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Infantil Cerebral Palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053857/a-robot-based-gait-training-therapy-for-pediatric-population-with-cerebral-palsy-goal-setting-proposal-and-preliminary-clinical-implementation
#1
Cristina Bayón, Teresa Martín-Lorenzo, Beatriz Moral-Saiz, Óscar Ramírez, Álvaro Pérez-Somarriba, Sergio Lerma-Lara, Ignacio Martínez, Eduardo Rocon
BACKGROUND: The use of robotic trainers has increased with the aim of improving gait function in patients with limitations. Nevertheless, there is an absence of studies that deeply describe detailed guidelines of how to correctly implement robot-based treatments for gait rehabilitation. This contribution proposes an accurate robot-based training program for gait rehabilitation of pediatric population with Cerebral Palsy (CP). METHODS: The program is focused on the achievement of some specifications defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework, Children and Youth version (ICF-CY)...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996166/-evaluation-of-organisational-structures-of-self-help-groups-in-the-field-of-paediatric-orthopaedics
#2
Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Sinja Friedrich, Hanna Daniel, Dominik Malcherczyk, Janine Ruden, Bilal F El Zayat
BACKGROUND: There have been few publications on the organisational structures of self-help groups that handle orthopaedic disorders in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was sent by post to the corresponding support groups. The aim was to evaluate the self-help group's structure, use of social media and financial background. RESULTS: Support groups for dwarfism, infantile cerebral palsy and Down syndrome responded and sent the questionnaire back to our department...
July 11, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796208/a-food-bolus-obstructing-the-oesophagus-in-a-patient-with-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#3
K S Vong, I Mohamad, R Salim
Introduction: A foreign body (FB) in the upper aerodigestive tract is a fairly common encounter. Fish bones are the commonest FB seen in adults. The commonest presentation is odynophagia. Usually, the patient will point at the level of FB on the neck to indicate the location. Methods: Clinical report. Results: This case report describes a large FB in an adult with underlying infantile cerebral palsy. Besides dysphagia, it was associated with drooling of saliva and pain in the throat region...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790572/-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-a-review-of-the-literature-on-this-technique-for-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#4
REVIEW
M Garriz-Luis, R Sanchez-Carpintero, M Alegre, S Tejada
INTRODUCTION: Infantile cerebral palsy is a well-known condition, the prevalence of which has varied only slightly over the years. The most common subtype is spastic diplegia, and spasticity is the most disabling symptom. Its treatment involves a multidisciplinary intervention that includes rehabilitation, the use of drugs, and orthopaedic and nervous system surgery, where selective dorsal rhizotomy is a prominent procedure. AIM: To present a thorough review of the use, indication and long-term consequences of selective dorsal rhizotomy...
June 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783990/severe-hepatopathy-and-neurological-deterioration-after-start-of-valproate-treatment-in-a-6-year-old-child-with-mitochondrial-tryptophanyl-trna-synthetase-deficiency
#5
Elise Vantroys, Joél Smet, Arnaud V Vanlander, Sarah Vergult, Ruth De Bruyne, Frank Roels, Hedwig Stepman, Herbert Roeyers, Björn Menten, Rudy Van Coster
BACKGROUND: The first subjects with deficiency of mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (WARS2) were reported in 2017. Their clinical characteristics can be subdivided into three phenotypes (neonatal phenotype, severe infantile onset phenotype, Parkinson-like phenotype). RESULTS: Here, we report on a subject who presented with early developmental delay, motor weakness and intellectual disability and who was considered during several years as having a non-progressive encephalopathy...
May 21, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560951/-mental-impairment-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
S A Nemkova
The article covers the problems of diagnosis and treatment of mental impairment in children with cerebral palsy. Mental disorders in cerebral palsy include cognitive impairment (disorders of perception, memory, attention, motor-visual coordination, intelligence and speech), border disorders (cerebral/asthenic, neurosis-like, psychopathic-like syndromes) and personality disorders (accentuation of character, mental infantilism). Diagnosis of mental disorders in patients with cerebral palsy is a challenging task, due to various combinations of them with physical, speech and sensory disorders, which requires a differentiated approach...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397615/-clinical-features-and-gene-mutation-analysis-of-patients-with-niemann-pick-disease-type-c
#7
S C Ren, Z X Tian, Y X Deng, Y J Wang, X J Wu, Y Z Zhang, B Q Gao
Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, therapeutic efficacy, prognosis and characteristics of NPC1 mutation in Chinese patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C(NPC). Methods: Ten unrelated Chinese NPC patients were diagnosed by NPC1 mutation analysis from July 2013 to February 2017 in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital of Capital Medical University. Clinical data of 10 cases were analyzed retrospectively which included clinical manifestations, laboratory results and NPC1 gene mutation features, and a series of follow-up were carried out about therapeutic efficacy and prognosis...
