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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349757/management-of-the-axilla-in-early-breast-cancer
#1
Monica G Valero, Mehra Golshan
Management of the axilla in early breast cancer patients has significantly evolved in the last several decades. With the arrival of the sentinel lymph node biopsy, surgical practice for axillary staging in patients with early breast cancer has become gradually less invasive and formal axillary lymph node dissection has been confined to selected patients. Over the last two decades, evidence from randomized clinical trials have allowed for the de-escalation of axillary surgery in the management of early stage breast cancer...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345316/histopathological-findings-in-pregnancy-associated-cutaneous-hyperpigmentation
#2
Angel Fernandez-Flores, Juan Manuel Barja, Alejandro Vilas-Sueiro, Antonio Alija
Hyperpigmentation in pregnancy is a common phenomenon, experienced to some degree by up to 90% of pregnant women. It mainly involves sun-exposed areas, but it can extend to non-exposed zones. Cases with extensive hyperpigmentation are rarely reported. In this paper, we describe the case of a 30-year-old phototype V woman in her 37th week of pregnancy, who presented with brownish hyperpigmentation of the skin in extensive areas, including both axillae, the abdomen, and the lowest part of the back. In the abdomen, there was a reinforcement of the hyperpigmentation through the linea nigra and the umbilicus...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344685/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-a-treatment-in-adolescent-patients-with-axillary-bromhidrosis
#3
Tao Wang, Jiasheng Dong, Jinguang He
BACKGROUND: For adolescent bromhidrosis, the long-term safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) treatment are not clear to date. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 2011 to July 2016, 62 adolescent patients with primary axillary bromhidrosis were recruited and 50 U of BTX-A was administered in each axilla. Repetitive injections were performed when the malodor returned. RESULTS: The average follow-up was 2.64 years. There were no reported local or systemic adverse effects...
January 17, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340257/symmetrical-drug-related-intertriginous-and-flexural-exanthema-induced-by-doxycycline
#4
David G Li, Cristina Thomas, Gil S Weintraub, Arash Mostaghimi
Symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE) is a cutaneous drug reaction characterized by erythema over the buttocks, thighs, groin, and flexural regions most commonly associated with the use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Although the exact pathophysiology of this disease remains unknown, it is theorized to be the result of a delayed hypersensitivity response presenting as a cutaneous eruption days to weeks after exposure to the drug. The treatment involves discontinuation of the suspected medication, symptomatic control of pruritus, and topical steroid therapy...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322402/laser-treatment-of-primary-axillary-hyperhidrosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Jessica Cervantes, Marina Perper, Ariel E Eber, Raymond M Fertig, John P Tsatalis, Keyvan Nouri
Hyperhidrosis o`ccurs when the body produces sweat beyond what is essential to maintain thermal homeostasis. The condition tends to occur in areas marked by high-eccrine density such as the axillae, palms, and soles and less commonly in the craniofacial area. The current standard of care is topical aluminum chloride hexahydrate antiperspirant (10-20%), but other treatments such as anticholinergics, clonidine, propranolol, antiadrenergics, injections with attenuated botulinum toxin, microwave technology, and surgery have been therapeutically implicated as well...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313402/a-case-report-of-a-primary-apocrine-adenocarcinoma-of-the-eyelid-with-literature-review
#6
C Pagano Boza, R Vigo, J E Premoli, J Croxatto, J Gonzalez Barlatay
INTRODUCTION: Primary Apocrine adenocarcinomas (PAA) are very infrequent tumors that are often confused initially with benign lesions. Little is known about this disease and there is still much to be clarified. We present a case of PAA on the eyelid successfully treated with surgery alone and a literature review regarding what is currently described about this disease. METHODS: Noncomparative, retrospective case report of a patient with PAA on the eyelid succesfully treated with surgery alone and a literautre review...
