keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DSM-V

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#1
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795659/role-of-mycotoxins-in-the-pathobiology-of-autism-a-first-evidence
#2
Barbara De Santis, Carlo Brera, Alessandra Mezzelani, Sabina Soricelli, Francesca Ciceri, Giorgio Moretti, Francesca Debegnach, Maria Clara Bonaglia, Laura Villa, Massimo Molteni, Maria Elisabetta Raggi
OBJECTIVES: Gene-environment interaction is an emerging hypothesis to expound not only the autism pathogenesis but also the increased incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (such as autistic spectrum disorder, attention-deficit, hyperactivity disorder). Among xenobiotics, mycotoxins are worldwide contaminants of food that provoke toxicological effects, crucially resembling several symptoms associated with autism such as oxidative stress, intestinal permeability, and inflammation. Here, we focused on a group of mycotoxins to test their role in the manifestation of autism, try to explain their mechanism of action, and discuss possible preventive and therapeutic interventions...
August 10, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795065/psycho-social-and-mental-variables-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traffic-accident-survivors-in-northern-iran
#3
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients. METHODS: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. Psycho-social characteristics associated to PTSD were explored in these survivors in an outpatient clinic. They completed the questionnaires via interview between six weeks to six months after accident...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736421/pathological-disabled-transgender-the-ethics-history-laws-and-contradictions-in-models-that-best-serve-transgender-rights
#4
Lance Wahlert, Sabrina Gill
This article addresses the precarious place of transgender and gender non-cis persons in relation to their discrimination-protections in recent legal, medical, and ethical policies in the United States. At present, there exists a contradiction such that trans persons are considered "pathological" enough that they are included in the latest iteration of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) as "gender dysphoric," but they are not included in the category of "disabled" under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734238/decreased-levels-of-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Hatice Altun, Ergül Belge Kurutaş, Nilfer Şahin, Hayati Sınır, Ebru Fındıklı
Sex hormones, specially estrogen, and ıt is receptors plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders including autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ASD and G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), a recently discovered estrogen receptors, and also to study the relation of serum GPER levels with the severity of autistic symptoms. The present study included 45 children with drug naive ASD diagnosed by DSM-V criteria, aged between 3 and 12 years and 40 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734237/the-spider-and-the-snake-a-psychometric-study-of-two-phobias-and-insights-from-the-hungarian-validation
#6
Andras N Zsido
Specific phobias-particularly zoophobias-are prevalent worldwide and can have fairly dramatic health consequences. Self-report measurements play a crucial role in phobia research studies; thus, it is important to have a reliable tool in different languages. The present investigation examined the psychometric properties of the Hungarian version of two commonly used measures of fear: the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (i.e. SPQ) and the Snake Questionnaire (i.e. SNAQ). The SPQ and SNAQ scores both demonstrated excellent reliability, including a test-retest over a 4-week period...
July 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655025/effect-of-buprenorphine-weekly-depot-cam2038-and-hydromorphone-blockade-in-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Sharon L Walsh, Sandra D Comer, Michelle R Lofwall, Bradley Vince, Naama Levy-Cooperman, Debra Kelsh, Marion A Coe, Jermaine D Jones, Paul A Nuzzo, Fredrik Tiberg, Behshad Sheldon, Sonnie Kim
Importance: Buprenorphine is an efficacious, widely used treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Daily oral transmucosal formulations can be associated with misuse, diversion, and nonadherence; these limitations may be obviated by a sustained release formulation. Objective: To evaluate the ability of a novel, weekly, subcutaneous buprenorphine depot formulation, CAM2038, to block euphorigenic opioid effects and suppress opioid withdrawal in non-treatment-seeking individuals with OUD...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639377/validating-the-social-responsiveness-scale-for-adults-with-autism
#8
Wai Chan, Leann E Smith, Jinkuk Hong, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick
The Social Responsiveness Scale [SRS; Constantino & Gruber, 2005] is a widely-used measure of autism symptoms, but its application for the study of adults with autism spectrum disorders has not been fully evaluated. Using a factor structure consistent with The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed., DSM-V) criteria for autism spectrum disorder [Frazier et al., 2014], the primary purpose of the current study was to establish the validity of the SRS with a sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder (N = 237)...
June 22, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598955/the-comorbidity-of-daydreaming-disorder-maladaptive-daydreaming
#9
Eli Somer, Nirit Soffer-Dudek, Colin A Ross
To determine the comorbidity profile of individuals meeting criteria for a proposed new disorder, daydreaming disorder (more commonly known as maladaptive daydreaming [MD]), the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders were administered to 39 participants who met criteria for MD on a structured interview. We determined high rates of comorbidity: 74.4% met criteria for more than three additional disorders, and 41...
