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Ming-Yuan Huang, Lu-Chih Kung, Sheng-Wen Hou, Yi-Kung Lee, Yung-Cheng Su
INTRODUCTION: Robust assessment is a crucial component in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) training to determine whether participants have achieved learning objectives with little or no variation in their overall outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate resuscitation performance by real-time logs. We hypothesised that instructors may not be able to evaluate time-sensitive parameters, namely, chest compression fraction, time to initiating chest compression and time to initiating defibrillation accurately in a subjective manner...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Laurent Degroote, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Maïté Verloigne, Louise Poppe, Geert Crombez
BACKGROUND: Wearables for monitoring physical activity (PA) are increasingly popular. These devices are not only used by consumers to monitor their own levels of PA but also by researchers to track the behavior of large samples. Consequently, it is important to explore how accurately PA can be tracked via these devices. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate convergent validity of 3 Android Wear smartwatches-Polar M600 (Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland), Huawei Watch (Huawei Technologies Co, Ltd, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China), Asus Zenwatch3 (AsusTek Computer Inc, Taipei, Taiwan)-and Fitbit Charge with an ActiGraph accelerometer for measuring steps and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on both a day level and 15-min level...
December 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Chia-Huei Chu, Shiau-Ru Chiou, Mao-Che Wang, An-Suey Shiao, Tzong-Yang Tu, Liang-Yu Lin, Chii-Yuan Huang, Wen-Huei Liao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the difference in treatment outcomes for patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) undergoing concurrent or sequential intravenous (IV) and intratympanic (IT) steroid therapies. METHODS: Patients with idiopathic SSNHL admitted to Taipei Veterans Hospital from August 2011 to August 2012 were enrolled. Patients were treated with both IV dexamethasone 5 mg b.i.d. for 5 days, then tapered over 6 days, and IT injections of dexamethasone 5 mg daily...
December 11, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Chihhao Fan, Cheng-Jui Hsu, Jia-Yu Lin, Yung-Kai Kuan, Chieh-Chung Yang, Jui-Hsiang Liu, Jiunn-Horng Yeh
Many shipwreck events occur in the neighboring areas of Taiwan due to the volume of maritime traffic and geographical conditions around Taiwan. The oil spills from such events can be devastating for the surrounding sea and coastal areas. The government realized the importance of marine pollution prevention and enforced the Marine Pollution Control Act and the Major Marine Oil Pollution Emergency Response Plan to mitigate the impact of oil spill pollution. The T.S. Taipei shipwreck highlighted the effectiveness of the national marine pollution prevention system...
November 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Chi-Min Chiu, Ching-Jer Huang, Li-Chung Wu, Yinglong Joseph Zhang, Laurence Zsu-Hsin Chuang, Yangming Fan, Hao-Cheng Yu
In this study, we propose a two-step strategy for tracking oil-spill trajectories. First, an X-band radar is established to monitor oil spills. Accordingly, we propose a radar image-processing technique for identifying the oil slicks from the nautical radar images. Second, we apply the SCHISM to determine the water surface elevations and currents at the event site and obtain the trajectories of the oil slicks using a Lagrangian particle-tracking method incorporated in the SCHISM. An oil-spill event caused by the container ship T...
December 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Yao-Chin Wang, Bilegjin Ganzorig, Chieh-Chen Wu, Usman Iqbal, Hafash-Arshed-Ali Khan, Wan-Shan Hsieh, Wen-Shan Jian, Yu-Chuan Jack Li
BACKGROUND: The development of telecommunication has strongly affected comprehensive scientific disciplines, including medical sciences. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the patient satisfaction of the teleconsultation system used for the consultation of dermatological follow-up care. METHODS: The study was performed cross sectional patient satisfaction survey method conducted between February and April 2017 to determine patient satisfaction using MedX teleconsultation system...
December 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Nhat-Thien Nguyen, Shui-Shu Hsiao, Shiao-Shing Chen, Chang-Tang Chang, Nguyen-Cong Nguyen, Le Thuy Trang
The utilization of sludge from Far Eastern Memorial hospital (New Taipei city, Taiwan) wastewater treatment plants as biochar adsorbent was investigated. The sludge was carbonized using microwave carbonization and then chemically activated at high temperatures by using ZnCl₂ to enhance porosity and surface area. A newly designed Zndoped amino-functionalized sludge biochar (Zn-SBC-DETA) presents effective As adsorption in water. The adsorbent was characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis...
May 1, 2019: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Shu-Fen Niu, Tso-Ying Lee, Jui-Chen Tsai, Shih-Chun Hsing, Shu-Ching Wu, Ching-Chiu Kao
BACKGROUND: Nurses comprise a group in the healthcare team that is exposed to the highest levels of workplace violence. This not only causes negative emotions in nurses and adversely impacts the institution and the body and spirit of the nurses but also affects the quality of nursing care. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and psychological workplace violence experienced by the nursing staff and to identify the perpetrators of violence, the reactions of the victims, and the policies developed by employers to prevent violence...
