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Interview And Child Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298025/clinical-perspective-on-passive-audio-vocal-measurement-in-the-evaluation-of-selective-mutism
#1
Helen Y Xu, Jacob Stroud, Renee K Jozanovic, Jon Clucas, Jake Jungwoo Son, Bonhwang Koo, Juliet Schwarz, Arno Klein, Rachel Busman, Michael P Milham
Selective Mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder often diagnosed in early childhood and characterized by persistent failure to speak in certain social situations but not others. Diagnosing SM and monitoring treatment response can be quite complex, due in part to changing definitions of and scarcity of research about the disorder. Subjective self-reports and parent/teacher interviews can complicate SM diagnosis and therapy, given that similar speech problems of etiologically heterogeneous origin can be attributed to SM...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160437/validity-and-reliability-of-italian-version-of-the-non-communicating-children-s-pain-checklist-revised-version
#2
Massimiliano Murgia, Rosanna Izzo, Alessandra Bettinelli, Chiara Di Maggio, Martina De Angelis, Massimiliano Mangone, Marco Paoloni, Andrea Bernetti, Andrea Torquati, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Valter Santilli
BACKGROUND: The Non-Communicating Children Pain Check List-Revised (NCCPC-R) is a clinical assessment tool used to assess and measure pain in children aged 3 to 18 years, with mental and intellectual disabilities, incapable to speaking. AIM: Aim of our study was to test the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the NCCPC- R in children with cognitive impairment, in order to obtain a valid tool for pain assessment in these children. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
August 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159723/prevalence-of-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-and-subthreshold-psychiatric-disorders-in-austrian-adolescents-and-the-need-for-prevention
#3
Julia Philipp, Michael Zeiler, Karin Waldherr, Stefanie Truttmann, Wolfgang Dür, Andreas F K Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner
PURPOSE: Epidemiological data are crucial to plan adequate prevention strategies. Thus, this study aims at obtaining the prevalence of mental health problems (MHP) and subthreshold psychiatric disorders based on a representative sample of Austrian adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 10-18 were recruited from Austrian schools. Emotional and behavioral problems were determined using the Youth Self-Report (YSR); the point prevalence of subthreshold psychiatric disorders was assessed using structured diagnostic interviews...
August 29, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057453/assessment-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-wisc-r-profiles-in-cases-diagnosed-with-specific-learning-disorder-according-to-dsm-5-criteria
#4
Mengühan Araz Altay, Işık Görker
Introduction: In this study, the frequency of psychiatric comorbidity in children and adolescents who were diagnosed with specific learning disorder, the factors that affect the frequency of comorbidity, the subtypes of specific learning disorder and the effects on cognitive profile have been investigated. Methods: Our study was performed among 80 cases with the age range 6-15 years who diagnosed with specific learning disorder Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department between January and June 2015...
2018: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995727/massachusetts-child-psychiatry-access-program-for-moms-utilization-and-quality-assessment
#5
Nancy Byatt, John Straus, Arielle Stopa, Kathleen Biebel, Leena Mittal, Tiffany A Moore Simas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the utilization and quality assessment of a population-based program to help health care providers address mental health and substance use disorders among pregnant and postpartum women, the Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program for Moms (MCPAP for Moms). METHODS: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program for Moms builds health care providers' capacity to address perinatal mental health and substance use disorders through 1) trainings and toolkits, 2) telephonic access to perinatal psychiatric consultation, and 3) facilitating referral to community resources...
August 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962575/blue-whale-challenge-perceptions-of-first-responders-in-medical-profession
#6
Mahesh Mahadevaiah, Raghavendra B Nayak
Context: Blue Whale Challenge is a phenomenon which gained its early foothold on the internet chatboards. It is a dare-based harmful game which has a list of fifty tasks which you perform culminating in one's death on the final task. The fatalities caused by individuals playing this game have been reported first in Russia and followed by at least twenty countries reporting it, including India. Aims: This study was conducted to assess perceptions and knowhow of the first responders in medical profession about online challenges...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#7
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659203/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-how-primary-care-versus-psychiatric-providers-evaluate-and-treat-pediatric-patients-with-irritability
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anna L Scandinaro, Usman Hameed, Cheryl A Dellasega
Objective: To determine how primary care versus specialist practitioners assess and treat school-aged children with irritability. Methods: Seventeen providers from family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry participated in in-depth interviews from June to August 2016 about the process they use to evaluate irritability. Data on demographic traits and measures of confidence were also collected. Results: Primary care (family medicine and pediatrics) participants expressed frustration over the lack of time and specialized knowledge they had to accurately assess children with irritability, even though they were often the first clinician consulted when problems arose...
