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'Social Media'

Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Rebecca Cassidy, Simone McCarthy, Christian Nyemcsok, Sean Cowlishaw, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that the promotion of gambling, particularly within sport, may have a significant impact on positively shaping young people's attitudes towards gambling. While some governments have implemented restrictions to limit young people's exposure to gambling advertising, few studies have investigated where young people recall seeing gambling advertising, and whether they perceive that advertising restrictions have gone far enough in reducing exposure to these promotions...
October 19, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Martin P Paulus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Kara Bagot, Joanna Jacobus, Rayus Kuplicki, Florence J Breslin, Jerzy Bodurka, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Wesley K Thompson, Hauke Bartsch, Susan F Tapert
The adolescent brain undergoes profound structural changes which is influenced by many factors. Screen media activity (SMA; e.g., watching television or videos, playing video games, or using social media) is a common recreational activity in children and adolescents; however, its effect on brain structure is not well understood. A multivariate approach with the first cross-sectional data release from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study was used to test the maturational coupling hypothesis, i...
October 16, 2018: NeuroImage
Carlos Iniesta, Débora Álvarez-Del Arco, Luis Miguel García-Sousa, Belén Alejos, Asunción Díaz, Nieves Sanz, Jorge Garrido, Michael Meulbroek, Ferran Pujol, Santiago Moreno, María José Fuster-Ruiz de Apocada, Pep Coll, Antonio Antela, Jorge Del Romero, Oskar Ayerdi, Melchor Riera, Juanse Hernández, Julia Del Amo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness, knowledge, use, and willingness to use and need of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW) who attended World Gay Pride (WGP) 2017 in Madrid. DESIGN AND METHODS: Online survey. Participants were recruited through gay-oriented dating apps and HIV Non-Governmental Organizations´ social media. Inclusion criteria included being MSM or TW, age 18 years old or above, and having attended WGP in Madrid. Information regarding the participant's awareness and knowledge, use or willingness to use, and need for PrEP was collected, as well as sociodemographic characteristics...
2018: PloS One
Michael A Thompson, Ruth M O'Regan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2018: Cancer
Naveen Pemmaraju, Audun Utengen, Vikas Gupta, Michael A Thompson, Andrew A Lane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Engagement on social media for professional, healthcare-related communication is rapidly rising around the world. We aimed to better understand the dynamics of a rare disease Twitter hashtag community. RECENT FINDINGS: Twitter has served as a platform for academic discussion, a method for knowledge dissemination directly from medical meetings, and a venue for patient caregiver and support groups. One example of a rare cancer that has seen an increase in available information via Twitter is blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm, or BPDCN...
October 18, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. We used Twitter to (1) extract negative emotions indicating discomfort in New York City (NYC) before, during, and after Superstorm Sandy in 2012. We further aimed to (2) identify whether pre- or peri-disaster discomfort were associated with peri- or post-disaster discomfort, respectively, and to (3) assess geographic variation in discomfort across NYC census tracts over time. Our sample consisted of 1,018,140 geo-located tweets that were analyzed with an advanced sentiment analysis called "Extracting the Meaning Of Terse Information in a Visualization of Emotion" (EMOTIVE)...
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Deborah X Xie, Matthew M Dedmon, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert J Yawn, David S Haynes
Importance: Over two-thirds of the adult population in the United States use Facebook. Despite the high interest in and use of social media by the general public, the presence and accessibility of health care organizations on social media has not yet been fully evaluated. Objective: To determine the use and popularity of social media among otolaryngology residency programs in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study of the presence of accredited otolaryngology residency programs in the United States in an internet data repository was conducted...
September 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Daswin De Silva, Weranja Ranasinghe, Tharindu Bandaragoda, Achini Adikari, Nishan Mills, Lahiru Iddamalgoda, Damminda Alahakoon, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Raj Persad, Evgeny Osipov, Richard Gray, Damien Bolton
BACKGROUND: A primary variant of social media, online support groups (OSG) extend beyond the standard definition to incorporate a dimension of advice, support and guidance for patients. OSG are complementary, yet significant adjunct to patient journeys. Machine learning and natural language processing techniques can be applied to these large volumes of unstructured text discussions accumulated in OSG for intelligent extraction of patient-reported demographics, behaviours, decisions, treatment, side effects and expressions of emotions...
