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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107603/evidence-on-the-association-between-cigarette-smoking-and-incident-depression-from-the-south-african-national-income-dynamics-study-2008-2014-mental-health-implications-for-a-resource-limited-setting
#1
Andrew Tomita, Jennifer I Manuel
Introduction: As a leading global disease risk factor, cigarette smoking has declined in some developed countries, but its health consequences are not well established in sub-Saharan Africa. This is particularly evident in South Africa, where few investigations have quantified the dually-neglected challenges of cigarette smoking and depression, despite decades of research from developed countries. We investigated the association between cigarette smoking and incident depression, with the hypothesis that adolescents are particularly vulnerable...
August 9, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105618/perceived-discrimination-coping-mechanisms-and-effects-on-health-in-bisexual-and-other-non-monosexual-adults
#2
Emilie E Doan Van, Ethan H Mereish, Julie M Woulfe, Sabra L Katz-Wise
Bisexual individuals experience unique discrimination related to their sexual orientation, which may increase their risk of adverse health outcomes. The study goal was to investigate how bisexual and other non-monosexual individuals experience discrimination, understand how they perceive discrimination to affect their health, and examine the ways in which they cope with discrimination by analyzing responses to open-ended survey questions. The sample included 442 bisexual and other non-monosexual adults, ages 18-68 years (M = 28...
August 13, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104524/emergency-and-mental-health-nurses-perceptions-and-attitudes-towards-alcoholics
#3
Jesús Molina-Mula, Antonio González-Trujillo, Margarita Simonet-Bennassar
Knowing professionals' attitudes is the basis for the development of skills for dealing with drug dependence. These attitudes may affect patients' clinical safety and the cost-benefit ratio of the interventions. The goal of this study was to assess emergency and mental health nurses' attitudes and perceptions towards alcoholics. A multicenter prospective descriptive study was conducted in six hospitals with 167 emergency and mental health nurses. Nurses classified alcoholics as sick individuals, although there was a tendency to feel uncomfortable working with them...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103214/-icd-11-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-male-prisoners
#4
Sandy Krammer, Andreas Maercker, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Alex Gamma, Michael Liebrenz
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: The eleventh version of the ICD, expected to be published in 2018, leads to changed criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to the online beta version. Such changes are likely to affect previously known features of PTSD, including the prevalence rate. Little is known about the prevalence of ICD-11 PTSD in imprisoned men. The present study examined this issue in this high-risk group for trauma disorders, as male prisoners are known to be more often affected by traumatic events compared to the general population...
August 13, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102498/impact-of-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-long-term-complications-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Miodrag Stojanović, Goran Cvetanović, Marija Anđelković-Apostolović, Dijana Stojanović, Nataša Rančić
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the leading chronic diseases worldwide over past decades. The objective of the study was to identify predictors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at the General Hospital of the city of Leskovac, between June and November 2015. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and EuroQol-VAS (EQ-VAS) questionnaires were used...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100883/mental-health-and-psychosocial-functioning-over-the-lifespan-of-german-patients-undergoing-cardiac-catheterization-for-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Anja Schaich, Anna L Westermair, Matthias Munz, Stefan Nitsche, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Psychological problems are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are associated with poor outcome. However, data on the prevalence of distinct mental disorders and their relevance to patients' functioning in daily life are scarce. Method: In this retrospective study, a total of 514 German patients with CAD as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0.0 (M.I.N.I.) and psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095042/veterans-in-prison-for-sexual-offenses-characteristics-and-reentry-service-needs
#7
Andrea K Finlay, Jim McGuire, Jennifer Bronson, Shoba Sreenivasan
Among prison-incarcerated men in the United States, more veterans (35%) have a sexual offense conviction than nonveterans (23%). Limited research has investigated factors explaining the link between military service and sexual offending. Nationally representative data from prison-incarcerated men ( n = 14,080) were used to examine the association between veteran status and sexual offenses, adjusting for demographic, childhood, and clinical characteristics. Veterans had 1.35 higher odds (95% confidence interval = [1...
