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Ying-Chu Chen
The generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) is related to various features of urbanization. In this study, a linear regression model was used to evaluate the effects of several urbanization indicators on the composition of MSW. Household population (P), area of urban planning (L), tap water penetration (W), electricity sold (El), number of operating factories (I), car density (T), education level (Ed), and annual revenue (R) were chosen as important indicators of urbanization. The five major categories of MSW-paper, food waste, plastic, metal, and glass-were also chosen for specific analysis, and MSW composition was found to be closely related to household population (P) (r2  > 0...
July 25, 2018: Waste Management
Hsing-Fei Lu, Nien-Tzu Chang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Shih-Cheng Liao, Pei-Ying Wu, Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
BACKGROUND: HIV-positive patients are at high risk of suicide behaviors. Because most previous studies have investigated suicide behaviors among HIV-positive patients during their first six months of diagnosis only, there is a current lack of understanding of suicide behaviors among this group. PURPOSE: This study aimed at HIV-positive patients who had been diagnosed between six months and one year ago and examined their suicide ideation and suicide attempt profiles and the associated factors of suicide...
August 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Chih-Cheng Chen, Chun-Yuh Yang
The relationship between exposure to ambient air pollutants and hospital admissions for appendicitis is not known. This study examined whether an association existed between air contaminant levels and frequency of hospital admissions for appendicitis in Taipei, Taiwan. Ambient air pollution and hospital admission data for Taipei were obtained for 2009-2013. Relative risk (RR) of hospital admissions was estimated using a case-crossover approach, controlling for weather variables, day of the week, seasonality, and long-term time trends...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Shu-Chiung Chiang, Ching-Fai Kwok, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Harn-Shen Chen, Jui-Yao Liu, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Tom Su, Low-Tone Ho
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify genotypic and phenotypic cardiovascular metabolic risk factors, and to establish risk models of diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney dysfunction and psychiatric disorders, in Taiwanese adults. METHODS: In 2009, a community-based cohort study was initiated in the Shipai area of the Shilin and Beitou districts in Taipei. Residents were randomly sampled by age (young adults: 35-44 years and middle-aged adults: 45-55 years) and urbanization (rural and urban)...
July 12, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tai-Yi Yu, Ching-Ju Monica Chin, Yu-Jie Chang
Spatial correlation of pollution of the water resource in Taipei, Taiwan, were examined by analyzing the antibiotic resistance patterns (ARPs) of 96 Escherichia coli colonies, which were isolated from 7 sampling sites in 3 river sections. The ARPs were the growth patterns of isolated E. coli colonies in the medium with seven kinds of antibiotics, including ampicillin, chlortetracycline, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, tetracycline, and salinomycin of different concentrations. The results showed that the survival rate of E...
July 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Dimitra Chalkia, Yi-Cheng Chang, Olga Derbeneva, Maria Lvova, Ping Wang, Dan Mishmar, Xiaogang Liu, Larry N Singh, Lee-Ming Chuang, Douglas C Wallace
Mitochondrial dysfunction has repeatedly been reported associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome (MS), as have mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tRNA and duplication mutations and mtDNA haplogroup lineages. We identified 19 Taiwanese T2DM and MS pedigrees from Taiwan, with putative matrilineal transmission, one of which harbored the pathogenic mtDNA tRNALeu(UUR) nucleotide (nt) 3243A>G mutation on the N9a3 haplogroup background. We then recruited three independent Taiwanese cohorts, two from Taipei (N = 498, mean age 52 and N = 1002, mean age 44) and one from a non-urban environment (N = 501, mean age 57)...
July 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yi-Hsuan Lee, Chia-Wen Lu, Pei-Zu Wu, Hsien-Liang Huang, Yi-Chun Wu, Kuo-Chin Huang
BACKGROUND: With globalization, more and more people travel to countries where they are at risk of injuries and travel-related diseases. To protect travelers' health, it is crucial to understand whether travelers accurately perceive medical assistance resources before and during their trips. This study investigated the need, awareness, and previous usage of overseas emergency medical assistance services (EMAS) among people traveling abroad. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to patients (n = 500) at a travel clinic in Taipei, Taiwan...
