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Child and Adolescent Psychology

S Tordjman, L Vaivre-Douret, S Chokron, S Kermarrec
We have been sensitized to children with high intellectual potential (HIP) having difficulties given the number of children consulting in our outpatient medico-psychological centres for scholastic problems (possibly leading to school failure), anxiety disorders or behavioral disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and in which a high intellectual potential was discovered during psychological assessments. It is the contrast, and more precisely the paradox, between the high intellectual potential of these children and their scholastic difficulties (including school failure), and the psychic suffering expressed by some of them, which led us to question, challenge and propose therapeutic and educational care adapted to these children...
October 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
Julia M Kobulsky, Susan Yoon, Charlotte L Bright, Guijin Lee, Boyoung Nam
Substantial research has linked childhood maltreatment to the development of substance use in adolescence. However, gender differences in the mechanisms that connect child abuse and neglect to substance use remain unclear. In this study, we applied multiple-group structural equation modeling in a sample of 1,161 youths (boys, n = 552; girls, n = 609) from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) to examine gender differences in the associations between childhood abuse and neglect exposure from ages 0-12 years and substance use severity at age 18 as mediated by early substance use at age 14 and psychological symptoms (anger, anxiety, and depression) at age 16...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Elizabeth D Handley, Tangeria R Adams, Jody Todd Manly, Dante Cicchetti, Sheree L Toth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether mother-daughter relationship quality and mother-daughter conflict represent mechanisms underlying the association between child maltreatment and adolescent passive or active suicide ideation. METHOD: The sample included 164 socioeconomically disadvantaged depressed adolescent girls and their mothers (adolescents: mean age = 14.00 years; 66.3% African-American, 21.3% white, 14.0% Latina). Structural equation modeling was used to test three simultaneous and distinct mediating pathways linking child maltreatment to adolescent suicide ideation: (1) mother-daughter relationship quality, (2) mother-daughter conflict, and 3) adolescent depressive symptoms...
October 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Andrew J Becker, Lauren C Heathcote, Inge Timmers, Laura E Simons
Introduction: The epidemiology of chronic pain in youth has been increasingly documented over the past decade. However, the precipitating events associated with the onset of pediatric chronic pain are not well studied. Objectives: Understanding the events that precede the onset of pain, and are reported by patients as germane to the early stages of their pain, may add one piece to the puzzle of the causal etiology of pediatric chronic pain disorders. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 320 young people attending a tertiary care chronic pain clinic with musculoskeletal chronic pain...
September 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Katharina Kircanski, Michal E Clayton, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa A Brotman
Purpose of review: Chronic, severe irritability is a common presenting problem in children and adolescents. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) was added to the DSM-5 in recognition of this public health need. Currently there are no well-established, evidence-based pharmacological or psychosocial treatments specifically for DMDD. Here, we focus on psychosocial interventions. In addition to reviewing published research, we present preliminary, open trial data on a novel exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) targeting severe irritability, as is present in DMDD...
March 2018: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
Livia de Freitas Keppeke, Juliana Molina, Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri, Gerson Dierley Keppeke, Teresa Helena Schoen, Claudio Arnaldo Len
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment for chronic diseases is lower in children than in adults, less extensively studied in children and is associated with multiple related factors. The aim of this study is to perform a descriptive analysis of psycho-cognitive aspects of primary caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, as well as socioeconomic and clinical factors, family functioning and treatment satisfaction. METHODS: Primary caregivers of 90 patients were included...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Shireen Mahtani, Penelope Hasking, Glenn A Melvin
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is particularly prevalent during adolescence and emerging adulthood. The salience of shame during these developmental periods suggests that shame may be inherently linked to NSSI, and at least partially explain the high rates of NSSI observed among youth. In this article, a theoretical developmental model relating shame and NSSI is proposed, and results from a preliminary test of a sub-set of cross-sectional relationships in this model is presented. In the model tested, it was hypothesized that adverse caregiving experiences in prior development (i...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Sara Gasparini, Ettore Beghi, Edoardo Ferlazzo, Massimiliano Beghi, Vincenzo Belcastro, Klaus P Biermann, Gabriella Bottini, Giuseppe Capovilla, Rosa A Cervellione, Vittoria Cianci, Giangennaro Coppola, Cesare M Cornaggia, Pasquale De Fazio, Salvatore De Masi, Giovambattista De Sarro, Maurizio Elia, Giuseppe Erba, Lucia Fusco, Antonio Gambardella, Valentina Gentile, Anna T Giallonardo, Renzo Guerrini, Francesca Ingravallo, Alfonso Iudice, Angelo Labate, Ersilia Lucenteforte, Adriana Magaudda, Laura Mumoli, Costanza Papagno, Giovanni B Pesce, Eugenio Pucci, Pietrantonio Ricci, Antonino Romeo, Rui Quintas, Chiara Sueri, Giovanna Vitaliti, Riccardo Zoia, Umberto Aguglia
BACKGROUND: The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed a diagnostic scheme for psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). The debate on ethical aspects of the diagnostic procedures is ongoing, the treatment is not standardized, and management might differ according to the age groups. OBJECTIVE: To reach an expert and stakeholder consensus on PNES management. METHODS: A board comprising adult and child neurologists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, pharmacologists, experts in forensic medicine and bioethics as well as patients' representatives was formed...
October 9, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Susan Sierau, Lars Otto White, Annette Maria Klein, Jody Todd Manly, Kai von Klitzing, Philipp Yorck Herzberg
Child victims' reports of psychological and physical abuse by caregivers are a fundamental source of information beyond official records and caregiver reports. However, few or no sensitive and age-appropriate child-report instruments exist that have undergone in-depth validity and reliability testing across a broad age-range. Our study addresses this gap by examining psychometric properties of a picture-based, modularized version of the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale (CTSPC-R), encompassing the maltreatment subtypes of psychological and physical abuse...
