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Students and sleep

Nina Andersz, Kamilla Bargiel-Matusiewicz
Tendency toward healthy and health-risk behavior is associated with external factors, and healthy lifestyle affects its quality. Activation of Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and its association with sleeping habits provides insight into the correlates of voluntary sleep deprivation. Aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between BIS/BAS activity and reasons for voluntary sleep deprivation among young adults and to assess benefits and costs of decreasing sleep duration...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Børge Sivertsen, Øystein Vedaa, Allison G Harvey, Nick Glozier, Ståle Pallesen, Leif E Aarø, Kari J Lønning, Mari Hysing
The aim of this study was to describe sleep patterns and rate of insomnia according to diagnostic criteria in college and university students, as well as to examine potential changes in sleep problems from 2010 to 2018. Data stemmed from a national student health survey from 2018 for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study), which invited all 162,512 fulltime students in Norway. A total of 50,054 students (69.1% women) aged 18-35 years were included, yielding a response rate of 30.8%. Sleep parameters, reported separately for weekdays and weekends, included calculations of bedtime, rise time, sleep duration, sleep-onset latency, wake after sleep onset, sleep need and sleep deficit...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Silvia A Tafoya, Vania Aldrete-Cortez, Silvia Ortiz, Claudia Fouilloux, Felipe Flores, Ana M Monterrosas
The medical career is considered highly stressful, especially during internships when academic and clinical demands, combined with changes in sleep patterns, increase students' likelihood to develop depression. Resilience, which is considered as opposite vulnerability to stress and, along with another protective factor, namely morningness, may cause a student to be less reactive to stimuli and, therefore, less prone to depression. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of resilience and morningness facing to sleep quality and main risk factors, on the development of depression symptoms in a group of students with sleep pattern alterations...
December 4, 2018: Chronobiology International
Duygu Akçay, Bülent Devrim Akçay
Akçay D, Akçay BD. The influence of media on the sleep quality in adolescents. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 255-263. This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of media devices on sleep quality in adolescents. Applying a descriptive design, the study was carried out with 9th, 10th and 11th grade students (N=392, 52.0% female, average age 16.04±0.86) who were attending Konya High School between the dates of January 18 and 22, 2016. Changes were seen to occur in the wake-up times of those who had either a television or a computer in their bedrooms (p < 0...
2018: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Paul Branscum, Katie Qualls Fay, Valerie Senkowski
Sleep deprivation is a serious public health concern in the United States that often goes unnoticed, particularly among college students and young adults. Concerted efforts are needed to help those who are not engaging in healthy sleep behaviors, while also helping those who are already maintaining healthy sleep behaviors. The purpose of the study was to evaluate theory-based determinants of intentions toward healthy sleep behaviors among students currently not sleeping 7-9 hr per night, oriented toward initiating the behavior (to start sleeping 7-9 hr per night in the next 30 days; behavioral adoption), and students currently sleeping 7-9 hr per night, oriented toward maintaining the behavior (sleeping 7-9 hr per night for the next 6 months; behavioral maintenance)...
December 2, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ray Norbury, Simon Evans
Poor quality sleep is related to mental health and there is increasing interest in student wellbeing and mental health. The aim of the current study was to evaluate sleep quality, daytime dozing, anxiety proneness, chronotype and preferred start time in a sample of university students. A total of 546 university students (age range, 18-55) from two university located in South East England were included and completed an online survey. Participants' self-reported age, gender, year and field of study. Sleep quality, anxiety, daytime dozing, coffee/caffeine/tobacco use (coded as binary variables), preferred start time and chronotype were also recorded...
November 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Sara Thomée
The purpose of this study was to carry out a review of observational studies that consider links between mobile phone use and mental health from a psychological or behavioral perspective. Systematic literature searches in PubMed and PsycINFO for articles published until 2017 were done. Exclusion criteria included: papers that considered radiofrequency fields, attention, safety, relational consequences, sexual behavior, cyberbullying, and reviews, qualitative, and case or experimental studies. A total of 4738 papers were screened by title and abstract, 404 were retrieved in full text, and 290 were included...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Monideepa B Becerra, Brittny S Bol, Rochelle Granados, Christina Hassija
Sleep health is a public health concern and has been linked to an increased risk of number of deleterious health outcomes. Poor sleep health has been documented among college student populations; however, few studies have examined the social determinants of deficient sleep. The present study aims to address this gap, with emphasis on food insecurity, psychological distress, everyday discrimination, and academic performance. Participants (n = 282) completed self-report measures online assessing the variables of interest for the present study...
November 29, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jiewen Yang, Yangfeng Guo, Xueying Du, Yi Jiang, Wanxin Wang, Di Xiao, Tian Wang, Ciyong Lu, Lan Guo
Use of the Internet has become an integral part of daily life. Adolescents are especially at a higher risk of developing problematic Internet use (PIU). Although one of the most well-known comorbid conditions of PIU is sleep disturbance, little is known about the sex disparity in this association. This school-based survey in students of grades 7⁻9 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of PIU and sleep disturbance among Chinese adolescents, to test the association between PIU and sleep disturbance, and to investigate the role of the child's sex in this association...
November 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Angela F Lukowski, Lauren Eales, Dmitry Tsukerman
Although there are theoretical reasons to expect associations among temperament, sleep hygiene behaviors (SHB), and global sleep quality (GSQ), these relations have not yet been examined despite their potential impact on undergraduate student well-being. The present study was conducted to (1) examine relations between temperament and GSQ in university students broadly recruited, (2) document associations between SHB and temperament in this sample, and (3) to determine whether associations among temperament, SHB, and GSQ were best explained by mediation or moderation models...
