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Paralysis Cerebral Palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406056/food-habits-dietary-intake-and-body-composition-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Hyo-Jung Kim, Ha-Neul Choi, Jung-Eun Yim
This study aimed to determine meal-related factors affecting nutritional status, dietary intake, and body composition of children with cerebral palsy (CP). This study was conducted on 16 children with and 16 children without CP, aged 4 to 12 years, through a survey on general characteristics, body composition, eating habits, and nutrient intake. In the case of children with CP, comparisons were made according to classification into types of paralysis (hemiplegia, paraplegia, and quadriplegia). With respect to stature, the percentile of those surveyed was within normal range; however, children with CP were in a significantly lower percentile (p < 0...
October 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286963/surgical-management-of-spasticity-of-the-forearm-and-wrist
#2
REVIEW
Stephen P Duquette, Joshua M Adkinson
Upper extremity spasticity may result from a variety of types of brain injury, including cerebral palsy, stroke, or traumatic brain injury. These conditions lead to a predictable pattern of forearm and wrist deformities caused by opposing spasticity and flaccid paralysis. Upper extremity spasticity affects all ages and sociodemographics and is a complex clinical problem with a variety of treatment options depending on the patient, the underlying disease process, and postoperative expectations. This article discusses the cause, diagnosis, operative planning, operative techniques, postoperative outcomes, and rehabilitation protocols for the spastic wrist and forearm...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286958/common-etiologies-of-upper-extremity-spasticity
#3
REVIEW
Francisco J Angulo-Parker, Joshua M Adkinson
Spasticity is a motor disorder that manifests as a component of the upper motor neuron syndrome. It is associated with paralysis and can cause significant disability. The most common causes leading to spasticity include stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy. This article discusses the pathophysiology and clinical findings associated with each of the most common etiologies of upper extremity spasticity.
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285988/inhospital-complications-of-patients-with-neuromuscular-disorders-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty
#4
Kyle H Cichos, Eva J Lehtonen, Gerald McGwin, Brent A Ponce, Elie S Ghanem
INTRODUCTION: Orthopaedic surgeons are wary of patients with neuromuscular (NM) diseases as a result of perceived poor outcomes and lack of data regarding complication risks. We determined the prevalence of patients with NM disease undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and characterized its relationship with in-hospital complications, prolonged length of stay, and total charges. METHODS: Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2014 was used for this retrospective cohort study to identify 8,028,435 discharges with total joint arthroplasty...
October 2, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844914/a-collet-sicard-syndrome-due-to-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-associated-with-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-related-inflammation
#5
Vanessa Saliou, Douraied Ben Salem, Julien Ognard, Dewi Guellec, Pascale Marcorelles, François Rouhart, Fabien Zagnoli, Serge Timsit
Background: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation is a rare condition with approximately 100 reported cases. Its clinical manifestations are varied. We report here a novel presentation of this disease. Case presentation: A 61-year-old Caucasian man presented with rapidly progressive paralysis of the IX, X, XI and XII right cranial nerves associated with right central facial nerve palsy. Brain computed tomography angiography and cerebral catheter angiography found a focal fusiform enlargement of the distal cervical portion of the right internal carotid artery, related to a pseudo-aneurysm suggesting an evolution of a dissection and intra-cranial vessel dysplasia...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743771/cervical-myelopathy-in-a-child-a-rare-cause-of-hypoventilation-syndrome-presenting-with-type-2-respiratory-failure
#6
Alolika Mondal, Prabhas Prasun Giri
Hypoventilation syndrome leading to Type 2 respiratory failure is not a rare cause of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit admission and mechanical ventilation. Common causes in pediatric population are Guillain-Barre syndrome and various central nervous system disorders such as encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, and drugs. Any injury or disease in the cervical cord can also produce respiratory paralysis causing respiratory failure. Here, we present two cases of mixed cerebral palsy with cervical myelopathy due to compression effect of fractured segments of first and second cervical vertebrae...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656986/eight-and-a-half-syndrome-a-combination-of-intracranial-capillary-telangiectasia-and-hematencephalon
#7
Wei Li, Deren Hou, Yanyao Deng, Yi Tian
Eight-and-a-half syndrome, a combination of one-and-a-half syndrome and ipsilateral facial palsy, was first described by Eggenberger in 1998. Intracranial capillary telangiectasia (ICT) is a rare type of latent cerebral vascular malformation characterized by a number of small, dilated, and thin-walled blood capillaries with normal brain tissues between them. Susceptibility weighted imaging is the recommended diagnostic method to detect ICT. Oommen once reported 1 case about pontine hemorrhage causing Fisher one-and-a-half syndrome with facial paralysis...
