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Jaya Uppal, Stanislaw Sobotka, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Multiple causes outside the spine can mimic spinal back pain. Endometriosis is an important gynecological disorder, which commonly affects the lower region of the female pelvis and less frequently the spine and soft tissues. The lumbosacral trunk is vulnerable to pressure from any abdominal mass originating from the uterus and the ovaries. Therefore symptoms of endometriosis include severe reoccurring pain in the pelvic area as well as lower back and abdominal pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 39 year old gymnast with cyclic sciatica and back pain, whose initial presentation initially led to a spinal fusion at L4/5 and L5/S1, but that procedure did not change her symptoms...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Sreekala S Nampoothiri, Tanvi Potluri, Harshith Subramanian, Rajanikant G Krishnamurthy
Despite years of research, most preclinical trials on ischemic stroke have remained unsuccessful owing to poor methodological and statistical standards leading to "translational roadblocks." Various behavioral tests have been established to evaluate traits such as sensorimotor function, cognitive and social interactions, and anxiety-like and depression-like behavior. A test's validity is of cardinal importance as it influences the chance of a successful translation of preclinical results to clinical settings...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Jorge Delgado, Diego Jaramillo, Nancy A Chauvin
Increased physical activity in childhood has resulted in a large number of sports-related injuries. Although there is overlap between the sports-related injuries seen in pediatric and adult patients, important differences exist in the injury patterns of pediatric patients. These differences are related to the continuous changes in the developing skeleton and its relationship with adjacent soft tissues. The imbalance in strength between the growing bones and the nearby tendons and ligaments makes the bones prone to acute and chronic injuries...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Hadrien Ceyte, Alexis Lion, Sébastien Caudron, Philippe Perrin, Gérome C Gauchard
The aim of this study was to assess the visuo-oculomotor skills of gaze orientation in selected sport activities relative to visual demands of the sporting environment. Both temporal and spatial demands of the sporting environment were investigated: The latency and accuracy of horizontal saccades and the gain of the horizontal smooth pursuit of the sporting environment were investigated in 16 fencers, 19 tennis players, 12 gymnasts, 9 swimmers and 18 sedentary participants. For the saccade test, two sequences were tested: In the fixed sequence, participants knew in advance the time interval between each target, as well as the direction and the amplitude of its reappearance; in the Freyss sequence however, the spatial changes of the target (direction and amplitude) were known in advance by participants but the time interval between each target was unknown...
October 4, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Clara Mockdece Neves, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Pedro Henrique Berbert de Carvalho, Astrid Schubring, Natalie Barker-Ruchti, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
Body dissatisfaction is prevalent in women's artistic gymnastics (WAG). Cross-sectional research points to social and individual risk factors, however it does not account for potential changes in body dissatisfaction during an athletic season. This study aimed to determine how gymnasts' body dissatisfaction, risk factors for eating disorders, media internalisation, perfectionism and mood state change during pre-competition, competition and post-competition seasons and to identify how these psychosocial indicators impact on body dissatisfaction during the athletic year...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Amandine Chenet, Alexandra Gosseaume, Sandrine Wiertlewski, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) is common, present in 40 to 60% of patients, and is under diagnosis. Currently, there is no effective drug and non-pharmacological treatments that are developed. We propose to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training (ET) on cognitive impairment. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included patients from University Hospital of Nantes with an EDSS of between 3 and 4.5. They followed an exercise therapy program during 8 weeks, in groups, including aerobic physical activity (Nordic walking, gymnastics and exercise of balance) and recreational activities (billiards and boccia)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Francesco Sartor, Silvia Capuzzoni, Gianluca Rospo, Antonio La Torre, Fulvio Vailati, Emanuele Vailati
In gymnastics high levels of executive attention, physical and coordinative capacities are required. However, training planning does not usually account for dynamic alterations in cognitive capacity. This study investigated whether cognitive capacity was altered by the approach of a competition. Ten elite male gymnasts (16 ± 2yrs, 57.3 ± 16.1kg, 1.64 ± 1.27m) were monitored for sleep, life-demands, rating of perceived effort (RPE) and pain, starting 5 days before the competition and up to 5 days after it...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Matthew D Ellington, Eric W Edmonds
Pediatric overuse injuries are becoming more prevalent in today's society with more children competitively playing year-round sports at a younger age. The importance of prompt diagnosis and treatment is paramount to the treatment for these injuries, second only to rest and activity modification. This article will focus on overuse injuries of the upper extremity, specifically: little league elbow, elbow osteochondritis dissecans, and gymnast wrist. It will also discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, imaging, and treatment of each of these entities...
