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Exercise And Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109788/achieving-the-recommended-gestational-weight-gain-in-high-risk-versus-low-risk-pregnancies
#1
Yeela Ben Naftali, Irit Chermesh, Ido Solt, Yolanda Friedrich, Lior Lowenstein
BACKGROUND: Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) has been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To compare the achievement of recommended GWG and lifestyle factors in women with high-risk versus normal-risk pregnancies. METHODS: Pregnant women hospitalized in a gynecological and obstetrics department and pregnant women who arrived at a community clinic for a routine checkup were interviewed and completed questionnaires relating to weight gain and lifestyle factors (e...
July 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109119/impact-of-active-and-passive-social-facilitation-on-self-paced-endurance-and-sprint-exercise-encouragement-augments-performance-and-motivation-to-exercise
#2
Andrew Mark Edwards, Lia Dutton-Challis, David Cottrell, Joshua H Guy, Florentina Johanna Hettinga
Objective: The positive effect of an audience on performance is anecdotally well known, but the impact of such social facilitation to both performance and the motivation to exercise have not been thoroughly explored. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate verbal encouragement as a means to promote positive behavioural adherence to exercise and augmented performance. Methods: Twelve untrained but active individuals (seven female), age 24±3 years participated in this study...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108098/effects-of-exercise-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-estrogen-metabolism-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Charles E Matthews, Joshua N Sampson, Darren R Brenner, Steven C Moore, Kerry S Courneya, Regina G Ziegler, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Lowering endogenous estrogen levels is one mechanism whereby physical activity may lower postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Several prospective studies have suggested that increased 2-hydroxylation of estrogens may also reduce postmenopausal breast cancer risk, but whether or not exercise alters estrogen metabolism through this mechanism is unclear. METHODS: We measured total circulating concentrations of parent estrogens (estrone, estradiol) and 13 estrogen metabolites, including glucuronidated, sulfated, and unconjugated forms, by stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in 153 postmenopausal women randomized to 12-months of moderate-vigorous exercise and 153 controls...
August 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107963/-exercise-capacity-in-children-with-mild-sleep-disordered-breathing
#4
J Ricard, H Vlachos, M-E Dumas, J-P Praud, F-P Counil
INTRODUCTION: While the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and low physical activity has been reported in children, little information is available on the impact of SDB on exercise capacity. The aim of this study was to assess exercise capacity in children with SDB in order to estimate the relevance of exercise training intervention. METHODS: Twelve young patients with suspected SDB matched with 11 presumably healthy subjects of same age range (aged 13±0...
August 11, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107789/passive-exercise-to-improve-quality-of-life-activities-of-daily-living-care-burden-and-cognitive-functioning-in-institutionalized-older-adults-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#5
Marelle Heesterbeek, Eddy A Van der Zee, Marieke J G van Heuvelen
BACKGROUND: Dementia affects cognitive functioning, physical functioning, activities of daily living (ADLs), and quality of life (QOL). Pharmacological treatments to manage, cure or prevent dementia remain controversial. Therefore development of non-pharmacological approaches to prevent, or at least delay the onset and progression of dementia is urgently needed. Passive exercise is proposed to be such a non-pharmacological alternative. This study primarily aims to investigate the effects of three different forms of passive exercise on QOL and ADLs of institutionalized patients with dementia...
August 14, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107787/a-digitally-supported-home-based-exercise-training-program-and-dietary-protein-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-protocol-of-the-cluster-randomised-controlled-vitamin-trial
#6
Jantine van den Helder, Carliene van Dronkelaar, Michael Tieland, Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Bart Visser, Ben J A Kröse, Raoul H H Engelbert, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Increased physical activity and dietary protein intake are promising interventions to prevent or treat the age-related decline in physical performance in older adults. There are well-controlled exercise as well as dietary intervention studies that show beneficial effects on physical performance in older adults. In practice, however, weekly group based exercise or nutritional programs may not be as effective. To optimise these exercise programs for community dwelling older adults, a digitally supported and personalised home-based exercise training program has been designed aiming to improve physical performance in older adults...
August 14, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105656/anti-anginal-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-trimetazidine-modified-release-80-mg-once-daily-in-stable-angina-patients-in-real-world-practice
#7
Maria G Glezer, Vladimir A Vygodin
INTRODUCTION: Trimetazidine (TMZ) was shown to reduce angina symptoms and increase the exercise capacity in stable angina (SA) patients. A new formulation allowing a once-daily (od) dosage could improve patients' satisfaction and adherence. METHODS: ODA was a 3-month, observational, multicenter, prospective Russian study in SA patients with persistent symptoms despite therapy. Angina attack frequency, short-acting nitrate (SAN) consumption, adherence to antianginal medications, and overall efficacy and tolerability of TMZ 80 mg od were assessed in a real-world setting...
