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Catheter thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334494/complications-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-advanced-cancer-patients-undergoing-combined-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy
#1
Jun Xie, Linjie Xu, Xiaomin Xu, Yunjuan Huang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify whether patients with advanced cancers were at high risk of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related complications when treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. BACKGROUND: PICCs are widely used in chemotherapy. However, catheter usage may elevate the risks of infections and thrombosis. It is important to identify the patients with high risk of PICC-related complications. To date, little is known about PICC-related complications in patients with advanced cancers and receiving concurrent chemo-radiotherapy...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331932/pulmonary-embolism-and-in-situ-pulmonary-artery-thrombosis-in-paediatrics-a-systematic-review
#2
Madhvi Rajpurkar, Tina Biss, Ernest Amankwah, Denise Martinez, Suzan Williams, C Heleen Van Ommen, Neil A Goldenberg
Data on paediatric pulmonary embolism (PE) are scarce. We sought to systematically review the current literature on childhood PE and conducted a search on paediatric PE via PubMed (1946-2013) and Embase (1980-2013). There was significant heterogeneity in reported data. Two patterns were noted: classic thromboembolic PE (TE-PE) and in situ pulmonary artery thrombosis (ISPAT). Mean age of presentation for TE-PE was 14.86 years, and 51 % of cases were males. The commonest method for diagnosis of TE-PE was contrast CT with angiography (74 % of patients)...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321560/may-thurner-syndrome-old-acquaintance-new-perspective-case-report
#3
Anja Boc, Vinko Boc, Matija Kozak
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) results from a frequent anatomic variant in which compression of the left common iliac vein between the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra and the pulsating right common iliac artery can cause deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the left lower limb. While anticoagulation remains the mainstay treatment of acute DVT, catheter-directed thrombolysis combined with stenting provides a safe and effective method for relieving acute symptoms and preventing postthrombotic syndrome in patients with MTS...
March 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318647/prospective-evaluation-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-complications-in-both-inpatient-and-outpatient-settings
#4
Christina Liscynesky, Jessica Johnston, Kelci E Haydocy, Kurt B Stevenson
We describe a prospective observational cohort (N = 187) to evaluate peripherally inserted central catheter line complications concurrently from the time of placement until removal. A significantly higher percentage of patients who experienced intraluminal thrombosis were receiving total parenteral nutrition (P ≤ .001) and had a dual lumen catheter (P = .01). Among patients with a confirmed or suspected infection, a significantly higher proportion received total parenteral nutrition (P = .01), had dual-lumen catheters (P = ...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317023/reduction-of-thrombosis-and-bacterial-infection-via-controlled-nitric-oxide-no-release-from-s-nitroso-n-acetylpenicillamine-snap-impregnated-carbosil-intravascular-catheters
#5
Yaqi Wo, Elizabeth J Brisbois, Jianfeng Wu, Zi Li, Terry C Major, Azmath Mohammed, Xianglong Wang, Alessandro Colletta, Joseph L Bull, Adam J Matzger, Chuanwu Xi, Robert H Bartlett, Mark E Meyerhoff
Nitric oxide (NO) has many important physiological functions, including its ability to inhibit platelet activation and serve as potent antimicrobial agent. The multiple roles of NO in vivo have led to great interest in the development of biomaterials that can deliver NO for specific biomedical applications. Herein, we report a simple solvent impregnation technique to incorporate a nontoxic NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), into a more biocompatible biomedical grade polymer, CarboSil 20 80A. The resulting polymer-crystal composite material yields a very stable, long-term NO release biomaterial...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302466/bioflow-iii-satellite-one-year-clinical-outcomes-of-diabetic-patients-treated-with-a-biodegradable-polymer-sirolimus-eluting-stent-and-comprehensive-medical-surveillance
#6
Ran Kornowski, Ariel Roguin, Haim Danenberg, Hana Vaknin Assa, Eitan Abergel, Eliezer Rozenbaum, Victor Guetta, Uri Landes, Refat Jabara, Amnon Merdler, Amit Segev, Morris Mosseri, Abid Assali
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer might be particularly useful in diabetic patients who are at increased risk for target lesion/target vessel revascularization. We therefore aimed at assessing the safety and performance of a biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) in combination with comprehensive optimal medical therapy following coronary interventions. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter registry was conducted at six centers in Israel...