October 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Jan W C Sprey, Thiago Ferreira, Marcos V de Lima, Aires Duarte, Pedro B Jorge, Claudio Santili
BACKGROUND: CrossFit is a conditioning and training program that has been gaining recognition and interest among the physically active population. Approximately 440 certified and registered CrossFit fitness centers and gyms exist in Brazil, with approximately 40,000 athletes. To date, there have been no epidemiological studies about the CrossFit athlete in Brazil. PURPOSE: To evaluate the profile, sports history, training routine, and presence of injuries among athletes of CrossFit...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Nicholas A Ferran, Doron Sher
A case of simultaneous bilateral distal biceps tendon rupture in a recreational gymnast is presented. Achieving bilateral acute primary repair can be challenging as any immobilization will lead to disability and difficulty with self-care and activities of daily living. We have reviewed the evidence of this rare condition and demonstrate that modern rehabilitation techniques, which allow early mobilization, can make simultaneous bilateral primary repair a viable option in such cases.
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Amol Saxena, Andrew Yun, Rajan Patel, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Nicola Maffulli
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of radial soundwave therapy (RSW) for the management of sesamoiditis, symptomatic bipartite sesamoids, and avascular necrosis in athletic patients. The data from 10 patients undergoing RSW for sesamoiditis were retrospectively studied. Three treatments at 2.4 Bar and 13 Hz, for a total of 2500 pulses in each session, were administered to the affected sesamoid approximately 1 week apart. The Roles and Maudsley score and the visual analog scale (VAS) were used to assess disability and pain...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Min Sun, Ali Farhadi, Tseng-Hung Chen, Steven Seitz
We present a fully automatic system for ranking domain-specific highlights in unconstrained personal videos by analyzing online edited videos. A novel latent linear ranking model is proposed to handle noisy training data harvested online. Specifically, given a targeted domain such as "surfing", our system mines the YouTube database to find pairs of raw and their corresponding edited videos. Leveraging the assumption that an edited video is more likely to contain highlights than the trimmed parts of the raw video, we obtain pair-wise ranking constraints to train our model...
August 17, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Si-Dong Yang, Sheng-Hua Ning, Li-Hong Zhang, Ying-Ze Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding, Da-Long Yang
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of lower limb rehabilitation gymnastics on postoperative rehabilitation in elderly patients with femoral shaft fracture after undergoing intramedullary nail fixation surgery.We collected medical records of elderly patients aged ≥ 60 years with femoral shaft fracture between 03/2010 and 03/2015 in Longyao County Hospital. Totally, 160 patients were identified and divided into the intervention group (n = 80) and the control group (n = 80). During the postoperative period, the intervention group received lower limb rehabilitation gymnastics treatment for 3 months, but the control group did not...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andreas Fröberg, Anders Raustorp, Peter Pagels, Christel Larsson, Cecilia Boldemann
AIM: The aim of this study was to measure the percentage of sedentary light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA) provided by physical education (PE) lessons for Swedish second, fifth and eight grade students, aged eight, 11 and 14. METHODS: We observed 39 PE lessons and divided them into seven lesson categories: ball play, ball games, dance, fitness, playing games, orienteering and gymnastics. Physical activity (PA) during PE was estimated using accelerometers and the height and weight of the children were measured...
August 18, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
James R Rudd, Lisa M Barnett, Damian Farrow, Jason Berry, Erika Borkoles, Remco Polman
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, children's movement competence levels are low. This study's aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum on stability, locomotive and object control skills and general body coordination. It was hypothesised that the gymnastics intervention group would demonstrate significant improvements beyond a PE comparison group. DESIGN: This study used a non-randomised control design. The intervention and comparison groups were drawn from three primary schools...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Masakazu Saitoh, Masumi Ogawa, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Hisae Kondo, Kiichi Suga, Haruki Itoh, Yoichiro Tabata
Patients under hemodialysis present protein-energy wasting (PEW), which is related with higher mortality rates. The study aimed to determine whether intradialytic resistance exercise training could improve physical performance, physical activity, and PEW in hemodialysis patients. In single center study, 75 hemodialysis patients were enrolled in an intradialytic resistance exercise training consisting of 20 min of adapted leg press, with a gymnastic ball, 3 days/week, during 9 months on the same day of hemodialysis therapy...
August 15, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Robert W Westermann, Kyle J Hancock, Joseph A Buckwalter, Benjamin Kopp, Natalie Glass, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is commonly managed surgically in symptomatic adolesent throwers and gymnasts. Little is known about the impact that surgical technique has on return to sport. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and return-to-sport rates after operative management of OCD lesions in adolescent athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: The PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus (EBSCO), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were queried for studies evaluating outcomes and return to sport after surgical management of OCD of the capitellum...
June 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are extremely common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as American football and rugby, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Hui-Ya Chen, Hsiao-Yun Chang, Yan-Ying Ju, Hung-Ting Tsao
Rhythmic gymnasts specialise in dynamic balance under sensory conditions of numerous somatosensory, visual, and vestibular stimulations. This study investigated whether adolescent rhythmic gymnasts are superior to peers in Sensory Organisation test (SOT) performance, which quantifies the ability to maintain standing balance in six sensory conditions, and explored whether they plateaued faster during familiarisation with the SOT. Three and six sessions of SOTs were administered to 15 female rhythmic gymnasts (15...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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