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Public Health And Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334882/home-health-care-physical-therapy-improves-early-functional-recovery-of-medicare-beneficiaries-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#1
Jason R Falvey, Michael J Bade, Jeri E Forster, Robert E Burke, Jason M Jennings, Eugene Nuccio, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND: Home-health-care utilization after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. Recent publications have suggested that supervised rehabilitation is not needed to optimize functional recovery after TKA; however, few studies have evaluated patients in home-health-care settings. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine whether physical therapy (PT) utilization is associated with functional improvements for patients in home-health-care settings after TKA and (2) determine which factors are related to utilization of PT...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334849/raising-an-active-and-healthy-generation-a-comprehensive-public-health-initiative
#2
Russell R Pate, Marsha Dowda
Physical activity provides important health benefits to youth, but most U.S. children and adolescents fail to meet federal physical activity guidelines. The purpose of this article is to present a plan for a large-scale public health initiative aimed at producing population-level increases in physical activity among U.S. youth.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332294/effects-of-exergaming-on-physical-and-cognitive-functions-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
Qun Fang, Christopher A Aiken, Chao Fang, Zhujun Pan
The increase in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population triggers a deep concern within public health. This alarming trend stresses the need for the development of effective strategies that might aid with this growing population. Exergaming has several advantages as an ASD intervention, such as flexible play, a private space for exercise, and diverse types of physical activity. The study aims to analyze the effectiveness of exergaming interventions on individuals with ASD. The systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
October 17, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327763/effect-of-work-related-sedentary-time-on-overall-health-profile-in-active-vs-inactive-office-workers
#4
Pauline M Genin, Pascal Dessenne, Julien Finaud, Bruno Pereira, Frederic Dutheil, David Thivel, Martine Duclos
Objective: While public health strategies are developed to fight sedentary behaviors and promote physical activity, some professional activities, and especially tertiary ones, have been pointed out for their highly sedentary nature. Although workplace physical activity programs are increasingly proposed by companies to their employees in order to increase their physical activity levels, sitting and screen time remain extremely high. The main aim of this work was to compare health indicators between active and inactive tertiary employees with similar high levels of sedentariness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326267/hormesis-mediates-dose-sensitive-shifts-in-macrophage-activation-patterns
#5
REVIEW
Edward J Calabrese, James J Giordano, Walter J Kozumbo, Rehana K Leak, Tarun N Bhatia
The activation or polarization of macrophages to pro- or anti-inflammatory states evolved as an adaptation to protect against a spectrum of biological threats. Such an adaptation engages pro-oxidative mechanisms and enables macrophages to neutralize and kill threatening organisms (e.g., viruses, bacteria, mold), limit cancerous growths, and enhance recovery and repair processes. The present study demonstrates that (1) many diverse pharmacological, chemical and physical agents can mediate a dose/concentration-dependent shift between pro- and anti-inflammatory activation states, and (2) these shifts in activation states display biphasic dose-response relationships that are characteristic of hormesis...
October 13, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325929/overnight-smartphone-use-a-new-public-health-challenge-a-novel-study-design-based-on-high-resolution-smartphone-data
#6
Naja Hulvej Rod, Agnete Skovlund Dissing, Alice Clark, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Rikke Lund
BACKGROUND: Round-the-clock use of smartphones holds a potential for awakenings and/or shorter sleep duration, which may have adverse health consequences. We aim to describe overnight smartphone activity among young adults and to characterize those with smartphone interrupted sleep in terms of sleep impairment and mental and physical health indicators. METHODS: We use unique objective high-resolution information on timing of smartphone activity (based on >250,000 phone actions) continuously monitored over a four-week period among 815 young adults combined with indicators of mental and physical health...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322433/polypharmacy-and-adherence-among-diabetic-patients-in-greece
#7
Mary Geitona, Dimitra Latsou, Aikaterini Toska, Maria Saridi
Introduction Elderly patients are particularly susceptible to polypharmacy issues because of age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics as well as to chronic diseases resulting in a continuous increasing demand for drugs. Objective This study captures the prevalence of polypharmacy and adherence in Greece and identifies related risk factors in adult patients with diabetes. Design A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus attending public and private outpatients' clinics in the regions of Attica and Western Greece...
