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Qualitative research methods

Wilna Hendrika Oldewage-Theron, Sara Susanna Duvenage, Abdulkadir Ali Egal, Conrad Lyford
Sustainability of health interventions is a consistent and ongoing issue in Africa. Understanding key aspects of sustainable interventions provides the necessary methods for success. This research evaluates a nutrition intervention implemented in two peri-urban communities in the Free State and Gauteng province in South Africa (SA) respectively. A case study approach was employed using cross-case study analyses, including triangular data collection (empirical research through surveys of respondents; qualitative data collection through researcher journals, diaries, communications and photographs; and research team reflections)...
August 9, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Lovely Antony, Linu Sara George, Tessy Treesa Jose
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess stress and coping among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care and to acquire a deeper understanding of their lived experiences. Materials and Methods: A mixed method study was conducted among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care using mixed method approach and triangulation design. Data were gathered using self-administered stress rating scale, brief COPE inventory, and structured interview schedule...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Miel Ap Vugts, Margot Cw Joosen, Agali Mert, Aglaia Me Zedlitz, Hubertus Jm Vrijhoef
BACKGROUND: Current evidence for the effectiveness of specialist multidisciplinary programs for burdensome chronic pain and functional somatic syndromes drives the effort to improve approaches, strategies, and delivery modes. It remains unknown to what extent and in what respect serious gaming during the regular outpatient rehabilitation can contribute to health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to determine the effect of additional serious gaming on (1) physical and emotional functioning in general; (2) particular outcome domains; and (3) patient global impressions of change, general health, and functioning and to determine (4) the dependency of serious gaming effects on adherence...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Beth Mastel-Smith, Gloria Duke, Zhaomin He
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of Tai Chi (TC) and electronic tablet (ET) interventions on older adults' cognition and health and to explore participants' perceptions of intervention activities. DESIGN: An emergent embedded experimental mixed methods design was used in which the qualitative strand helped explain intervention results. METHOD: Older adults who participate in TC classes will have improved cognition and health compared with older adults who participate in ET classes...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Amritha Bhat, Theresa Hoeft, Erin McCoy, Jurgen Unutzer, Susan D Reed
INTRODUCTION: Symptoms of depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period can negatively impact parenting. It is important to understand the parenting experiences of women with depression, and what parenting support they need. METHODS: This is a mixed methods analysis of data (demographic data, depression outcomes, patient survey results, and transcripts of patient and care manager focus groups) from an open treatment trial of the feasibility of delivering perinatal depression treatment using collaborative care in a rural obstetric setting...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gigil Daniel Marme
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in many countries. There is a greater threat of exposure to TB in congregate settings including healthcare facilities, prisons and households where health workers treat patients with TB. In healthcare facilities, the key areas of risk of infection include settings where people with undiagnosed TB, including multidrug-resistant TB, congregate, such as outpatient waiting areas, pathology waiting areas, radiology departments and pharmacies, and wards where untreated patients await investigation results...
August 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Mònica Castellà-Creus, Pilar DELGado-Hito, Isabel Andrés-Martínez, Maria-Eulàlia Juvé-Udina
AIM: To understand the individualization process of the standardized care plan that nurses design for hospitalized patients. BACKGROUND: To apply the nursing process, it is advisable to use standardized care plans to standardize the diagnosis, planning and assessment stages. However, the fundamental element of this methodology is the individualization of the care plan. DESIGN: A qualitative study, framed within the constructivist paradigm and applying the Grounded Theory method, in accordance with Strauss and Corbin's approach...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Angela Byrnes, Adrienne Young, Alison Mudge, Merrilyn Banks, Judy Bauer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aligning care with best practice-such as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines-may improve patient outcomes. However, translating research into practice is challenging and implementation science literature emphasises the importance of understanding barriers and enablers specific to the local context and clinicians. This study aimed to explore staff perceptions about barriers and enablers to practice change aligning with nutrition-related recommendations from ERAS guidelines...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Stephen Reid, Leonard Shapiro, Graham Louw
Students' engagement with two-dimensional (2D) representations as opposed to three-dimensional (3D) representations of anatomy such as in dissection, is significant in terms of the depth of their comprehension. This qualitative study aimed to understand how students learned anatomy using observational and drawing activities that included touch, called haptics. Five volunteer second year medical students at the University of Cape Town participated in a six-day educational intervention in which a novel "haptico-visual observation and drawing" (HVOD) method was employed...
August 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Sara Rönnby, Oscar Lundberg, Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Bo Tillander, Håkan Gauffin, Per-Olof Hansson, Örjan Dahlström, Toomas Timpka
BACKGROUND: International middle- and long-distance running competitions attract millions of spectators in association with city races, world championships, and Olympic Games. It is therefore a major concern that ill health and pain, as a result of sports overuse, lead to numerous hours of lost training and decreased performance in competitive runners. Despite its potential for sustenance of performance, approval of mHealth self-report monitoring (mHSM) in this group of athletes has not been investigated...
August 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Trygve Johannes Lereim Sævareid, Lillian Lillemoen, Lisbeth Thoresen, Reidun Førde, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Close to half of all deaths in Norway occur in nursing homes, which signals a need for good communication on end-of-life care. Advance care planning (ACP) is one means to that end, but in Norwegian nursing homes, ACP is not common. This paper describes the protocol of a project evaluating an ACP-intervention in Norwegian nursing homes. The aims of this research project were to promote the possibility for conversations about the end of life with patients and relatives; promote patient autonomy; create a better foundation for important decisions in the case of medical emergencies and at the end of life; and gain experiences in order to find out what characterizes good ACP and good implementation strategies...
