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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730872/neuropeptide-y-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Özlem Hekim Bozkurt, Esra Güney, Zeynep Göker, Gülser Şenses Dinç, Murat Alışık, Özcan Erel, Esra Çöp, Özden Şükran Üneri
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in adolescence, however, the etiology has not been described. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one potential factor that may be involved in the etiology of ADHD. The goal of this study was to evaluate NPY levels in children with ADHD and compare the findings to healthy controls. METHODS: Forty-eight ADHD patients and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. The age range of ADHD patients was 6 to 16 years...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713103/a-case-of-concomitant-pseudocyesis-and-couvade-syndrome-variant
#2
Srinagesh Mannekote Thippaiah, Vinu George, Badari Birur, Ananda Pandurangi
Per DSM-V, pseudocyesis is included under the category "other specified somatic symptom and related disorder" and is defined as a false belief of being pregnant that is associated with objective signs and reported symptoms of pregnancy. The male counterpart of pseudocyesis is Couvade syndrome, also called "sympathetic pregnancy" where a man experiences symptoms of pregnancy when his female partner is pregnant. There are extensive reports on pseudocyesis and Couvade syndrome in psychiatric literature but none with features of both, in a single case...
March 13, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684822/sexual-dysfunction-among-nigerian-women-with-epilepsy
#3
Luqman Ogunjimi, Joseph Yaria, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Adesola Ogunniyi
OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunction (SD) has been shown to be more prevalent among females with epilepsy (FWE) when compared with controls. Identified risk factors for SD among FWE include depression, antiepileptic drug (AED) type, epileptic lateralization, and temporal lobe involvement. Despite a huge population of FWE in sub-Saharan Africa and by extension Nigeria, there are limited studies on the effect of AEDs and epilepsy on sexual function among FWE in the region. We therefore studied predictors and patterns of SD among Nigerian FWE...
April 20, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679843/impaired-affective-prosody-decoding-in-severe-alcohol-use-disorder-and-korsakoff-syndrome
#4
Mélanie Brion, Philippe de Timary, Serge Mertens de Wilmars, Pierre Maurage
Recognizing others' emotions is a fundamental social skill, widely impaired in psychiatric populations. These emotional dysfunctions are involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol-related disorders, but their differential intensity across emotions and their modifications during disease evolution remain underexplored. Affective prosody decoding was assessed through a vocalization task using six emotions, among 17 patients with severe alcohol use disorder, 16 Korsakoff syndrome patients (diagnosed following DSM-V criteria) and 19 controls...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#5
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502753/internet-and-video-game-addictions-diagnosis-epidemiology-and-neurobiology
#6
REVIEW
Clifford J Sussman, James M Harper, Jessica L Stahl, Paul Weigle
In the past 2 decades, there has been substantial increase in availability and use of digital technologies, including the Internet, computer games, smart phones, and social media. Behavioral addiction to use of technologies spawned a body of related research. The recent inclusion of Internet gaming disorder as a condition for further study in the DSM-V invigorated a new wave of researchers, thereby expanding our understanding of these conditions. This article reviews current research, theory, and practice regarding the diagnosis, epidemiology, and neurobiology of Internet and video game addictions...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483865/altered-processing-and-integration-of-multisensory-bodily-representations-and-signals-in-eating-disorders-a-possible-path-toward-the-understanding-of-their-underlying-causes
#7
Giuseppe Riva, Antonios Dakanalis
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM V) eating problems are the clinical core of eating disorders (EDs). However, the importance of shape and weight overvaluation symptoms in these disorders underlines the critical role of the experience of the body in the etiology of EDs. This article suggests that the transdiagnostic centrality of these symptoms in individuals with EDs may reflect a deficit in the processing and integration of multisensory bodily representations and signals...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472949/the-relationship-between-motor-imitation-and-early-social-communication-skills-in-children-with-autism
#8
Hooshang Dadgar, Javad Alaghband Rad, Zahra Soleymani, Anahita Khorammi, Joe McCleery, Saman Maroufizadeh
Objective: Development of early social skills in children is a complex process. To understand this process, it is important to assess how strengths or weaknesses in other developmental domains may be affected by these skills. The present study aimed at investigating the association of motor skills and imitation ability with early social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: In this study, 20 children with ASD aged 3 to 5 years (M = 4.05, SD = 0.55) participated. All children were diagnosed as ASD based on the DSM-V criteria by an independent child psychiatrist...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423616/frequency-and-predictors-of-post-stroke-delirium-in-prospective-observational-polish-study-propolis
#9
P Pasinska, K Kowalska, E Klimiec, A Szyper-Maciejowska, A Wilk, A Klimkowicz-Mrowiec
Delirium is the most common and serious neurobehavioral complication in acute hospital admissions. Some patients develop signs of delirium but do not meet all diagnostic criteria. Stroke is a major risk factor for delirium. The aim of this prospective study was to build a predictive model for delirium and subsyndromal post-stroke delirium. Patients with stroke were screened for delirium during the first 7 days after admission. Delirium was diagnosed according to DSM-V criteria. Baseline demographic, biochemical, stroke-related data, medications used, neurological deficit, and premorbid cognitive and functional impairment were assessed...
