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Cosmetic skin

Mark J Landau, Zoe E Birnbaum, Lauren G Kurtz, Joel A Aronowitz
In 2009, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Task Force on Autologous Fat Grafting (AFG) determined that autologous fat grafting was a safe procedure with a relatively low rate of complications. This consensus opinion unleashed a wave of popularity as plastic surgeons discovered the procedures' efficacy in a wide variety of cosmetic and reconstructive indications. Frequently reported cosmetic applications include soft-tissue augmentation of breast, buttocks, hips, face, and hands, whereas reconstructive applications include adjunct for breast reconstruction contour problems, plantar fat pad improvement, and correction of various posttraumatic and surgical contour deformities...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Taek-In Oh, Hye-Jeong Jung, Yoon-Mi Lee, Sujin Lee, Geon-Hee Kim, Sang-Yeon Kan, Hyeji Kang, Taerim Oh, Hyun Myung Ko, Keun-Chang Kwak, Ji-Hong Lim
Zerumbone (ZER), an active constituent of the Zingiberaceae family, has been shown to exhibit several biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer; however, it has not been studied for anti-melanogenic properties. In the present study, we demonstrate that ZER and Zingiber officinale (ZO) extract significantly attenuate melanin accumulation in α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated mouse melanogenic B16F10 cells. Further, to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which ZER suppresses melanin accumulation, we analyzed the expression of melanogenesis-associated transcription factor, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), and its target genes, such as tyrosinase , tyrosinase-related protein 1 ( TYRP1 ), and tyrosinase-related protein 2 ( TYRP2 ), in B16F10 cells that are stimulated by α-MSH...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
C Lalloué, R Aimard, P-L Vincent, R Viard, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
INTRODUCTION: The management of facial burns in their acute stage determines most of the sequelae aspect. An initial treatment of good quality should reduce and even prevent scar ransom and should not compromise potential future corrections. This treatment is based on the respect of facial surgery standards and on the use of some particular technical points. CASE REPORTS: We described our surgical protocol through three case reports. We are performing a surgical excision of the unhealed lesions between the 12th and 15th postburn day...
October 11, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Ting Gong, Chi Zhang, Jing Kang, J J Lamb, Jack J Jiang
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vocal fold scarring remains a major treatment challenge, and scar prevention without residual lesions remains a dilemma. Cryotherapy has shown cosmetic outcomes on skin lesions with minimal scarring. The aim of this study was to clarify the beneficial effects of cryotherapy for the prevention and the treatment of vocal fold scarring. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro. METHODS: Primary cultures of human vocal fold fibroblasts (VFFs) were used in this study...
October 12, 2018: Laryngoscope
Qiao Niu
Aluminum is a type of ubiquitously existing naturally and widely used metal in our world. It is combined with other elements and forms different compounds. In different pH and due to other conditions, it can be released into ions of different valence states. Our century is an "aluminum age"; aluminum is used in many fields of our daily life, such as vaccine adjuvant, antacids, food additives, skin care products, cosmetics, and cooking wares, and may be as elements or contaminants appeared in a lot of foods, including infant formulae, milk products, juice, wine, sea foods, and tea...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Miriam Brennan, Mike Clarke, John Newell, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Striae gravidarum (stretch marks) are considered the most common connective tissue/skin change in pregnancy. Though not a health issue they can affect women in different ways, for example, cause stress or be an aesthetic or cosmetic concern. Many women use one or more of the commercially available products to try and prevent their development during pregnancy despite the fact that that there is a lack of high-quality evidence to support their use. There is a dearth of studies on the prevention of striae gravidarum and large, robust trials are lacking...
October 12, 2018: Trials
Léon Maggiori, Jean Jacques Tuech, Eddy Cotte, Bernard Lelong, Quentin Denost, Mehdi Karoui, Eric Vicaut, Yves Panis
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcome of single-port laparoscopy (SPL) and multiport laparoscopy (MPL) laparoscopy for colonic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Benefits of SPL over MPL are yet to be demonstrated in large randomized trials. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blinded, superiority trial, patients undergoing laparoscopic colonic resection for benign or malignant disease were randomly assigned to SPL or MPL (NCT01959087). Primary outcome was length of theoretical hospital stay (LHS)...
