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F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
Jie Fan, Mingtian Zhong, Jun Gan, Wanting Liu, Chaoyang Niu, Haiyan Liao, Hongchun Zhang, Changlian Tan, Jinyao Yi, Xiongzhao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Insight into illness is an important issue for psychiatry disorder. Although the existence of a poor insight subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was recognized in the DSM-IV, and the insight level in OCD was specified further in DSM-V, the neural underpinnings of insight in OCD have been rarely explored. The present study was designed to bridge this research gap by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS: Spontaneous neural activity were examined in 19 OCD patients with good insight (OCD-GI), 18 OCD patients with poor insight (OCD-PI), and 25 healthy controls (HC) by analyzing the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) in the resting state...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Florence Clesse, Emmanuelle Leray, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Mathilde Husky, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Isabella D White, Amrit Sangha, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman
BACKGROUND: Practitioners and researchers require an outcome measure that accurately identifies the range of common treatment-induced changes in sexual function and well-being experienced by women after cervical or endometrial cancer. This systematic review critically appraised the measurement properties and clinical utility of instruments validated for the measurement of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in this clinical population. METHODS: A bibliographic database search for questionnaire development or validation papers was completed and methodological quality and measurement properties of selected studies rated using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instrument (COSMIN) checklist...
September 23, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: This study examines the role of mindfulness in predicting psychological distress in Arab parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: In this descriptive study, parents of 104 children with ASD completed measures of psychological distress and mindfulness. The severity of autism in children was measured using the DSM-V criteria. RESULTS: After controlling for parental age and gender and the severity level of ASD, mindfulness was significantly associated with the levels of anxiety, stress, and depression in parents (anxiety: β = 0...
September 20, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
L Vaivre-Douret, A Boschi, M L Cuny, C Clouard, A Mosser, B Golse, A Philippe, M Bourgeois, N Boddaert, S Puget
: Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuro-psychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François). With DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, the terminology of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) covers two main categories of infantile disorders: disorders of "strictly" autistic nature and pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
September 16, 2016: L'Encéphale
Eric Roche, John Lyne, Brian O'Donoghue, Ricardo Segurado, Caragh Behan, Laoise Renwick, Felicity Fanning, Kevin Madigan, Mary Clarke
BACKGROUND: Formal thought disorder (FTD) is associated with poor outcome in established psychotic illnesses and it can be assessed as a categorical or dimensional variable. However, its influence on functional outcome and hospitalisation patterns in early psychosis has not been investigated. We evaluated the relationship between FTD and these outcomes in a first episode psychosis (FEP) sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mixed diagnostic FEP cohort was recruited through an Early Intervention in Psychosis Service in Ireland...
September 14, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Enzo Grossi, Sara Melli, Delia Dunca, Vittorio Terruzzi
OBJECTIVES: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition that typically displays socio-communicative impairment as well as restricted stereotyped interests and activities, in which gastrointestinal disturbances are commonly reported. We report the case of a boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis, severe cognitive disability and celiac disease in which an unexpected improvement of autistic core symptoms was observed after four months of probiotic treatment. METHOD: The case study refers to a 12 years old boy with ASD and severe cognitive disability attending the Villa Santa Maria Institute in resident care since 2009...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Christopher B Miller, Delwyn J Bartlett, Anna E Mullins, Kirsty L Dodds, Christopher J Gordon, Simon D Kyle, Jong Won Kim, Angela L D'Rozario, Rico S C Lee, Maria Comas, Nathaniel S Marshall, Brendon J Yee, Colin A Espie, Ronald R Grunstein
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To empirically derive and evaluate potential clusters of Insomnia Disorder through cluster analysis from polysomnography (PSG). We hypothesized that clusters would differ on neurocognitive performance, sleep-onset measures of quantitative (q)-EEG and heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: Research volunteers with Insomnia Disorder (DSM-V) completed a neurocognitive assessment and overnight PSG measures of total sleep time (TST), wake time after sleep onset (WASO), and sleep onset latency (SOL) were used to determine clusters...
August 19, 2016: Sleep
Corinna Bolloni, Riccardo Panella, Mariano Pedetti, Anna Grazia Frascella, Cristiana Gambelunghe, Tommaso Piccoli, Giuseppe Maniaci, Anna Brancato, Carla Cannizzaro, Marco Diana
BACKGROUND: Chronic cocaine consumption is associated with a decrease in mesolimbic dopamine transmission that maintains drug intake. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is gaining reliability, a useful therapeutic tool in drug addiction, since it can modulate cortico-limbic activity resulting in reduction of drug craving. AIMS: In the present study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of bilateral TMS of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in reducing cocaine intake, in a sample of treatment-seeking patients with current cocaine use disorder (DSM-V)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Joana Lima-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Therdpong Thongseiratch, Juthamas Worachotekamjorn
This study compared the number of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) cases defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-IV versus DSM-V criterion in children who have learning or behavioral problems with high IQ. The medical records of children ≤15 years of age who presented with learning or behavioral problems and underwent a Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-III IQ test at the Pediatric Outpatient Clinic unit between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. Information on DSM-IV and DSM-V criteria for ADHD were derived from computer-based medical records...