August 10, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094482/underemployment-overemployment-and-deterioration-of-mental-health-the-role-of-job-rewards
#8
Deborah De Moortel, Nico Dragano, Christophe Vanroelen, Morten Wahrendorf
OBJECTIVES: Working more (overemployment) or less (underemployment) than preferred has been associated with poor mental health in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal evidence is scarce. We investigate whether under- and overemployment is associated with 2-year changes of mental health and whether associations vary by job rewards (i.e. high earnings, job security, promotion prospects and occupational prestige). METHODS: We used two waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), with information on mental health collected in 2006 and 2008...
August 9, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092785/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-a-multilevel-study-investigating-the-effect-of-women-s-status-and-community-norms
#9
Faith Owunari Benebo, Barbara Schumann, Masoud Vaezghasemi
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been recognised as a public health problem with far-reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive, and mental health of women. The ecological framework portrays intimate partner violence as a multifaceted phenomenon, demonstrating the interplay of factors at different levels: individual, community, and the larger society. The present study examined the effect of individual- and community-level factors on IPV in Nigeria, with a focus on women's status and community-level norms among men...
August 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092125/mental-health-and-reactions-to-caregiving-among-next-of-kin-of-older-people-65-with-multi-morbidity-discharged-home-after-hospitalization
#10
Lina Behm, Eva Björkman, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Older people with multi-morbidity are major users of healthcare and are often discharged from hospital with ongoing care needs. This care is frequently provided by informal caregivers and the time immediately after discharge is challenging for caregivers with new and/or additional tasks, resulting in anxiety and stress. AIM: This study aimed to describe mental health, with particular reference to anxiety and depression and reactions to caregiving, and to investigate any associations between the two, in next of kin of older people with multi-morbidity after hospitalisation...
August 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090787/emotional-intelligence-and-anxiety-stress-and-depression-in-iranian-resident-physicians
#11
Maryam Kousha, Hossein Alizadeh Bagheri, Abtin Heydarzadeh
Background: Residency is one of the most critical periods of medical education. Residents are susceptible in high risk for mental problems which can affect the doctor-patient relationship. Emotional intelligence (EI) correlates closely with stress and mental health. Considering the important role of EI in medical education and with regard to lack of studies in this group in Iran, this study conducted to determine the relationship between EI and stress, anxiety, and depression in a sample of resident physician in our university of medical sciences...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088572/-sexuality-and-std-aids-prevention-in-mental-health-care-the-views-and-practices-of-mental-health-professionals-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#12
Claudio Gruber Mann, Simone Monteiro
Despite major strides in the Psychiatric Reform and high HIV rates among users of mental health services, there is a lack of prevention policies for this population. The gap is further aggravated by mental health professionals' difficulty in approaching the sexuality of mental health care users. The article analyzes the perceptions and practices of mental health professionals concerning these issues in three service models in the Network of Psychosocial Care (RAPS) in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Eight focus groups were held with mental health care teams from a public university institution in a Center for Psychosocial Care III (CAPS III) and a Street Outreach Service...
August 6, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088146/health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-different-symptoms-in-women-and-in-men-who-suffer-from-schizophrenia
#13
Cristina Domenech, Corrado Bernasconi, Maria Victoria Moneta, Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Paula Cristobal-Narvaez, Ellen Vorstenbosch, Jesus Cobo, Susana Ochoa, Josep Maria Haro
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with schizophrenia is related to the severity of psychiatric symptoms. The objective of this study is to analyze whether the symptoms that influence HRQoL are similar in women and men. Data were part of the Pattern study, an international observational investigation which collected data from 1379 outpatients with schizophrenia. Patients were evaluated with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory, the Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia, and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and reported their quality of life using the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D)...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085152/a-national-dyadic-study-of-oral-sex-relationship-quality-and-well-being-among-older-couples
#14
Hui Liu, Shannon Shen, Ning Hsieh
Objectives: We examine how giving versus receiving oral sex, two processes that are linked to relationship quality, are associated with older men's and women's well-being. Method: We analyze 884 heterosexual couples from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (2010-11). We estimate Actor-Partner Interdependence Models using the SEM approach to assess three well-being outcomes: general happiness, psychological distress, and self-reported mental health...
