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Periodontal disease interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291542/perioperative-intervention-by-oral-medicine-team-in-cardiovascular-surgery-patients
#1
REVIEW
Masaya Akashi, Nagisa Nanba, Junya Kusumoto, Takahide Komori
In brief, perioperative oral intervention consists of elimination of odontogenic foci and maintenance of oral hygiene in patients undergoing surgery. The importance of oral intervention before, during, and after medical treatments is well-known, especially in cancer patients, because odontogenic foci such as untreated deep dental caries or periodontitis can cause systemic infection in patients with myelosuppression resulting from chemotherapy. Although perioperative oral intervention is currently recommended for patients with cardiovascular disease, its efficacy in this population has not been established...
October 5, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282931/glycogen-storage-disease-ib-and-severe-periodontal-destruction-a-case-report
#2
Rui Ma, Fardad Moein Vaziri, Gregory J Sabino, Nima D Sarmast, Steven M Zove, Vincent J Iacono, Julio A Carrion
Background : Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are genetic disorders that result from defects in the processing of glycogen synthesis or breakdown within muscles, liver, and other cell types. It also manifests with impaired neutrophil chemotaxis and neutropenic episodes which results in severe destruction of the supporting dental tissues, namely the periodontium. Although GSD Type Ib cannot be cured, associated symptoms and debilitating oral manifestations of the disease can be managed through collaborative medical and dental care where early detection and intervention is of key importance...
October 3, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277670/diseases-of-the-oral-cavity-in-light-of-the-newest-epigenetic-research-possible-implications-for-stomatology
#3
REVIEW
Jadwiga Jośko-Ochojska, Katarzyna Rygiel, Lidia Postek-Stefańska
Epigenetics is the study of inheritable changes in gene expression without changes in the underlying deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequence. The main mechanisms of epigenetic regulation include DNA methylation, modifications in histones, and micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNA). Recent research evidence has shown that environmental and lifestyle factors dynamically interact with the genome, influencing epigenetic changes, from development to the later stages of life. This happens across a spectrum, from physiological to pathological conditions, such as genetic defects, developmental disorders, infectious or inflammatory processes, cancers, mental disorders, and substance abuse...
October 2, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238811/patient-awareness-of-association-of-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease
#4
Neel Shimpi, Ingrid Glurich, Dixie Schroeder, Callahan Katrak, Po-Huang Chyou, Amit Acharya
This cross-sectional study sought to assess the current awareness, knowledge, and behavior regarding diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal disease (PD) association among a convenience sample of patients from a large Wisconsin-based integrated medical-dental health care organization serving largely rurally based communities. An anonymous 10-question survey was distributed at regional medical and dental centers of dental and medical clinics of a single health care institution over a 4-week period, to achieve a cross-sectional sampling of patients aged 18 to 80 years...
September 21, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233652/effect-of-sudarshan-kriya-pranayama-on-periodontal-status-and-human-salivary-beta-defensin-2-an-interventional-study
#5
R Ananthalakshmi, Jaideep Mahendra, P Jayamathi, Little Mahendra, Nashra Kareem, S Subramaniam
Background: Yogic stretching (asana) has been proven to have an effect on salivary human beta-defensin-2 (HBD-2) concentration, which is an antimicrobial peptide and is an inflammatory marker in periodontal disease. Sudarshan Kriya Pranayama (SKP) is a part of yoga which involves rhythmic breathing. Hence, we aim to evaluate the periodontal parameters and to estimate the salivary HBD-2 level before and after SKP program in periodontitis individuals. Materials and Methods: An interventional study was designed and individuals were divided into three groups: Group I - healthy periodontium, Group II - chronic gingivitis, and Group III - chronic periodontitis...
September 2018: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222759/association-of-tooth-loss-with-liver-cancer-incidence-and-chronic-liver-disease-mortality-in-a-rural-chinese-population
#6
Jake E Thistle, Baiyu Yang, Jessica L Petrick, Jin-Hu Fan, You-Lin Qiao, Christian C Abnet, Philip R Taylor, Katherine A McGlynn
BACKGROUND: Tooth loss has been reported to be associated with the risk of liver cancer in several prior studies in economically advantaged countries. Whether this relationship is also evident in economically disadvantaged populations is not known. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Nutrition Intervention Trials, two randomized placebo-controlled trials of vitamin/mineral supplementation in Linxian, China. Participants who reported having lost permanent teeth were examined to determine the number of teeth remaining...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198135/a-public-health-perspective-on-personalized-periodontics
#7
REVIEW
Ellie T Knight, W Murray Thomson
In this paper, we consider personalized periodontics from a public health perspective. Periodontitis is an under-acknowledged and important public health problem, and there has long been interest in identifying and treating those who are at high risk of developing this disease. Although susceptibility/risk-assessment tools in periodontology are currently in their early stages of development, personalized periodontics is increasingly becoming a realistic approach. At the population level, however, personalized periodontics is not an effective way of improving periodontal health because it would target only those who seek help or are able to access care...