December 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Chen-Kang Chang, Ching-Lin Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Li-Te Chang, Gui-Bing Hong, Shao-Ping Weng, Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Chien-Wei Liu, Wan-Yu Chuang, Kai-Jen Chuang
The association between houseplants and indoor air quality improvement has been reported in previous studies. However, the effect of houseplant-emitted isoprene on the association between ozone (O3 ) formation and respiratory health remains unclear. We recruited 60 adult subjects from 60 houses with or without houseplants (1:1) in Taipei; twelve house visits were conducted in each home throughout 2014. The indoor air pollutants that were measured consisted of particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2...
November 19, 2018: Environment International
Shao-Chen Wan, Man-Hsu Huang, Cherng-Kang Perng, Wen-Chieh Liao
BACKGROUND: The main feature of Madelung disease (MD), a rare condition, is the growth of adipose tissue without a capsule. Usually, this disease is known for its prominent features with fat deposition around the neck, shoulder, back, or chest wall. Clinically, the patient is likely to exhibit alcohol, neuropathy, and metabolic disorders; however, no clear cause has been confirmed. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological, pathophysiological, and various treatment methods of MD...
November 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Yuanqi Cui, Qianqian Zhu, Chaohua Lou, Ersheng Gao, Yan Cheng, Laurie S Zabin, Mark R Emerson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine gender differences in smoking and alcohol drinking behaviors in three Asian cities of Hanoi, Shanghai, and Taipei, and to assess the magnitude of gender differences across the three cities. METHODS: A total of 17,016 adolescents (age: 15-19 years) and young adults (age: 20-24 years) were selected using multi-stage sampling methods and surveyed in face-to-face interviews. A total of 16,554 unmarried respondents were included in this analysis...
November 15, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Pey-Rong Chen, Sheng-Jean Huang, Lih-Chu Tien, Chien-Liang Liu, Yong-Pei Lin, Hui-Ping Chang, Yueh-Chuan Jao
BACKGROUND: Even though no evidence suggests tube feeding is beneficial for individuals with advanced dementia, many are still tube fed. OBJECTIVE: To assess perceptions of hospital staff regarding reducing tube feeding (RTF) of patients with advanced dementia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A regional teaching hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. SUBJECTS: Hospital staff (n = 624), including physicians, nurses, dieticians, paramedical personnel, social workers, volunteers, attendants, and administrators...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
M H Chung, C C Chuang, L F Liaw, C Y Chen, I M Chen, C P Hsu, N C Lin, C C Loong
BACKGROUND: The safety of the living donor in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is always the first priority, meanwhile, the graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) and the anatomy of the liver allograft must also not be compromised in order to warrant tranplatation success. When it comes to the allograft of the right lobe of the liver without the middle hepatic vein (R-M), the outflow and adequate drainage for the territory of middle hepatic vein (MHV) is one critical concern...
November 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Pei-Yin Pan, Chin-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Irritability is among the most bothersome emotional symptoms in children. It often leads to mental health services referral, significant impairment, and distress to their families. Although there is increasing scientific evidence supporting the existence of extreme irritability in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, few studies have investigated the measurement of irritability in children...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Cheng-Pin Chen, Chien-Yu Cheng, Huachun Zou, Chun-Han Cheng, Shu-Hsing Cheng, Cheng-Kuo Chen, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Ming-Jong Bair
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the majority of chronic hepatitis C carriers with HIV co-infection are intravenous drug users and inmates in correctional facilities. Peginterferon and ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) have been the standard-of-care for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection more than decades. We evaluated the estimated cost-effectiveness of PegIFN/RBV from the National Health Insurance Research Database, covering the population of Taiwan from 1998 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational study, and study during was 2010-2016 and a total of 239 patients were treated with PegIFN/RBV...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Chien-Hsin Chen, Mao-Chih Hsieh, Wilson T Lao, En-Kwang Lin, Yen-Jung Lu, Szu-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether multidisciplinary team (MDT) intervention is associated with improved survival for patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma with liver or lung metastasis (CRA-LLM). METHODS: We enrolled 161 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed CRA-LLM at Taipei Medical University-Wan Fang Hospital between January 2007 and December 2017. In total, 75 patients with CRA-LLM received MDT intervention, and 86 patients did not receive MDT intervention...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
Yeung-Leung Cheng, I-Shiang Tzeng, Mei-Chen Yang
Objective: Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is associated with pectus excavatum (PE). Patients with laryngomalacia and patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) both experience upper airway obstruction, and patients with laryngomalacia had been found to have a higher prevalence of PE. However, no studies have established the prevalence of OSA in patients with PE. We conducted this pilot study to evaluate the prevalence of OSA in patients with PE. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 patients ≥20 years old with PE who were admitted for Nuss surgery to correct PE in Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital between October 2015 and September 2016 were invited to participate in the study; 31 of the 42 patients agreed...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
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