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“Exercise Therapy”

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554145/it-s-time-to-treat-exercise-in-pregnancy-as-therapy
#1
EDITORIAL
Gregory Davies, Raul Artal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553988/the-effects-of-hip-targeted-physical-therapy-interventions-on-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Brian A Bernet, Erin T Peskura, Samuel T Meyer, Patrick C Bauch, Megan B Donaldson
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of physical therapy interventions of the hip on outcomes of pain and disability in patients with low back pain. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to 18 April 2018. STUDY SELECTION/ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The following inclusion criteria were required to be met: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) populations with diagnosed low back pain; and (3) interventions that target the hip joint...
December 1, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553932/incremental-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-providing-supervised-physiotherapy-in-addition-to-usual-medical-care-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-or-knee-2-year-results-of-the-moa-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
JHaxby Abbott, Ross Wilson, Daniel Pinto, Catherine M Chapple, Alexis A Wright
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical- and cost-effectiveness at 2-year follow-up of providing individual, supervised exercise physiotherapy and/or manual physiotherapy in addition to usual medical care. METHOD: People with hip or knee osteoarthritis meeting the American College of Rheumatology clinical diagnostic criteria were randomised (1:1, concealed, assessor-blinded) to 4 groups: usual medical care; supervised exercise physiotherapy; manual physiotherapy; or combined exercise and manual physiotherapy...
December 13, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553746/preoperative-assessment-of-the-peroneal-tendons-in-lateral-ankle-instability-examining-clinical-factors-magnetic-resonance-imaging-sensitivity-and-their-relationship
#4
Parke W Hudson, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Ibukunoluwa B Araoye, Caleb W Jones, Shelby L Bergstresser, Ashish Shah
The purpose of our study was to examine the preoperative clinical factors and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with peroneal pathology in chronic lateral ankle instability patients, as well as the clinical factors associated with peroneal lesions being detected on MRI. Peroneal pathology was determined from intraoperative findings. Patients with/without peroneal pathology were compared regarding their preoperative clinical findings. MRI reports were examined to determine the sensitivity of detecting peroneal pathologies...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553043/physical-exercise-enhances-adult-cortical-plasticity-in-a-neonatal-rat-model-of-hypoxic-ischemic-injury-evidence-from-bold-fmri-and-electrophysiological-recordings
#5
Sun Young Chae, Jun Ho Jang, Geun Ho Im, Ji-Hyun Jeong, Won-Beom Jung, Sukjin Ko, Hyesoo Jie, Ji Hye Kim, Yun Sil Chang, Seungsoo Chung, Ki-Soo Kim, Jung Hee Lee
Neuroplasticity is considered essential for recovery from brain injury in developing brains. Recent studies indicate that it is especially effective during early postnatal development and during the critical period. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and local field potential (LFP) electrophysiological recordings in rats that experienced neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury during the critical period to demonstrate that physical exercise (PE) can improve cortical plasticity even when performed during adulthood, after the critical period...
December 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549058/insights-into-the-pulmonary-vascular-complications-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#6
Yen-Chun Lai, Longfei Wang, Mark T Gladwin
Pulmonary hypertension in the setting of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (PH-HFpEF) is a growing public health problem that is increasing in prevalence. While PH-HFpEF is defined by a high mean pulmonary artery pressure, high left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and a normal ejection fraction, some HFpEF patients develop PH in the presence of pulmonary vascular remodeling with a high transpulmonary pressure gradient or pulmonary vascular resistance. Aging, increased left atrial pressure and stiffness, mitral regurgitation, as well as features of metabolic syndrome, which include obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, are recognized as risk factors for PH-HFpEF...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549018/exercise-training-in-cancer-control-and-treatment
#7
Jesper Frank Christensen, Casper Simonsen, Pernille Hojman
Exercise training is playing an increasing role in cancer care, as accumulating evidence demonstrates that exercise may prevent cancer, control disease progression, interact with anti-cancer therapies, and improve physical functioning and psychosocial outcomes. In this overview article, we present the current state of the field of exercise oncology, which currently comprises of nearly 700 unique exercise intervention trials with more than 50,000 cancer patients. First, we summarize the range of these interventions with regard to diagnoses, clinical setting, timing, and type of intervention...
