Read by QxMD icon Read


N Namazi, B Larijani, L Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Although many risk factors for cancers have been well defined, the effects of dietary inflammation have remained controversial. We aimed to summarize the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and the risk of cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis on prospective studies. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched to find relevant articles published in English up to February 2017...
October 12, 2018: Public Health
Jian Wang, Yao Zhou, Kang Chen, Yuntian Jing, Jiaan He, Hongxiao Sun, Xinhua Hu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of diet, determined by the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) score, and depression. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE databases up to August 2018. All observational studies that examined the association of the DII score with depression/depressive symptoms were included...
October 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sekar Jinendiran, Abel Arul Nathan, Dharmaraj Ramesh, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Natesan Sivakumar
Probiotic strains play an increasing role in the production of healthy animals used as a food source. Elucidating the mechanisms of action that allow probiotic-driven immunomodulation may facilitate different applications such as the prevention of infectious diseases in food organisms. This study elucidates the probiotic effects of Exiguobacterium acetylicum S01 on the growth, haematological profile, innate immune capacity, expression of cytokine genes, and resistance to diseases of Carassius auratus caused by Aeromonas hydrophila infection...
October 9, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Siran Yu, Zhehao Zhao, Xiaoyan Xu, Min Li, Ping Li
Recently body fluids have been found to contain a class of nanoparticles released from cells, referred to as extracellular vesicles; exosomes are a type of small-diameter extracellular vesicle. We selected three types of sample: milk-derived exosomes, adipose-derived stem cell exosomes, and nanoparticles extracted from coconut water, to investigate their morphology, particle size distribution, protein content, and microRNA expression levels. Among the vesicles investigated, coconut nanoparticles had the greatest size distribution, and the protein content of coconut nanoparticles differed from that of mammalian exosomes...
January 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
Ilka Ratjen, Nitin Shivappa, Clemens Schafmayer, Greta Burmeister, Ute Nöthlings, Jochen Hampe, James R Hébert, Wolfgang Lieb, Sabrina Schlesinger
Pro-inflammatory dietary factors have been shown to be associated with the incidence of a range of cancers. However, there are many fewer studies on the association between the inflammatory potential of diet and survival after cancer diagnosis. We examined the association between post-diagnosis dietary inflammatory index (DII®) scores and all-cause mortality in long-term survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC). DII scores were calculated from dietary data of 1404 CRC survivors collected at a median of 6 years after CRC diagnosis...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jian-Cai Wang, Yu-Qian Li, Da-Yun Feng, Xin Zhou, Feng-Qi Yan, Yang Li, Li Gao, Li-Hong Li
Morphine administration is a medical problem characterized by compulsive opioid use that causes terrible negative consequences. The exact mechanisms of morphine-induced dependence and morphine withdrawal symptoms remain unclear. Recent studies have revealed that the upregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays important roles in morphine exposure and morphine withdrawal. Secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (Sfrp2) can prevent the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling by competing with the Frizzled receptor for Wnt ligands...
October 3, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Patrícia Amaro Andrade, Helen Hermana M Hermsdorff, Jacqueline Isaura Alvarez Leite, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Hirla Karen Fialho Henriques, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the baseline Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) was associated with weight loss and body composition change after bariatric surgery. METHODOLOGY: This longitudinal study included 132 women with obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 , 43.0 ± 9.7 years), followed up for 6 months after bariatric surgery. The DII® was calculated from dietary data collected using 24-h dietary recall interviews. Anthropometric variables, socio demographic variables, health-related habits, history of disease, as well as gastrointestinal symptoms, both in the preoperative period (baseline) and 6 months after bariatric surgery were collected from the patients' medical records...
October 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Stephen J Thomas, Liane Agulto, Kim Hendrickx, Martin Erpicum, Kay M Tomashek, M Cristina Cassetti, Catherine Laughlin, Alexander Precioso, Alexander C Schmidt, Federico Narvaez, João Bosco Siqueira, Hasitha Tissera, Robert Edelman
Dengue virus infections are a major cause of febrile illness that significantly affects individual and societal productivity and drives up health care costs principally in the developing world. Two dengue vaccine candidates are in advanced clinical efficacy trials in Latin America and Asia, and another has been licensed in more than fifteen countries but its uptake has been limited. Despite these advances, standardized metrics for comparability of protective efficacy between dengue vaccines remain poorly defined...
October 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Dong-Liang Lu, Zheng-Ju Ren, Qin Zhang, Peng-Wei Ren, Bo Yang, Liang-Ren Liu, Qiang Dong
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory potential of diet has been shown to have an association with the risk of several cancer types, but the evidence is inconsistent regarding the related risk of urologic cancer (UC). Therefore, we conducted the present meta-analysis to investigate the association between the inflammatory potential of diet and UC. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched up to July 31, 2018. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and extracted the data...
