Mendez, Rebecca C Fry
BACKGROUND: Exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) via drinking water is a serious global health threat. Various factors influence susceptibility to iAs-associated health outcomes, including differences in iAs metabolism. Previous studies have shown that obesity is associated with iAs metabolism. It has been hypothesized that this association can be explained by confounding from nutritional factors involved in one-carbon metabolism, such as folate or other B vitamins, whose intake may differ across BMI categories and is known be associated with iAs metabolism...
December 12, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551370/effect-of-hesperidin-treatment-on-%C3%AE-klotho-fgf-23-pathway-in-rats-with-experimentally-induced-diabetes
#5
Eda Dokumacioglu, Hatice Iskender, Ahmet Musmul
Objective Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, steatohepatitis and nephropathy are considered among the most important complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), which recently increased due to increased frequency of DM and the prolonged life span of diabetic patients The aim of the present study was to reveal the possible effect of hesperidin (HP) on alpha-klotho (α-KL)/ fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) pathway in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ). Materials and methods Thirty six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups...
January 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550136/-the-effect-of-the-nasal-packing-material-on-nasal-epithelial-cells
#6
G H Yang, D M Han, H R Zang, T Wang, L F Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of polyethylene glycol acrylate hybrid hydrogel degradation substance on nasal mucociliary transport system. Method: In our experiment, the complex hydrogel were formed by the combination of different ratios of polyethyleneglycol diacrylate, chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol. The experiment was divided into four groups according to the international standard of medical devices. DMEM/F12∶BEGM culture medium was used for each packing material extraction, DMEM/F12∶BEGM culture medium was used as control...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548745/high-risk-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-mental-health-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-and-hiv-parameters-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Erm Pool, A Winston, E Bagkeris, J H Vera, Pwg Mallon, M Sachikonye, F A Post, A Pozniak, M Boffito, J Anderson, I Williams, M Johnson, L Burgess, C A Sabin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the patterns and frequency of multiple risk behaviours (alcohol, drugs, smoking, higher risk sexual activity) among men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. METHODS: Cross sectional study. RESULTS: 819 HIV-positive MSM exhibited a high-risk phenotype (defined as >3 of smoking, excess alcohol, sexually transmitted infection and recent recreational drug use). This phenotype was associated with younger age, depressive symptoms and <90% adherence in multivariable logistic regression...
December 12, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543227/rational-design-of-ordered-pd-pb-nanocubes-as-highly-active-selective-and-durable-catalysts-for-solvent-free-benzyl-alcohol-oxidation
#8
Chongyang Tang, Nan Zhang, Qi Shao, Xiaoqing Huang, Xiangheng Xiao
The selective oxidation of alcohols is an important chemical process with many potential applications in fine-chemical synthesis, however, the catalysts reported so far generally suffer from low activity and poor selectivity. We present here a class of ordered Pd3Pb nanocubes (NCs) with an intermetallic phase and well-defined surface as unique catalysts for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. The optimized Pd3Pb NCs exhibit both enhanced activity with the turnover frequency of 191 000 h-1 and excellent selectivity up to 91...
December 13, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30539684/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#9
S C Bae, Y H Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether alcohol intake is causally associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), weighted median, and MR-Egger regression methods. We used the publicly available summary statistics of alcohol intake frequency from the UK Biobank genome-wide association studies (GWASs; n = 336,965) as the exposure and an SLE GWAS consisting of 1311 SLE and 1783 control subjects of European descent as the outcome...
December 12, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537711/progression-of-hearing-loss-in-the-aging-population-repeated-auditory-measurements-in-the-rotterdam-study
#10
Stephanie C Rigters, Marc P van der Schroeff, Grigorios Papageorgiou, Robert J Baatenburg de Jong, André Goedegebure
We quantified changes in the auditory acuity of 675 aging adults (mean age 71.1 years, 52.0% female, mean follow-up 4.4 years ± 0.2) of an ongoing cohort study with a pure-tone audiogram and a speech-in-noise test. Generalized estimating equation models were used to study the association between hearing loss and the progression with age, sex, education, cognition, BMI, blood pressure, having type 2 diabetes mellitus, cholesterol ratio, smoking and alcohol consumption. The mean progression of hearing loss was 0...
December 11, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537147/role-of-adhd-in-the-co-occurrence-between-heavy-alcohol-use-and-depression-trajectories-in-adulthood
#11
Frances L Wang, Sarah L Pedersen, Heather Joseph, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Patrick Curran, William E Pelham, Brooke S G Molina
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with greater heavy alcohol use and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Yet, few studies have investigated whether childhood ADHD predicts an increased association between heavy drinking and depression in adulthood when this co-occurrence becomes more common. We examined associations among heavy alcohol use and depression longitudinally from ages 21 to 29 and whether these associations differed for those with or without childhood ADHD, as well as for those with or without persistent ADHD in adulthood...