December 13, 2018: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548390/metformin-inhibits-mitochondrial-adaptations-to-aerobic-exercise-training-in-older-adults
#8
Adam R Konopka, Jaime L Laurin, Hayden M Schoenberg, Justin J Reid, William M Castor, Christopher A Wolff, Robert V Musci, Oscar D Safairad, Melissa A Linden, Laurie M Biela, Susan M Bailey, Karyn L Hamilton, Benjamin F Miller
Metformin and exercise independently improve insulin sensitivity and decrease the risk of diabetes. Metformin was also recently proposed as a potential therapy to slow aging. However, recent evidence indicates that adding metformin to exercise antagonizes the exercise-induced improvement in insulin sensitivity and cardiorespiratory fitness. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that metformin diminishes the improvement in insulin sensitivity and cardiorespiratory fitness after aerobic exercise training (AET) by inhibiting skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration and protein synthesis in older adults (62 ± 1 years)...
December 11, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548178/skeletal-muscle-wasting-in-chronic-heart-failure
#9
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Suzuki, Sandra Palus, Jochen Springer
Patients suffering from chronic heart failure (CHF) show an increased prevalence (~20% in elderly CHF patients) of loss of muscle mass and muscle function (i.e. sarcopenia) compared with healthy elderly people. Sarcopenia, which can also occur in obese patients, is considered a strong predictor of frailty, disability, and mortality in older persons and is present in 5-13% of elderly persons aged 60-70 years and up to 50% of all octogenarians. In a CHF study, sarcopenia was associated with lower strength, reduced peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2 , 1173 ± 433 vs...
December 7, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547261/low-level-laser-therapy-versus-trunk-stabilization-exercises-on-sternotomy-healing-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Zeinab Mohammed Helmy, Sherin Hassan Mohammed Mehani, Basant Hamdy El-Refaey, Eman Hassan Abd Al-Salam, El-Sayed Essam El-Sayed Felaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) versus trunk stabilization exercises on sternotomy healing following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Forty-five male patients who had acute sternal instability post-CABG surgery in the age range of 45-65 years were divided randomly into three equal groups (n = 15). The laser group received LLLT, while the exercise group received trunk stabilization exercises. The control group only received a routine cardiac rehabilitation programme, which was also provided to both the laser and the exercise groups...
December 13, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545971/risk-stratification-and-medical-therapy-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#11
Nazzareno Galiè, Richard N Channick, Robert P Frantz, Ekkehard Grünig, Zhi Cheng Jing, Olga Moiseeva, Ioana R Preston, Tomas Pulido, Zeenat Safdar, Yuichi Tamura, Vallerie V McLaughlin
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a severe clinical condition despite the availability over the past 15 years of multiple drugs interfering with the endothelin, nitric oxide and prostacyclin pathways. The recent progress observed in medical therapy of PAH is not, therefore, related to the discovery of new pathways, but to the development of new strategies for combination therapy and on escalation of treatments based on systematic assessment of clinical response. The current treatment strategy is based on the severity of the newly diagnosed PAH patient as assessed by a multiparametric risk stratification approach...
December 13, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545387/a-specific-protocol-of-autologous-bone-marrow-concentrate-and-platelet-products-versus-exercise-therapy-for-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-2-year-follow-up
#12
Christopher Centeno, Mitchell Sheinkop, Ehren Dodson, Ian Stemper, Christopher Williams, Matthew Hyzy, Thomas Ichim, Michael Freeman
BACKGROUND: Cell-based therapies have shown promise for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The current study compared exercise therapy to autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC) and platelet products for knee OA treatment. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic knee OA (N = 48) were randomized into either an exercise therapy control group or treatment group with injection of autologous BMC and platelet products. Patients in the control group could crossover to BMC treatment after 3 months...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544823/crt-pacing-midterm-follow-up-in-lv-only-pacing-without-rv-lead-in-patients-with-normal-av-conduction
#13
Dragos Cozma, Cristina Vacarescu, Lucian Petrescu, Cristian Mornos, Emilia Goanta, Horea Feier, Constantin Tudor Luca, Gabriel Gusetu, Radu Vatasescu
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the real life cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) fusion left ventricular (LV) only pacing in patients with normal AV conduction (NAVc) without right ventricular (RV) lead. METHODS: Consecutive NAVc patients with CRT indication were implanted with a right atrium RA/LV DDD pacing system. Complete follow-up at 1, 3 and every 6 months thereafter included echocardiography and stress testing. RESULTS: We analysed 55 patients (62 ± 11 years)...