2018: PloS One
Hana Brath, Nishila Mehta, Rachel D Savage, Sudeep S Gill, Wei Wu, Susan E Bronskill, Lynn Zhu, Jerry H Gurwitz, Paula A Rochon
OBJECTIVES: To systematically describe the resources available on preventing, detecting, and reversing prescribing cascades using a scoping review methodology. MEASUREMENTS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Sociological Abstracts from inception until July 2017. Other searches (Google Scholar, hand searches) and expert consultations were performed for resources examining how to prevent, detect, or reverse prescribing cascades...
October 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Melany Lopez, Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Vineet M Arora, N Seth Trueger
PURPOSE: To determine the responsibilities of journal social media editors (SMEs) and describe their goals and barriers and facilitators to their position. METHOD: The authors identified SMEs using an informal listserv and snowball sampling. Participants were interviewed (June-July 2016) about their position, including responsibilities, goals, barriers and facilitators, and attitudes and perceptions about the position. Themes were identified through a thematic analysis and consensus building approach...
October 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Stefan Stieger, David Lewetz
Online social media is now omnipresent in many people's daily lives. Much research has been conducted on how and why we use social media, but little is known about the impact of social media abstinence. Therefore, we designed an ecological momentary intervention study using smartphones. Participants were instructed not to use social media for 7 days (4 days baseline, 7 days intervention, and 4 days postintervention; N = 152). We assessed affect (positive and negative), boredom, and craving thrice a day (time-contingent sampling), as well as social media usage frequency, usage duration, and social pressure to be on social media at the end of each day (7,000+ single assessments)...
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Brenda K Wiederhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Morgan Lancaster
In a society where it is becoming more common for perpetrators to choose electronic forms of communication (cell phones, social media, etc.) to bully others, it is crucial that we understand how our country is working to intervene in this cyberbullying epidemic. Therefore, this systematic research synthesis sought to examine all intervention efforts addressing cyberbullying that have been implemented within the United States. A systematic search using variations of cyberbullying intervention program search terms was narrowed down to a final sample size of 11 articles fitting the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Mohammad Bilal, Sasha Taleban, Jonathan Riegler, Christina Surawicz, Andrew Feld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Asresash D Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Cutting (FGC) is a harmful traditional practice that affects the physical and mental health of girls and women in many ways. In Ethiopia, although both governmental institutions and None-Governmental- Institutions (NGOs) launched different campaigns against FGC, their effects on the peoples' attitudes towards the practice have not been deeply investigated yet. Hence, this study particularly aimed to investigate the pupils' perspectives on FGC abandonment in the Harari and the Somali Regional States of Ethiopia where the prevalence of the practice was thought to be high...
October 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Holly Fernandez Lynch, Emily A Largent, Steven Joffe, Angela M DeMichele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: Cancer
Adam D Farmer, James K Ruffle, Maggy Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Chun-Wai Yam, Amir H Pakpour, Mark D Griffiths, Wai-Yan Yau, Cheuk-Long Matthew Lo, Jennifer M T Ng, Chung-Ying Lin, Hildie Leung
Given that there is a lack of instruments assessing internet-related addictions among Chinese population, this study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scales- Short Form (IGDS-SF9), Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), and Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) among Hong Kong university students. Participants aged between 17 and 30 years participated in the present study (n = 307; 32.4% males; mean [SD] age = 21.64 [8.11]). All the participants completed the IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, SABAS, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
October 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Liang Chen, Xiaohui Wang, Tai-Quan Peng
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, the incidence and mortality rates of gynecologic cancers have increased at a constant rate in China. Gynecologic cancers have become one of the most serious threats to women's health in China. With the widespread use of social media, an increasing number of individuals have employed social media to produce, seek, and share cancer-related information. However, health information on social media is not always accurate. Health, and especially cancer-related, misinformation has been widely spread on social media, which can affect individuals' attitudinal and behavioral responses to cancer...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Cory R Schaffhausen, Marilyn J Bruin, Sauman Chu, Andrew Wey, Jon J Snyder, Bertram L Kasiske, Ajay K Israni
The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) provides federally mandated program-specific transplant data to the public. Currently, there is little understanding of how different program measures are prioritized by patients in selecting a program for transplantation. This study recruited 479 transplant advocacy group members from mailing lists and social media of the National Kidney Foundation (NKF), Transplant Families (TF), and Transplant Recipient International Organization (TRIO). Survey participants identified how many different programs would be reasonable to consider and viewed 4 measures that have recently been displayed on SRTR public search results websites and 6 measures not recently displayed and indicated importance on a 5-point scale...
October 16, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
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