April 5, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506557/attitudes-of-stakeholders-in-psychiatry-towards-the-inclusion-of-children-in-genomic-research
#9
Anna Sundby, Merete Watt Boolsen, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Henrik Ullum, Thomas Folkmann Hansen, Ole Mors
BACKGROUND: Genomic sequencing of children in research raises complex ethical issues. This study aims to gain more knowledge on the attitudes towards the inclusion of children as research subjects in genomic research and towards the disclosure of pertinent and incidental findings to the parents and the child. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from interviews with a wide range of informants: experts engaged in genomic research, clinical geneticists, persons with mental disorders, relatives, and blood donors...
March 5, 2018: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#10
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285478/multiple-intelligences-profiles-of-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-comparison-with-nonattention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197641/primary-care-providers-use-of-a-child-psychiatry-telephone-support-program
#12
Jeanne Van Cleave, Chloe Holifield, James M Perrin
BACKGROUND: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Project (MCPAP) provides telephone support from mental health specialists to primary care providers (PCPs). Understanding PCPs' use may inform implementation of similar programs. We sought to examine PCPs' decision-making process to use or not use MCPAP when encountering mental health problems. METHODS: We analyzed data regarding calls from PCPs to MCPAP from October 1, 2010, to July 31, 2011, and interviewed 14 PCPs with frequent use (≥7 calls) and infrequent use (≤4 calls)...
April 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061424/dopamine-transporter-gene-polymorphism-in-children-with-adhd-a-pilot-study-in-indonesian-samples
#13
Tjhin Wiguna, Raden Irawati Ismail, Noorhana Setyawati Winarsih, Fransiska Kaligis, Anggia Hapsari, Lina Budiyanti, Rini Sekartini, Susan Rahayu, Anthony P S Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Several studies showed that DAT1 polymorphism closed related with ADHD although the results were not consistently found. Studies in China, South Korea, Japan revealed that 10-repeat allele gave a risk for ADHD. Based on that understanding, this study tried to identify whether the similar polymorphism of DAT1 was also apparent in Indonesian children with ADHD. METHOD: This was a case - control study. Case was 50 Indonesian origin children with ADHD and without any other mental disorders and metal retardation...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994626/program-in-support-of-moms-prism-a-pilot-group-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-approaches-to-improving-depression-among-perinatal-women
#14
Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Lori Pbert, Linda Weinreb, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
PURPOSE: This pilot study was designed to inform a larger effectiveness trial by: (1) assessing the feasibility of the PRogram In Support of Moms (PRISM) and our study procedures; and, (2) determining the extent to which PRISM as compared to an active comparison group, the Massachusetts Child Access Psychiatry Program (MCPAP) for Moms alone, improves depression among perinatal women. METHODS: Four practices were randomized to either PRISM or MCPAP for Moms alone, a state-wide telephonic perinatal psychiatry program...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983797/clinical-factors-associated-with-decision-to-recommend-methylphenidate-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-in-france
#15
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
March 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882194/gps-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specialists-experiences-of-joint-consultations-in-the-gp-s-office-a-qualitative-study
#16
Tori Guldahl Seierstad, Mette Brekke, Ingun Toftemo, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: The study is an exploration of a joint consultation model, a collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Lillehammer, Norway. METHODS: A qualitative study based on two focus group interviews, one with participating GPs and one with participating specialists from the local CAMHS. Participants were five GPs, with work experience varying from 6 months to 20 years (four of them specialists in general medicine) and two CAMHS specialists-a psychiatrist and a psychologist-both with more than 20 years of experience...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640407/presidential-address-early-parent-infant-interaction-and-mental-health
#17
Peter de Chateau
The importance and meaning of early mother-infant interaction and their possible connection with developmental psychopathology and child psychiatry practice are presented. In an experimental study healthy mothers and their infants were kept together immediately after delivery instead of separating them. Correlation was found between early interactive behavior and later outcome measurements. Other effects of early contact were evaluated with the help of interviews, questionnaires, developmental screening, analyses of videotapes, and are discussed...
July 2007: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#18
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363151/irritability-in-adhd-associations-with-depression-liability
#19
Olga Eyre, Kate Langley, Argyris Stringaris, Ellen Leibenluft, Stephan Collishaw, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Irritability and the new DSM-5 diagnostic category of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) have been conceptualised as related to mood disorder. Irritability is common in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but little is known about its association with depression risk in this group. This study aims to establish levels of irritability and prevalence of DMDD in a clinical sample of children with ADHD, and examine their association with anxiety, depression and family history of depression...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360634/triage-of-patients-in-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-outpatient-clinic
#20
Şahbal Aras, Fatma Varol Taş, Burak Baykara
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate and describe the three-stage triage method used in a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic. METHOD: The study investigated the new allocation process of 1482 children and adolescents who were assessed using this triage system for the duration of one year, in the year 2005. Data of 1423 children and adolescents who presented in 2003 regarding the waiting time for the first appointment and the rate of nonattendance at the first appointment were used for the comparison...
September 2014: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
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