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Qualitative research methods

Ketevan Glonti, Darko Hren
INTRODUCTION: Despite dealing with scientific output and potentially having an impact on the quality of research published, the manuscript peer-review process itself has at times been criticised for being 'unscientific'. Research indicates that there are social and subjective dimensions of the peer-review process that contribute to this perception, including how key stakeholders-namely authors, editors and peer reviewers-communicate. In particular, it has been suggested that the expected roles and tasks of stakeholders need to be more clearly defined and communicated if the manuscript review process is to be improved...
October 18, 2018: BMJ Open
Ibone Olza, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Yael Benyamini, Maria Kazmierczak, Sigfridur Inga Karlsdottir, Andria Spyridou, Esther Crespo-Mirasol, Lea Takács, Priscilla J Hall, Margaret Murphy, Sigridur Sia Jonsdottir, Soo Downe, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise qualitative studies on women's psychological experiences of physiological childbirth. DESIGN: Meta-synthesis. METHODS: Studies exploring women's psychological experiences of physiological birth using qualitative methods were eligible. The research group searched the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, SocINDEX and Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection. We contacted the key authors searched reference lists of the collected articles...
October 18, 2018: BMJ Open
Eva Fassbinder, Nele Assmann, Anja Schaich, Kristin Heinecke, Till Wagner, Valerija Sipos, Kamila Jauch-Chara, Michael Hüppe, Arnoud Arntz, Ulrich Schweiger
BACKGROUND: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe mental illness that is associated with low quality of life, low psychosocial functioning, and high societal costs. Treatments for BPD have improved in the last decades. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and Schema therapy (ST) have demonstrated efficacy in reducing BPD symptoms and costs. However, research has not compared these two treatment approaches. In addition, there is a lack of 'real world studies' that replicate positive findings in regular mental healthcare settings...
October 19, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Liwei Ma, Sabine Bicking, Felix Müller
Estimating and mapping Ecosystem Services (ESS) is a primary basis for reasonable ecosystem managing policies. Assessing ESS and optimising the accuracy of ESS assessment is relevant to identify suitable indicators. This study aims to gain a better understanding of global climate regulation service assessments resulting from the application of several indicators that have been derived based on Co-Ordination of INformation on the Environment (CORINE) land cover classes. Therefore, 17 CORINE land cover classes were used to evaluate their effects on the distributions of the annual total Gross Primary Production (GPP), the annual total Net Primary Production (NPP), Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) and Carbon Stocks (CS) in the German federal state Schleswig-Holstein...
January 15, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Cathryn Pinto, Katherine Bristowe, Jana Witt, Joanna M Davies, Susanne de Wolf-Linder, Marsha Dawkins, Ping Guo, Irene J Higginson, Barbara Daveson, Fliss E M Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Routine use of outcome measures in palliative care is recommended to demonstrate and improve quality of care. The use of outcome measures is relatively recent in UK specialist palliative care services and understanding their use in practice is key to successful implementation. We therefore aimed to explore how patient-centred outcome measures are used in specialist palliative care, and identify key considerations for implementation. METHODS: Multi-method qualitative study (semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation)...
October 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Eva Ageberg, Sofia Bunke, Karolina Lucander, Per Nilsen, Alex Donaldson
There is a need for research to identify effective implementation strategies for injury prevention training within real-world community sports. The aim of this ecological participatory study was to identify facilitators, among stakeholders at multiple levels, that could help injury prevention training become part of regular training routines in youth team handball. Concept mapping, a mixed-method approach for qualitative data collection and quantitative data analysis, was used. Stakeholders (n=196) of two community team handball clubs (29% players, 13% coaches, 38% caregivers, 11% club, district and national handball administrators, 9% unknown) participated in a brainstorming process...
October 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Tracey McConnell, Paul Best, Gavin Davidson, Tom McEneaney, Cherry Cantrell, Mark Tully
Plain English summary: Co-producing research with members of the public is increasingly recognised as a valuable process. Yet, despite these good intentions, the literature on coproduction has struggled to keep pace with the coproduction 'movement'. There is a lack of clarity regarding acceptable levels of involvement and attempts at standardising approaches appear generic and lack detail. Moreover, relatively little research has captured the views of all the parties involved (academics, service providers and service users)...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
Li Hui Tay, Andrew Kok Wah Ong, Dora Siew Ping Lang
INTRODUCTION: Counseling is a brief psycho-educational intervention that is useful in facilitating personal growth and adaptive resolution of life stresses. With increased recognition on the psycho-emotional needs of patients with cancer, it is prudent to consider the possibility of expanding the role of nurses in the provision of counseling. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative systematic review aimed to establish the best available evidence on the experiences of adult cancer patients receiving counseling provided by nurses...
October 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Dave Sookhoo, Chris Thurston
The objective of this mixed methods systematic review is to develop an integrated synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research evidence on team-based learning (TBL) in undergraduate nurse education programs to inform active learning strategies among students.More specifically, the objectives are.