August 13, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104987/intrinsic-motivation-mediates-the-association-between-exercise-associated-affect-and-physical-activity-among-adolescents
#8
Margaret Schneider
American adolescents overwhelmingly engage in insufficient physical activity (PA). Attention has turned to the role of affect in shaping PA, raising questions as to whether the impact of affect on PA is direct/automatic or cognitively mediated ("Type 1" or "Type 2" in the dual-process model). This study examines whether intrinsic motivation (IM) mediates the association between affect and PA. Adolescents ( N = 142, 48% Male, 20% non-Latino White, mean age = 11.04 years, mean VO2 = 37.19 ml/kg/min, mean BMI = 63...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104868/stay-active-for-life-physical-activity-across-life-stages
#9
Elżbieta Biernat, Monika Piątkowska
Purpose: This paper concerns participation of Poles aged 15+ years in leisure time and transport-related physical activity (PA) with a special focus on the life stages. The purpose of the paper was to analyze types of exercises, current and future behavior concerning PA, availability of sport and recreation facilities, and factors having the strongest relation with undertaking PA at a sufficient level according to pro-health recommendations of World Health Organization (WHO). Patients and methods: A survey was carried out on the representative sample (n=2,000)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103625/go-with-the-flow-implementation-of-a-psychological-skills-intervention-in-an-exercise-program-for-post-bariatric-surgery-patients
#10
Sara M Powell, Kimberley S Fasczewski, Diane L Gill, Paul G Davis
Bariatric surgery is an effective obesity treatment; however, most individuals regain weight following surgery. Following a Lifestyle of Wellness (FLOW) is a psychological skills intervention with strategies designed to increase self-efficacy and promote living a healthy lifestyle including regular physical activity. Eleven participants completed FLOW. Results indicated participants enjoyed the program and intended to continue this lifestyle upon program completion. Interviews indicated FLOW was effective for improving self-perceptions, and exercise motivation...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103552/risk-reduction-behaviors-regarding-pm-2-5-exposure-among-outdoor-exercisers-in-the-nanjing-metropolitan-area-china
#11
Lilin Xiong, Jie Li, Ting Xia, Xinyue Hu, Yan Wang, Maonan Sun, Meng Tang
Aims : This study aimed to describe risk reduction behaviors regarding ambient particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 μm or less (PM2.5 ) among outdoor exercisers and to explore potential factors influencing those behaviors in the urban area of Nanjing, China. Method : A cross-sectional convenience sample survey was conducted among 302 outdoor exercisers in May 2015. Descriptive analysis was used to describe demographics, outdoor physical activity patterns, knowledge of PM2.5 and risk reduction behaviors...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103534/a-review-of-knowledge-belief-and-practice-regarding-osteoporosis-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
REVIEW
Chin Yi Chan, Norazlina Mohamed, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana, Kok-Yong Chin
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. Increasing knowledge, correcting health belief and promoting osteoprotective practices are effective measures for building and maintaining strong bone throughout ones' life-span. This review aims to summarize the contemporary evidence on the knowledge, beliefs and practice of adolescents and young adults on bone health. We performed literature searches using the PubMed and Scopus databases to identify original studies from 2008 to May 2018 using the search terms "(knowledge OR beliefs OR attitude OR practice OR behaviours OR physical activity OR exercise OR diet OR nutrition) AND (young OR youth OR adolescents OR children OR young adults OR students OR teenager) AND (osteoporosis OR bone health)"...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103492/pharos-physical-assistant-robot-system
#13
Angelo Costa, Ester Martinez-Martin, Miguel Cazorla, Vicente Julian
The great demographic change leading to an ageing society demands technological solutions to satisfy the increasing varied elderly needs. This paper presents PHAROS, an interactive robot system that recommends and monitors physical exercises designed for the elderly. The aim of PHAROS is to be a friendly elderly companion that periodically suggests personalised physical activities, promoting healthy living and active ageing. Here, it is presented the PHAROS architecture, components and experimental results...