October 2016: Psychological Reports
Amir Mushtaque, Rajiv Gulati, M M Hossain, S A Azmi
AIMS: The present study aims to study the prevalence of depression in patients with uncomplicated type II diabetes mellitus and to find its association with various socio-demographic factors in the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, single interview study was performed in an outpatient department of an endocrinology institute. Total 80 type II DM patients without any associated complications of diabetes were included in this study. To diagnose Depressive Episode, structured clinical interview for DSM V was applied...
June 27, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Cody A Siciliano, Steve C Fordahl, Sara R Jones
UNLABELLED: Cocaine addiction is a debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by uncontrolled cocaine intake, which is thought to be driven, at least in part, by cocaine-induced deficits in dopamine system function. A decreased ability of cocaine to elevate dopamine levels has been repeatedly observed as a consequence of cocaine use in humans, and preclinical work has highlighted tolerance to cocaine's effects as a primary determinant in the development of aberrant cocaine taking behaviors...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Ellen N Jopling, Sarosh Khalid-Khan, Shivani F Chandrakumar, Shira C Segal
With an estimated lifetime prevalence as high as 5.9% in the general population, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by marked impulsivity as well as difficulties in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects. The burden on the health care system is immense with BPD patients accounting for 10%-20% of the patients in mental health outpatient facilities and 15%-40% in mental health inpatient facilities. Further, while 75%-80% of BPD patients attempt to commit suicide, 10% succeed; this mortality rate exceeds even that of anorexia nervosa which, with a weighted mortality rate of 5...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Young Mi Jeong, Eunsook Lee, Kwang-Il Kim, Jee Eun Chung, Hae In Park, Byung Koo Lee, Hye Sun Gwak
BACKGROUND: Older patients undergoing surgery tend to have a higher frequency of delirium. Delirium is strongly associated with poor surgical outcomes. This study evaluated the association between pre-operative medication use and post-operative delirium (POD) in surgical oncology patients receiving comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). METHODS: A total of 475 patients who were scheduled for cancer surgery and received CGA from January 2014 to June 2015 were included...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Alessandra Berry, Carla Raggi, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
A growing body of literature shows that a link exists between substance abuse and stress and that the crosstalk of sex hormones with the neuroendocrine system might differently prime vulnerability to drug addiction in male and female subjects. Thus, understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction and the identification of sex-driven determinants in vulnerability to drug abuse may help to better devise and/or implement strategic (pharmacological, behavioural, social) interventions to prevent or face the issue of addiction...
April 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Wei-Lieh Huang, Shih-Cheng Liao, Cheryl C H Yang, Terry B J Kuo, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about autonomic nervous system activity in individuals with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) as defined by DSM-V criteria. The aims of this study were to investigate whether individuals with SSD differ from healthy controls in heart rate variability (HRV) measures of autonomic nervous system activity and whether sex has a moderating effect on this association. METHODS: We recruited 168 individuals with SSD (35.1% men) and 106 healthy controls (27...
June 29, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
A B Smulevich, K N Germanova, V V Chitlova
OBJECTIVE: To conduct clinical differentiation of stress-induced conditions in schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders according to the concept of so-called "Reactive schizophrenia" (J. Berze). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 40 patients (14 male, 26 female, mean age 38.6±12.5. 17 years), including 17 (42%) patients with schizophrenia, 16 (40%) patients with ICD-10 schizotypal disorder and 7 (18%) patients with DSM-V schizotypal personality disorder...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Şeref Şimşek, İhsan Çetin, Abdullah Çim, Savaş Kaya
Although the etiopathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is not clear, immune dysfunction has been proposed as a mechanism for the pathophysiology of ASD. The purpose of this study is to examine serum levels of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and some adhesion molecules in children with ASD that have not been investigated previously in detail. The study group included 35 male children aged from 2 to 9 diagnosed with ASD according to DSM-V criteria. Soluble platelet endothelial adhesion molecule-1 (sPECAM-1), P-selectin, E-selectin, and t-PA in the serum were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 19, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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