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Students and sleep

Wanjie Tang, Yi Lu, Jiuping Xu
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to examine the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and their comorbidity and correlation with sleep problems among adolescent survivors 3 years after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. METHODS: A representative sample of 6132 adolescent students was analysed from 11 primary and high schools in the three counties most severely affected by the earthquake. Students were invited to complete the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13, Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, and Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders...
August 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Karolina Piotrowicz, Krzysztof Rewiuk, Stanisław Górski, Weronika Kałwak, Barbara Wizner, Agnieszka Pac, Michał Nowakowski, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: In hospital settings, delirium affects as many as 50% of older patients, aggravating their symptoms and worsening their condition, and therefore increasing the risk of in-hospital complications and death. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of structured, non-pharmacological care, delivered to older hospitalised patients by trained volunteers (students of medical fields), on the reduction of incidence of adverse health-related outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial will be a randomised, investigator-blind, controlled trial conducted in an internal medicine and geriatric ward in Poland...
August 14, 2018: Trials
Nathan A Clarke, Michael A Akeroyd, Helen Henshaw, Derek J Hoare
INTRODUCTION: Subjective tinnitus is very common and has a number of comorbid associations including depression, sleep disturbance and concentration difficulties. Concentration difficulties may be observable in people with tinnitus through poorer behavioural performance in tasks thought to measure specific cognitive domains such as attention and memory (ie, cognitive performance). Several reviews have discussed the association between tinnitus and cognition; however, none to date have investigated the association between tinnitus and cognitive performance through meta-analysis with reference to an established theoretical taxonomy...
August 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Ali Kandeger, Umran Egilmez, Ayca A Sayin, Yavuz Selvi
Humans' sleep timing and the psychological construct "diurnal preference" determines their "chronotype" (i.e., morning or evening type). Diurnal preferences can affect sleep-awake rhythms and eating behaviors. Our aim in this study was to examine the relationship between night eating symptoms and disordered eating attitudes by evaluating insomnia and chronotype differences in university students. The participants, 383 university students, filled out a package of psychological tools, including the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, the Insomnia Severity Index, the Night Eating Questionnaire, and the Eating Attitude Test...
August 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Sebastian Nedelcut, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta, Dan Lucian Dumitrascu
Background and aim: Musicians face professional challenges that may lead them to adopt unhealthy lifestyles. They also may present performance-related anxiety. We investigated anxiety and lifestyle patterns in musicians, both professional and trainees. Methods: A prospective controlled protocol was developed. Musicians (employed or students) and matched controls (also employed and students) were surveyed with several questionnaires on lifestyle and some psychological factors: anxiety and music performance anxiety...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Abhilasha Sharma, Praveen Kumar Sharma, Pankaj Puri
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a commonly prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in adults. Very few studies on magnitude of GERD in student community have been done and there is none so far from India. Rigorous MBBS curriculum makes medical students prone for reflux symptoms. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of GERD in medical students and the potential risk factors associated with it. Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted on medical students in a premier medical college of India...
July 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Champion T Seun-Fadipe, Olutayo O Aloba, Olakunle A Oginni, Kolawole S Mosaku
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the psychometric properties of the Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI) and determine its capacity to screen for poor sleep quality in a nonclinical sample of Nigerian university students. METHODS: A total of 348 students appropriately completed the SHI, the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). RESULTS: The internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) of the SHI was ...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Heloísa Clara Santos Sousa, Marina de Deus Moura de Lima, Neusa Barros Dantas Neta, Raissa Quaresma Tobias, Marcoeli Silva de Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura
INTRODUCTION: Sleep bruxism (SB) is defined as a repetitive jaw muscle activity whose epidemiology in adolescents has been little studied. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep bruxism and associated factors in adolescents. METHODOLOGY: The sample consisted of 594 students aged 11 to 14 years old from Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Self-administered questionnaire was answered by parents/caregivers and dental clinical examination was performed...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Guoyuan Sui, Guangcong Liu, Lianqun Jia, Lie Wang, Guanlin Yang
The association between exposure to air pollution and mental health has not been adequately studied. Accordingly, this study aimed to explore the association between exposure to ambient air pollution and mental health status among female college students. We performed a cross-sectional study involving female students attending college located in Anshan, a heavy industry city in Northeast China. The investigation was performed using electronic questionnaires including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Cornell Medical Index (CMI), and general well-being (GWB) scale between March and April 2017...
August 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mindy Engle-Friedman, Gina Marie Mathew, Anastasia Martinova, Forrest Armstrong, Viktoriya Konstantinov
This study investigated the effects of sleep deprivation on perception of task difficulty and use of heuristics (mental shortcuts) compared to naturally-experienced sleep at home. Methods: Undergraduate students were screened and assigned through block-random assignment to Naturally-Experienced Sleep (NES; n =19) or Total Sleep Deprivation (TSD; n =20). The next morning, reported fatigue, perception of task difficulty, and use of "what-is-beautiful-is-good," "greedy algorithm," and "speed-accuracy trade-off" heuristics were assessed...
