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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340530/understanding-functional-and-social-risk-characteristics-of-frail-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#1
David R Lee, Eilann C Santo, Joan C Lo, Miranda L Ritterman Weintraub, Mary Patton, Nancy P Gordon
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a condition of increasing importance, given the aging adult population. With an anticipated shortage of geriatricians, primary care physicians will increasingly need to manage care for frail adults with complex functional risks and social-economic circumstances. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from 4551 adults ages 65-90 who responded to the 2014/2015 cycle of the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Member Health Survey (MHS), a self-administered survey that covers multiple health and social characteristics, to create a deficits accumulation model frailty index, classify respondents as frail or non-frail, and then compare prevalence of functional health issues including Activities of Daily Living (ADL)/Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and social determinants of health (SDOHs) by frailty status...
October 19, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339773/factors-predicting-client-re-enrollment-in-tobacco-cessation-services-in-a-state-quitline
#2
Uma S Nair, Benjamin R Brady, Patrick A O'Connor, Melanie L Bell
INTRODUCTION: Quitlines are an integral part of tobacco treatment programs and reach groups of smokers who have a wide range of barriers to cessation. Although tobacco dependence is chronic and relapsing, little research exists on factors that predict the likelihood of clients re-engaging and reconnecting with quitlines for treatment. The objective of this study was to describe factors that predict the re-enrollment of clients in Arizona's state quitline. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data collected from clients (N = 49,284) enrolled in the Arizona Smokers' Helpline from January 2011 through June 2016...
October 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338584/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-emerging-adult-sexual-minority-men-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#3
Michael S Boroughs, Peter P Ehlinger, Abigail W Batchelder, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Emerging adulthood (EA) is a developmental period marked by unique challenges that affect health including burgeoning occupational, relational, and financial stability; and increased risk taking in terms of sexual behavior(s) and substance use. Data were collected from 296 HIV-uninfected sexual minority men with childhood sexual abuse (CSA) histories. We analyzed baseline assessment data from a multisite randomized controlled trial that tested the efficaciousness of an experimental psychosocial treatment and examined vulnerabilities known to be linked with CSA...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338421/sociodemographic-variation-in-increasing-needs-for-mental-health-services-among-canadian-adults-from-2002-to-2012
#4
Aline Drapeau, Marie Josée Fleury, Lia Gentil
BACKGROUND: Numerous countries have developed public health programs and restructured mental health service delivery to alleviate the growing burden of mental illness. These initiatives address increased needs for mental health services, as individuals become better-informed and more open-minded concerning psychiatric symptoms and mental health care. This study aimed to investigate how needs for mental health services have increased among Canadian adults in recent years, and how needs may differ across different sociodemographic groups...
October 18, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335835/-i-take-my-tablets-with-the-whiskey-a-qualitative-study-of-alcohol-and-medication-use-in-mid-to-later-life
#5
Catherine Haighton, Jess Kidd, Amy O'Donnell, Graeme Wilson, Karen McCabe, Jonathan Ling
BACKGROUND: Concurrent alcohol and medication use can result in significant problems especially in mid to later life. Alcohol is often used instead of medication for a number of health-related conditions. This novel qualitative study explored concurrent alcohol and medication use, as well as the use of alcohol for medicinal purposes, in a sample of individuals in mid to later life. METHODS: Twenty-four interviews (12 men/12 women, ages 51-90 years) and three focus groups (n = 27, 6 men/21 women, ages 50-95 years) from three branches of Age UK and two services for alcohol problems in North East England...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334305/impaired-mental-health-status-in-patients-with-ckd-is-associated-with-egfr-decline
#6
Yasuhiro Onishi, Haruhito A Uchida, Takeuchi Hidemi, Yuki Kakio, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Noriaki Shimada, Hironobu Tokumasu, Masaki Fukushima, Kenichiro Asano
AIM: Deteriorated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with increased risk for death in both CKD and ESRD patients, however, the impact of HRQOL on CKD progression is not well investigated. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate the association between HRQOL and CKD progression in Japanese patients with CKD. One hundred and three outpatients who visited the department of nephrology at our hospital (mean eGFR; 32.1±11.2 mL/min/1.73m2 ) between April 2007 and March 2012 were enrolled in this study...