April 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411040/cognitive-profiles-of-finnish-preschool-children-with-expressive-and-receptive-language-impairment
#10
Virpi Saar, Sari Levänen, Erkki Komulainen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the verbal and nonverbal cognitive profiles of children with specific language impairment (SLI) with problems predominantly in expressive (SLI-E) or receptive (SLI-R) language skills. These diagnostic subgroups have not been compared before in psychological studies. Method: Participants were preschool-age Finnish-speaking children with SLI diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team. Cognitive profile differences between the diagnostic subgroups and the relationship between verbal and nonverbal reasoning skills were evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385740/effects-of-combining-medication-and-pivotal-response-treatment-on-aberrant-behavior-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Mohammad Rezaei, AliReza Moradi, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, HamidReza Hassanabadi, Reza Khosroabadi
Abstract : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined risperidone (RIS) and pivotal response treatment (PRT) on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 34 children diagnosed with ASD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-V) (mean age of 12.36 years) were randomly assigned to either of two groups; the first group ( n = 17) received combined PRT-RIS while the second group ( n = 17) received RIS only. Behavioral problems were evaluated with the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), whereas global improvement (GI) was measured with the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI)...
January 30, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363482/validation-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-cpss-in-spanish-adolescents
#12
Elena R Serrano-Ibáñez, Gema T Ruiz-Párraga, Rosa Esteve, Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, Alicia E López-Martínez
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used instruments to assess posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents is the Child PTSD Symptom Scale. However, there has been limited evaluation of its construct validity in the Spanish language despite Spanish being one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide data on the psychometric properties of the CPSS in a sample of Spanish adolescents, to establish the internal consistency of the measure, and to examine its criterion validity...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249220/drd3-ser9gly-polymorphism-and-its-influence-on-risperidone-response-in-autistic-children
#13
Negar Firouzabadi, Anna Nazariat, Kamiar Zomorrodian
PURPOSE: Autism, a neuropsychiatric illness, is a complex ailment of mainly indefinite cause. Although precise pathophysiological mechanism is unclear but the role of genetics is undeniable therefore pharmacogenetics may assist to a better management of symptoms. Risperidone is widely used in autism. Considering the significance of dopaminergic system in psychological and neurological diseases and its association with autism, the hypothesis that genetic variant of dopamine receptor (DRD3), Ser9Gly (rs6280), may influence treatment of autism may be assumed...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226100/clinical-food-addiction-is-not-associated-with-development-of-metabolic-complications-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#14
Sammy Saab, Cameron Sikavi, Melissa Jimenez, Matthew Viramontes, Ruby Allen, Youssef Challita, Michelle Mai, Negin Esmailzadeh, Jonathan Grotts, Gina Choi, Francisco Durazo, Mohamed El-Kabany, Steven-Huy Han, Elisa Moreno
Background and Aims: Given the increased risk of post-transplant metabolic syndrome (PTMS; defined by hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia), we aimed to identify the potential role of food addiction in the development of metabolic complications in the post-liver transplant population. Methods: Inclusion criteria included adult liver transplant recipients followed at our institution between June 2016 and November 2016. Participants were administered a demographic survey as well as the Yale Food Assessment Scale 2...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179817/a-concept-analysis-of-substance-misuse-to-inform-contemporary-terminology
#15
Khadejah F Mahmoud, Deborah Finnell, Christine L Savage, Kathryn R Puskar, Ann M Mitchell
