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Mycobacterium bovis

Ting Xin, Xintao Gao, Hongjun Yang, Pingjun Li, Qianqian Liang, Shaohua Hou, Xiukun Sui, Xiaoyu Guo, Weifeng Yuan, Hongfei Zhu, Jiabo Ding, Hong Jia
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is primarily caused by infection with Mycobacterium bovis , which belongs to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The airborne route is considered the most common for transmission of M. bovis , and more than 15% of cattle with bTB shed the Mycobacterium , which can be detect by nested PCR to amplify mycobacterial mpb 70 from a nasal swab from a cow. To screen for cytokines fostering early and accurate detection of bTB, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from naturally M...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
A O Jenkins, E Gormley, N Gcebe, G T Fosgate, A Conan, C Aagaard, A L Michel, V P M G Rutten
Accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis in cattle may be compromised in areas where there are high rates of exposure to environmental/non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). This cross reaction of immune responses to Mycobacterium bovis antigens shared with NTMs can result in reduced specificity of commonly used diagnostic tests including tuberculin skin tests and the interferon gamma assay (IFN-ɣ). In this study we assessed the cross-reactive immune responses of M. bovis (infected) and NTM exposed animals to M. bovis and M...
April 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Anne Küntzel, Peter Oertel, Sina Fischer, Andreas Bergmann, Phillip Trefz, Jochen Schubert, Wolfram Miekisch, Petra Reinhold, Heike Köhler
BACKGROUND: Species of Mycobacteriaceae cause serious zoonotic diseases in mammals, for example tuberculosis in humans, dogs, parrots, and elephants (caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and in ruminants and humans (caused by M. bovis and M. caprae). Pulmonary diseases, lymphadenitis, skin diseases, and disseminated diseases can be caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Diagnosis and differentiation among Mycobacterium species are currently done by culture isolation. The established diagnostic protocols comprise several steps that allow species identification...
2018: PloS One
Kerri M Malone, Kévin Rue-Albrecht, David A Magee, Kevin Conlon, Olga T Schubert, Nicolas C Nalpas, John A Browne, Alicia Smyth, Eamonn Gormley, Ruedi Aebersold, David E MacHugh, Stephen V Gordon
Members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) are the causative agents of tuberculosis in a range of mammals, including humans. A key feature of MTBC pathogens is their high degree of genetic identity yet distinct host tropism. Notably, while Mycobacterium bovis is highly virulent and pathogenic for cattle, the human pathogen M. tuberculosis is attenuated in cattle. Previous research also suggests that host preference amongst MTBC members has a basis in host innate immune responses. To explore MTBC host tropism, we present in-depth profiling of the MTBC reference strains M...
March 20, 2018: Microbial Genomics
Feng Su, Xin Chen, Xin Liu, Guanghui Liu, Yong Zhang
Bovine tuberculosis is a disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) that leads to great economic losses in cattle production. The discovery of a reasonable bioagent to reduce M. bovis infection risk and environment contamination becomes significant and urgent. Previous study reported that human β-defensin-3 (HBD3) participated in Mycobacterial immunity and was recognized as a suitable candidate reagent. However, its minimal inhibitory concentration to M. bovis is not yet reported. In this study, we first purified HBD3 protein by recombinant-DNA technology and prokaryotic expression system...
March 20, 2018: AMB Express
Jessica Da Gama Duarte, Sagun Parakh, Miles C Andrews, Katherine Woods, Anupama Pasam, Candani Tutuka, Simone Ostrouska, Jonathan M Blackburn, Andreas Behren, Jonathan Cebon
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized the treatment of advanced melanoma. The first ICI to demonstrate clinical benefit, ipilimumab, targets cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4); however, the long-term overall survival is just 22%. More than 40 years ago intralesional (IL) bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), a living attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis , was found to induce tumor regression by stimulating cell-mediated immunity following a localized and self-limiting infection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Cristian Alfredo Segura-Cerda, Michel de Jesús Aceves-Sánchez, Brenda Marquina-Castillo, Dulce Mata-Espinoza, Jorge Barrios-Payán, Perla Jazmín Vega-Domínguez, César Pedroza-Roldán, Jorge Bravo-Madrigal, Alba Adriana Vallejo-Cardona, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Mario Alberto Flores-Valdez
Pellicles, a type of biofilm, have gathered a renewed interest in the field of tuberculosis as a structure that mimics some characteristics occurring during M. tuberculosis infection, such as antibiotic recalcitrance and chronicity of infection, and as a source of antigens for humoral response in infected guinea pigs. In other bacteria, it has been well documented that the second messenger c-di-GMP modulates the transition from planktonic cells to biofilm formation. In this work, we used the live vaccine Mycobacterium bovis BCG to determine whether deletion of genes involved in c-di-GMP metabolism would affect interaction with macrophages, capacity to induce immune response in a murine cell line and mice, and how the protein profile was modified when grown as surface pellicles...
