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Public Health And Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548948/what-young-australians-think-about-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#1
Tom E Richardson, Brendan A Yanada, David Watters, Douglas Stupart, Prabhat Lamichhane, Colin Bell
OBJECTIVE: To determine support for a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among young Australian adults and the potential impact on SSB consumption if a tax is introduced. METHODS: Cross-sectional convenience survey of Australians aged 18-30 years sampled in the City of Greater Geelong, Australia, in November-December 2017. RESULTS: A total of 1,793 responses were recorded. Overall, 48% supported a tax on SSBs, which increased to 74% and 72% if tax revenue was allocated to subsidising fruit and vegetables or funding community exercise facilities, respectively...
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547487/-introduction-the-city-of-villeurbanne-has-made-the-political-choice-to-reduce-social-inequalities-in-health-sih-the-public-health-department-wanted-to-assess-the-health-impact-in-the-context-of-this-project-the-main-objective-was-to-analyse-the-links-between
#2
[Introduction: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Attention was focused on a neighbourhood of 6,000 inhabitants in the process of urban renewal. A high rate of adults on antidiabetic treatment was observed in this relatively deprived neighbourhood. School medicine also noted a high proportion of overweight children in schools in the neighbourhood, higher than in all schools of the city. The objective of this HIA was therefore to identify the impact of the renovation project on children’s mobility and to make recommendations in order to combat their physical inactivity by encouraging spontaneous physical activity.Methods: The selected determinants were grouped into four categories: outdoor environment, use of open spaces, adapted sports facilities/equipment, roads. The evaluation was based on analysis of urban planning documents, environmental analysis reports, ad hoc surveys, individual interviews with the various partners and target actors. A bibliographic review confirmed the positive or negative impacts of various aspects of the project on health.Results: Although some aspects of the project had a positive impact on the health of the inhabitants, others have a negative impact on children’s mobility, well-being and social capital. About 30 recommendations were proposed and prioritized according to their political support and their technical, economic and temporal feasibility.Discussion].
Lucie Anzivino, Carole Martin de Champs, Pascale Colom, Géraldine Ollivier, Fabienne Beynel-Melinand, Natacha Litzistorf, Damien Regenass
INTRODUCTION: The city of Villeurbanne has made the political choice to reduce social inequalities in health (SIH). The Public Health Department wanted to assess the health impact in the context of this project. The main objective was to analyse the links between urban development and health in order to identify the impact of the urban project on health and to make recommendations to reduce physical inactivity of children. Attention was focused on a neighbourhood of 6,000 inhabitants in the process of urban renewal...
September 6, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547481/-introduction-health-literacy-refers-to-the-competences-and-resources-required-by-individuals-to-meet-the-complex-demands-of-health-in-modern-society-this-paper-describes-and-analyses-the-health-literacy-profiles-of-type-160-2-diabetic-patients-included-in
#3
Xavier Debussche, Maryvette Balcou-Debussche
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy refers to the competences and resources required by individuals to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. This paper describes and analyses the health literacy profiles of type 2 diabetic patients included in a 2-year long self-management education programme. METHODS: Nested in the ERMIES randomized controlled trial conducted in Reunion island, the ERMIES Ethnosocio study explored health literacy by means of two complementary approaches: description of health literacy profiles via the French version of the multidimensional ?Health Literacy Questionnaire?, and a socio-anthropological perspective based on 40 semi-structured interviews carried out in 2012 and then in 2015...
September 6, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545381/accessibility-and-suitability-of-residential-alcohol-treatment-for-older-adults-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Sarah Wadd, Maureen Dutton
BACKGROUND: Whilst alcohol misuse is decreasing amongst younger adults in many countries, it is increasing in older adults. Residential rehabilitation (rehab) is a vital component of the alcohol treatment system, particularly for those with relatively complex needs and entrenched alcohol problems. In this study, we sought to find out to what extent rehabs in England have upper age limits that exclude older adults, whether rehabs are responsive to older adults' age-related needs and how older adults experience these services...
December 13, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545345/embedding-sports-and-exercise-medicine-into-the-medical-curriculum-a-call-for-inclusion
#5
REVIEW
Tej Pandya, Katherine Marino
The UK is currently facing an inactivity crises, with 1 in 5 children currently meeting physical activity guidelines (Health Survey for England, Children's Health, 2016). To combat this growing problem there has been increased interest in promoting exercise and healthy lifestyle advise to patients as a method for improving public health. In line with this, the specialty of Sports and Exercise Medicine (SEM) has been gaining momentum and is now a recognised specialty with a higher specialist training programme...
December 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544511/physical-activity-and-nutrition-two-promising-strategies-for-telomere-maintenance
#6
REVIEW
Estelle Balan, Anabelle Decottignies, Louise Deldicque
As the world demographic structure is getting older, highlighting strategies to counteract age-related diseases is a major public health concern. Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures that serve as guardians of genome stability by ensuring protection against both cell death and senescence. A hallmark of biological aging, telomere health is determined throughout the lifespan by a combination of both genetic and non-genetic influences. This review summarizes data from recently published studies looking at the effect of lifestyle variables such as nutrition and physical activity on telomere dynamics...