December 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544086/impact-of-pre-cooling-therapy-on-the-physical-performance-and-functional-capacity-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Antonia Kaltsatou, Andreas D Flouris
Patients with multiple sclerosis experience many complications that gradually lead them to comorbidity and disability. Exercise could prevent and ameliorate the symptoms that comorbidity or inactivity generate. However, until recently it was suggested that multiple sclerosis patients should not participate in exercise training programs because these patients are characterized by thermoregulatory failure and the heat stress due to physical work could exacerbate the disease symptoms. Furthermore, taken into account that 60-80% of the multiple sclerosis patients present adverse clinical symptoms when their body temperature is increased (not only due to physical working but even when immerse in hot water or by exposure to infrared lamps or to the sun), the need for the development of treatment strategies to overcome the thermoregulatory problem in these patients is crucial...
November 13, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543802/exercise-therapy-in-addition-to-an-orthosis-reduces-pain-more-than-an-orthosis-alone-in-patients-with-thumb-base-osteoarthritis-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#15
R M Wouters, J Tsehaie, H P Slijper, S E R Hovius, R Feitz, R W Selles
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of exercises and orthotics with orthotics alone on pain and hand function in patients with thumb base (CMC-1) osteoarthritis (OA) and to predict outcomes on pain and hand function of exercises and orthotics. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with propensity score matching SETTING: Data collection took place in thirteen outpatient clinics for hand surgery and hand therapy in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A consecutive, population-based sample of 173 patients with CMC-1 OA was included in this study of which 84 were matched on baseline demographics and baseline primary outcomes...
December 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543378/the-role-of-exercise-prescription-in-pediatric-preventive-cardiology-programs
#16
Sean D Connolly, Kendra M Ward
Lifestyle changes such as exercise and dietary change are recommended first-line therapy for children with dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity. Although most clinicians recommend exercise, specific exercise prescriptions are not usually provided. The optimal type, duration, and intensity of activity to achieve a meaningful outcome is not definitively defined. As the pediatric population becomes more sedentary and morbidity accumulates from this lifestyle, understanding how targeted exercise prescriptions can benefit patients will be critical to effectively manage this group of patients...
December 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30542407/efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-bromide-combined-with-budesonide-formoterol-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Daguo Zhao, Chunhua Ling, Qiang Guo, Jun Jin, Hua Xu
With the increase of environmental pollution, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a serious health threat. In the present study, the efficacy and safety of inhalation therapy of tiotropium bromide combined with budesonide/formoterol were assessed in 180 patients with moderate to severe COPD (clinical trial registry no. ChiCTR1800017584). Patients were treated by inhalation of budesonide/formoterol (control group) or inhalation of tiotropium bromide combined with budesonide/formoterol (intervention group)...
December 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30539272/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
T N Poly, M M Islam, H-C Yang, C C Wu, Y-C J Li
We performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and risk of hip fracture. Patients with PPIs had a greater risk of hip fracture than those without PPI therapy (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1.14-1.28, p < 0.0001). These results could be taken into consideration with caution, and patients should also be concerned about the inappropriate use of PPIs. INTRODUCTION: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are generally considered as first-line medicine with great safety profile, commonly prescribed for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease...
December 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30539238/health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-adjustment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-pacemakers-and-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ashima Pyngottu, Helene Werner, Phaedra Lehmann, Christian Balmer
The absence of cardiac symptoms, the improved exercise tolerance and the increased life expectancy are the advantages of a successful cardiac device therapy. Nevertheless, the fact of a lifelong device dependency, the inherent possibility of device malfunction and the progression of the underlying heart disease may impact the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the psychological adjustment of these individuals. To date, an overview of findings on these topics is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate and summarize the current evidence on generic and disease-specific HRQoL and psychological adjustment in paediatric patients with a pacemaker (PM) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)...
December 11, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538605/use-and-interpretation-of-enteropathogen-multiplex-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-in-patients-with-suspected-infectious-diarrhea
#20
Harika Yalamanchili, Dima Dandachi, Pablo C Okhuysen
Acute diarrheal illness due to gastrointestinal infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and around the world. Determining the causative organism in a timely manner assists with patient care, identifying outbreaks, providing infection control, and administering antimicrobial therapy when indicated. Traditional diagnostic modalities based on culture and immunoassays are limited by their low sensitivity and long turnaround time. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) for enteric pathogens allow for the syndromic testing of stool for multiple pathogens simultaneously and have higher sensitivity with a shorter turnaround time...
November 2018: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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