December 10, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534032/low-muscle-mass-and-depressed-mood-in-korean-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#12
Ji Hyun Moon, Mi Hee Kong, Hyeon Ju Kim
Background: Muscle mass and muscle function are related to depressed mood in studies of adults. Like adults, Korean students are highly likely to suffer from decreased muscle mass due to social conditions. In this study, we evaluated the muscle mass status of Korean adolescents and assess the effect of muscle on depressive mood. Methods: A total of 1,233 adolescent boys and girls participants from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were enrolled in our study...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532545/aberrant-prefrontal-parietal-cerebellar-circuits-in-alcohol-dependence
#13
Run Liu, Bi-Xia Liu, Mingyue Ma, Dan Kong, Guanglin Li, Junle Yang, Xiaoping Wu, Jiyong Zheng, Yan Dong
Objective: To identify whether the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) analysis has the potential to serve as a biological marker to detect alcohol-induced spontaneous brain activities and distinguish the patients with alcohol dependence from the healthy subjects. Methods: We utilized the ALFF analysis to report on the alcohol-induced spontaneous brain activities in 29 patients with alcohol dependence (9 female, 20 male) relative to 29 status-matched healthy subjects (11 female, 18 male)...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530298/a-test-of-dopamine-hyper-and-hyposensitivity-in-alcohol-use
#14
Heather E Soder, Troy A Webber, Marina A Bornovalova, Jong Y Park, Geoffrey F Potts
Biases in outcome processing, mediated by the mesocortical dopaminergic (DA) system, may predict individual differences in the frequency and quantity of alcohol use. We tested the hypothesis that genetic markers associated with increased DA neurotransmission contribute to reduced neural sensitivity to costs and increased alcohol use in an undergraduate sample. We created a DA transmission score using five genetic markers related to DA transmission and assessed neural sensitivity to cost using the feedback-related negativity (FRN), an event-related potential implicated in neural outcome evaluation, on both passive evaluative and active decision-making tasks...
December 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529247/genetic-polymorphisms-in-complement-receptor-1-gene-and-its-association-with-hbv-related-liver-disease-a-case-control-study
#15
Jingrong Luo, Siyuan Chen, Jin Wang, Shan Ou, Wei Zhang, Yanqiong Liu, Zailong Qin, Jing Xu, Qinghua Lu, Cuiju Mo, Shan Li, Xue Qin
BACKGROUND: Several investigators have reported that complement receptor 1 (CR1) likely play a role in the pathogenesis of tumors, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. However, the association of genetic polymorphisms of CR1 with risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver disease remains unexplored. METHODS: In a case-control study of 399 HBV-related liver disease patients and 227 healthy controls, we genotyped two SNPs in CR1 (rs3811381 and rs2274567) and assessed their associations with risk of HBV-related liver disease...
December 5, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525907/allele-specific-methylation-of-spdef-a-novel-moderator-of-psychosocial-stress-and-substance-abuse
#16
Nicole Tay, Christine Macare, Yun Liu, Barbara Ruggeri, Tianye Jia, Congying Chu, Francesca Biondo, Alex Ing, Qiang Luo, Daniil Sarkysian, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J Barker, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H Fröhner, Michael N Smolka, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Helge Frieling, Stefan Bleich, Edward D Barker, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Joëlle Rüegg, Tomas J Ekström, Georgy Bakalkin, Gunter Schumann
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress is a key risk factor for substance abuse among adolescents. Recently, epigenetic processes such as DNA methylation have emerged as potential mechanisms that could mediate this relationship. The authors conducted a genome-wide methylation analysis to investigate whether differentially methylated regions are associated with psychosocial stress in an adolescent population. METHODS: A methylome-wide analysis of differentially methylated regions was used to examine a sample of 1,287 14-year-old adolescents (50...
December 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30524961/clinical-and-genetic-factors-to-inform-reducing-colorectal-cancer-disparitites-in-african-americans
#17
REVIEW
John M Carethers
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent and second deadliest cancer in the U.S. with 140,250 cases and 50,630 deaths for 2018. Prevention of CRC through screening is effective. Among categorized races in the U.S., African Americans (AAs) show the highest incidence and death rates per 100,000 when compared to Non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs), American Indian/Alaskan Natives, Hispanics, and Asian/Pacific Islanders, with an overall AA:NHW ratio of 1.13 for incidence and 1.32 for mortality (2010-2014, seer...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30524317/baclofen-response-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-concurrently-receiving-antidepressants-secondary-analysis-from-the-bacald-study
#18
Sovandara Heng, Nazila Jamshidi, Andrew Baillie, Eva Louie, Glenys Dore, Nghi Phung, Paul S Haber, Kirsten C Morley
Background and Aims: There is little information with regards to the efficacy of baclofen among alcohol patients concurrently receiving antidepressants (AD). The present study aimed to conduct a secondary analysis of the moderating role of antidepressants in the BacALD trial which evaluated the efficacy of baclofen to reduce alcohol consumption in alcohol dependent patients. Methods: Alcohol dependent patients ( N = 104) were treated for 12 weeks with 30 mg/day of baclofen (21 = AD and 15 = no AD), 75 mg baclofen (19 = AD and 16 = no AD) or placebo (17 = AD and 16 = no AD)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522580/needed-improvements-in-diabetes-prevention-and-management-in-brazil
#19
Ana Paula Della Nina de Oliveira, Emanuella Gomes Maia, Flávia Moraes Silva, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Rafael Moreira Claro
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide and its prevalence continues to increase. Adherence to good health behaviors provides better control of the disease. This study analyzed trends in the prevalence of diabetes among Brazilian adults between 2006 and 2016 and compared the frequency of key health behaviors between people with and without diabetes. METHODS: We analyzed data from 572,437 Brazilian adults interviewed between 2006 and 2016 by using the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel)...
December 6, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522076/investigating-associations-between-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-and-later-alcohol-consumption-among-early-adolescents
#20
Naomi R Marmorstein
Previous research has demonstrated that caffeinated beverage consumption predicts alcohol consumption among early adolescents. This study aimed to investigate this association in two ways: (1) by examining if this association remained significant once other established risk factors for alcohol were adjusted for statistically; and (2) by considering three possible moderators of this association: gender, sensation-seeking, and parental monitoring. Data from the Camden Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, community-based study of middle-school students, were used...
November 23, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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