December 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541563/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-loyalty-scheme-for-physical-activity-behaviour-change-maintenance-results-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ruth F Hunter, Jennifer M Murray, Aisling Gough, Jianjun Tang, Christopher C Patterson, David P French, Emma McIntosh, Yiqiao Xin, Frank Kee
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a loyalty scheme based intervention involving rewards for increasing physical activity in public sector employees. METHODS: A cluster randomised wait-list controlled trial in public sector organisations in Northern Ireland. We randomly assigned clusters (1:1) using a computer generated random sequence. Researchers were masked to allocation, but participants were not. Employees aged 18-65 years with no self-reported medical contraindications to physical activity were included...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541260/-prescription-of-physical-activity-by-general-practitioners-the-biarritz-c%C3%A3-te-basque-sport-sant%C3%A3-experience
#8
Frédéric Bauduer, Edson Vanz, Nicolas Guillet, Sylvie Maurice
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity represents a public health challenge because it is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease and premature death. The prescription of physical activity (PA) by general practitioners in the context of sports clubs was used to fight against physical inactivity. METHODS: Since May 2015, the Biarritz Côte Basque Sport Santé (BSS) association has proposed a primary prevention scheme based on physical activity prescribed by a panel of voluntary general practitioners designed for inactive persons with no significant chronic diseases...
May 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30536909/health-related-behaviours-of-nurses-and-other-healthcare-professionals-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-scottish-health-survey
#9
Anna Schneider, Marieke Bak, Catherine Mahoney, Louise Hoyle, Muireann Kelly, Iain M Atherton, Richard G Kyle
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and co-occurrence of health-related behaviours among nurses in Scotland relative to other healthcare workers and those in non-healthcare occupations. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of nationally representative cross-sectional data, reported following STROBE guidelines. METHODS: Five rounds (2008-2012) of the Scottish Health Survey were aggregated to estimate the prevalence and co-occurrence of health-related behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, fruit/vegetable intake)...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30535272/effects-of-local-authority-expenditure-on-childhood-obesity
#10
Dan Liu, Anne Mason, Linda Marks, Howard Davis, David J Hunter, Llinos Mary Jehu, Joanne Smithson, Shelina Visram
Background: Under the 2013 reforms introduced by the Health and Social Care Act (2012), public health responsibilities in England were transferred from the National Health Service to local authorities (LAs). Ring-fenced grants were introduced to support the new responsibilities. The aim of our study was to test whether the level of expenditure in 2013/14 affected the prevalence of childhood obesity in 2016/17. Methods: We used National Child Measurement Programme definitions of childhood obesity and datasets...
December 7, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534079/mechanisms-and-modulation-of-oxidative-nitrative-stress-in-type-4-cardio-renal-syndrome-and-renal-sarcopenia
#11
REVIEW
Márta Sárközy, Zsuzsanna Z A Kovács, Mónika G Kovács, Renáta Gáspár, Gergő Szűcs, László Dux
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem and a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CKD could amplify the progression of chronic heart failure leading to the development of type 4 cardio-renal syndrome (T4CRS). The severity and persistence of heart failure are strongly associated with mortality risk in T4CRS. CKD is also a catabolic state leading to renal sarcopenia which is characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle strength and physical function. Renal sarcopenia also promotes the development of CVD and increases the mortality in CKD patients...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532687/gut-thinking-the-gut-microbiome-and-mental-health-beyond-the-head
#12
Grace Lucas
Background: In recent decades, dominant models of mental illness have become increasingly focused on the head, with mental disorders being figured as brain disorders. However, research into the active role that the microbiome-gut-brain axis plays in affecting mood and behaviour may lead to the conclusion that mental health is more than an internalised problem of individual brains. Objective: This article explores the implications of shifting understandings about mental health that have come about through research into links between the gut microbiome and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety...
2018: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530950/n-doping-nanoporous-carbon-microspheres-derived-from-mofs-for-highly-efficient-removal-of-formaldehyde
#13
Xinyang Li, Yiqiang Sun, Tao Zhang, Yu Bai, Xianjun Lyu, Weiping Cai, Yue Li
Indoor formaldehyde removal is of great significance to reduce public health risk. Herein, we report a facile method for preparing N-doped nanoporous carbon through direct carbonization of MOFs (ZIF-8) to remove harmful formaldehyde (HCHO). The prepared N-doped nanoporous carbon exhibited uniform morphology and large specific surface area. Moreover, the forms of N-functional groups on the N-doped nanoporous carbon had a dominant effect on its formaldehyde adsorption activity. As a result, HCHO adsorption capacity of the optimized N-doped nanoporous carbon was ca...