August 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103362/borg-cr-10-scale-as-a-new-approach-to-monitoring-office-exercise-training
#14
Ardalan Shariat, Joshua A Cleland, Mahmoud Danaee, Reza Alizadeh, Bahram Sangelaji, Mehdi Kargarfard, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
BACKGROUND: There are many potential training exercises for office workers in an attempt to prevent musculoskeletal disorders. However, to date a suitable tool to monitor the perceived exertion of those exercises does not exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Borg CR-10 scale to monitor the perceived exertion of office exercise training. METHODS: The study involved 105 staff members employed in a government office with an age range from 25 to 50 years...
August 6, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103263/treatments-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-overview-of-cochrane-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102679/genome-wide-association-study-of-leisure-time-exercise-behavior-in-japanese-adults
#16
Megumi Hara, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Yoichi Sutoh, Keitaro Matsuo, Yuichiro Nishida, Chisato Shimanoe, Keitaro Tanaka, Atsushi Shimizu, Keizo Ohnaka, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Isao Oze, Fumihiko Matsuda, Hidemi Ito, Sayo Kawai, Asahi Hishida, Rieko Okada, Tae Sasakabe, Akie Hirata, Rie Ibusuki, Yora Nindita, Norihiro Furusyo, Hiroaki Ikezaki, Nagato Kuriyama, Etsuko Ozaki, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Sadao Suzuki, Akihiro Hosono, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Kokichi Arisawa, Kiyonori Kuriki, Kaori Endoh, Naoyuki Takashima, Aya Kadota, Masahiro Nakatochi, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai
PURPOSE: Although several genetic factors may play a role in leisure-time exercise behavior, there is currently no evidence of a significant genome-wide association, and candidate gene replication studies have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) and candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) association study on leisure-time exercise behavior using 13,980 discovery samples from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study, and 2,036 replication samples from the Hospital-based Epidemiologic Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center-2 (HERPACC-2) study...
August 10, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102674/appropriate-amount-of-regular-exercise-is-associated-with-a-reduced-mortality-risk
#17
Da Young Lee, Eun-Jung Rhee, Jung Hwan Cho, Hyemi Kwon, Se Eun Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Yong-Kyu Park, Soon Jib Yoo, Won-Young Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed at investigating whether there is a continuous dose-response relationship between the amount of physical activity (PA) and longevity benefit. METHODS: We evaluated the records of 23,257,723 Koreans aged ≥20 years who had undergone one biennial medical evaluation by the National Health Insurance Corporation. Participants with ≥20 minutes of vigorous or ≥30 minutes of moderate PA or walking were stratified into four groups: 0 days/week; 1-3 days/week; 4-5 days/week; and 6-7 days/week...
August 10, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100885/evaluating-the-feasibility-of-a-pilot-exercise-intervention-implemented-within-a-residential-rehabilitation-unit-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-go-heart-group-occupational-health-exercise-and-rehabilitation-treatment
#18
Nicole H Korman, Shelukumar Shah, Shuichi Suetani, Karen Kendall, Simon Rosenbaum, Frances Dark, Ketevan Nadareishvili, Dan Siskind
Purpose: People with severe mental illness are sedentary, have high cardio-metabolic risks and significantly reduced life expectancy. Despite considerable data regarding positive physical and mental health outcomes following exercise interventions, implementation and evaluation of real-world programs is lacking. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of an exercise intervention implemented by exercise physiology (EP) students within a residential rehabilitation unit for residents with severe mental illness, together with assessment of a range of secondary physical and mental health outcomes pre- and post- the intervention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100603/-validity-and-reliability-of-the-self-efficacy-to-regulate-exercise-scale-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Jaqueline Garcia-Silva, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, Nuria Navarrete Navarrete, Daniele Silva-Silva, Vicente E Caballo
OBJECTIVE: Self-efficacy refers to beliefs in individuals' own capacities to do something. With the intent of evaluate the validity and reliability, we investigated the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy to Regulate Exercise Scale (SERES) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: 135 participants with medical diagnosis of MetS took part in the study (Mage=55.5, SD=7.6). We investigated sociodemographic, psychological, and life-style variables...
August 14, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099946/do-support-and-strain-with-adult-children-affect-mothers-and-fathers-physical-activity
#20
Patricia A Thomas, Amy C Lodge, Corinne Reczek
Physical activity is central to health. Parents tend to have lower levels of physical activity than the childless, however, little is known about how adult child-parent relationship quality matters for mothers' and fathers' physical activity trajectories. Nationally representative panel data from the Americans' Changing Lives survey (1986-2012) are used to analyze multilevel-ordered logistic regression models. Greater social support from adult children is associated with more frequent active exercise, and higher strain with adult children is related to more frequent active exercise and walking...
August 13, 2018: Research on Aging
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