November 2018: Annals of Surgery
Daria Terescenco, Geraldine Savary, Celine Picard, Florence Clemenceau, Emmanuelle Merat, Michel Grisel
The sensory perception of cosmetic emulsions is complex as it is governed by an important number of parameters like the choice of raw materials, their interactions, the structural organisation of the system, etc. The aim of the present work was to go further in the interpretation of the emollient-surfactant interactions, towards the emulsions applicative properties. For this purpose, two systems containing liquid crystals of the lamellar type were formulated, differing only in the selected emollient METHODS: First, the liquid crystals types were checked using different tools like the optical microscopy under the bright and polarized light, the wide-angle X rays diffraction and, finally, thermogravimetric analysis...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Lavinia E Chiti, Vincenzo Montinaro, Marta L P Lisi, Andrea G Asta, Silvia Marches, Paolo Sommaruga, Federico Massari
OBJECTIVE: To describe a local interpolation flap based on the upper lip for the reconstruction of the dorsal aspect of the nasal plane in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo and in vivo case report. ANIMALS: A 2-year-old medium-sized spayed female mixed-breed dog and a canine cadaver of a medium-sized mixed-breed dog. METHODS: A dorsal defect of the nasal plane of uncertain origin in a dog was reconstructed with a unilateral interpolation flap obtained from the caudal upper lip skin and mucosa (lip-to-nose flap)...
October 10, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
David L Vollmer, Virginia A West, Edwin D Lephart
The history of cosmetics goes back to early Egyptian times for hygiene and health benefits while the history of topical applications that provide a medicinal treatment to combat dermal aging is relatively new. For example, the term cosmeceutical was first coined by Albert Kligman in 1984 to describe topical products that afford both cosmetic and therapeutic benefits. However, beauty comes from the inside. Therefore, for some time scientists have considered how nutrition reflects healthy skin and the aging process...
October 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Christopher Ian Newberry, J Regan Thomas, Eric W Cerrati
Scars are a natural part of dermal healing following lacerations, incisions, or tissue loss. The ideal scar is narrow, flat, level with surrounding tissue, and difficult for the untrained eye to see due to color match and placement parallel to relaxed skin tension lines; however, scarring that is dyspigmented, hypertrophied, widened, contracted, or atrophic can be aesthetically displeasing or causing functional limitations. When the scar has unfavorable characteristics, scar revision is often indicated and the cosmetic surgeon must be knowledgeable of the minimally invasive as well as surgical techniques to improve aesthetics, reduced reoccurrence, or correct functional limitations...
October 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Gregory S Doran, Julia A Howitt
The fraction of any surface-adsorbed contaminant available for absorption is considered the bioaccessible fraction. Applied previously to contaminants such as pesticides and heavy metals on surfaces such as soil, food and cosmetics, the term may also be used to describe the fraction of drug residue bound to work surfaces which may be mobilized via contact transfer with human skin. Police station work surfaces have been shown to commonly contain low levels of drug residues as thin films; however, no information is available on how readily these residues may be transferred to human skin during direct or glancing contact...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Leticia Alves Gomes Albertti, Thierry L Delatte, Katyuce Souza de Farias, Amanda Galdi Boaretto, Francel Verstappen, Adele van Houwelingen, Katarina Cankar, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Harro J Bouwmeester, Jules Beekwilder
Candeia ( Eremanthus erythropappus (DC) McLeisch, Asteraceae) is a Brazilian tree, mainly occurring in the cerrado areas. From ethnobotanical information its essential oil is known to have wound healing and nociceptive properties. These properties are ascribed to result from a sesquiterpene alcohol, (-)-α-bisabolol, which is present at high concentrations in this oil. Bisabolol is highly valued by the cosmetic industry because of its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, skin-smoothing and wound healing properties...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
(no author information available yet)
Traumatic scars not only affect local appearance and function, but also may be accompanied by pain, itching, and even psychological problems, which seriously affect the quality of patients' life. The prevention and treatment of scars are still quite challengeable for plastic and cosmetic surgery. Recently, photoelectric therapy and radio-frequency technology have brought breakthroughs in the clinical prevention and treatment of traumatic scars due to the developments of theory and practice on selective photothermolysis and fractional photothermolysis...