December 10, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530580/short-term-effect-of-a-chronic-pain-self-management-intervention-delivered-by-an-easily-accessible-primary-healthcare-service-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Torunn Hatlen Nøst, Aslak Steinsbekk, Ola Bratås, Kjersti Grønning
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on persons with chronic pain after 3 months of a group-based chronic pain self-management course compared with a drop-in, low-impact outdoor physical group activity on patient activation and a range of secondary outcomes. DESIGN: An open, pragmatic, parallel group randomised controlled trial. Analyses were performed using a two-level linear mixed model. SETTING: An easily accessible healthcare service provided by Norwegian public primary healthcare...
December 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529444/evaluation-of-pain-functional-capacity-and-kinesiophobia-in-women-in-the-chronic-stage-of-chikungunya-virus-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northeastern-brazil
#15
Clécio Gabriel de Souza, Jardson Faustino da Costa, Diego de Sousa Dantas, Rodrigo Pegado de Abreu Freitas, Johnnatas Mikael Lopes, Alexandre Hideki Okano
Arboviral diseases have been considered a global public health problem due to their growing territorial dispersion and impact on the population around the world. Individuals affected by the chikungunya virus go through an acute febrile illness associated with severe pain and long-lasting polyarthralgia. After the initial stage, infected individuals may progress to the chronic stage, which has an epidemic character and a high rate of disability and reduced mobility, impacting negatively on their quality of life...
December 7, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528218/effect-of-metformin-in-addition-to-dietary-and-lifestyle-advice-for-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Jodie M Dodd, Jennie Louise, Andrea R Deussen, Rosalie M Grivell, Gustaaf Dekker, Andrew J McPhee, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Maternal overweight and obesity are associated with well recognised pregnancy complications. Antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions have a modest effect on gestational weight gain without affecting pregnancy outcomes. We aimed to assess the effects on maternal and infant outcomes of antenatal metformin given in addition to dietary and lifestyle advice among overweight and obese pregnant women. METHODS: GRoW was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which pregnant women at 10-20 weeks' gestation with a BMI of 25 kg/m2 or higher were recruited from three public maternity units in Adelaide, SA, Australia...
December 4, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526319/the-physiology-of-optimizing-health-with-a-focus-on-exercise-as-medicine
#17
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
Physical inactivity is one of the leading health problems in the world. Strong epidemiological and clinical evidence demonstrates that exercise decreases the risk of more than 35 different disorders and that exercise should be prescribed as medicine for many chronic diseases. The physiology and molecular biology of exercise suggests that exercise activates multiple signaling pathways of major health importance. An anti-inflammatory environment is produced with each bout of exercise, and long-term anti-inflammatory effects are mediated via an effect on abdominal adiposity...
December 10, 2018: Annual Review of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525856/-analysis-of-the-promoting-actions-of-physical-activity-developed-by-valencian-public-universities
#18
José Miguel Martínez Sanz, Adrián Gómez Arenas, Miguel García-Jaén, Isabel Sospedra, Aurora Norte, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo
BACKGROUND: the Valencian Network of Healthy Public Universities (RVUPS) is part of the healthy environments of the World Health Organization (WHO). The aim of the network is to achieve healthier universities through different lines of action, emphasizing the promotion of physical activity and sports. AIM: the purpose of this study was to analyze and review the activities developed by the RVUPS on the promotion of FA and to assess, through key informants, the need to implement an AF service within the university context...
December 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522992/using-the-social-local-mobile-app-for-smoking-cessation-in-the-smokefreebrain-project-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Francisco Jódar-Sánchez, Laura Carrasco Hernández, Francisco J Núñez-Benjumea, Marco Antonio Mesa González, Jesús Moreno Conde, Carlos Luis Parra Calderón, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Santiago Hors-Fraile, Anton Civit, Panagiotis Bamidis, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered the main cause of preventable illness and early deaths worldwide. The treatment usually prescribed to people who wish to quit smoking is a multidisciplinary intervention, combining both psychological advice and pharmacological therapy, since the application of both strategies significantly increases the chance of success in a quit attempt. OBJECTIVE: We present a study protocol of a 12-month randomized open-label parallel-group trial whose primary objective is to analyze the efficacy and efficiency of usual psychopharmacological therapy plus the Social-Local-Mobile app (intervention group) applied to the smoking cessation process compared with usual psychopharmacological therapy alone (control group)...
December 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521992/prevalence-and-correlates-of-physical-inactivity-among-older-adults-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-national-health-and-morbidity-survey-nhms-2015
#20
Ying Ying Chan, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Noraida Mohamad Kasim, Kuang Kuay Lim, Siew Man Cheong, Chee Cheong Kee, Kuang Hock Lim, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Noor Ani Ahmad, Noran Naqiah Mohd Hairi
Malaysia has an increasingly aging population. Despite the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Malaysian population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia and its correlates. We analysed data on adults aged ≥60 years (n = 3790) from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015, a cross-sectional, nationwide population-based survey covering information on socio-demographic characteristics, physical activity and other lifestyle-related variables, health conditions, and functional limitations...
November 26, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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