January 9, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310336/removal-of-a-subdermal-contraceptive-implant-implanon-nxt-that-migrated-to-the-axilla-by-c-arm-guidance-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Ji Ung Park, Han Sol Bae, Seung Mi Lee, Jaehoon Bae, Jeong Woo Park
RATIONALE: To report the distant migration of a subdermal contraceptive implant and to suggest that C arm-guided technique is one of the feasible options for removal of the device migrated to the axilla. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 41-year-old multipara with tingling sensation in the left axilla was referred for removal of an Implanon NXT which could not be palpated by physical examination or detected by ultrasound scanning. Finally, the device was detected by computed tomography and found migrating to the left axilla...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307273/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-triggered-by-salmonella-enteritidis-in-a-child-with-concurrent-auto-immune-thyroiditis-and-papilloedema
#8
Esma Altinel Açoğlu, Eyup Sari, Gürses Şahin, Melahat Melek Oğuz, Meltem Akçaboy, Pelin Zorlu, Saliha Senel
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a histiocytic necrotising lymphadenitis characterised by painful cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, malaise and weight loss. Infections, auto-immune pathogenesis and a genetic association have been implicated. A 12-year-old boy presented with a 1-month history of fever, abdominal pain, constipation and weight loss, and a painful lymph node was detected in the right axilla. Chest CT demonstrated multiple lymph nodes, especially in the left mediastinum. Salmonella enteritidis group D was detected in a blood culture and he was treated with ceftriaxone, followed by meropenem...
January 8, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307098/a-single-incision-thoracoscopic-and-robotic-hybrid-procedure-via-the-axillary-approach-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-lung-and-mediastinal-tumors
#9
Norihiko Ishikawa, Yumiko Ohtake, Go Watanabe
A 66-year-old woman was referred to our institute for an enlarging tumor of the thyroid, and neck and chest computed tomography scan showed not only a thyroid tumor, but also an anterior mediastinal tumor and ground-glass nodules in the lung. Because of persisting symptoms, an enlarging thyroid mass, and the possibility of cancer, excision of the tumors was proposed. A 6-cm-long vertical skin incision was made in the right axilla, a mini-thoracotomy was made in the third intercostal space, and an additional port was placed in the fifth intercostal space...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288309/the-effect-of-intraoperative-nefopam-administration-on-acute-postoperative-pain-and-chronic-discomfort-after-robotic-or-endoscopic-assisted-thyroidectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
B G Kim, J Y Moon, J Y Choi, I S Park, A Y Oh, Y T Jeon, J W Hwang, J H Ryu
BACKGROUND: Acute postoperative pain and chronic discomfort are reported after robotic or endoscopic thyroidectomy. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, and double-blinded clinical trial was to investigate whether intraoperative infusion of nefopam decreases acute postoperative pain and chronic discomfort following either a robotic or endoscopic thyroidectomy via the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA). METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups: The control group (n = 29) or the nefopam group (n = 29)...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285043/improved-model-for-predicting-axillary-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-clinically-node-positive-breast-cancer
#11
Hyung Suk Kim, Man Sik Shin, Chang Jong Kim, Sun Hyung Yoo, Tae Kyung Yoo, Yong Hwa Eom, Byung Joo Chae, Byung Joo Song
Purpose: Pathological complete response (pCR) of axillary lymph node (LN) is frequently achieved in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Treatment of the axilla after NAC is not well established and the value of sentinel LN biopsy following NAC remains unclear. This study investigated the predictive value of axillary response following NAC and evaluated the predictive value of a model based on axillary response. Methods: Data prospectively collected on 201 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with NAC and underwent axillary LN dissection (ALND) were retrieved...