February 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295984/safety-of-arteriovenous-fistulae-and-grafts-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-the-michigan-experience
#7
Anas Al Rifai, Nidhi Sukul, Robert Wonnacott, Michael Heung
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula or graft (AVF/AVG) use is widely considered contraindicated for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), yet insertion of hemodialysis (HD) catheters can carry high complication risk in critically ill end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: Single-center analysis of 48 consecutive hospitalized ESRD patients on maintenance HD who underwent CRRT using AVF/AVG from 2012 to 2013. Primary outcome was access-related complications...
March 13, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294670/-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-iliofemoral-deep-venous-thrombosis-our-results-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-and-angiojet
#8
Anikó Berencsi, Edit Dósa, Balázs Nemes, Kálmán Hüttl, Péter Legeza, Zoltán Oláh, Vera Kristóf, György Acsády, Péter Sótonyi
INTRODUCTION: Most of the patients with iliofemoral thrombosis treated with anticoagulants only are affected with postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) that worsens the patients' quality of life. In the acute phase of proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) catheter-directed (CDT) and pharmacomechanical thrombolysis may be a reasonable alternative therapeutic method. Our aim was to summarize our results using these methods. METHODS: Since 2009 twenty-four patients with iliofemoral DVT were treated with these endovascular procedures and with stenting at our Institution...
March 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279411/dialysis-catheter-placement-in-patients-with-exhausted-access
#9
Syed Rahman, Joshua D Kuban
Patients with end-stage renal disease undergo renal transplant, peritoneal dialysis, or intermittent hemodialysis for renal replacement therapy. For hemodialysis, native fistulas or grafts are preferred but hemodialysis catheters are often necessary. Per KDOQI, the right jugular vein is the preferred vessel of access for these catheters. However, in patients with long-standing end-stage renal disease vein thrombosis, stenosis and occlusion occurs. In these patients with end-stage vascular access, unconventional routes of placement of dialysis catheters are needed...
March 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277833/capecitabine-in-locally-advanced-anal-cancer-do-we-need-randomised-evidence
#10
Li Chia Chong, Tabitha Healey, Tony Michele, Timothy J Price
Standard treatment for locally advanced anal cancer is chemoradiotherapy with mitomycin C and fluorouracil. However, infusional fluorouracil requires central venous catheter placement potentiating risk of infection and thrombosis. Capecitabine which is an oral tumor activated fluoropyrimidine carbamate is an established treatment alternative to infusional fluorouracil for patients with gastrointestinal cancers. Areas covered: This review examines and discusses the current evidence for substitution of Capecitabine for infusional fluorouracil in locally advanced anal cancer...
March 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265408/catheter-related-thrombosis-diagnosed-by-computed-tomography
#11
Yohei Yamauchi, Akira Baba, Yumi Okuyama
Catheter-related bloodstream infection can be detected with CT. Although it is not mandatory for its diagnosis, it is strong evidence as a cause of fever if detected incidentally.
March 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265130/interventional-therapy-for-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#12
REVIEW
Timothy A Carlon, Deepak Sudheendra
Approximately 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremity, and that number is increasing due to the use of peripherally inserted central catheters. Sequelae of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) are similar to those for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT) and include postthrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism. In addition to systemic anticoagulation, there are multiple interventional treatment options for UEDVT with the potential to reduce the incidence of these sequelae...
March 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265129/deep-vein-thrombosis-interventions-in-cancer-patients
#13
REVIEW
Resmi Ann Charalel, Suresh Vedantham
The presence of cancer increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), DVT recurrence, and treatment-related bleeding, and therefore offers distinctive clinical considerations when planning treatment. Anticoagulation with a low-molecular-weight heparin is the preferred initial and long-term therapy in cancer patients. Inferior vena cava filters may be used judiciously for patients with cancer-related DVT who have contraindications to anticoagulation or who exhibit breakthrough pulmonary embolism (PE) despite anticoagulation, but should be removed when the PE risk is felt to subside...
March 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265127/management-of-cavoatrial-deep-venous-thrombosis-incorporating-new-strategies
#14
REVIEW
Mohamed A Zayed, Gayan S De Silva, Raja S Ramaswamy, Luis A Sanchez
Cavoatrial deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is diagnosed with increasing prevalence. It can be managed medically with anticoagulation or with directed interventions aimed to efficiently reduce the thrombus burden within the target venous segment. The type of management chosen depends greatly on the etiology and chronicity of the thrombosis, existing patient comorbidities, and the patient's tolerance to anticoagulants and thrombolytic agents. In addition to traditional percutaneous catheter-based pharmacomechanical thrombolysis, other catheter-based suction thrombectomy techniques have emerged in recent years...