July 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
Liang-Jen Wang, Ya-Hui Yu, Ming-Ling Fu, Wen-Ting Yeh, Jung-Lung Hsu, Yao-Hsu Yang, Wei J Chen, Bor-Luen Chiang, Wen-Harn Pan
This study investigated whether common comorbidities or biochemical factors, such as allergic disease, anemia, inflammation, and neurotransmitters, are singly or additively associated with an increased risk of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We recruited 216 children diagnosed with ADHD and 216 age-, sex-, height-, weight-, and class-matched controls from 31 elementary schools in Taipei, Taiwan. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used to measure allergic symptoms...
July 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dachen Chu, Yung-Feng Yen, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Yun-Ju Lai, Wen-Jung Sun, Ming-Chung Ko, Li-Ying Huang, Chu-Chieh Chen, J Randall Curtis, Ya-Ling Lee, Sheng-Jean Huang
BACKGROUND: Although advance directives (AD) have been implemented for years in western countries, the concept of AD is not promoted extensively in eastern countries. In this study we evaluate a program to systematically conduct advance care planning (ACP) communication for hospitalized patients in Taiwan and identify the factors associated with AD completion. METHODS: In this retrospective evaluation of a clinical ACP program, we identified adult patients with chronic life-limiting illness admitted to Taipei City Hospital between April 2015 and January 2016...
2018: PloS One
Yi-Jian Tsai, Sheng-Chieh Huang, Hung-Hsin Lin, Chun-Chi Lin, Yuan-Tzu Lan, Huann-Sheng Wang, Shung-Haur Yang, Jeng-Kai Jiang, Wei-Shone Chen, Tzu-Chen Lin, Jen-Kou Lin, Shih-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: The incidence, site distribution, and mortality rates of patients with colorectal cancer differ according to gender. We investigated gene mutations in colorectal patients and wanted to examine gender-specific differences. METHODS: A total of 1505 patients who underwent surgical intervention for colorectal cancer were recruited from March 2000 to January 2010 at Taipei Veterans' General Hospital and investigated for gene mutations in K-ras, N-ras, H-ras, BRAF, loss of 18q, APC, p53, SMAD4, TGF-β, PIK3CA, PTEN, FBXW7, AKT1, and MSI...
July 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Wen-Ting Hsieh, Yung-Cheng Su, Hsin-Lien Han, Ming-Yuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps have recently demonstrated the potential to engage and empower people to improve their own health. Although the availability of health-related apps is increasing, their adoption rate in Taiwan is exceptionally low mainly due to the preponderance of Western culture-based app designs that are challenging for non-English-speaking individuals. To our knowledge, no mHealth app is available in Taiwan that is culturally tailored for Chinese-speaking users and that applies a patient-centered approach to self-manage medication and health...
July 3, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Hsing-Jung Li, Chao-Chan Kuo, Yi-Chien Yao, Ching-Hong Tsai, Philip C Chow, Ying-Chun Li
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in children. This study investigated the use of rehabilitation treatment in Taiwan. We selected children aged 3-12 years from the National Health Insurance Research Database from 2008 to 2012 and included them in the analysis. The children who received a diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification were divided into two groups: ADHD and non-ADHD. We used the chi-squared test, independent sample t test, and multiple regression analysis to conduct the analysis...
