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Child and Adolescent Psychology

Matthew Cassels, Imke Baetens, Paul Wilkinson, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Jan R Wiersema, Karla Van Leeuwen, Glenn Kiekens
OBJECTIVE: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) often occurs before age 15, yet the majority of research on risk factors for this dangerous behavior has focused on older samples. Insecure attachment has been previously identified as a risk factor for both NSSI and behavioral problems, and behavioral problems appear to be particularly associated with NSSI among young populations. Redressing the lack of young adolescent NSSI research, the present study uses longitudinal data from a sample of young adolescents to test a model in which insecure attachment acts as a prospective risk factor for NSSI via emotional and behavioral problems...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Gregory A Fabiano, Abigail Caserta
Fathers make important and unique contributions to positive child development. In spite of these findings, the research literature has lagged in the study of the role and impact of fathers on child development and in the development of effective approaches and interventions for fathers. Parameters for additional study include the inclusion of fathers in treatment outcome studies, the engagement of fathers within studies once included, the retention of fathers in interventions and studies once engaged, and the appropriate measurement of father-related outcomes...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Margie Danchin, Alisha Gulenc, Daryl Efron, Emma Sciberras, Christos Symeonides, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Rising anxiety rates and equity of care are ongoing concerns. Through two pediatric practice audits conducted five years apart, we aimed to determine the change in (1) anxiety diagnoses; (2) associated comorbid diagnoses; (3) variance in management by location and (4) child, family and pediatrician predictors of management. METHODS: Members of the Australian Paediatric Research Network (APRN) were invited to participate in patient-level prospective national pediatric practice audits in 2008 and 2013...
August 9, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Zohar Lahav-Kadmiel, Anat Brunstein-Klomek
INTRODUCTION: The association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms has been studied extensively over the years. Among the variables studied as having an impact on this association were different characteristics of the parent-child relationship. The current study was the first to specifically examine parent-child conflicts as a moderator in the association between victimization and depressive symptoms among adolescents. In addition, it was the first to examine the roles of the child and parent's gender in this moderation...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Amar Shah, Auzewell Chitewe, Emma Binley, Forid Alom, James Innes
Early intervention following initial referral into healthcare services can have a significant impact on the prognosis and outcomes of patients. Long waiting times and non-attendance can have an immediate and enduring negative impact on patients and healthcare service providers. The traditional management options in reducing waiting times have largely revolved around setting performance targets, providing financial incentives or additional resourcing. This large-scale quality improvement project aimed to reduce waiting times from referral to first appointment and non-attendance for a wide range of services providing primary and secondary care mental health and community health services at East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT)...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
Lisa Kiang, Kalpa Bhattacharjee
Although establishing a sense of autonomy has been long thought to be a fundamental developmental task, there are still gaps in literature in terms of how autonomy changes over time and interacts with other important factors in adolescents' lives. In the present study, 158 (60% female; 74% second generation) Asian Americans were followed throughout high school and surveyed for self-reported autonomy, parent-child closeness, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms each year. Hierarchical linear modeling investigated whether autonomy changed over time, whether yearly changes in autonomy were related to changes in parent-child closeness, and whether both constructs were associated with adjustment...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Kiana Wall, Yusra Ahmed, Carla Sharp
The aims of the current study were to: 1) identify patterns of agreement between parent-adolescent dyads on reports of adolescent borderline personality features utilizing latent class analysis (LCA) and 2) examine the clinical implications of class membership for indices of psychiatric severity and internal psychological resources. The sample included 643 adolescent inpatients. Borderline personality features were assessed by both adolescents and parents using the Borderline Personality Features Scale - Child (BPFS-C; Crick et al...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Haseena Hussain, Bernadka Dubicka, Paul Wilkinson
Major depressive disorder in adolescents is an important public health concern. It is common, a risk factor for suicide and is associated with adverse psychosocial consequences. The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines recommend that children and young people with moderate-to-severe depression should be seen within Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services and receive specific psychological interventions, possibly in combination with antidepressant medication. Cognitive behavioural therapy (in some studies) and interpersonal psychotherapy have been demonstrated to be more effective than active control treatments for depressed adolescents...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
Flavia Faccio, Federica Ferrari, Gabriella Pravettoni
Children may experience intense stress when faced with symptoms of parental illness, as disruption of family routines and temporary unavailability of the parent occurs. This review aimed to analyse the psychological impact of parental cancer diagnosis in families with dependent children and identify protective and risk factors for child adjustment. Using preselected keywords, a systematic search of six electronic abstract databases was conducted. Studies had to investigate the psychological impact on children under 18 years old, had to measure psychosocial functioning quantitatively and had to be published in English in peer-reviewed journals between 1990 and 2017...