August 4, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085061/quality-of-life-after-elective-cardiac-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#15
Pedro N M P Coelho, Luís M R P C Miranda, Pedro M P Barros, José I G Fragata
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac surgery has little effect on life expectancy in elderly patients. Thus, improving the quality of life should be the main factor affecting therapeutic decisions. Most studies on quality of life in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery report improvement but have limitations. Consequently, we assessed improvements in the quality of life of elderly patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, identified influencing variables and established patterns of mental and physical health variations in the first year postoperatively...
July 31, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075740/gender-specific-hiv-and-substance-abuse-prevention-strategies-for-south-african-men-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Mark Tomlinson, Andile Mayekiso, Jason Bantjes, Danielle M Harris, Jacqueline Stewart, Robert E Weiss
BACKGROUND: Young men in South Africa face concurrent epidemics of HIV, drug and alcohol abuse, and unemployment. Standard HIV prevention programs, located in healthcare settings and/or using counseling models, fail to engage men. Soccer and vocational training are examined as contexts to deliver male-specific, HIV prevention programs. METHODS: Young men (n = 1200) are randomly assigned by neighborhood to one of three conditions: 1) soccer league (n = 400; eight neighborhoods); 2) soccer league plus vocational training (n = 400; eight neighborhoods); or 3) a control condition (n = 400; eight neighborhoods)...
August 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071738/social-and-structural-determinants-of-smoking-status-and-quit-attempts-among-adults-living-in-12-us-states-2015
#17
Hermine Poghosyan, Erika L Moen, Daniel Kim, Justin Manjourides, Mary E Cooley
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships among intermediary determinants, structural determinants, and adult smoking status and quit attempts. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Data come from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Social Context module. A national, representative sample from 12 US states (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Rhode Island, Tennessee, and Utah)...
August 2, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066600/engaging-without-exposing-use-of-a-fictional-character-to-facilitate-mental-health-talk-in-focus-groups-with-men-who-have-been-subject-to-the-criminal-justice-system
#18
Christabel Owens, Mary Carter, Deborah Shenton, Richard Byng, Cath Quinn
In an effort to encourage men with experience of being subject to the criminal justice system to contribute to focus group discussions on the sensitive topic of mental health, while also doing our utmost to protect them from discomfort or risk of exploitation, we used a novel technique involving the creation of a fictional character, supplemented by an audio-recorded vignette. We studied the role played by this technique in achieving our stated aims of "engaging without exposing." In this article, we report on the use of this technique in three focus groups, showing how in very different ways it shaped the interaction between participants and generated crucial insights into the lives and service needs of each group...
August 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066059/prevalence-of-possible-mental-disorders-in-syrian-refugees-resettling-in-the-united-states-screened-at-primary-care
#19
Arash Javanbakht, Alireza Amirsadri, Hiba Abu Suhaiban, Mohammed Isam Alsaud, Zeina Alobaidi, Zainab Rawi, Cynthia L Arfken
Little is known about mental health problems among newly arrived Syrian refugees in the US. It is important to determine the prevalence of common consequences of exposure to trauma and high stress, and provide needed interventions, as these conditions if untreated, can be detrimental to mental and physical health. Adult Syrian refugees (n = 157, 47.1% women, 52.9% men) were screened at one-month mandatory primary care health visit for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression using PTSD Checklist, and Hopkins Symptoms Checklist...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065286/moderate-alcohol-drinking-is-not-associated-with-risk-of-depression-in-older-adults
#20
Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, Iñaki Galán, Hosanna Soler-Vila, Martín Laclaustra, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
The scarce research on the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on mental health among older adults suggests a protective effect against depression. We prospectively examined the association between patterns of moderate alcohol consumption, depression and psychological distress, using information from 5,299 community-dwelling older adults from the ELSA and Seniors-ENRICA cohorts. A Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP) was defined as moderate alcohol intake (<40 g/day for men; <24 g/day for women) with a preference for wine and drinking only with meals...
July 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
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