2018: PloS One
Shu-Fang Huang, Ti-Hsuan Chien, Wen-Liang Fang, Frank Wang, Chun-Yi Tsai, Jun-Te Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Tse-Ching Chen, Ren-Chin Wu, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Ta-Sen Yeh
BACKGROUND: The 8th edition of AJCC gastric cancer pathological staging system (AJCC8) derived from the IGCA database needs an external validated in cohorts with higher proportion of advanced disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 5386 gastric cancer patients treated at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) and Veteran General Hospital in Taipei (TVGH) were enrolled. Clinicopathological data of the IGCA series and the CGMH/TVGH cohort were compared. Cumulative survival curves of the CGMH/TVGH cohort as stratified by the AJCC7 and the AJCC8 were compared...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Wen-Yuan Ho, Kuo-Hsin Tseng, Ming-Lone Liou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chia-Hung Wang
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) has a small particle size, which allows it to directly enter the respiratory mucosa and reach the alveoli and even the blood. Many countries are already aware of the adverse effects of PM2.5 , and determination of the sources of PM2.5 is a critical step in reducing its concentration to protect public health. This study monitored PM2.5 in the summer (during the southwest monsoon season) of 2017. Three online monitoring systems were used to continuously collect hourly concentrations of key chemical components of PM2...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Cerebellum
Ciao-Lin Ho, Lu-I Chang, Wei-Fong Wu
BACKGROUND: Despite the advance in the understanding of etiology, pathophysiology and diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (AD), its prevalence has increased annually in Taiwan. PURPOSES: The purpose of this study is to explore the prevalence, and personal and environmental risk factors of AD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted via health centers of elementary schools in Taipei city. We used the Chinese version of ISAAC questionnaire to examine possible personal and environmental risk factors of AD...
June 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Chia-Hao Chang, Wei-Yu Dai, Ting-Yu Chen, An-Hsin Lee, Hsuan-Yi Hou, Shih-Hui Liu, Nian-Hong Jang-Liaw
Compared to traditional morphological identification, DNA barcoding-molecular identification based on sequencing of a segment of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI)-provides a shortcut to authenticating chelonian identifications. Here, we selected 63 government-seized chelonian specimens deposited at Taipei Zoo for DNA barcoding analysis. DNA barcoding and subsequent phylogenetic analysis successfully authenticated 36 chelonian species, including five that are listed in CITES Appendix I. Approximately 90% (57/63) of the specimens were successfully authenticated by our molecular approach, but lack or error of BOLD reference sequences, biological processes such as hybridization, and uncertain species delimitation all reduced the accuracy of DNA barcoding...
June 19, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Yung-Lien Lai, Chuen-Jim Sheu, Yi-Fen Lu
Although numerous public closed-circuit television (CCTV) initiatives have been implemented at varying levels in Taiwan's cities and counties, systematic evaluations of these crime reduction efforts have been largely overlooked. To address this void, a quasi-experimental evaluation research project was designed to assess the effect of police-monitored CCTV on crime reduction in Taipei City for a period of 54 months, including data for both before and after camera installation dates. A total of 40 viewsheds within a 100-m (328 feet) radius were selected as research sites to observe variations in four types of crime incidents that became known to police during the January 2008 to June 2012 period...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Ho Ting Wong, Teng-Kang Lin, Jen-Jia Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess rural-urban differences in the predictors of emergency ambulance service (EAS) demand and misuse in New Taipei City. Identifying the predictors of EAS demand will help the EAS service managing authority in formulating focused policies to maintain service quality. METHODS: Over 160,000 electronic EAS usage records were used with a negative binomial regression model to assess rural-urban differences in the predictors of EAS demand and misuse...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Kuen-Cheh Yang, Hui-Fang Hung, Meng-Kan Chen, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Sen-Te Wang
OBJECTIVES: Despite the fact that vaccination is an effective primary prevention strategy for the containment of influenza outbreaks, health policymakers have shown great concern over the enormous costs involved in universal immunization, particularly when resources are limited. METHODS: A two-arm cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) was conducted that took into account the aspect of herd immunity. The analysis used a study cohort of 100000 residents with a demographic make-up identical to that of the underlying population in Taipei County, Taiwan, during the epidemic influenza season of 2001-2002...
August 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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