November 27, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Muzaffer Sarıaydın, Ersin Günay, Mehmet Ünlü
Introduction: We aimed to investigate the relationship between frequency of restless legs syndrome (RLS), depression, anxiety and sleep quality among medical school students. Materials and Methods: We applied a questionnaire to medical school students. This questionnaire includes some questions about demographic features of participants, questions related with RLS diagnosis, the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), beck-depression-scale (BDS), beck-anxiety scale (BAS) to all subjects...
September 2018: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Paul Lee, C Y Tse
BACKGROUND: The validity of Actiwatch 2 in assessing sleep was evident, but its validity in assessing physical activity (PA) level was unknown. RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this study was to validate the wrist-worn Actiwatch 2 and ActiGraph wGT3X as a measurement of PA level against energy expenditure measured by indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Twenty-seven university students aged 18-26 were recruited from July 2016 to May 2017. They were instructed to run at different speeds (4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 km/h) on a treadmill, each speed for 10 min...
November 19, 2018: Gait & Posture
Lan Guo, Min Luo, Wan-Xin Wang, Guo-Liang Huang, Yan Xu, Xue Gao, Ci-Yong Lu, Wei-Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This large-scale study aimed to test (a) associations of problematic Internet use (PIU) and sleep disturbance with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among Chinese adolescents and (b) whether sleep disturbance mediates the association between PIU and suicidal behavior. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2017 National School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey. A total of 20,895 students' questionnaires were qualified for analysis. The Young's Internet Addiction Test was used to assess PIU, and level of sleep disturbance was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Gaby Illingworth, Rachel Sharman, Adam Jowett, Christopher-James Harvey, Russell G Foster, Colin A Espie
OBJECTIVE: Later school start times for adolescents have been implemented in the US and associated benefits found, although no randomised controlled trials (RCT) have been undertaken. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of two school interventions in the UK, a delayed start time and a sleep education programme, on students' academic performance, sleep outcomes and health-related quality of life. METHODS: The study had an RCT design to enable an investigation into the differential effects of two interventions or a combination of both: schools were to delay their start time to 10:00am and/or provide a classroom-based sleep education programme...
November 7, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Shelby L Bandel, Amy M Brausch
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep has been shown to have multiple negative outcomes during adolescence, in both academic and mental health domains. Several studies have identified the association between poor sleep and suicide risk in adolescents. However, onset of and engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is also common in this age group, but this behavior has rarely been studied in association with sleep in adolescent samples. In the current study, it was expected that poorer sleep and more symptoms of insomnia would associate with a greater likelihood of recent NSSI engagement and greater NSSI severity...
November 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Javier Sevil, Luis García-González, Ángel Abós, Eduardo Generelo, Alberto Aibar
PURPOSE: The main aim was to examine the effects of a school-based intervention on multiple health behaviors in adolescents, such as 24-hour movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration), diet, and substance consumption (i.e., alcohol and tobacco). Another aim was to examine intragender differences in the effectiveness of the programme. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was carried out in two secondary schools throughout one academic year...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Eun Me Cha, Deanna M Hoelscher, Nalini Ranjit, Baojiang Chen, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Steven Kelder, Debra L Saxton
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents spend a substantial amount of time consuming media, including watching television, playing video games, and using electronic devices to access the internet. We examined the relationship between prolonged media use on screen devices and its potential association with obesity through several mechanisms. METHODS: We used data from 659,288 eighth and eleventh grade students who participated in the 2015-2016 School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey in Texas to examine the associations between hours of media use per day and 3 behaviors related to obesity: timing of last food intake, unhealthy eating behavior, and sleep hours...
November 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Neşe Çelik, Burcu Ceylan, Alaettin Ünsal, Özlem Çağan
This research was conducted to determine depression symptom frequency in health sciences students (n = 445), to investigate sleep quality and some related factors. In this study of the students approximately one fifth of the students showed depressive symptom. Students with poor academic performance, poor economic status, smoking or alcohol use, chronic illness or mental problems are more likely to experience depression. As sleep quality deteriorates, the level of depression also increases. The risk of depressive symptoms in students with poor sleep quality was 3...
November 21, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hyunjoo Na, Hanjong Park
This study was performed to investigate longitudinal effects of insufficient sleep on psychological problems among bullies and neutral students using the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) collected from 8th to 10th graders. At the first wave, 6.4% of students reported that they had bullied other students two or more times. Bullies having insufficient sleep duration at the first wave exhibited significantly higher aggression levels than bullies with sufficient sleep over time. Among neutral students, sleep insufficiency showed no longitudinal relationship with aggression...
December 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
D M Luo, R B Xu, P J Hu, B Dong, B Zhang, Y Song, J Ma
Objective: To describe the situation of insufficient sleep and the association between insufficient sleep and physical exercise, among Chinese Han students aged 9-18 years. Methods: We selected 172 197 Chinese Han students aged 9-18 years from the project 2014 Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health. The average sleep duration per day of less than 9 h for children aged 9-12 years and of less than 8 h for adolescents aged 13-18 years, were defined as insufficient sleep. We described the distribution of sleep duration and the prevalence rates of insufficient sleep for each subgroup...
October 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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