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Heide Götze, Sabine Taubenheim, Andreas Dietz, Florian Lordick, Anja Mehnert
PURPOSE: Our study provides a detailed overview of comorbid conditions and health-related quality of life of long-term cancer survivors and analyses the impact of demographic, disease- and treatment-related characteristics. METHODS: We present data obtained from 1000 survivors across mixed tumour entities 5 and 10 years after cancer diagnosis in a cross-sectional study. We analyse the prevalence of physical symptoms and health conditions via self-report and health-related quality of life using the EORTC QLQ-C30 in comparison to gender- and age-matched reference values of the general population...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Hiroshi Kagamu, Yoshitake Murayama, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Izumi Sato, Nozomu Uchida, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency. It is recognized in various stages of the cancer trajectory but has not previously been recognized during nivolumab treatment. METHOD: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE during treatment with nivolumab.ResultA 78-year-old woman with lung cancer was referred to our psycho-oncology clinic because of depressed mood...
August 3, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Maxi Sacher, Jürgen Meixensberger, Wolfgang Krupp
INTRODUCTION: Patients who are diagnosed with high-grade gliomas (HGG) have poor prognoses and often experience rapid declines in functional and cognitive status, which makes caring for them particularly stressful. We conducted a prospective study to investigate the factors influencing the quality of life of HGG patients and their informal caregivers and analyzed their reciprocal impacts. Based on our results, we elaborated a screening model to identify patients and caregivers in need of psychooncological support...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Steven W Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Michel Reich, Williams Tessier, Justine Lemaire, Nicolas Penel
OBJECTIVE: Cancer patients can present with impossible behavior, which can jeopardize their treatment and challenge healthcare professionals' teamwork. METHOD: Report of two unusual psychiatric cases, including Munchausen and Peter Pan syndromes, which occurred in a comprehensive cancer center.ResultGuidelines in medical and surgical wards are suggested to address such situations regarding oncologic compliance.Significance of resultsMultidisciplinary collaboration between medical and surgical teams and the psycho-oncologic department is highly recommended...
June 27, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Isabelle Lang-Rollin, Götz Berberich
Medical progress, the improvement of general living conditions, and an increase in life expectancy have led to an increase in the general prevalence of oncologic disease. More importantly, more and more patients survive cancer or live with the disease for long periods of time. While the battle for survivorship is continuously being fought, improving patients' quality of life has come to the fore. Psychosocial issues may modulate the course of the disease, but mainly have a deep impact on patients' physical and mental wellbeing...
March 2018: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
Britta Buchhold, Stine Lutze, Andreas Arnold, Andreas Jülich, Georg Daeschlein, Martin Wendler, Michael Juenger, Hans-Joachim Hannich
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment of malignancies are frequently associated with a variety of problems for affected individuals and their relatives. In order to ensure adequate psycho-oncological and social care, it is recommended to routinely assess patients' psychosocial distress. While psychosocial services for inpatients have been expanded in recent years, the outpatient care structure in terms of psycho-oncological support is far from satisfactory, especially in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania...
July 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Chiara Cosentino, Domenico Sgromo, Carla Merisio, Roberto Berretta, Carlo Pruneti
This study aimed to evaluate the psychological and physiological adjustment in a sample of Ovarian Cancer survivors. For all we know, this is the first time that such analysis has been performed in Italy. We assessed psychological adjustment along with physiological adjustment, measured through the basal Heart Rate Variability at rest. We assessed 38 women overall, aged 29-80 years, in follow up for ovarian cancer. Each participant filled a psycho-oncological record, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Derridford Appearance Scale-59, Mental Adjustment to Cancer and EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LQ-30 Version 3...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Roland Goldbrunner, Maximilian Ruge, Martin Kocher, Carolin Weiss Lucas, Norbert Galldiks, Stefan Grau
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are the most common intrinsic tumors of the brain, with an incidence of 6 per 100 000 persons per year. Recent years have seen marked changes in the diagnosis and treatment of gliomas, with molecular parameters now being an integral part of the diagnostic evaluation. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, with special attention to the new WHO glioma classification. RESULTS: The classification of gliomas on the basis of additional molecular parameters enables more accurate prognostication and serves as a basis for therapeutic decision-making and treatment according to precisely specified algorithms...