July 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610937/paediatric-musculoskeletal-disease-in-kumi-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Kristin Alves, Norgrove Penny, Olive Kobusingye, Robert Olupot, Jeffrey N Katz, Coleen S Sabatini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the burden of musculoskeletal disease among children treated in Kumi District, Uganda, to inform training, capacity-building efforts, and resource allocation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by reviewing the musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic and community outreach logs for children (age < 18 years) seen at Kumi Hospital in Kumi, Uganda, between January 2013 and December 2015. For each patient, we recorded the age, sex, diagnosis, and treatment recommendation...
August 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602437/a-computer-vision-based-system-for-monitoring-vojta-therapy
#9
Muhammad Hassan Khan, Julien Helsper, Muhammad Shahid Farid, Marcin Grzegorzek
A neurological illness is t he disorder in human nervous system that can result in various diseases including the motor disabilities. Neurological disorders may affect the motor neurons, which are associated with skeletal muscles and control the body movement. Consequently, they introduce some diseases in the human e.g. cerebral palsy, spinal scoliosis, peripheral paralysis of arms/legs, hip joint dysplasia and various myopathies. Vojta therapy is considered a useful technique to treat the motor disabilities...
May 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587833/use-of-hybrid-assistive-limb-hal-%C3%A2-for-a-postoperative-patient-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#10
Yuki Mataki, Hiroshi Kamada, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Yukiyo Shimizu, Ryoko Takeuchi, Masafumi Mizukami, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Kazushi Takahashi, Mayumi Matsuda, Nobuaki Iwasaki, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yasuyoshi Wadano, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: The Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL® ) is an exoskeleton wearable robot suit that assists in voluntary control of knee and hip joint motion. There have been several studies on HAL intervention effects in stroke, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy. However, no study has investigated HAL intervention for patients with cerebral palsy after surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of using HAL in a postoperative patient with cerebral palsy. A 15-year-old boy was diagnosed with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy Gross Motor Function Classification System level IV, with knee flection contracture, equinus foot, and paralysis of the right upper extremity with adduction contracture...
March 27, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589450/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-adults-with-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-a-single-center-study
#11
Guilan Cai, Yini Wang, Xiaojing Liu, Yanfei Han, Zhao Wang
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by proliferation and diffuse infiltration multiple organs with histiocytes, including the central nervous system (CNS). Neurological manifestations of HLH have been recognized in different studies with children, but they remain relatively ill-defined in adults with HLH. From March 2008 to October 2014, 289 adult patients with HLH were admitted to our center. Clinical, radiological, and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) data of the patients with CNS involvement were reviewed, and a retrospective study in our single-center was carried out...
August 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117209/isolated-medial-rectus-palsy-rare-presentation-of-mesencephalon-infarction
#12
Yindan Yao, Wenke Hong, Zhenyi Fan, Da Li, Xianchao Chang, Weinv Fan
Isolated medial rectus palsy due to mesencephalon lesion is extremely rare. We here describe a patient of midbrain infarction involving the medial rectus subnuclei presenting as isolated medial rectus palsy. Axial diffusion-weighted and coronal T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed acute ischemic lesion in mesencephalon.