March 2018: Sleep Science
Anne Danielle Herlache, Kathryn M Lang, Zlatan Krizan
Although neuroticism is the strongest personality predictor of sleep disturbance, it is not clear whether dysphoric (Withdrawal) or angry (Volatility) aspect of neuroticism is more important and whether problematic technology use plays an intervening role. To this end, this study examined distinct contributions of neurotic withdrawal and volatility in predicting self-reported sleep disturbance while testing the mediating role of problematic internet use. Methods: One-hundred and fourty-three college students completed an online survey that included measures of neuroticism, sleep quality, and problematic internet use...
March 2018: Sleep Science
Jinbo He, Feng Ji, Xiaoya Zhang, Xitao Fan
PURPOSE: The Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) is the most frequently used instrument for assessing night eating syndrome (NES), and it has been translated to many languages, including a traditional Chinese version in Taiwan. However, significant differences exist in the social, linguistic, and cultural contexts between mainland China and Taiwan. For its use in mainland China, a simplified Chinese version is needed and its psychometric properties should be further evaluated. Thus, the current study aimed to obtain a simplified Chinese NEQ (SC-NEQ) and validate its psychometric properties...
August 2, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Christopher Donoghue, Lisa J Meltzer
INTRODUCTION: Involvement in bullying is associated with negative health outcomes for adolescents. Recent studies suggest that bullying is related to sleep disturbances. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in sleep disturbances (bedtime fears, insomnia, parasomnias) between victims, bullies, and youth not involved in bullying, as well as to explore differences across various types of bullying behavior (verbal, physical, social, cyber). METHODS: High school students ages 14-17 years (mean = 16...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Soledad García-Gómez-Heras, Nazareth Alonso-Fernández, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
PURPOSE: Misuse of prescription medication has increased during the last 20 years among adolescents and young adults. We aimed to report the prevalence and factors associated with misuse of tranquilizers, sedatives, and sleeping pills (TSSp) in high-school students in Spain. We also analyzed misuse of these drugs during the decade 2004-2014. METHODS: Nationwide, epidemiological, cross-sectional study on the misuse of TSSp by the Spanish school population. We used individualized secondary data retrieved from the 2004 and 2014 Spanish State Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Education...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Geneviève Gariépy, Ian Janssen, Mariane Sentenac, Frank J Elgar
PURPOSE: Studies have found that an early school start time is detrimental to the sleep, health, and well-being of youth, but its association with body weight remains unclear. We examined this association in Canadian adolescents. METHODS: We collected information on start times from 362 schools that participated in the 2013/2014 Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study (n = 29,635 students; ages 10-18). We estimated body mass indices (BMIs) and BMI z-scores, and identified overweight and obesity using international growth references...
July 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
R O Budkevich, E V Budkevich
AIM: To study the anxiety level, sleep self-assessment and indicators of morning and evening levels of cortisol and saliva antioxidants in students with experience of occasional shift work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: University students (n=159) with experience of shift work were examined. Psychoemotional status was assessed using the Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ), Spielberger-Khanin anxiety inventory, The Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (Nemchin's modification)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
G R Simonds, E A Marvin, L S Apfel, Z Elias, G A Howes, M R Witcher, E N Weaver, J C Fraser, J J Synkowski, J T Prickett, C M Rogers, C M Busch, M J Benko, N Sou, M J Churning, D C Summers, H Sontheimer
Many pre-health students pursue extracurricular shadowing opportunities to gain clinical experience. The Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience introduced a formal course that provides a clinical experience superior to that received by many medical students. This course is composed of weekly 75-minute seminars that cover diseases affecting the nervous system, their diagnosis and treatment, complemented by weekly half-day intensive clinical experiences with unprecedented access to a team of neurosurgeons (in hospital operating rooms, Intensive Care Units, emergency room, angiographic suites, and wards)...
2018: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Yuan Zhang, Anya Peters, Joseph Bradstreet
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality and depressive symptoms are common among college nursing students, and may be associated with each other. However, the mechanism for this association has not been well understood. PURPOSE: The study is to examine the potential mediating role of coping styles in the association between sleep quality and depressive symptoms among college nursing students. METHODS: 242 undergraduate nursing students at a public university in the northeast United States completed an online survey delivered through SurveyMonkey® with self-reports of sleep quality, coping styles, and depressive symptoms from October to November 2015...
July 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Thalia Semplonius, Teena Willoughby
PURPOSE: Findings from cross-sectional research indicate that the relationship between sleep quality and physical activity is mixed. For research that does indicate a significant association, the interpretation of the finding most often is that physical activity leads to better sleep, or less frequently, that better sleep leads to more involvement in physical activity (see sleep deprivation studies). Cross-sectional studies, however, are not able to assess the direction of these effects, and experimental studies have tested only one direction of the effects...
July 13, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Zubia Veqar, M Ejaz Hussain
Background The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is an 8-item scale to detect excessive daytime sleepiness. Although its psychometric properties are well established on a number of populations the same has not been done for an Indian population, hence this study was designed to cover this knowledge gap. Aims The purpose of this study was to establish the test-retest reliability, validity and internal consistency of the ESS and its correlation with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in poor sleepers in India...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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