October 17, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333896/determinants-of-transgender-individuals-well-being-mental-health-and-suicidality-in-a-rural-state
#7
Adina J Smith, Rachel Hallum-Montes, Kyndra Nevin, Roberta Zenker, Bree Sutherland, Shawn Reagor, M Elizabeth Ortiz, Catherine Woods, Melissa Frost, Bryan Cochran, Kathryn Oost, Hillary Gleason, James Michael Brennan
This project utilized a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach to conduct qualitative interviews with 30 transgender adults living in a rural state. Participants' identities spanned from trans women and men to non-binary and Two-Spirit. The aim of this study was to better understand the experiences, needs, and priorities of the participants as well as to examine possible determinants of mental health, well-being, and suicidality for transgender individuals in Montana. These factors were investigated at individual, interpersonal, community, and societal levels using an ecological framework...
April 2018: Rural Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332758/running-as-a-form-of-therapy-socio-psychological-functions-of-mass-running-events-for-men-and-women
#8
Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko, Joanna Poczta
The main goal of this study was to recognize the motives of participation in mass running events (Poznan Half Marathon case study). The second aim was to examine the motivations to participate in a half-marathon among two groups of respondents: men and women, and to evaluate the differences between them. The empirical research among runners ( n = 560) conducted during the one of the most important running events in Poland recognized the motives for participation in the sports event in accordance with the four basic types of orientation: social orientation, experience orientation, factual orientation, and result orientation (Freyer & Gross, 2002)...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327276/effect-of-childhood-poverty-and-trauma-on-adult-depressive-symptoms-among-young-men-in-peri-urban-south-african-settlements
#9
Abigail M Hatcher, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruari-Santiago McBride, Dean Peacock, Nicola Christofides
PURPOSE: Depressive disorders contribute to health declines among young men, but little is known about how childhood trauma alongside poverty alters depressive symptoms in young adulthood. These life-course dynamics are particularly under-researched in African settings. METHODS: We assessed how childhood trauma and poverty were associated with depressive symptomology among young men (aged 18-30 years). Data were collected through community-based surveys in two peri-urban, South African settlements...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326872/young-adults-at-risk-of-early-work-disability-who-are-they
#10
Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Hege Randi Eriksen, Valborg Baste, Jørn Hetland, Silje Endresen Reme
BACKGROUND: Young adults that are not in education, training or employment represent a problem across European countries. While some are cases of temporary transitions or short-term inactivity, others represent a more vulnerable group at risk of early work disability. Early exclusion from the labor market represents long lives exposed to detrimental effects of unemployment on health and well-being, and constitutes an economic burden for society. There is need for more knowledge about young adults who are at risk of early work disability but have not yet reached the point of more permanent exclusion...
October 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325770/behavioral-changes-following-hiv-seroconversion-during-the-historical-expansion-of-hiv-treatment-in-the-united-states
#11
Wenjia Zhu, Samuel Bazzi, Angela R Bazzi
OBJECTIVES: To identify the ways in which HIV seroconversion impacts subsequent health behaviors in the context of evolving HIV treatment technologies. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: We assessed changes in health and HIV risk behaviors following HIV seroconversion both before and after HIV treatment access (i.e., highly active antiretroviral therapy; HAART) in the United States by drawing from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, which collected data from men who have sex with men (n = 4616) in four U...
October 15, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324639/medical-complications-of-homelessness-a-neglected-side-of-men-s-health
#12
Mark A Brown, Wendy Gellatley, Anna Hoffman, Lisa Dowdell, Anne Camac, Rachel Francois, Belinda Boston, Amany Zekry
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is an increasing societal and health issue associated with high rates of substance abuse and mental health disorders. Homeless people die more often and younger than others. AIM: To identify health needs and improve healthcare for homeless men. METHODS: A physician-led clinic was established on-site at the Mission Australia Centre (MAC) in Sydney, incorporating a) liver screening, including portable fibroscan testing, and on-site treatment of Hepatitis C, b) a mental health clinic, staffed by a psychiatrist, and c) a nurse led clinic to follow up medical issues and deliver vaccinations...
October 15, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324556/-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-hearing-impairment-a-german-survey
#13
K Tretbar, M Basilowski, K Wiedmann, C Bartels, P Heßmann, M Kownatka, J Signerski-Krieger, N Scherbaum, S Meuret, M Fuchs, J Wiltfang, B Kis, M Abdel-Hamid
BACKGROUND: Hearing-impairment can lead to a reduced quality of life and thus represents a vulnerability factor for mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study represents the first psychiatric analysis of subjective quality of life and depression in people with hearing-impairment in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group included 30 hearing-impaired participants (27 women, 3 men) with a current or previous mental disorder and/or psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment (age: mean, M = 49...
