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Exercise And Physical Activity

Júlia Lelis Vieira, Liana Abrão Romera, Maria Cristina Pereira Lima
This article set out to analyze studies on leisure activities among university students in the healthcare area. It conducted a search using the following key words: leisure and students, and their corresponding terms in Spanish and English in the Bireme database, which resulted in 32 articles at the end of the review. In the articles analyzed there was a predominance of the following leisure interests: sports, social, intellectual and artistic activities, with a greater number of articles presenting experiences in sports...
December 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Christiano Spindler, Ethiane Segabinazi, André Luís Ferreira de Meireles, Francele Valente Piazza, Filipe Mega, Gabriela Dos Santos Salvalaggio, Matilde Achaval, Viviane Rostirola Elsner, Simone Marcuzzo
It is widely known that maternal physical exercise is able to induce beneficial improvements in offspring cognition; however, the effects of paternal exercise have not been explored in detail. The present study was designed to evaluate the impact of paternal physical exercise on memory and learning, neuroplasticity and DNA methylation levels in the hippocampus of male offspring. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: sedentary or exercised fathers. The paternal preconception exercise protocol consisted of treadmill running, 20 minutes daily, 5 consecutive days per week for 22 days, while the mothers were not trained...
March 2019: Neural Regeneration Research
Madaniah Zakari, Musaad Alsahly, Lauren G Koch, Steven L Britton, Laxmansa C Katwa, Robert M Lust
Substantial evidence exists indicating that inactivity contributes to the progression of chronic disease, and conversely, that regular physical activity can both prevent the onset of disease as well as delay the progression of existing disease. To that end "exercise as medicine" has been advocated in the broad context as general medical care, but also in the specific context as a therapeutic, to be considered in much the same way as other drugs. As there are non-responders to many medications, there also are non-responders to exercise; individual who participate but do not demonstrate appreciable improvement/benefit...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Laura Bassette, Jessica Kulwicki, Shannon Titus Dieringer, Kimberly A Zoder-Martell, Ryan Heneisen
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are generally less physically active than individuals without disability due to factors such as lack of motor coordination and inadequate transportation resources that can result in various barriers to participation. This affects their independence and may interfere with expectations (e.g., employment) during adulthood. It is essential to explore ways to teach physical activity so people with ASD can generalize skills in community settings. This study examined the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention that included (a) the Exercise Buddy application, (b) a system of least prompts, (c) an incremental increase of criteria, and (d) reinforcement to teach three adolescents with ASD functional movement exercises (e...
December 31, 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Md Abu B Siddiq
Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful condition, affecting the tibial tuberosity of physically active children with a painful bump that aggravates with repetitive impacts over the affected area during exercise, sports, or even usual daily activities. The condition is usually unilateral; however, bilateral presentation is not unlikely. In addition to clinical features, a unique radiological finding appears worthy in terms of accurate diagnosis. Moreover, ultrasonogram-based pathological changes could appear not only in the tibial tuberosity but also in the patellar tendon...
October 4, 2018: Curēus
Mitchell McMaster, Sarang Kim, Linda Clare, Susan J Torres, Catherine D'Este, Kaarin J Anstey
Background: With no cure for dementia and the number of people living with the condition predicted to rapidly rise, there is an urgent need for dementia risk reduction and prevention interventions. Modifiable lifestyle risk factors have been identified as playing a major role in the development of dementia; hence, interventions addressing these risk factors represent a significant opportunity to reduce the number of people developing dementia. Relatively few interventions have been trialed in older participants with cognitive decline (secondary prevention)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
M L Eckstein, D M Williams, L K O'Neil, J Hayes, J W Stephens, R M Bracken
In the UK the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) advocates intensive lifestyle programmes that attain the levels of daily physical activity set out by the Chief Medical Officer as a first-line strategy for improving the health of people at risk of developing diabetes or reducing the risk of development of Type 2 diabetes. For people with Type 2 diabetes, lifestyle measures complement pharmacological treatments that include both oral and injectable therapies. In line with this, NICE guidelines also support intensification of efforts to improve patient lifestyle along with these glucose-lowering therapies...
December 7, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Fabian Lanuza, Jorge Sapunar, Edmundo Hofmann
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFDL) includes fatty liver or simple steatosis, characterized by lipid deposits in hepatocytes and more advanced stages such as steatohepatitis (NASH) and non-alcoholic cirrhosis. Physical inactivity, hypercaloric and unbalanced diet together with aging play a key role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and are strongly associated with metabolic and physical activity continue to be major components in prevention and first-line treatment to attenuate or reverse NAFLD. Dietary patterns, their composition and weight reduction would be the most relevant nutritional aspects in NAFDL treatment...