March 14, 2018: Vaccine
Kehilwe C Nakedi, Bridget Calder, Mousumi Barnejee, Alexander Giddey, Andrew Jm Nel, Shaun Garnett, Jonathan M Blackburn, Nelson A Da Cruz Soares
Mycobacterial Ser/Thr kinases play a critical role in bacterial physiology and pathogenesis. Linking kinases to the substrates they phosphorylate in vivo, thereby elucidating their exact functions, is still a challenge. The aim of this work was to associate protein phosphorylation in mycobacteria with important subsequent macro cellular events by identifying the physiological substrates of PknG in Mycobacterium bovis BCG.  The study compared the phosphoproteome dynamics during the batch growth of M. bovis BGC versus the respective PknG knock-out mutant (ΔPknG-BCG) strains...
March 16, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
R J Orton, M Deason, P R Bessell, D M Green, R R Kao, L C M Salvador
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic zoonosis with major health and economic impact on the cattle industry. Despite extensive control measures in cattle and culling trials in wildlife, the reasons behind the expansion of areas with high incidence of bTB breakdowns in Great Britain remain unexplained. By balancing the importance of cattle movements and local transmission on the observed pattern of cattle outbreaks, we identify areas at elevated risk of infection from specific Mycobacterium bovis genotypes...
March 1, 2018: Epidemics
Mercedes Pérez-Bonilla, Daniel Oves-Costales, Mercedes de la Cruz, Maria Kokkini, Jesús Martín, Francisca Vicente, Olga Genilloud, Fernando Reyes
Phocoenamicins B and C ( 1 and 2 ), together with the known spirotetronate phocoenamicin ( 3 ), were isolated from cultures of Micromonospora sp. The acetone extract from a culture of this strain, isolated from marine sediments collected in the Canary Islands, displayed activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra and Mycobacterium bovis . Bioassay-guided fractionation of this extract using SP207ss column chromatography and preparative reversed-phased HPLC led to the isolation of the new compounds 1 and 2 belonging to the spirotetronate class of polyketides...
March 16, 2018: Marine Drugs
Nomakorinte Gcebe, Victor P M G Rutten, Nicolaas Gey van Pittius, Brendon Naicker, Anita L Michel
Some species of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been reported to be opportunistic pathogens of animals and humans. Recently there has been an upsurge in the number of cases of NTM infections, such that some NTM species are now recognized as pathogens of humans and animals. From a veterinary point of view, the major significance of NTM is the cross-reactive immune response they elicit against Mycobacterium bovis antigens, leading to misdiagnosis of bovine tuberculosis. Four NTM isolates were detected from a bovine nasal swab, soil and water, during an NTM survey in South Africa...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Maopeng Tian, Zijie Zhou, Songwei Tan, Xionglin Fan, Longmeng Li, Nadeem Ullah
Despite the vaccine Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is used worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) remains the first killer among infectious diseases. An effective vaccine is urgently required. DNA vaccine has shown prophylactic as well as therapeutic effects against TB, while its weak immunogenicity hinders the application. As a strong inducer of Th1-biased immune response, DMT, consisting of dimethyldioctadecylammonium (DDA) and two pattern recognition receptor agonists monophosphoryl lipid A and trehalose 6,6'-dibehenate (TDB), was a newly developed liposomal adjuvant...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Sakshi Agarwal, Prabhakar Tiwari, Amar Deep, Saqib Kidwai, Shamba Gupta, Krishan Gopal Thakur, Ramandeep Singh
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are bicistronic genetic modules that are ubiquitously present in bacterial genomes. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) genome encodes for 90 putative TA systems and these are considered to be associated with maintenance of bacterial genomic stability or its survival under unfavorable environment. Majority of these in Mtb have been annotated as belonging to the Virulence associated protein B and C (VapBC) family. However, their precise role in bacterial physiology has not been elucidated...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Simon Perrett, Sandrine Lesellier, Fiona Rogers, Gareth A Williams, Sonya Gowtage, Si Palmer, Deanna Dalley, Dipesh Davé, Ute Weyer, Emma Wood, Francisco J Salguero, Alex Nunez, Nick Reed, Mark A Chambers
European badgers (Meles meles) are a wildlife reservoir for Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in parts of England, Wales and Ireland, constituting a potential source of tuberculosis (TB) infection for cattle. Vaccination of badgers against TB is one of the tools available for helping reduce the prevalence of bovine TB in badgers, made possible by the licensing in 2010 of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine for intramuscular administration to badgers (BadgerBCG). However, practical limitations associated with administering an injected vaccine to wild animals make an oral, bait-delivered form of the vaccine highly desirable...