July 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596906/pattern-of-impairments-and-late-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-a-sub-saharan-african-clinical-population-of-children-in-nigeria
#10
M A Bello-Mojeed, O O Omigbodun, M O Bakare, A O Adewuya
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders. Studies conducted among Africans living outside the continent indicate that African children are more likely than Caucasian children to have a late diagnosis of ASD. There is a dearth of information on this topic among children with ASD living in Africa. METHODS: To determine the pattern of impairments and age at diagnosis in ASD, sixty Nigerian children with a diagnosis of ASD were recruited from a neurodevelopmental clinic...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#11
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574333/depression-as-an-independent-predictor-of-postoperative-delirium-in-spine-deformity-patients-undergoing-elective-spine-surgery
#12
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Owoicho Adogwa, Emily Lydon, Amanda Sergesketter, Rayan Kaakati, Ankit I Mehta, Raul A Vasquez, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
OBJECTIVE Depression is the most prevalent affective disorder in the US, and patients with spinal deformity are at increased risk. Postoperative delirium has been associated with inferior surgical outcomes, including morbidity and mortality. The relationship between depression and postoperative delirium in patients undergoing spine surgery is relatively unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if depression is an independent risk factor for the development of postoperative delirium in patients undergoing decompression and fusion for deformity...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571816/the-role-of-predictive-coding-in-the-pathogenesis-of-delirium
#13
J M FitzGerald
Delirium and dementia represent an emerging global crisis in healthcare. Attempts have been made to identify the pathognomonic feature that would make delirium stand out from dementia but unfortunately the global neural dysfunction of both disorders has made the establishment of a direct measurement difficult. Modern conceptualisations of delirium have been influenced by the assessment tools used to assess, detect, and analyse its complex and transient nature. Recent publication of the DSM-V criteria for delirium has marginally altered the previous DSM-IV criteria with a focus upon inattention with vague terms such as consciousness downplayed...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557299/internet-based-guided-self-help-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Catrin E Lewis, Daniel Farewell, Vicky Groves, Neil J Kitchiner, Neil P Roberts, Tracey Vick, Jonathan I Bisson
BACKGROUND: There are numerous barriers that limit access to evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Internet-based guided self-help is a treatment option that may help widen access to effective intervention, but the approach has not been sufficiently explored for the treatment of PTSD. METHODS: Forty two adults with DSM-5 PTSD of mild to moderate severity were randomly allocated to internet-based self-help with up to 3 h of therapist assistance, or to a delayed treatment control group...
May 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538084/morphofunctional-evaluation-in-dome-shaped-macula-a-microperimetry-and-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#15
Elisabetta Pilotto, Francesca Guidolin, Mariacristina Parravano, Francesco Viola, Daniele De Geronimo, Enrica Convento, Laura dellʼArti, Elena Tabacchi, Raffaele Parrozzani, Fabiano Cavarzeran, Edoardo Midena
PURPOSE: To investigate retinal sensitivity (Se) in dome-shaped macula (DSM) using microperimetry and to correlate functional findings to specific spectral domain optical coherence tomography features. METHODS: Patients affected by DSM in at least 1 eye were consecutively enrolled in a prospective, cross-sectional study. All studied eyes performed best-corrected visual acuity measurement, microperimetry to assess Se and optical coherence tomography to investigate DSM pattern and to measure bulge height and retinal and choroidal thicknesses...
May 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466749/the-impact-of-an-empowerment-intervention-on-people-with-schizophrenia-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Abdalhadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess what empowerment intervention has on people with schizophrenia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out between November 2015 and May 2016 involving 112 participants who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Patients, who were 18 years and above diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-V) schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder from the outpatient mental health clinics in Jordan, were randomly assigned to take part in an intervention that consisted of receiving 6 weeks' worth of information booklets, with face to face discussions, while receiving their usual medication or allocated treatment as usual...
May 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459304/how-can-we-best-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-malaysia-a-pilot-of-the-idea-cognitive-screen-and-picture-based-memory-impairment-scale-and-comparison-of-criterion-validity-with-the-mini-mental-state-examination
#17
Roshaslina Rosli, Maw Pin Tan, William K Gray, Pathmawathi Subramanian, Noran Naqiah Mohd Hairi, Ai-Vyrn Chin
OBJECTIVES: To pilot two new cognitive screening tools for use in an urban Malaysian population and to compare their criterion validity against a gold standard, the well-established Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). METHODS: The IDEA cognitive screen, Picture-based Memory Impairment Scale (PMIS), and MMSE were administered to a convenience sample of elderly (≥ 65 years) from the community and outpatient clinics at an urban teaching hospital. Consensus diagnosis was performed by two geriatricians blinded to PMIS and IDEA cognitive screen scores using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) clinical criteria...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448178/what-is-being-measured-a-comparison-of-two-depressive-symptom-severity-instruments-with-a-depression-diagnosis-in-low-income-high-risk-mothers
#18
Jenny Yang, Maria Martinez, Todd A Schwartz, Linda Beeber
BACKGROUND: Adequate assessment of depressive symptomatology is a necessary step toward decreasing income-related mental health treatment inequity. No studies have focused on comparing instruments used to detect depression in women from low-income backgrounds who are mothers of young children-a period of increased risk for depressive symptoms. METHODS: To address this gap, two commonly used instruments (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [CES-D] and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [Hamilton]) were compared with a depression diagnosis (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition [DSM-V]) in a sample (n = 251) of mothers from low-income backgrounds with children ranging from 1 to 54 months old...
June 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413936/processing-speed-can-monitor-stimulant-medication-effects-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-disorder-with-hyperactivity
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Niels Peter Nielsen, Elisabeth H Wiig, Svante Bäck, Jan Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Treatment responses to methylphenidate by adults with ADHD are generally monitored against DSM-IV/DSM-V symptomatology, rating scales or interviews during reviews. AIMS: To evaluate the use of single- and dual-dimension processing-speed and efficiency measures to monitor the effects of pharmacological treatment with methylphenidate after a short period off medication. METHODS: A Quick Test of Cognitive Speed (AQT) monitored the effects of immediate-release methylphenidate in 40 previously diagnosed and medicated adults with ADHD...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372468/different-coping-strategies-influence-the-development-of-ptsd-among-first-time-mothers
#20
Yeela Tomsis, Marc Gelkopf, Hanoch Yerushalmi, Yaniv Zipori
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different coping strategies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), described in the non-obstetric trauma literature, with respect to first time postpartum women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study conducted between 2011 and 2013. Eligible women had a singleton pregnancy and delivered a healthy newborn at term. Five sets of relevant questionnaires were sent to the participants six weeks postpartum. Posttraumatic stress disorder was defined as per DSM-V criteria...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
16629
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"