May 21, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Melissa P Masterson, Allison J Applebaum, Kara Buda, Sally Reisch, Barry Rosenfeld
The study of prognostic understanding is imperative as the trend toward individualized medicine continues. However, without guidelines for discussing prognosis, palliative care clinicians face challenges presenting prognostic information in a way that optimizes patient understanding, psychological adjustment, and decision-making. The present study draws on the experiences of experts in the field of palliative care in order to examine the communication of prognostic information. Fifteen oncology, psycho-oncology, and palliative care professionals with expertise in doctor-patient communication participated in semi-structured interviews that focused on identifying the breadth of factors underlying prognostic understanding, as well as methods to identify and quantify this understanding...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Marcel Fabian Glaas, Ralf Schäfer, Philipp Jansen, Matthias Franz, Igor Stenin, Thomas Klenzner, Jörg Schipper, Katrin Eysel-Gosepath, Julia Kristin
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the postoperative quality of life (QOL) of patients after translabyrinthine surgery for vestibular schwannoma (VS) using the German version of the Penn acoustic neuroma quality-of-life questionnaire (PANQOL) in a university hospital. METHODS: The PANQOL questionnaire was administered to 72 patients who were treated in our department with translabyrinthine surgery for VS between January 2007 and January 2017. Descriptive evaluations of results were performed in addition to analyses of the reliability and convergent validity of the results and a subgroup analysis...
July 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Belinda Thewes, Judith A C Rietjens, Sanne W van den Berg, Félix R Compen, Harriet Abrahams, Hanneke Poort, Marieke van de Wal, Melanie P J Schellekens, Marlies E W J Peters, Anne E M Speckens, Hans Knoop, Judith B Prins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Melanie L Bell, Nicholas J Horton, Haryana M Dhillon, Victoria J Bray, Janette Vardy
OBJECTIVE: Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are important in oncology research; however, missing data can pose a threat to the validity of results. Psycho-oncology researchers should be aware of the statistical options for handling missing data robustly. One rarely used set of methods, which includes extensions for handling missing data, is generalized estimating equations (GEEs). Our objective was to demonstrate use of GEEs to analyze PROs with missing data in randomized trials with assessments at fixed time points...
May 26, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Désirée Louise Draeger, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Oliver W Hakenberg
OBJECTIVES: Cancer patients have to cope with anxieties -concerning their prognosis, potential recurrence/progression, and treatment-associated sequelae. Stress-related psychosocial factors influence survival and disease-related mortality in cancer patients. Despite improvements in diagnosis and treatment, bladder cancer (BC) remains characterized by high rates of recurrence and progression. We screened -pre-therapeutically the stress level of BC patients stratified by gender, disease state, treatment, and other factors by -self-administered validated questionnaires to integrate them into psychosocial support as needed...
2018: Urologia Internationalis
Frank Meiss, Carmen Loquai, Joachim Weis, Jürgen M Giesler, Katrin Reuter, Dorothée Nashan
BACKGROUND: The establishment und certification of skin cancer centers (SCCs) in compliance with requirements issued by the German Cancer Society play a key role for quality-assured treatment of skin cancer patients. These requirements also call for the implementation of a qualified psycho-oncology program. When planning the present study, we assumed site-specific differences in the way such programs were implemented at various SCCs. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of all SCCs certified at the time (n = 43), in which these institutions were asked to provide information on the structural and process quality of their psycho-oncology programs...
May 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Jimmie C Holland
Worldwide, psychological and social issues in cancer were not the subject of scientific inquiry until the past two decades. Since then, a new subspecialty of oncology has evolved, psycho-oncology. It addresses two dimensions of cancer: the emotional responses of patients at all stages of disease, as well as their families and caretakers (psychosocial); and the pyschological, social and behavioral factors that may influence cancer morbidity and mortality (psychobiological). Obstacles to development have been the facts of small numbers of clinicians and investigators worldwide and the few valid assessment instruments and research methods available to the biomedical community...
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
Lili Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
Maria Die Trill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Takao Takahashi, Yoshitada Taji, Kenji Ikebuchi, Daisuke Furuya, Nozomu Uchida, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, and is sometimes overlooked because of the diversity of clinical symptoms. METHOD: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE, the main symptom of which was agitation.ResultA 50-year-old woman with lung cancer was referred to our psycho-oncology clinic because of agitation lasting for three days. No laboratory findings or drugs explaining her agitation were identified...
May 11, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
J Arends
Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the diverse factors contributing to this complex condition are metabolic derangements characterized by systemic inflammation, catabolism and accumulating changes in body composition. Because cure in advanced cancer still remains elusive, optimal supportive and integrated palliative care are required to allow patients to tolerate aggressive or long-term anticancer treatments, to maintain an adequate quality of life or to stay the course of advancing disease...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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