March 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263863/the-influence-of-surface-chemistry-on-adsorbed-fibrinogen-conformation-orientation-fiber-formation-and-platelet-adhesion
#15
Liudi Zhang, Brendan Casey, Dennis K Galanakis, Clement Marmorat, Shelby Skoog, Katherine Vorvolakos, Marcia Simon, Miriam H Rafailovich
Thrombosis is a clear risk when any foreign material is in contact with the bloodstream. Here we propose an immunohistological stain-based model for non-enzymatic clot formation that enables a facile screen for the thrombogenicity of blood-contacting materials. We exposed polymers with different surface chemistries to protease-free human fibrinogen. We observed that on hydrophilic surfaces, fibrinogen is adsorbed via αC regions, while the γ400-411 platelet-binding dodecapeptide on the D region becomes exposed, and fibrinogen fibers do not form...
March 2, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262297/femoral-vein-homograft-as-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduit-in-stage-1-norwood-operation
#16
T K Susheel Kumar, Mario Briceno-Medina, Shyam Sathanandam, Vijaya M Joshi, Christopher J Knott-Craig
BACKGROUND: The polytetrafluoroethylene tube used as right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit in the stage 1 Norwood operation is associated with risks of suboptimal branch pulmonary artery growth, thrombosis, free insufficiency, and long-term right ventricular dysfunction. Our experience with use of valved femoral vein homograft as right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit is described. METHODS: Between June 2012 and December 2015, 15 neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or complex single ventricle underwent stage 1 Norwood operation with valved segment of femoral vein homograft as right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit...
March 2, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258867/radial-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#17
Rick Tosti, Sezai Özkan, Robert M Schainfeld, Kyle R Eberlin
PURPOSE: To review the causes, clinical course, and management of patients with catheter-associated radial artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA). METHODS: We reviewed all patients diagnosed with radial artery PSA resulting from arterial line placement or radial artery access for cardiac procedures from 2010 to 2015. RESULTS: We identified 11 cases: 5 caused by arterial lines and 6 by cardiac procedures. The diagnosis was confirmed by duplex ultrasound in all cases; PSA size ranged from less than 1 cm to 5 cm in diameter...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257155/surgical-retrieval-of-a-guide-wire-lost-during-central-venous-catheterization-in-a-dog
#18
Jade M Hardy, Jennifer L Lansdowne, Carol A Himsel, Sean R Freer
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful surgical removal of a guide wire lost during central venous catheterization. CASE SUMMARY: A 28 kg, 4-year-old female neutered mixed breed dog presented to the primary care veterinarian with diabetic ketosis. During the process of central venous catheterization, the guide wire was accidently released and the entire length of the guide wire slipped into the jugular vein. Due to the absence of nearby interventional radiology facilities, surgical intervention was proposed...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243988/fotrocan-delphi-consensus-statement-regarding-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer-associated-thrombosis-in-areas-of-uncertainty-and-low-quality-of-evidence
#19
P Jimenez-Fonseca, A Carmona-Bayonas, C Calderon, J Fontcuberta Boj, C Font, R Lecumberri, M Monreal, A J Muñoz Martín, R Otero, A Rubio, P Ruiz-Artacho, C Suarez Fernández, E Colome, P Pérez Segura
INTRODUCTION: Decision-making in cancer-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is often founded on scant lines of evidence and weak recommendations. The aim of this work is to evaluate the percentage of agreement surrounding a series of statements about complex, clinically relevant, and highly uncertain aspects to formulate explicit action guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Opinions were based on a structured questionnaire with appropriate scores and were agreed upon using a Delphi method...
February 27, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236919/a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-cannulation-arteriovenous-grafts-versus-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-in-patients-requiring-urgent-vascular-access-for-hemodialysis
#20
Emma Aitken, Peter Thomson, Leigh Bainbridge, Ram Kasthuri, Belinda Mohr, David Kingsmore
OBJECTIVE: Early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVGs) are proposed as an alternative to tunneled central venous catheters (TCVCs) in patients requiring immediate vascular access for hemodialysis (HD). We compared bacteremia rates in patients treated with ecAVG and TCVC. METHODS: The study randomized 121 adult patients requiring urgent vascular access for HD in a 1:1 fashion to receive an ecAVG with or without (+/-) an arteriovenous fistula (AVF; n = 60) or TCVC+/-AVF (n = 61)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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