October 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Eric Esteve, François Maccari, Dominique Delavierre, Catherine Vicariot, Bénédicte Charles, Marc Marty, Eric Lespessailles
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis impact sexuality and intimate relationships in both men and women, and can be associated with sexual dysfunctions.The aim of this study was to develop and validate a specific questionnaire assessing the impact of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis on patients' sexuality. Two focus groups of patients, concerned by sexuality, were conducted in February 2015. Based on the verbatim transcripts, a content analysis was performed by a psychologist trained in qualitative procedures...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Carol S Camlin, Janet Seeley
INTRODUCTION: Very few pragmatic and community-level effectiveness trials integrate the use of qualitative research over all stages of the trial, to inform trial design, implementation optimization, results interpretation and post-trial policy recommendations. This is despite the growing demand for mixed methods research from funding agencies and awareness of the vital importance of qualitative and mixed methods research for understanding trial successes and challenges. DISCUSSION: We offer examples from work we have been involved in to illustrate how qualitative research conducted within trials can reveal vital contextual factors that influence implementation and outcomes, can enable an informed adaptation of trials as they are being conducted and can lead to the formulation of theory regarding the social and behavioural pathways of intervention, while also enabling community engagement in trial design and implementation...
October 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Shala Cunningham, Bini Litwin, Alicia Fernandez-Fernandez, Jennifer Canbek, Richard Jackson
Introduction: With the globalization of higher education through online training, opportunities exist for collaboration between institutions to promote ongoing advancement of healthcare professionals in resource-limited countries. The success of these programs is dependent on the ability of the program to meet the educational needs of the student and assist with implementation of the new information into practice. A post graduate residency program for physical therapists was introduced to Kenya to promote the development of the profession of physical therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Holly Feen-Calligan, Julie Moreno, Emma Buzzard
This article is a descriptive study of two groups who came together through service-learning: The first group is graduate art therapy students enrolled in a research class, who partnered with six community agencies to help them prepare assignments for undergraduate service-learning students in a subsequent semester. The art therapy research students also assisted the agencies with program evaluation. The second group is the six directors of the community agencies who were preparing for service-learning students enrolled in an art history class titled Art as A Social Practice...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
K Morgan, K L Campbell, D P Reidlinger
BACKGROUND: Dietetics students are a widely researched group. As emerging dietitians, they can provide valuable insights to inform how dietetics education programmes may be enhanced to meet contemporary healthcare needs. This review aimed to systematically synthesise dietetics students' experiences of dietetics workforce preparation. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, Informit and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global were searched to identify research published until June 2017...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Stephen Barrett, Stephen Begg, Michael Kingsley
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of non-communicable diseases places significant demands on the healthcare system. As a result, hospitals are seeking to broaden their role to include more integrated health promotion. Strong leadership at different levels of the organisation is required for the successful integration of health promotion in hospital settings. The status of surgeons within healthcare affords them significant influence over clinical practice, and by extension, institutional policy and practice...
October 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Isabelle Vedel, Melanie Le Berre, Nadia Sourial, Geneviève Arsenault-Lapierre, Howard Bergman, Liette Lapointe
BACKGROUND: Passive dissemination of information in healthcare refers to the publication or mailing of newly established guidelines or recommendations. It is one of the least costly knowledge translation activities. This approach is generally considered to be ineffective or to result in only small changes in practice. Recent research, however, suggests that passive dissemination could, under certain conditions, result in modifications of practice, similar to more active dissemination approaches...
October 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Marcia L Kay, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris P Myburgh, Charlene Downing
BACKGROUND:  While working in a psychiatric hospital, the researcher observed the beneficial effects of the mindfulness programme offered to patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Little support was offered to family members who attempted to manage their relatives diagnosed with BPD. The family members often experienced stress, depression, grief and isolation. OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this research was to explore and describe the experiences of family members who have a relative diagnosed with BPD...
October 3, 2018: Curationis
Maryam Sahebari, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Mandana Khodashahi
BACKGROUND: Selenium is an essential trace element with fundamental effects on human biology. Trace elements deficiency is not an uncommon finding in autoimmune diseases. This deficiency may be a consequence of autoimmune diseases or may contribute to their etiology. With regard to evidence showing the association between selenium deficiency and generation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent inflammation, reviewing the role of selenium in collagen vascular diseases could help researchers to devise strategies for managing these diseases...
October 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Rebecca Kandiyali, Annie Hawton, Christie Cabral, Julie Mytton, Valerie Shilling, Christopher Morris, Jenny Ingram
This paper considers patient and public involvement (PPI) in health economics research and how this might be facilitated. PPI refers to research carried out 'with' or 'by' members of the public and is now an important aspect of health research policies internationally. Patients and members of the public can be involved in all stages of the research cycle, from establishing whether the topic is important to influencing details of study design, wording of patient-facing documentation and interpretation and dissemination of findings...
October 15, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
Marie Hamilton Larsen, Kåre Birger Hagen, Anne Lene Krogstad, Astrid Klopstad Wahl
BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis face numerous treatment and self-management decisions. Shared decision making is a novel approach where patients' preferences and values are considered in cooperation with healthcare professionals before making treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to explore what is illuminated in psoriasis research regarding shared decision making, and to estimate the effects of shared decision-making interventions in this context...
October 15, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
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