October 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198131/behavioral-models-for-periodontal-health-and-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jonathon T Newton, Koula Asimakopoulou
The oral health-related behavior of patients with periodontal disease is a critical determinant of their health. Psychological models of behavior provide a framework for the design of interventions to enhance oral health-related behavior. This article reviews published manuscripts on interventions to enhance oral health-related behavior, classifying the nature of the interventions according to current psychological models of behavior. Fifteen manuscripts reporting the findings of 14 studies were identified and reviewed...
October 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198128/role-of-periodontal-therapy-in-management-of-common-complex-systemic-diseases-and-conditions-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Amarpreet Sabharwal, Isaac S Gomes-Filho, Elizabeth Stellrecht, Frank A Scannapieco
The goal of this review is to summarize the results of randomized trials reported since 2010 that assessed the effect of periodontal interventions on at least one systemic outcome in human subjects of any age, gender or ethnicity. Oral outcome measures included gingivitis, pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and/or radiographic bone loss and oral hygiene indices. Studies were excluded if the trial was not completed or if treatment was not randomized. The results suggest that nonsurgical periodontal intervention provided to pregnant women is safe and improves periodontal status without preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes...
October 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198126/stress-allostatic-load-and-periodontal-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Wael Sabbah, Noha Gomaa, Aswathikutty Gireesh
Psychosocial stress plays an important role in periodontal disease through biological and behavioral pathways. In this paper we review studies that examine the relationship between stress and periodontal diseases, and discuss the different measures used to assess stress. Self-reported measures, such as the Perceived Stress Scale and the Stress Appraisal Measure, have traditionally been used to assess stress. Frequent and repeated exposure to stressor(s) leads to wear and tear of the body's systems, resulting in what is known as allostatic load...
October 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173966/oral-health-status-of-children-with-mouth-breathing-due-to-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#11
Elif Ballikaya, Bahar Guciz Dogan, Ovsen Onay, Meryem Uzamis Tekcicek
OBJECTIVES: Mouth breathing is an important health problem, commonly encountered in children. In children, adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy is the main reason causing partial or complete upper airway obstruction and reduction in airflow. This study aimed to determine the oral health status of children aged 3-15 years, with mouth breathing who were due to have surgery for adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and referred to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Children's Hospital of a University in Ankara, Turkey between January-July 2015...
October 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168507/-72-month-evaluation-of-an-oral-health-prevention-strategy-in-schoolchildren
#12
Brenda Yuliana Herrera Serna, Olga Patricia López Soto
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of caries and periodontal disease globally, and its cumulative process from an early age, effective strategies are required to influence healthy habits that are formed in a sustainable manner, taking advantage of common spaces such as school. The objective was to evaluate for 72 months an oral health prevention strategy in schoolchildren. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study considered an initial sample of 350 students with similar cultural and socioeconomic conditions, which was later reduced to 220, after the 72 months...