October 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322425/correlates-of-sedentary-behavior-in-middle-aged-and-old-age-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-multinational-study
#8
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of being active for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual sedentary levels in people with MCI. This study investigates correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) in people with MCI. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322203/robust-compositional-analysis-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-data
#9
Nikola Štefelová, Jan Dygrýn, Karel Hron, Aleš Gába, Lukáš Rubín, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo
Although there is an increasing awareness of the suitability of using compositional data methodology in public health research, classical methods of statistical analysis have been primarily used so far. The present study aims to illustrate the potential of robust statistics to model movement behaviour using Czech adolescent data. We investigated: (1) the inter-relationship between various physical activity (PA) intensities, extended to model relationships by age; and (2) the associations between adolescents' PA and sedentary behavior (SB) structure and obesity...
October 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321733/research-challenges-for-cultural-ecosystem-services-and-public-health-in-peri-urban-environments
#10
REVIEW
Xianwen Chen, Sjerp de Vries, Timo Assmuth, Jan Dick, Tia Hermans, Ole Hertel, Anne Jensen, Laurence Jones, Sigrun Kabisch, Timo Lanki, Irina Lehmann, Lindsay Maskell, Lisa Norton, Stefan Reis
Urbanization is a global trend, and consequently the quality of urban environments is increasingly important for human health and wellbeing. Urban life-style is typically associated with low physical activity and sometimes with high mental stress, both contributing to an increasing burden of diseases. Nature-based solutions that make effective use of ecosystem services, particularly of cultural ecosystem services (CES), can provide vital building blocks to address these challenges. This paper argues that, the salutogenic, i...
September 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321364/body-weight-and-physical-activity-of-adolescents-in-malaysia
#11
Andrew K G Tan, Steven T Yen, Xiangming Fang, Fu-Sung Chiang
Background: This study examined the factors associated with body mass index (BMI) categories of Malaysian adolescents by physical activity (PA) status. Methods: Data were obtained from the 2012 Malaysia Global School-based Student Health Survey. Generalized ordered logit regression analysis was conducted on 24 339 adolescents by PA status. Results: Early- (ages 11-13) and middle-stage (ages 14-16) adolescents were associated with higher overweight and obesity risks than their older peers (ages 17-18)...
October 15, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321274/the-effects-of-whole-grain-compared-with-refined-wheat-rice-and-rye-on-the-postprandial-blood-glucose-response-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Theresa Poon, Laura S Harkness, Marianne O'Shea, YiFang Chu
Background: Whole grains are often referred to collectively, despite differences in their composition, physical structure, processing, and potential health benefits. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the postprandial blood glucose response of whole-grain with refined wheat, rice, or rye, while controlling for the food delivery matrix and the processing of the grain (e.g., grinding, germination). Design: Eleven electronic databases were systematically searched to identify studies published up to and including November 2017...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319539/obesity-and-weight-gain-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-an-evidence-review-of-lifestyle-interventions-to-inform-maternal-and-child-health-policies
#13
REVIEW
Nathalie J Farpour-Lambert, Louisa J Ells, Begoña Martinez de Tejada, Courtney Scott
Background: Maternal obesity, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and post-partum weight retention (PPWR) constitute new public health challenges, due to the association with negative short- and long-term maternal and neonatal outcomes. The aim of this evidence review was to identify effective lifestyle interventions to manage weight and improve maternal and infant outcomes during pregnancy and postpartum. Methods: A review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses investigating the effects of lifestyle interventions on GWG or PPWR was conducted (Jan 2009-2018) via electronic searches in the databases Medline, Pubmed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library using all keywords related to obesity/weight gain/loss, pregnancy or postpartum and lifestyle interventions;15 relevant reviews were selected...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313057/use-of-steroid-and-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatories-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Mariana Del Grossi Moura, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Sílvio Barberato-Filho, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis affects 1% of the world's population and its current treatment options are costly. There are not enough studies that evaluated the efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory drugs medications used to reduce rheumatoid arthritis's symptoms. This study will evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of steroid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials eligible for our systematic review will enroll adults with rheumatoid arthritis treated with anti-inflammatory drugs compared with a control group (placebo or active control) at any dose, duration, and route of administration and double blind studies...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311237/housing-the-built-environment-and-the-good-life
#15
Jennifer Molinsky, Ann Forsyth
At any age, the pursuit of a good life is easier in a physical environment that promotes health, supports activities important to self-fulfillment, and facilitates connections to the larger community. In old age, the home and neighborhood environments are particularly important: they are the locations where older people spend most their time, and they can have a great impact on independence, social connection, feelings of self-worth, and physical and emotional well-being. Within the urban planning field, home and neighborhood characteristics are important dimensions of debates about the measurement of human progress and quality of life, particularly as an alternative to purely economic measures...
