Read by QxMD icon Read

Coagulation in liver disease

Frank Ursin, Florian Steger
INTRODUCTION:  Gallstones are rarely mentioned in the medical texts of antiquity. The physician, Alexander of Tralles mentions-for the first time-stones in the gallbladder as a possible cause for obstructive jaundice. This designation is found in his textbook on medicine under the heading "obstruction of the liver". Based on that observation, we describe the ancient history of hepatic obstruction and investigate the connection with the rare reference of gallstones in the medical texts of antiquity...
March 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Saishree Pradhan, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Barath Jagadisan, Nachiappa G Rajesh, Subashini Kaliaperumal, Suryaprakash Ramasamy, Nandeeswari Subramanian
A 12-year-old girl born to third-degree consanguineous parents presented with recurrent episodes of haematuria for 8 months in association with peri-orbital and lower limb oedema for 20 days. There was no jaundice, hepatomegaly or neurological abnormality at presentation. An older brother had died following jaundice at 10 years of age. Urinalysis showed multiple dysmorphic erythrocytes without proteinuria and there was leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hypo-albuminaemia (23 g/L). C3 component of complementaemia was low and anti-nuclear antibodies and anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies were strongly positive by immunofluorescence...
March 12, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Hiral N Golakiya, Viren N Naik, Hiren N Hirapara, Kalpanaben H Mody, Alpesh P Goswami, Chandrabhanu Tripathi
Our aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticoagulant effect of sulfated polysaccharides (SPS) from Codium dwarkense Bergesen in ic-carrageenan induced hypercoagulable state in Wistar albino rats. 48 Wistar albino rats of either sex were randomly divided into 6 groups - disease control, active control, treatment lowmand high dose and preventive low and high dose. K-Carrageenan (3 mg/kg) single dose intravenously was given in rat tail vein at pre-decided time to produce hypercoagulable state. Baseline, 24, 48 and 72 hours duration blood samples were collected for PT, INR, aPTT, platelet count and fibrinogen level, FDP and D-Dimer measurements...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Sheryl Tulin-Silver, Chrystal Obi, Nishita Kothary, Matthew Lungren
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) with tract embolization in pediatric patients with liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TJLB and PLB between December 2009 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Primary endpoints were adequate sampling and complication rate. Patient age, weight, coagulation factors, ascites, blood transfusions, adequacy of biopsy sample, number of biopsy samples, and complications were compared...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
X-Q Che, Z-Q Li, Z Chen, D Guo, Q-Y Jia, S-C Jiang, J Cai
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic failure (HF) is a kind of complex disease characterizing with liver dysfunction and a few clinical complications. Artificial liver support system (ALSS) has been applied to HF patients to improve dysfunctional liver in recent years. This study aims to evaluate therapeutic effects of ALSS approaches, including plasma exchange (PE), plasma diafiltration (PDF) and plasma bilirubin adsorption (PBA), on liver function of HF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis involving 516 patients diagnosed as HF between February 2014 and February 2015...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Cristian Balalau, Olivia Ionescu, Claudia Stoica
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diaphragmatic surgery in advanced-stage ovarian cancer has been considered since long time to increase the rates of postoperative complications. However, improvement of surgical techniques and perioperative management of these patients has lead in the last decade to a safe association of such procedures as part of debulking process. The aim of the current paper was to report our experience regarding the role of diaphragmatic resections as part of debulking surgery for advanced stage ovarian cancer...
March 2018: In Vivo
Jessica P E Davis, Patrick G Northup, Stephen H Caldwell, Nicolas M Intagliata
Long thought to be hypocoagulable, new evidence suggests cirrhosis patients have "rebalanced" coagulation in the setting of decreased synthesis of both pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Traditional testing like PT/INR reflects only the decreased synthesis of pro-coagulant factors and thus does not correspond to bleeding or clotting risk in this population. In this review, we discuss the use of viscoelastic testing (VET), an assay of global hemostasis in cirrhosis patients. We describe the technique and interpretation of commercially available VET and assess the application of VET in both transplant and non-transplant cirrhosis populations...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
Linda S Yang, Sumaya Alukaidey, Katherine Croucher, Damian Dowling
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis was previously perceived as a haemorrhagic disease state due to frequent associations with coagulopathy and bleeding. However, the coagulopathy of cirrhosis is complex with defects in both pro-coagulant and anticoagulant factors. Derangements in common laboratory indices of coagulation do not accurately reflect bleeding risk or protection from thrombotic events. AIM: We aim to assess the rate of pharmacological prophylaxis for VTE among hospital inpatients with cirrhosis and analyse factors associated with prophylaxis being inappropriately withheld...