January 23, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354924/-discussion-on-the-clinical-treatment-of-infantile-cerebral-palsy-with-the-differentiated-intervention-of-meridian-points-on-the-spine-and-back
#8
Cheng Zhang, Xuefeng Wang, Guangliang Jia, Tian Yang
In view of the literature study and clinical practice, the rules of the distribution, the general function and the indication of the meridians points on the spine and back were explored. The TCM mechanism on the rehabilitation of infantile cerebral palsy was studied. The rules of acupoint combination on the spine and back were summarized with meridians, main points and supplementary points involved in the TCM rehabilitation of infantile cerebral palsy. In view of the theoretic study, the advantages on the early infantile motor function, such as body turning, sitting, standing and walking, were analyzed with the long-term intervention of meridian points on the spine and back...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321200/bilateral-haemorrhagic-basal-ganglia-infarction-associated-with-early-onset-group-b-streptococcus-meningitis
#9
Rajesh Gupta, Taiwo Maraiyesa, Brendon Conry
A 2-day-old infant presented with poor feeding and grunting. Investigations revealed a raised C reactive protein of 164. Full septic screen was done, which subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of group B streptococcus meningitis. Baby was apyrexial and haemodynamically stable. There were no obvious neurological manifestations, and a routine cranial ultrasound scan was done, which revealed echogenic changes in the basal ganglia and thalami. MRI brain showed extensive haemorrhagic infarction within the lentiform and caudate nuclei with involvement of both posterior limbs of the internal capsule...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190864/-application-of-bars-scale-in-children-with-ataxia-in-a-child-rehabilitation-center-in-chiapas-mexico
#10
Flor Guadalupe Perdomo-Rebollo, Anke Paula Ingrid Kleinert-Altamirano
BACKGROUND: Ataxias are an heterogeneous group of diseases with different etiologies. Scales are used to understand better its natural history and evaluate properly drug efficacy in clinical trials. SARA and ICARS scales have been the most studied and validated so far. BARS scale is based on a modified form of the ICARS scale and is valid, reliable and sufficiently fast for clinical purposes. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational study. Kruskall-Wallis test was used...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988213/management-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-children-over-the-age-of-6-months-a-conservative-approach
#11
Leel Nellihela, Mohamed Mutalib, David Thompson, Kammermeier Jochen, Manasvi Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is an uncommon and poorly understood condition. Although it can be an incidental finding in asymptomatic individuals, it can also be secondary to life-threatening bowel ischaemia and sepsis. In premature infants, it is a pathognomonic sign of necrotising enterocolitis. There is no consensus regarding management and long-term outcome of children with PI. AIM: Review of our experience of PI in children beyond the early infantile period...
April 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826917/missense-mutation-in-the-itpr1-gene-presenting-with-ataxic-cerebral-palsy-description-of-an-affected-family-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Joyutpal Das, James Lilleker, Hannah Shereef, John Ealing
The inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 1 (ITPR1) gene on chromosome 3 belongs to a family of genes encoding intracellular calcium channel proteins. Such channels are located primarily within the endoplasmic reticular membrane and release Ca2+ , an intracellular messenger, which governs numerous intracellular and extracellular functions. We report a family with infantile-onset cerebellar ataxia with delayed motor development and intellectual disability caused by a heterozygous c.805C>T, p.Arg269Trp missense mutation in ITPR1...
November 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739361/gender-affects-long-term-neurological-outcome-of-neonates
#13
Amir Freud, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the possible association between fetal gender and long-term pediatric neurological morbidity. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort analysis comparing the risk of long-term neurological morbidity (up to age 18 years) of children born during the years 1991 to 2013 according to their gender. Neurological morbidity evaluated included hospitalizations in childhood involving pervasive developmental disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and infantile spasms and disorders of eating as recorded in the hospital files...