August 13, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Renee Lovi, John Hurley, Marie Hutchinson
Health care professionals are frequently one of the first points of contact in episodes of intimate partner violence (IPV). This paper presents qualitative data from a larger research project on IPV-related content in undergraduate curriculum for Australian health care professionals. IPV is a serious public health issue with findings from this paper supporting the proposition that key health care workers such as nurses, midwives and paramedics are ill prepared to respond to the challenges it poses. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of IPV-related content into undergraduate curricula for nurses, midwives and paramedics...
August 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Amer Zawahreh, Janet Rankin, Ahmed Abu Jaber, Abdulqadir Nashwan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the challenges and facilitators for implementing a 24-h telephone cancer service. DATA SOURCES: English language articles were retrieved from Medline, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Ovid Nursing electronic databases published from 2000 to 2015. STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed an integrative literature review. The qualitative and quantitative articles were evaluated using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program...
August 13, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
B Ahmad, D Landes, S Moffatt
This paper presents a case study on the use of mixed methods in research into practice to inform policy. The study was undertaken as part of a review of oral healthcare for older people in residential and nursing care homes in County Durham, North East England. The findings highlighted challenges in the provision of good quality oral healthcare to older people in residential and nursing care homes and informed the county's oral health strategy (Durham County Council DCC, 2016). Key recommendations include the need to develop and implement a minimum set of best practice oral health standards within care home contracts and train care home staff in oral healthcare...
August 9, 2018: Community Dental Health
Manuel Lillo-Crespo, Jorge Riquelme, Rhoda Macrae, Wilson De Abreu, Elizabeth Hanson, Iva Holmerova, Mª José Cabañero, Rosario Ferrer, Debbie Tolson
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of robust research concerning the care experiences of peoplewith advanced dementia within Europe. It is essential to understand these experiences if weare to address care inequalities and create impactful dementia policies to improve servicesthat support individuals and enable family caring. OBJECTIVES: To identify the strengths and weaknesses in daily life perceived by people with dementia and family caring across Europe by exemplifying experiences and the range of typical care settings for advanced dementia care in seven partner countries...
2018: Global Health Action
Lina Nilsson, Cecilia Fagerström
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on a decision support system (DSS) for home healthcare and the implementation of it. AIM: To describe home healthcare nurses' experiences of the implementation and use of a new DSS, with a focus on how it influences decision making in everyday work practice. DESIGN: A qualitative research design. METHODS: Data was collected through three focus group interviews with six home healthcare nurses...
August 12, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Maureen Seguin, Laura Hall, Helen Atherton, Rebecca Barnes, Geraldine Leydon, Elizabeth Murray, Catherine Pope, Sue Ziebland, Fiona A Stevenson
INTRODUCTION: Many patients now turn to the internet as a resource for healthcare information and advice. However, patients' use of the internet to manage their health has been positioned as a potential source of strain on the doctor-patient relationship in primary care. The current evidence about what happens when internet-derived health information is introduced during consultations has relied on qualitative data derived from interview or questionnaire studies. The 'Harnessing resources from the internet to maximise outcomes from GP consultations (HaRI)' study combines questionnaire, interview and video-recorded consultation data to address this issue more fully...
August 10, 2018: BMJ Open
Nancy A Scott, Jeanette L Kaiser, Taryn Vian, Rachael Bonawitz, Rachel M Fong, Thandiwe Ngoma, Godfrey Biemba, Carol J Boyd, Jody R Lori, Davidson H Hamer, Peter C Rockers
INTRODUCTION: Maternity waiting homes (MWHs) aim to improve access to facility delivery in rural areas. However, there is limited rigorous evidence of their effectiveness. Using formative research, we developed an MWH intervention model with three components: infrastructure, management and linkage to services. This protocol describes a study to measure the impact of the MWH model on facility delivery among women living farthest (≥10 km) from their designated health facility in rural Zambia...
August 10, 2018: BMJ Open
Matthew F Buas, Christopher I Li, Garnet L Anderson, Margaret S Pepe
BACKGROUND: Biomarker candidates are often ranked using P-values. Standard P-value calculations use normal or logit-normal approximations, which may not be correct for small P-values and small sample sizes common in discovery research. METHODS: We compared exact P-values, correct by definition, with logit-normal approximations in a simulated study of 40 cases and 160 controls. The key measure of biomarker performance was sensitivity at 90% specificity. Data for 3000 uninformative false markers and 30 informative true markers were generated randomly...
August 9, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Barbara J Stussman, Richard L Nahin, Marta Čeko
Background and aims Despite the enormous body of literature spanning more than 50 years describing results of pain experiments, very few have used qualitative methods to explore subjects' thoughts while scoring experimental painful stimuli, and none in the available literature have used qualitative interviews to do so. The current study examined how participants in experimental pain research delineate pain ratings to better understand the unique influences of the experimental setting on pain scores. An additional aim was to highlight how individuals with fibromyalgia and healthy volunteers are differently influenced by characteristics of the experimental setting...
August 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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