April 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002866/botulinum-toxin-injections-in-musculoskeletal-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Ivan R B Godoy, Dean M Donahue, Martin Torriani
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is used for multiple clinical indications due to its ability to induce temporary chemodenervation and muscle paralysis. This property has supported its application in treating a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, especially those involving muscular hyperactivity and contractures such as cerebral palsy and dystonia. However, off-label use of BTX injection in other musculoskeletal disorders is gaining increased acceptance, such as in neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome, epicondylitis, and shoulder pain after stroke...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903018/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-lithuania
#14
REVIEW
Robertas Kvascevicius, Ona Lapteva, Jurate Kesiene, Alfredas Vaitkus, Laima Mikulenaite, Ramunas Raugalas, Jurate Sipylaite, Saulius Rocka, Alvydas Juocevicius
Spasticity of cerebral or spinal origin severely impairs an individual's functional ability and quality of life. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy via an implantable pump is indicated for use in patients unresponsive to oral antispasmodics. ITB therapy improves the daily caring for and relief of painful spasms. In Lithuania, ITB therapy was introduced in clinical practice just recently. We share our experience of spasticity management with the ITB pump system in five patients at Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos...
May 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676935/perceived-effectiveness-tolerance-of-cares-in-children-and-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Laetitia Houx, Hélène Saudreau, Philippe Galien, Christelle Pons, Marion Roquet, Ronan Garlantezec, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: A better understanding of the perception of the rehabilitative and medical care's by persons with cerebral palsy (CP) and their families may help in providing better adherence to these cares. The main objective of this study was to assess overall satisfaction, self-perception of effectiveness and tolerance of the rehabilitative and medical cares in individuals with CP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. A total of 950 questionnaires were sent to French Britain children and adults with CP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552260/prevalence-and-causes-of-paralysis-united-states-2013
#16
Brian S Armour, Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Michael H Fox, Heidi Fredine, Anthony Cahill
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and causes of functional paralysis in the United States. METHODS: We used the 2013 US Paralysis Prevalence & Health Disparities Survey to estimate the prevalence of paralysis, its causes, associated sociodemographic characteristics, and health effects among this population. RESULTS: Nearly 5.4 million persons live with paralysis. Most persons with paralysis were younger than 65 years (72.1%), female (51...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348906/-nape-acupuncture-combined-with-pharynx-acupuncture-for-32-cases-of-true-bulbar-paralysis-after-cerebral-infarction
#17
Yong Liu, Hong Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215002/ophthalmic-profile-and-systemic-features-of-pediatric-facial-nerve-palsy
#18
Preeti Patil-Chhablani, Sowmya Murthy, Meenakshi Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy (FNP) occurs less frequently in children as compared to adults but most cases are secondary to an identifiable cause. These children may have a variety of ocular and systemic features associated with the palsy and need detailed ophthalmic and systemic evaluation. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of all the cases of FNP below the age of 16 years, presenting to a tertiary ophthalmic hospital over the period of 9 years, from January 2000 to December 2008...
December 2015: Eye Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161220/vasculitis-cerebral-infarction-and-persistent-bartonella-henselae-infection-in-a-child
#19
Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Marna Ericson, Ricardo Maggi, Edward B Breitschwerdt
BACKGROUND: The genus Bartonella is comprised of a rapidly increasing number of pathogenic species that induce a seemingly diverse spectrum of neurological symptoms. During the 12 year period that followed the initial onset of neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms, an 11 year-old girl experienced a spectrum of neurological complaints including frequent headaches, visual and auditory hallucinations, anxiety, vision loss involving the lower left quadrant of both eyes, episodic bouts of generalized paralysis, facial palsy, chronic insomnia, seizures, dizziness, cognitive dysfunction, and memory loss...
May 10, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154444/midbrain-and-bilateral-paramedian-thalamic-stroke-due-to-artery-of-percheron-occlusion
#20
Magdalena Restel, Ałła Graban, Grzegorz Witkowski, Danuta Ryglewicz, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral thalamic strokes are rare manifestations of posterior circulation infarcts. Usually the etiology is cardioembolic or small vessel disease combined with individual anatomical predisposition. The symptoms include a variety of neurological deficits depending on thalamic structure involvement, such as paresthesias or numbness, hemiparesis with increased reflexes and Babinski sign, third cranial nerve palsy, speech and cognition disturbance, memory impairment and stupor...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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