October 15, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324539/chronic-disease-burden-of-the-homeless-a-descriptive-study-of-student-run-free-clinics-in-tampa-florida
#14
Abby Pribish, Nadia Khalil, Rahul Mhaskar, Laurie Woodard, Abu-Sayeef Mirza
Variation between homeless populations due to socioeconomic and environmental factors necessitates tailoring medical, health policy, and public health interventions to the unique needs of the homeless population served. Despite the relatively large size of the homeless population in Florida, there is a paucity of research that characterizes the homeless population who frequent homeless clinics within the state. This project describes the demographics, disease prevalence, and other risk factors among homeless individuals in Tampa, Florida...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324532/lifetime-prevalence-and-correlates-of-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-among-male-prisoners-with-histories-of-injecting-drug-use
#15
Ashleigh C Stewart, Reece Cossar, Paul Dietze, Gregory Armstrong, Michael Curtis, Stuart A Kinner, James R P Ogloff, Amy Kirwan, Mark Stoové
BACKGROUND: Histories of self-harm and suicide attempts are common among people in prison in Australia, and substance dependence is an established risk factor for these lifetime experiences. We describe the prevalence of self-reported history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts in a cohort of men with recent histories of injecting drug use (IDU) imprisoned in Victoria, Australia. Baseline interviews from the Prison and Transition Health (PATH) prospective cohort study were conducted in the weeks prior to release from prison among 400 incarcerated men who reported regular IDU in the six months prior to incarceration...
October 15, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320006/effects-of-income-and-psychological-identification-on-the-mental-health-of-china-s-migrated-agricultural-population
#16
Jing Xu, Yue Tian, Siting Wang, Yixuan Lu
Background: The Migrated Agricultural Population (MAP) of China continues to increase with the continuous development of urbanization. As MAP is a socially disadvantaged group, their mental health issues require urgent attention. Methods: An ordinary least squares regression model was established by using the newest survey data from the 2016 Chinese General Social Survey. Moreover, the effects of income and psychological identification on the mental health status of China's MAP were also examined using the Stata 12...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319492/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china-the-mediating-roles-of-coping-strategies
#17
Zhi Ye, Lihua Chen, Danhua Lin
The traumatic experience of contracting and living with HIV/AIDS may produce a myriad of mental health problems, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and conversely, bring posttraumatic growth (PTG), that is, positive changes resulting from a struggle with trauma. The growing body of research into the relationship between PTSD symptoms and PTG has produced mixed results. In addition, some research has suggested that psychosocial and cognitive factors may mediate the development of PTG after trauma exposure...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316876/minimum-wages-and-public-health-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
J Paul Leigh, Wesley A Leigh, Juan Du
We evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of raising minimum wages on various measures of public health within the US, Canada, the UK, and Europe. We search four scientific websites from the inception of the research through May 20, 2018. We find great variety (20+) in measured outcomes among the 33 studies that pass our initial screening. We establish quality standards in a second screening resulting in 15 studies in which we create outcome-based groups. Outcomes include four broad measures (general overall health, behavior, mental health, and birth weight) and eight narrow measures (self-reported health, "bad" health days, unmet medical need, smoking, problem-drinking, obesity, eating vegetables, and exercise)...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314579/retrospectively-reported-childhood-adversity-is-associated-with-asthma-and-chronic-bronchitis-independent-of-mental-health
#19
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
Several researchers have raised the concern that the cross-sectional association of retrospectively reported childhood adversity with self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood may be confounded, as well as mediated by an individual's mental health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of retrospectively reported childhood adversity on self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood, independent of potential confounding and mediating variables (including respondent's mental health)...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311832/black-sexual-minority-men-s-disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-is-associated-with-exposure-to-homonegative-religious-messages
#20
Jonathan Mathias Lassiter, Russell Brewer, Leo Wilton
Previous research has highlighted the homonegative atmospheres of many religious communities in Western society and their harmful impact on Black sexual minority (SM) people's mental and physical health. However, few studies have examined the relationship between sexual orientation disclosure to church members and exposure to homonegative religious messages in religious settings. This online quantitative study investigated this relationship among a sample of 320 Black SM men. The participants for this study were recruited nationally from across the United States and had a mean age of 34 years...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
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