August 31, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127195/the-analysis-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-periodontal-diseases
#13
Nila Kasuma, Fadil Oenzil, Eryati Darwin, Yanwirasti Sofyan
Background: Periodontal disease, also generally called periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection-induced inflammatory disease that causes tooth loss if not properly treated, and is considered as a modifying factor in systemic health. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is an inflammatory marker found in periodontal pathologic conditions. Gingivitis, a nondestructive type of periodontal disease, can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Therefore, assessing the level of MMP-8 with comfortable methods and no tissue intervention can determine the progression of the periodontal disease for a better treatment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094895/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#14
Shihoko Komine-Aizawa, Sohichi Aizawa, Satoshi Hayakawa
From last decade of the 20th century, numerous epidemiological studies and intervention trials have attempted to prove the relationships between maternal periodontal diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO). Periodontal diseases are considered a risk factor for APO, including preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, low birthweight, pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, the efficacy of periodontal treatment during pregnancy is controversial. Two pathogenic mechanisms might explain the potential effect of periodontal diseases on pregnancy outcomes...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077530/mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-endothelial-function-and-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-and-periodontitis-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Stefano Masi, Marco Orlandi, Mohamed Parkar, Devina Bhowruth, Isabel Kingston, Caitriona O'Rourke, Agostino Virdis, Aroon Hingorani, Steven J Hurel, Nikolaos Donos, Francesco D'Aiuto, John Deanfield
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis (PD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are characterized by increased mitochondrial oxidative stress production (mtROS), which has been associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Intensive PD treatment (IPT) can significantly improve endothelial function and metabolic control, although the mechanisms remain unclear. We explored whether, in patients with PD and T2D, changes of mtROS are associated with improvement of endothelial function and metabolic control after IPT...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077375/an-umbrella-review-exploring-the-effect-of-periodontal-treatment-in-pregnant-women-on-the-frequency-of-adverse-obstetric-outcomes
#16
Leidy Johana Rangel-Rincón, Annie M Vivares-Builes, Javier Enrique Botero, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez
OBJECTIVE: In the recent years, efforts have been made to reduce epidemiologic indicators of periodontal disease in pregnant women. This umbrella review aims to analyze the systematic reviews/meta-analyses investigating the effect of periodontal therapy in pregnant women on the frequency of obstetric complications (low birth weight, preterm delivery, and preeclampsia) and to identify the gaps in the scientific literature. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews with and without meta-analysis of intervention studies was conducted...
September 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074866/effects-of-starch-on-oral-health-systematic-review-to-inform-who-guideline
#17
K Halvorsrud, J Lewney, D Craig, P J Moynihan
A systematic review was conducted to update evidence on the effect of total dietary starch and of replacing rapidly digestible starches (RDSs) with slowly digestible starches (SDSs) on oral health outcomes to inform updating of World Health Organization guidance on carbohydrate intake. Data sources included MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, LILACS, and Wanfang. Eligible studies were comparative and reported any intervention with a different starch content of diets or foods and data on oral health outcomes relating to dental caries, periodontal disease, or oral cancer...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063147/is-there-an-association-between-various-aspects-of-oral-health-in-southern-italy-children-an-epidemiological-study-assessing-dental-decays-periodontal-status-malocclusions-and-temporomandibular-joint-function
#18
S Paduano, R Rongo, R Bucci, D Aiello, G Carvelli, A Ingenito, T Cantile, G F Ferrazzano
AIM: To describe the current oral health status of primary school children in Southern Italy, to investigate if there is an association between malocclusions and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and to investigate if there is an association between dental caries and periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: Transversal epidemiological study. We examined 1086 children, considering them of the same socioeconomic status (medium). The Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) were used to assess decay and periodontal status...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059656/removal-of-pre-existing-periodontal-inflammatory-condition-before-tooth-extraction-ameliorates-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-like-lesion-in-mice
#19
Terresa Kim, Sol Kim, Minju Song, Cindy Lee, Hideo Yagita, Drake W Williams, Eric C Sung, Christine Hong, Ki-Hyuk Shin, Mo K Kang, No-Hee Park, Reuben H Kim
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a rare but detrimental intraoral lesion that predominantly occurs in patients with long-term use of antiresorptive agents, such as bisphosphonate and denosumab, a human anti-receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) monoclonal antibody (Ab). Surgical intervention, such as tooth extraction, is a known risk factor for MRONJ, which is often performed to eliminate preexiting pathologic inflammatory conditions, such as periodontal diseases. Nonetheless, it remains unknown whether pre-existing periodontal disease condition exacerbates, or removal of such condition ameliorates, MRONJ development after tooth extraction...
October 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058641/supracrestal-non-surgical-therapy-in-periodontal-diseases
#20
Khushboo Goel
Periodontal diseases are the complex disease with a dynamic relationship between biofilm and the host immunoinflammatory response. The goal of periodontal therapy is to preserve the natural dentition and increase their longevity by creation of a favorable environment around the teeth. The mainstay to achieve this is by the non-surgical periodontal therapy, followed by surgical and other recent treatment modalities. However, there seems no sure indication to choose amongst them that are clinically significant and offer long term predictability...
January 2018: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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