September 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Dominika Krenczkowska, Krystyna Mojsiewicz-Pieńkowska, Bartosz Wielgomas, Krzysztof Cal, Rafał Bartoszewski, Sylwia Bartoszewska, Zbigniew Jankowski
Dynamic production of cyclic siloxanes: octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane D4, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane D5 and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane D6 increases their concentrations in environment. It is considered that both environmental pollution and the usage of personal care products and cosmetics containing cyclic siloxanes can be the main source of the human exposure by transdermal route. The aim of the study was to verify the possibility to overcome the skin barrier by cyclic siloxanes (ATR-FTIR and GC-FID), evaluation of diffusion pathway to stratum corneum SC (Fluorescence microscopy), and determination of depth of permeation to deeper skin layers: epidermis and dermis (ATR-FTIR) and also of potential interaction with SC lipids and proteins (Fluorescence microscopy, ATR-FTIR) and the cytotoxicity studies against HaCaT cells (MTT test)...
September 27, 2018: Chemosphere
Amir A Sazgar, Alireza Majlesi, Saeideh Shooshtari, Mohammad Sadeghi, Amir K Sazgar, Amin Amali
BACKGROUND: The thick-skinned nose is still one of the most challenging aspects of rhinoplasty. The possible effects of oral isotretinoin on cosmetic results of rhinoplasty in patients with thick nasal skin have been considered during recent years. METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 48 cases were divided into two groups randomly. Oral isotretinoin (0.5-mg/kg) was started on the 31st day after surgery and given every other day for 1 month and after that daily for two additional months in the first group...
October 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Paul Augustine, Soundrarajan Alagu Ramesh, Ramachandran Krishnankutty Nair, Renu Sukumaran, Regi Jose, Kurian Cherian, Madhu Muralee, Iqbal Ahamad
A variety of factors including tumor biology and distance of the tumor from the nipple have been associated with nipple areola complex involvement in patients with breast cancer. Preoperative understanding regarding these factors can help in modifying the surgical options including preservation of nipple areola complex (NAC) and breast conservation. Nipple sparing surgery (breast conservation surgery/skin sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction) for breast cancer has gained widespread interest with the aim of achieving oncologically safe and cosmetically acceptable outcome...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Nur Liyana Roswandi, Muhammad Waqas, Haroon Habib, Fahad Hussain, Shahzeb Khan, Muhammad Sohail, Nor Amlizan Ramli, Hnin Ei Thu, Zahid Hussain
Hyaluronic acid (HA) plays multifaceted role in regulating the various biological processes such as skin repairmen, diagnosis of cancer, wound healing, tissue regeneration, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulation. Owing to its remarkable biomedical and tissue regeneration potential, HA has been numerously employed as one of the imperative components of the cosmetic and nutricosmetic products. The present review aims to summarize and critically appraise recent developments and clinical investigations on cosmetic and nutricosmetic efficacy of HA for skin rejuvenation...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Raoul Vyumvuhore, Rime Michael-Jubeli, Laurie Verzeaux, David Boudier, Maud Le Guillou, Sylvie Bordes, Danielle Libong, Ali Tfayli, Michel Manfait, Brigitte Closs
OBJECTIVE: Although xerosis is a common skin disorder among the population, there is no in vivo global study focusing on xerotic skin. Hence, the objective of this study was to characterize xerotic skin from the surface to the molecular scale with in vivo and non-invasive approaches. METHODS: For this purpose, 15 healthy volunteers with normal skin and 19 healthy volunteers with xerotic skin were selected by a dermatologist thanks to a visual scorage. Firstly, the skin surface was characterized with biometric measurements...
October 4, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Yegyu Sung, Min Hee Kim, Eujin Cho
Dermal fillers are highly favored around the globe as minimally invasive or nonsurgical procedures. Imatinib mesylate is the first-line treatment for patients diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia. However, some studies describe that imatinib mesylate may increase the tendency of skin fragility which can lead to easy bruising and hyperpigmentation after invasive skin procedures. Yet, to our knowledge, no studies have described any successful dermal filler injection performed on patients who are under imatinib mesylate treatment...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
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