March 7, 2018: Vaccine
Mamoru Fujiwara, Masanori Kawasaki, Norimitsu Hariguchi, Yongge Liu, Makoto Matsumoto
Delamanid, a bicyclic nitroimidazooxazole, is effective against M. tuberculosis. Previous studies have shown that resistance to a bicyclic nitroimidazooxazine, PA-824, is caused by mutations in an F420 -dependent bio-activation pathway. We investigated whether the same mechanisms are responsible for resistance to delamanid. Spontaneous resistance frequencies were determined using M. bovis BCG Tokyo (BCG) and M. tuberculosis H37Rv. F420 high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) elution patterns of homogenates of delamanid-resistant BCG colonies and two previously identified delamanid-resistant M...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Sally A F El-Sahrigy, Azza M O Abdel Rahman, Dalia Y Samaha, Nesrine A Mohamed, Sally M Saber, Hala A Talkhan, Ghada A Ismail, Essam M Ibraheem, Emad M Riad
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a huge worldwide burden, despite extensive vaccination coverage with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), the only vaccine available against this disease, indicating that BCG-driven immunity is inadequate to protect the human population against TB. This underscore the critical necessitate to develop an improved TB vaccine, based on a better understanding of host-pathogen interactions and immune responses during mycobacterial infection. AIM OF THE WORK: To examine whether the exogenous addition of IFN-β could improve dendritic cell (DC) response to Mycobacterium bovis (M...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Michele Berselli, Enrico Lavezzo, Stefano Toppo
Motivation: Non-B DNA conformations play an important role in genomic rearrangements, structural three-dimensional organization and gene regulation. Many non-B DNA structures show symmetrical properties as palindromes and mirrors that can form hairpins, cruciform structures or triplexes. A comprehensive tool, capable to perform a fast genome wide search for exact and degenerate symmetrical patterns, is needed for further investigating nucleotide tracts potentially forming non-B DNA structures...
March 7, 2018: Bioinformatics
E O Roos, F Olea-Popelka, P Buss, L-M de Klerk-Lorist, D Cooper, P D van Helden, S D C Parsons, M A Miller
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), has been reported in many species including suids. Wild boar are important maintenance hosts of the infection with other suids, that is domestic and feral pigs, being important spillover hosts in the Eurasian ecosystem and in South Africa, warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) may play a similar role in M. bovis-endemic areas. However, novel diagnostic tests for warthogs are required to investigate the epidemiology of bTB in this species. Recent studies have demonstrated that serological assays are capable of discriminating between M...
March 8, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Nafise Rahgozar, Gholamreza Bakhshi Khaniki, Soroush Sardari
Background: Drug resistance is a major public health problem and a threat to progress made in bovine tuberculosis care and control worldwide. This study aimed at evaluating anti-mycobacterial and synergistic activity of some medicinal plants that were selected by cheminformatics studies against Mycobacterium bovis. Methods: Considering the strong synergistic antimycobacterial action of oleanolic acid in combination with tuberculosis drugs, NCBI database was explored to find the compounds with over 80% similarity to oleanolic acid, called S1...
March 7, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
Jun Miyazaki, Mizuki Onozawa, Eiichiro Takaoka, Ikuya Yano
In the past 40 years, intravesical immunotherapy with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin has been carried out as the most effective treatment for preventing local recurrences and tumor progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is a family of vaccines derived in 1921 by the in vitro attenuation of Mycobacterium bovis. Subsequently, bacillus Calmette-Guérin seed lots were spread around the world, and both phenotypic and genotypic differences among the strains have been compiled...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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