September 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307309/-palm-oil-and-cardiovascular-health-considerations-to-evaluate-the-literature-critically
#16
Eva Gesteiro, Jesús Galera-Gordo, Marcela González-Gross
Palm oil is obtained from Elaeis guineensis, E. oleifera or the hybrid OxG palm fruits. When crude, it contains high carotenoid concentrations (responsible for the red color), tocopherols and tocotrienols, but most of them are eliminated during its refining. Palm oil main components are palmitic and oleic acids, both near 50%, but their proportion changes depending on the fraction used. Fatty acids absorption and the effect on blood lipid profile depend on the position in the triacylglycerol, especially in the sn-2 position...
October 8, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306345/prevention-of-low-bone-mass-to-achieve-high-bone-density-in-mexico-position-of-the-mexican-association-for-bone-and-mineral-metabolism
#17
Rolando Espinosa, Patricia Clark, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, María de Los Ángeles Aguilera-Barreiro, Mario Flores, Pilar Diez, Salomón Jasqui, María Del Pilar De la Peña, Federico Cisneros-Dreinhofer, Pilar Lavielle, Víctor Mercado
In Mexico, osteoporosis is a public health problem. In this document, the Mexican Association for Bone and Mineral Metabolism defines its position on calcium, vitamin D supplement use, and physical activity as an effective, safe, and cost-effective initiatives to prevent low bone mass. INTRODUCTION: In Mexico, osteoporosis is a public health problem that is expected to increase in the decades ahead. Generally, modifiable risk factors for bone health are related with lifestyles, especially nutrition and physical activity...
October 10, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304147/the-use-of-drugs-and-medical-students-a-literature-review
#18
Fernando José Candido, Rodrigo Souza, Matheo Augusto Stumpf, Luiz Gustavo Fernandes, Rafael Veiga, Matheus Santin, Ana Kluthcovsky
INTRODUCTION: The consumption and abuse of alcohol and other drugs are increasingly present in the lives of university students and may already be considered a public health problem because of the direct impacts on the physical and mental health of these individuals. The requirements of the medical program play a vital role in the increasing rate of drug users. OBJECTIVES: To carry out a systematic review of the literature on the use of drugs, licit or not, in Brazilian medical students...
May 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303580/prevalence-and-social-and-health-determinants-of-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-among-adults-in-laos-a-cross-sectional-national-population-based-survey-2013
#19
Manithong Vonglokham, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Vanphanom Sychareun, Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is a major and fast-growing public health problem in Southeast Asia. We determined the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes and assessed the levels of awareness, treatment and control in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: A national cross-sectional study based on a stratified cluster random sampling was conducted in 2013. The sample comprised 2,492 individuals aged 18-64 years (59.3% females; mean age 38.7 years, SD = 12.8) from Lao PDR...
October 10, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302248/assessing-the-feasibility-of-parent-participation-in-a-commercial-weight-loss-program-to-improve-child-body-mass-index-and-weight-related-health-behaviors
#20
MinKyoung Song, Christopher S Lee, Karen S Lyons, Sydnee Stoyles, Kerri M Winters-Stone
Objectives: Little is known about how children's health might be affected by parents' participation in commercial weight loss programs. Given that more than 3.2 million people subscribe to just one commercial weight loss program, Weight Watchers , any secondary effects on children's weight-related health behaviors (e.g. dietary behaviors, physical activity, and sedentary time) and body mass index from parent participation in commercial weight loss programs may have significant public health implications...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
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