July 23, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Brian L Brooks, Vickie Plourde, Miriam Helen Beauchamp, Ken Tang, Keith Owen Yeates, Michelle Keightley, Peter Anderson, Naddley Desire, Nicholas J Barrowman, Roger Zemek
A significant proportion of children and adolescents report psychological distress following concussion, but little is known about the predictors of these problems. The purpose of this study was to examine predictive factors of psychological distress following pediatric concussion. It was hypothesized that the presence of pre-injury psychological distress would be the strongest predictor of psychological distress post-concussion, with other demographic and acute injury factors adding incrementally to prediction...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Annika Norell-Clarke, Curt Hagquist
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and psychological and somatic complaints. METHODS: We used three cohorts of cross-sectional Swedish questionnaire data, from the Health Behaviours of School aged Children (1985/1986, 2005/2006, 2013/2014, n=>18 000, aged 11-15). Specific complaints (e.g. pain) and total complaint load were used as outcomes of sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and the combination of them both...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Sorcha Ní Chobhthaigh, Fiona Duffy
Adopted children and adolescents are at an increased risk of experiencing emotional, behavioural and relational difficulties compared to their non-adopted peers. This systematic review aimed to establish the effectiveness of interventions with adoptive parents on adopted children and adolescents' psychological well-being, behavioural functioning and parent-child relationship. A systematic search was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA), including studies that assessed the effects of interventions with adoptive parents on adopted child and adolescent outcomes...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Dimitrinka Jordanova-Peshevska, Fimka Tozija
BACKGROUND: Understanding the resilient factors and why some children do well despite early adverse experiences is crucial, because it can inform more effective policies and programs that help more children reach their full potential. AIM: The main objective of the study is to describe the associations between psychological abuse in childhood and resilient risk factors on individual, relational, contextual level among adolescents in the country and see the probability of resiliency to predict psychological victimisation...
June 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Alan E Kazdin
The article describes my research on the development and evaluation of psychosocial treatments for children who engage in extremes of antisocial behavior (e.g., aggression, property destruction, theft). I begin with my "story" of how the focus on interventions started as I worked in various settings (rehabilitation facilities, schools, hospitals, and outpatient clinical services) and with children, adolescents, and adults. The main stream of treatment research and findings with antisocial child behavior is highlighted along with tributaries that led naturally from the outcome research...
June 1, 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Lisa Marie Ballard, Elizabeth Jenkinson, Christopher D Byrne, Jenny C Child, Justin Huw Davies, Hazel Inskip, Oluwakemi Lokulo-Sodipe, Deborah J G Mackay, Emma L Wakeling, I Karen Temple, Angela Fenwick
OBJECTIVE: There is limited information on the psychosocial impact of growing up with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), characterised by slow growth in utero leading to short stature in adulthood. Such information could aid families in making difficult treatment decisions and guide management strategies for health professionals. We aimed to explore the lived experience of people with SRS across the lifespan. DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted between January 2015 and October 2016 with a sample of 15 adults (six women) with genetically confirmed SRS from the UK...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Francky Teddy Endomba, Charlie Romain Mbega, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Saint-Just N Petnga
BACKGROUND: Giant congenital melanocytic nevus is a very rare condition characterized by a large skin lesion and an increased risk of complications like neurocutaneous melanosis and malignant transformation. Reports of giant congenital melanocytic nevus are scarce in the sub-Saharan African literature and here we present a case of this disease in a Cameroonian adolescent. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old Cameroonian girl from the "Baka" ethnic group, with no relevant family and medical histories presented with a progressively extensive brownish-black nodular hypertrophic skin lesion of approximately 45 cm, which she had had since she was 2-days old...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Laura Del Hoyo Soriano, Angela John Thurman, Danielle Jenine Harvey, W Ted Brown, Leonard Abbeduto
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by a mutation in the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome, leading to decreased levels of FMR1 protein (FMRP), which causes the array of neuropsychological impairments that define FXS. Because FXS is an X-linked condition, fewer females display FXS and females with FXS are more mildly affected than males, on average. However, there is a considerable variability in terms of severity of affectedness among females with FXS. The current study was designed to investigate potential genetic (FMRP level and ratio of affected to total chromosomes) and environmental factors (maternal psychological distress and closeness in the mother-child relationship) influencing the cognitive (fluid and crystallized intelligence) and behavioral (anxiety and withdrawal) phenotype of females with FXS...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
David Robertson
This article examines two psychological interventions with Australian Aboriginal children in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The first involved evaluating the cognitive maturation of Aboriginal adolescents using a series of Piagetian interviews. The second, a more extensive educational intervention, used a variety of quantitative tests to measure and intervene in the intellectual performance of Aboriginal preschoolers. In both of these interventions the viability of the psychological instruments in the cross-cultural encounter created ongoing ambiguity as to the value of the research outcomes...
June 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
Sreevatsan Raghavan, Koshi Philip, Puneet Batra, Agneta Marcusson
Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Aušra Lisinskienė, Marc Lochbaum
Adolescent relationships with parents are of the highest importance. The relationships likely reflect the nature of internal working models in youth sport that may well function as a psychological template during the construction of youth prosocial behavior. However, researchers' focus to date has concerned specific aspects of parental practices in child-based sporting activities. There is a lack of research covering parent-athlete interpersonal relationships concerned with how the relationships affect adolescent prosocial behavior...
January 17, 2018: Sports
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