September 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726663/-peculiarities-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-with-neurological-pathology
#14
O Zubarenko, G Kopiyka, T Kravchenko, L Koval, K Gurienko
Neurological disorders in children highly affect the course of pneumonia, its outcome and the development of possible complications. The aim of the study was to reveal clinical and paraclinical features of community-acquired pneumonia in younger children with neurologic pathology infantile cerebral palsy. Under observation were 37 children with community-acquired pneumonia aged 1 to 3 years that suffered from spastic forms of infantile cerebral palsy. The comparison group consisted of 30 children with community-acquired pneumonia without any concomitant neurological pathology...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#15
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818010/the-gross-motor-function-measure-is-valid-for-fukuyama-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#16
Takatoshi Sato, Michiru Adachi, Kaho Nakamura, Masaya Zushi, Keisuke Goto, Terumi Murakami, Kumiko Ishiguro, Minobu Shichiji, Kayoko Saito, Tetsuo Ikai, Makiko Osawa, Izumi Kondo, Satoru Nagata, Keiko Ishigaki
Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is the second most common muscular dystrophy in Japan. FCMD is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the fukutin gene. The main features of FCMD are a combination of infantile-onset hypotonia, generalized muscle weakness, eye abnormalities, and mental retardation associated with cortical migration defects, and most patients are never able to walk. To date, the development of a quantitative motor scale for FMCD has been difficult due to the moderate-to-severe intellectual impairment that accompanies FCMD...
January 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783284/age-specific-dynamics-of-corpus-callosum-development-in-children-and-its-peculiarities-in-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#17
E I Krasnoshchekova, P A Zykin, L A Tkachenko, T A Aleksandrov, V M Sereda, A N Yalfimov
The age dynamics of corpus callosum development was studied on magnetic resonance images of the brain in children aged 2-11 years without neurological abnormalities and with infantile cerebral palsy. The areas of the total corpus callosum and its segments are compared in the midsagittal images. Analysis is carried out with the use of an original formula: proportion of areas of the anterior (genu, CC2; and anterior part, CC3) and posterior (isthmus, CC6 and splenium, CC7) segments: kCC=(CC2+CC3)×CC6/CC7. The results characterize age-specific dynamics of the corpus callosum development and can be used for differentiation, with high confidence, of the brain of children without neurological abnormalities from the brain patients with infantile cerebral palsy...
October 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630417/using-health-games-for-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#18
Wan-Chen Lee, Miriam C Reyes-Fernández, Rubén Posada-Gómez, Ulises Juárez-Martínez, Albino Martínez-Sibaja, Giner Alor-Hernández
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to evaluate whether the therapeutic games developed by the study team are significantly effective for upper limb rehabilitation of patients with cerebral palsy and to assess the development of the games and the evolution of patients throughout the therapy sessions. [Subjects and Methods] This study demonstrates the results of using therapeutic games in patients with infantile cerebral palsy. The therapies were performed in 30-minute sessions for about 1 to 4 months...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520345/-transfer-of-the-psoas-tendon-to-the-at-its-origin-detached-rectus-femoris-muscle-in-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#19
B Heimkes, K Engert, S Stotz
OBJECTIVES: Correction of flexion contracture of hip allowing an erect position while standing and walking. The gain in function helps to prevent a neurogenic dislocation of the coxofemoral joint. INDICATIONS: In infants with cerebral palsy unable to straighten the body before they can stand or walk. In ambulatory spastic children and adolescents with bothersome hip flexion contracture. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Severe retardation of motor development in patients with cerebral palsy in whom walking and standing cannot be anticipated...
September 1999: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442695/alexander-disease-astrogliopathy-considered-as-leukodystrophy-experience-of-an-institution
#20
Hanna Mierzewska, Magdalena Mierzewska-Schmidt, Gajja S Salomons, Magdalena Dudzińska, Elżbieta Szczepanik
Alexander Disease (ALXDRD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy caused by mutation in one allele of GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Most cases occur due to de novo. There are three clinical subtypes of ALXDRD: infantile, juvenile and adult form, but congenital form is also outlined. The disease's spectrum comprises of macrocephaly, progressive pyramidal signs, and seizures in congenital and infantile subtypes. Neuropathologically are enormous number of Rosenthal fibers (RF) mainly around vessels, in subependymal and subpial regions are found...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
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