December 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284150/men-main-victims-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Hemmat Maghsoudi, Hojjat Almasi, Mahmood Reza Miri Bonjar
BACKGROUND: hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease presenting as painful subcutaneous nodules, characterized by multiple abscess, inter-networking sinus tracts. We present the option of surgical treatment involving wide surgical excision and methods of reconstruction as well as the rate of recurrence. METHOD: This study reviewed 44 sites in 21 patients with moderate to extensive HS treated surgically in our hospital from 2000 to 2016, with a follow up of at least 24 months...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282191/persisting-ulcerating-lesions-after-cyclosporine-therapy-for-erosions-found-in-flexural-sites
#13
Mina Amin, Shannon Famenini, Jashin J Wu
In February 2012, a patient with a 15-year history of painful, pruritic eruptions presented with a severe exacerbation that had lasted for the previous week. The patient also reported severe headaches, a fever of 38.9°C (102.1°F), a cough, and diarrhea, which had now resolved. Physical examination showed erythematous macerated patches with erosions in the left submammary region, bilateral axillae, and vaginal area (Figure 1), and greasy scale covering the scalp. Despite lessening of the lesions in the submammary region and abdomen with the administration of minocycline 100 mg twice per day and cyclosporine 100 mg three times per day, the patient continued to complain of persistent painful ulcerations in the labia majora and perianal area (Figure 2)...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246739/surgical-site-infection-following-lymph-node-excision-indicates-susceptibility-for-lymphedema-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-malignant-melanoma-patients
#14
Mads Gustaf Jørgensen, Navid Mohamadpour Toyserkani, Jørn Bo Thomsen, Jens Ahm Sørensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cancer-related lymphedema is a common complication following lymph node excision. Prevention of lymphedema is essential, as treatment options are limited. Known risk factors are firmly anchored to the cancer treatment itself; however potentially preventable factors such as seroma and surgical-site infection (SSI) have yet to be asserted. METHODS: All malignant melanoma patients treated with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) and/or complete lymph node dissection (CLND) in the axilla or groin between January 2008 and December 2014 were retrospectively identified...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246585/exposure-of-the-lungs-in-breast-cancer-radiotherapy-a-systematic-review-of-lung-doses-published-2010-2015
#15
Marianne C Aznar, Frances K Duane, Sarah C Darby, Zhe Wang, Carolyn W Taylor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report a systematic review of lung radiation doses from breast cancer radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Studies describing breast cancer radiotherapy regimens published during 2010-2015 and reporting lung dose were included. Doses were compared between different countries, anatomical regions irradiated, techniques and use of breathing adaptation. RESULTS: 471 regimens from 32 countries were identified. The average mean ipsilateral lung dose (MLDipsi) was 9...
December 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246403/considerations-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-biopsy-proven-axillary-disease-prior-to-neoadjuvant-treatment
#16
Linda T Qu, Stephanie Peters, Adrienne N Cobb, Constantine V Godellas, Claudia B Perez, Faaiza T Vaince
BACKGROUND: Axillary disease can be downstaged with neoadjuvant treatment for breast cancer. We attempted to identify factors to consider in determining whether to perform a sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with biopsy proven axillary metastases (cN+) prior to neoadjuvant treatment. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients at a single tertiary care center who underwent neoadjuvant treatment followed by surgery between 9/2013 and 2/2017...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242929/management-of-the-node-positive-axilla-in-breast-cancer-in-2017-selecting-the-right-option
#17
Monica Morrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238998/postmenopausal-craniofacial-hyperhidrosis
#18
K Eustace, N J Wilson
Hyperhidrosis is a condition marked by excessive sweating, which can either be localized or generalized. Primary focal hyperhidrosis (PFH) can arise from the palms, plantar feet, axillae and also from the face and scalp. PFH primarily affects a younger population of children and young adults, with the majority presenting before the age of 25 years. We report a distinct subtype of craniofacial hyperhidrosis in 20 postmenopausal women; this subtype is often under-recognized.
December 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233470/isolated-contralateral-axillary-lymph-node-involvement-in-breast-cancer-represents-a-locally-advanced-disease-not-distant-metastases
#19
Rati Chkheidze, Mary Ann G Sanders, Barbara Haley, A Marilyn Leitch, Sunati Sahoo
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer metastases to an ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node is assigned a N3 status in the TNM system and thus classified as stage III disease in the American Joint Commission on Cancer staging manual. Breast cancer metastatic to contralateral axillary lymph node (CAM) without metastases to any other distant organ is currently assigned M1 status (stage IV) instead of N3 (stage III). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of breast cancer patients diagnosed with CAM for their clinical presentation, pathologic diagnoses, treatment, and follow-up data...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231256/chemotherapy-induced-eccrine-squamous-syringometaplasia-in-an-infant
#20
Peter G Bittar, Megan Casady, Maria A Selim, Neil S Prose
There are few reports of chemotherapy-induced eccrine squamous syringometaplasia in children. We report the first case of an infant developing this condition after treatment with busulfan, fludarabine, and antithymocyte globulin in preparation for bone marrow transplantation. Twenty-eight days after transplantation, the infant developed faintly erythematous papules and plaques on the bilateral axillae, inguinal folds, and sites of adhesives. Punch biopsy revealed eccrine glands with dyskeratotic cells and focal squamous metaplasia consistent with chemotherapy-induced eccrine squamous syringometaplasia...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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