August 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
Ryan A Hartley, Michael E Kordecki
Background and Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Timothy J Reynolds, Joseph Paul Coviello, Michael Costello
Background and Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF. Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Márta Sárközy, Zsuzsanna Z A Kovács, Mónika G Kovács, Renáta Gáspár, Gergő Szűcs, László Dux
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem and a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CKD could amplify the progression of chronic heart failure leading to the development of type 4 cardio-renal syndrome (T4CRS). The severity and persistence of heart failure are strongly associated with mortality risk in T4CRS. CKD is also a catabolic state leading to renal sarcopenia which is characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle strength and physical function. Renal sarcopenia also promotes the development of CVD and increases the mortality in CKD patients...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Regina C Casper
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is uncommon as a syndrome, despite widespread dieting or voluntary food restriction, especially among female adolescents. This suggests that restriction of caloric intake might not be the only component driving weight loss in AN. Historical observations and experimental evidence from energy expenditure studies and recordings from movement sensors reviewed in this paper reveal that AN is associated with motor activity levels and with an energy output not significantly different from that in normal-weight healthy age-matched controls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ketaki S Bhalsing, Masoom M Abbas, Louis C S Tan
Parkinson's disease (PD) is common, age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder caused by a severe loss of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Given the projected increase in the number of people with PD over the coming decades, interventions aimed at minimizing morbidity and improve quality of life are crucial. There is currently no fully proven pharmacological therapy that can modify or slow the disease progression. Physical activity (PA) can complement pharmacological therapy to manage the inherent decline associated with the disease...
October 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Matthew P Herring, Derek C Monroe, Brett R Gordon, Mats Hallgren, Mark J Campbell
Recent findings support positive effects of acute aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with subclinical, or analogue, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). However, exercise effects among young adult men with analogue GAD are unstudied. PURPOSE: This study replicated initial findings of positive effects of acute vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with analogue GAD, examined responses among young adult men with analogue GAD, and explored sex-related differences and moderation by physical activity level, trait anxiety, depression, and poor sleep status...
December 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Nailah Coleman, Blaise A Nemeth, Claire M A LeBlanc
Children with chronic medical conditions face many challenges when considering sport participation. Compared with their healthy counterparts, they are often discouraged from physical activity or sports participation because of real or perceived limitations imposed by their condition. Prescribed exercise should be based on the demands of the sport, the effect of the disease on performance, and the potential for exercise-induced acute or chronic worsening of the illness or disability. This article will focus on several examples of chronic medical conditions and the clinician's role in providing advice about sport participation...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Merrill R Landers, James W Navalta, Andrew S Murtishaw, Jefferson W Kinney, Sarah Pirio Richardson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a high-intensity multimodal exercise program (aerobic, strengthening, and balance training) have not been well vetted in persons with Parkinson disease (PD). Thus, the primary aim was to determine whether a high-intensity multimodal exercise boot camp (HIBC) was both feasible and safe in persons with PD. The secondary aim was to determine whether the program would produce greater benefit than a usual care, low-intensity exercise program (UC)...
January 2019: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Heleen Demeyer, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Maria A Ramon, Jordi de Batlle, Marta Benet, Ignasi Serra, Stefano Guerra, Eva Farrero, Esther Rodriguez, Jaume Ferrer, Jaume Sauleda, Eduard Monso, Joaquim Gea, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Alvar Agusti, Josep M Antó, Judith Garcia-Aymerich
INTRODUCTION: COPD progression is variable and affects several disease domains, including decline in lung function, exercise capacity, muscle strength and health status as well as changes in body composition. We aimed to assess the longitudinal association of physical activity (PA) with these a priori selected components of disease progression. METHOD: We studied 114 COPD patients from the PAC-COPD cohort [94% male, mean (SD) 70 (8) years of age, 54 (16) FEV1 % predicted] at baseline and 2...
December 7, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Riziq Allah Mustsfa Gaowgzeh
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain (LBP) is often work-related and is commonly observed among nurses. LBP occurs below the 12th rib and above the gluteal fold. In nurses, back disorders are mainly associated with heavy physical activity, such as lifting and moving patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented work is to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and associations of personal characteristics, general health status, and physical load with complaints of LBP. METHODS: In this study, sixty nurses were randomly chosen to answer self-administered questionnaires...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Torunn Hatlen Nøst, Aslak Steinsbekk, Ola Bratås, Kjersti Grønning
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on persons with chronic pain after 3 months of a group-based chronic pain self-management course compared with a drop-in, low-impact outdoor physical group activity on patient activation and a range of secondary outcomes. DESIGN: An open, pragmatic, parallel group randomised controlled trial. Analyses were performed using a two-level linear mixed model. SETTING: An easily accessible healthcare service provided by Norwegian public primary healthcare...
December 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Ravi Kondama Reddy, Rubin Pooni, Dessi P Zaharieva, Brian Senf, Joseph El Youssef, Eyal Dassau, Francis J Doyle Iii, Mark A Clements, Michael R Rickels, Susana R Patton, Jessica R Castle, Michael C Riddell, Peter G Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Wrist-worn activity monitors are often used to monitor heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) in a variety of settings including more recently in medical applications. The use of real-time physiological signals to inform medical systems including drug delivery systems and decision support systems will depend on the accuracy of the signals being measured, including accuracy of HR and EE. Prior studies assessed accuracy of wearables only during steady-state aerobic exercise...
December 10, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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