Previous diagnostic categories of substance abuse and dependence have given way to the current view that substance use disorders occur on a continuum with a broad range of severity. This current view is featured in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM V). In recognizing the role of stigma in preventing persons from seeking substance use treatment, advocates have called attention that particular terminology can fuel such stigma. To mitigate the negative effects of such stigmatizing language, the International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE) recommends against using previously-used and possibly pejorative terminology for substance abuse and dependence, unless a particular scientific justification exists...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175958/amphetamine-reverses-escalated-cocaine-intake-via-restoration-of-dopamine-transporter-conformation
#16
Cody A Siciliano, Kaustuv Saha, Erin S Calipari, Steve C Fordahl, Rong Chen, Habibeh Khoshbouei, Sara R Jones
Cocaine abuse disrupts dopamine system function, and reduces cocaine inhibition of the dopamine transporter (DAT), which results in tolerance. Although tolerance is a hallmark of cocaine addiction and a DSM-V criterion for substance abuse disorders, the molecular adaptations producing tolerance are unknown, and testing the impact of DAT changes on drug taking behaviors has proven difficult. In regard to treatment, amphetamine has shown efficacy in reducing cocaine intake; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects have not been explored...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152432/acute-changes-in-mentation-in-a-patient-with-hepatic-cirrhosis-treated-with-high-doses-of-dexamethasone
#17
Luis Dabul, Andrew Droney, Juan Oms, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez
Despite the anti-inflammatory benefits of steroids in the management of multiple medical conditions, they are associated with undesired metabolic and psychiatric side effects. We present a case of a 57-year-old Hispanic man with hepatic cirrhosis due to hepatitis C and no past medical history of psychiatric illnesses who became delirious after treatment with high doses of intravenous Dexamethasone. The patient presented to Larkin Community Hospital, USA with complaints of lower back pain requiring treatment with steroids for severe lumbar central canal stenosis...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139560/the-mammalian-circadian-clock-exhibits-chronic-ethanol-tolerance-and-withdrawal-induced-glutamate-hypersensitivity-accompanied-by-changes-in-glutamate-and-trkb-receptor-proteins
#18
Jonathan H Lindsay, Rebecca A Prosser
BACKGROUND: Alcohol tolerance and withdrawal-induced effects are criteria for alcohol use disorders listed by the DSM-V. Although tolerance and withdrawal have been studied over many decades, there is still uncertainty regarding mechanistic distinctions that characterize these different forms of ethanol (EtOH)-induced plasticity. Previously, we demonstrated that the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) circadian clock develops both acute and rapid tolerance to EtOH inhibition of glutamate-induced circadian phase shifts...
February 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132642/validity-of-arabic-version-of-the-two-question-quick-inventory-of-depression-qid-2-ar-screening-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-an-arab-environment-and-during-the-syrian-war
#19
A Kubitary, M A Alsaleh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate the Arabic version of the two-question Quick Inventory of Depression (QID-2-Ar) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients living in Syria during the war. METHODS: A total of 100 Syrian MS patients, aged 18-60 years, were recruited at Damascus Hospital and Ibn Al-Nafees Hospital to validate the QID-2-Ar, including analyses of its screening test parameters and its construct validity. RESULTS: The QID-2-Ar screening parameters for depression tested very positively, and its construct validity was also favorable (P<0...
November 10, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122693/vitamin-a-improves-the-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-decreases-5-hydroxytryptamine-5-ht-a-pilot-study
#20
Min Guo, Jiang Zhu, Ting Yang, Xi Lai, Xiao Liu, Juan Liu, Jie Chen, Tingyu Li
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complicated neurodevelopmental disorders. Many studies have demonstrated that children with autism have multiple nutritional deficiencies and increased serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels. In our previous study, 77.9% of autistic children were found to have vitamin A deficiency, and the concentration of vitamin A was negatively associated with the CARS score. In the present study, we sought to test whether vitamin A supplementation could improve autistic symptoms and decrease serum 5-HT levels...
March 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
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