2018: PloS One
Denise M Riordan, Deepa Singhal
Anxiety-related disorders are common in the child and adolescent population. They cause significant distress, which can affect social, emotional, family and academic functioning. They frequently present in general paediatric and primary care settings. Comprehensive assessment should include the child as well as parent and family functioning because anxiety-related disorders in other family members are common and, if untreated, can affect outcomes for the child. There are good evidence-based psychological interventions available, which should be the first line of treatment offered; accessing appropriate therapies for an adequate duration of treatment can, however, be challenging...
October 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Michelle Telfer, Fiona Kelly, Debi Feldman, Georgie Stone, Rebekah Robertson, Zeffie Poulakis
Transgender children and adolescents face hardships in all domains of their lives, with many experiencing family rejection, social exclusion, discrimination, bullying and assaults. The mental health implications of these experiences include high rates of depression, anxiety, self-harm and attempted suicide. Gender-affirming social support and medical treatment has been shown to ameliorate the poor mental health outcomes of transgender youth, with those who are supported in their social and medical transition reporting rates of depression and self-worth equivalent to general population levels...
October 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kathryn A Birnie, Melanie Noel, Christine T Chambers, Lindsay S Uman, Jennifer A Parker
BACKGROUND: This is the second update of a Cochrane Review (Issue 4, 2006). Pain and distress from needle-related procedures are common during childhood and can be reduced through use of psychological interventions (cognitive or behavioral strategies, or both). Our first review update (Issue 10, 2013) showed efficacy of distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents...
October 4, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meeyoung O Min, Sonia Minnes, Hyunyong Park, Ty Ridenour, June-Yung Kim, Miyoung Yoon, Lynn T Singer
BACKGROUND: Although prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) has been linked with greater externalizing behavior, no studies have investigated heterogeneity of developmental trajectories in children with PCE to date. The present study aimed to: (1) identify developmental trajectories of externalizing problems in childhood by using a person-oriented analytic approach; (2) examine whether trajectories differ by PCE and other environmental and biological correlates; and (3) investigate how trajectories were associated with adolescent substance use and sexual behavior...
September 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Katharina Weitkamp, Inge Seiffge-Krenke
Research on parental rearing dimensions faced ethnocentric criticism for mainly focusing on adolescents in Western industrialized countries. Over the past decade, the phenomenon of anxious parenting, so called "helicopter parenting", gained attention in popular media as well as scholarly publications in addition to support and psychological control. Whether these parenting dimensions, which were associated with different health outcomes in adolescents, were only occurring in the Western world or are visible cross-culturally, has not been sufficiently studied...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Émilie Wouters, Jacques Gasser
The issue of the credibility of a child's or adolescent's testimony in judicial sexual allegations has already been developed in many articles and books of the scientific literature. This article reports on the expert practices in the field of child psychology and legal psychiatry for credibility expertise in Switzerland. After illustrating the issues at stake in the analysis of various testimonies in the context of a recent trial (the Outreau case), we will describe the Statement Validity Analysis, a credibility assessment methodology recognized by the scientific literature and Swiss case law...
September 19, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Trilby Langton, Bernadette Wren, Polly Carmichael
This Special Issue of Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry includes a group of papers that originated in the work of the Gender Identity Development Service (GIDS), which is the nationally designated National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom to work with children and adolescents experiencing significant concern and distress about their gender. This short introduction to those papers aims to set the context and explain why certain areas have been given a focus.
September 15, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Yuerong Liu, Darcey H Merritt
Based on the family stress model and the stress-buffering model, the present study examines the relationship between caregivers' financial stress and child internalizing problem behaviors, the mediating role of caregiver maltreating behaviors, and whether social services for caregivers buffer this relationship. The current study is based on data from wave two of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being dataset (N = 2670). Results indicated increased high familial financial stress was associated with child internalizing problems...
September 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Carin E Reust, Amy Williams
Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in children is defined as at least three episodes of pain that occur over at least three months and affect the child's ability to perform normal activities. RAP is most often considered functional (nonorganic) abdominal pain, but an organic cause is found in 5% to 10% of cases. Further workup is warranted in children who have RAP and fever, vomiting, blood in the stool, more than three alarm symptoms, or a history of urinary tract infections. Physical examination findings that should prompt further workup include weight loss or failure to grow; jaundice; costovertebral tenderness or back pain with lower extremity neurologic symptoms; liver, spleen, or kidney enlargement; an abdominal mass; or localized tenderness on abdominal examination...
June 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Kirsty S Lee, Tracy Vaillancourt
Numerous studies have reported that children and adolescents who are overweight are more likely to get bullied, yet the literature is replete with methodological limitations. We examined the transactional associations between peer victimization and body mass index (BMI), considering potential mediating (body dissatisfaction) and moderating (biological sex) factors. Participants (n = 631) came from the McMaster Teen Study, where students were assessed annually between Grades 5-11, approximately half were girls (53...
September 7, 2018: Developmental Science
Jie Lin, Furong Zhao, Caixia Gong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the current situation of parental rearing patterns and self-consciousness of adolescents with cleft lip and palate. The relationship between parental rearing patterns and self-consciousness of adolescents was also analyzed to provide evidence for psychological intervention. METHODS: The study was carried out on 400 adolescents (11-25 years old) with cleft lip and palate. The subjects were assessed with self-consciousness scale for patients with cleft lip and palate and Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppforstran family rearing questionnaires to evaluate the current status of self-consciousness and parental rearing patterns in adolescents with cleft lip and palate and the relevance of the two factors...
August 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
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