February 21, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
Ranit Hizkiyahu, Anat Rabinovich, Jecko Thachil, Eyal Sheiner, Gad Shaked, Gilbert Sebbag, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: Liver rupture and hematoma are rare life-threatening complications of pregnancy. The aims of the current study are to: (1) characterize in a population-based study all cases of liver hematoma and/or rupture; and (2) validate the utility of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) modified pregnancy specific disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score in those cases. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study including all patients with liver subcapsular hematoma or rupture between the years 1996 and 2012 was conducted...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Frédéric Lapostolle, Virginie Siguret, Anne-Céline Martin, Claire Pailleret, Bernard Vigué, Yves Zerbib, Karim Tazarourte
The recent emergence of 'non-VKA' oral anticoagulants may have led to some forgetting that vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are by far the most widely prescribed oral anticoagulants worldwide. Consequently, we decided to summarize the information available on them. This paper presents the problems facing emergency physicians confronted with patients on VKAs in 10 points, from pharmacological data to emergency management. Vitamin K antagonists remain preferable in many situations including in the elderly, in patients with extreme body weights, severe chronic kidney or liver disease or valvular heart disease, and in patients taking VKAs with well-controlled international normalized ratios (INRs)...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Pavel Goriacko, Keith T Veltri
BACKGROUND: A complication of chronic liver disease (CLD) is the abnormality of coagulation. In clinical practice, this increased risk of bleeding has not been identified as a protective factor against stroke or systemic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective of this study was to assess the safety of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) agents versus warfarin in CLD patients with AF. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with CLD and AF initiated on oral anticoagulants...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Tinneke Delvaeye, Leonie Wyffels, Steven Deleye, Kelly Lemeire, Amanda Gonçalves, Elke Decrock, Steven Staelens, Luc Leybaert, Peter Vandenabeele, Dmitri Krysko
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is an inflammatory state affecting the whole body. It is associated with the presence of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in serum, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF). TNF has multiple effects and leads to cytokine production, leukocyte infiltration, blood pressure reduction and coagulation, thereby contributing to tissue damage and organ failure. A sterile mouse model of sepsis, TNF-induced SIRS, was used to visualize the temporal and spatial distribution of damage in susceptible tissues during SIRS...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Olympia E Anastasiou, Foteini Almpani, Anke Herrmann, Guido Gerken, Markus Ditschkowski, Sandra Ciesek
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation (HBVr) in recipients of allogeneic hematopoetic stem cells (aHSCs) appears heterogeneously with respect to its frequency, manifestation, and outcome. The aim of this study was to present data from a large German cohort of recipients of aHSC transplantation (aHSCT), focusing on the incidence of HBVr in antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc)-positive aHSCT recipients, its clinical outcome, and the role of mutations in HBV. Between 2005 and 2015, 1,871 patients received aHSCT at University Hospital Essen...
December 2017: Hepatology communications
Muhammad Shahreyar, Tamunoinemi Bob-Manuel, Rami N Khouzam, Mohammad W Bashir, Samian Sulaiman, Oluwaseun Akinseye, Arindam Sharma, April Carter, Samuel Latham, Sanjay Bhandari, Arshad Jahangir
Background: Patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) are at a higher risk of ischemic stroke (IS) and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). There is limited data available on risk factors and outcomes associated with IS and ICH in LVAD patients. Methods: All patients >18 years of age with an LVAD were identified based on the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from the year 2007 to 2011. Patients with a discharge diagnosis of IS were compared to those without IS...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Julie M Rosenthal, Mark W Johnson
Pregnancy leads to significant changes in the body, which potentially affect the retina. Pregnancy can induce disease, such as that seen in hypertensive retinopathy and choroidopathy. It can cause exudative retinal detachments in the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and provoke arterial and venous retinal occlusive disease. Pregnancy may also exacerbate pre-existing retinal disease, such as idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (ICSC) and diabetic retinopathy...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a severe, toxin-mediated illness that can mimic several other diseases and is lethal if not recognized and treated appropriately. OBJECTIVE: This review provides an emergency medicine evidence-based summary of the current evaluation and treatment of TSS. DISCUSSION: The most common etiologic agents are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. Sources of TSS include postsurgical wounds, postpartum, postabortion, burns, soft tissue injuries, pharyngitis, and focal infections...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Satoshi Mochida, Nobuaki Nakayama, Akio Ido, Kazuaki Inoue, Takuya Genda, Yasuhiro Takikawa, Isao Sakaida, Shuji Terai, Osamu Yokosuka, Masahito Shimizu, Hajime Takikawa
To establish diagnostic criteria for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in Japan, the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Disease Study Group of Japan performed a multicenter pilot survey for patients fulfilling the APASL, EASL-Clif Consortium, or Chinese Medical Association (CMA) diagnostic criteria for ACLF and found that the APASL criteria were suitable for screening Japanese patients with ACLF when patients whose conditions were triggered by gastrointestinal bleeding were included within the disease entity, while the EASL-Clif Consortium criteria were useful for classifying the severity of the patients' conditions...
January 23, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Alexandra J Borst, Debra L Sudan, Laura A Wang, Michael J Neuss, Jennifer A Rothman, Thomas L Ortel
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients undergoing liver transplant are at significant risk for bleeding and thrombotic complications due to the complex nature of rebalanced hemostasis in patients with liver disease. METHODS/OBJECTIVES: We reviewed records of 92 pediatric liver and multivisceral transplant cases at Duke University Medical Center between January 2009 and December 2015. The goal was to define the nature and incidence of bleeding and thrombotic complications in this cohort and define potential risk factors...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Dmitri Bezinover, Daniel Dirkmann, James Findlay, Cosmin Guta, Matthias Hartmann, Ramona Nicolau-Raducu, Ahmed M Mukhtar, Marina Moguilevitch, Evan Pivalizza, David Rosenfeld, Fuat Saner, Christopher Wray, Gebhardt Wagener, James West
We review contemporary coagulation management for patients undergoing liver transplantation. A better understanding of the complex physiologic changes that occur in patients with end-stage liver disease has resulted in significant advances in anesthetic and coagulation management. A group of internationally recognized experts have critically evaluated current approaches for coagulopathy detection and management. Strategies for blood component and factor replacement have been evaluated and recommended therapies proposed...
January 15, 2018: Transplantation
Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Vasiliki Argiana, Melanie Deutsch
Hereditary bleeding disorders include a group of diseases with abnormalities of coagulation. Prior to 1990, infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) was mainly transmitted via pooled plasma products as a treatment for hereditary bleeding disorders. Anti-HCV positivity in these patients may be as high as >70% in some areas, while some of them have also been coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus. Since about 20% of HCV-infected patients clear the infection naturally, chronic HCV infection represents a significant health problem in this group of patients...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"