2018: PloS One
Reza Mohseni, Soheil Abbasi, Fatemeh Mohseni, Fateme Rahimi, Shahab Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Diet is a known source of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, and inflammatory markers have been associated with mechanisms involved in prostate cancer initiation and progression. The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII® ) is a tool to assist researchers in determining the inflammatory potential of diet. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to assess the association between DII and prostate cancer. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from inception to February 2018, for relevant observational studies...
October 1, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Teng Ma, Yueqiu Chen, Yihuan Chen, Qingyou Meng, Jiacheng Sun, Lianbo Shao, Yunsheng Yu, Haoyue Huang, Yanqiu Hu, Ziying Yang, Junjie Yang, Zhenya Shen
Background: To cure ischemic diseases, angiogenesis needs to be improved by various strategies in ischemic area. Considering that microRNA-132 (miR-132) regulates endothelial cell behavior during angiogenesis and the safe and efficacious delivery of microRNAs in vivo is rarely achieved, an ideal vehicle for miR-132 delivery could bring the promise for ischemic diseases. As a natural carrier of biological molecules, exosomes are more and more developed as an ideal vehicle for miRNA transfer...
2018: Stem Cells International
Xiaojie Huang, Linyan Jia, Zhen Qian, Yuanhui Jia, Xiao Chen, Xianghong Xu, Xinwen Chang, Ming Liu, Kai Wang
Angiogenesis is fundamental to normal placental development, and aberrant angiogenesis contributes substantially to placental pathologies. Placental angiogenesis is a pivotal process that plays a key mechanistic role in the elaboration of the placental villous tree, which is mainly taken by human placental microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs), present in the fetal capillaries of chorionic villi, and macrovascular human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) also play a role in this process. These are the two types of endothelial cells that form the placenta and differ in morphology and function...
September 27, 2018: Cytokine
C M Nagle, T Ibiebele, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, A DeFazio, P M Webb
In the original publication of this article on page 6, paragraph "Discussion", line 4, 'In a U.S. population-based case-control study (n = 493 cases) Peres et al., reported a non-significant association between DII score and risk of developing ovarian cancer of similar magnitude (OR DII scoreQ4 vs. Q1 1.35, 95% CI 0.93-1.97) [20]'. It should read as 'In a U.S. population-based case-control study (n = 493 cases) Peres et al., reported a significant association between DII score and risk of developing ovarian cancer (OR DII scoreQ4 vs...
September 28, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Nitin Shivappa, Renwei Wang, James R Hébert, Aizhen Jin, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian Min Yuan
BACKGROUND: Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for lung cancer. We examined the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) to predict lung cancer in the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS). The DII is a diet quality index based on the literature linking foods and nutrients with inflammatory biomarkers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using data from the SCHS for 60,232 participants, including 1851 lung cancer cases, we investigated the associations of baseline DII scores calculated from a food frequency questionnaire with risk of developing lung cancer over an average of 17...
September 25, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Daniela Ligi, Sonia Benitez, Lidia Croce, Andrea Rivas-Urbina, Núria Puig, Jordi Ordóñez-Llanos, Ferdinando Mannello, Jose Luis Sanchez-Quesada
OBJECTIVE: Electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) is involved in atherosclerosis through the activation of the TLR4/CD14 inflammatory pathway in monocytes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase [TIMP]) are also crucially involved in atherosclerosis, but their modulation by LDL(-) has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the ability of LDL(-) to release MMPs and TIMPs in human monocytes and to determine whether sulodexide (SDX), a glycosaminoglycan-based drug, was able to affect their secretion...
September 19, 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease
Susan Mirmajidi, Azimeh Izadi, Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Farhad Vahid, Nahid Karamzad, Parichehr Amiri, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert
OBJECTIVE: Low-grade inflammation is a characteristic of various conditions, including obesity. Diet is regarded as a strong modifier of inflammation. The potential links between inflammatory properties of diet and adipokines as well as insulin resistance (IR) warrant further investigation. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) with serum chemerin, omentin, and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) as well as IR among apparently healthy obese adults...
September 25, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Doyeon Kim, Yongsoon Park
Both inflammation and poor nutritional status are major risk factors of frailty, and the dietary inflammatory index (DII) has been suggested as being associated with the risk of frailty. The present study aimed to investigate whether DII scores were positively associated with the risk of frailty in older individuals, particularly those with poor nutritional status. In total, 321 community-dwelling older individuals aged 70⁻85 years were recruited and categorized as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail according to the Cardiovascular Health Study index...
September 23, 2018: Nutrients
Duncan W Stuart, Nicholas J Mosey
Ways to reduce the computational cost of periodic electronic structure calculations by using basis functions corresponding to linear combinations of planewaves have been examined recently. These contracted planewave (CPW) basis functions correspond to Fourier series representations of atom-centered basis functions, and thus provide access to some beneficial properties of planewave (PW) and localized basis functions. This study reports the development and assessment of a direct inversion of the iterative subspace (DIIS) method that employs unique properties of CPW basis functions to efficiently converge electronic wavefunctions...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Saba Jalali, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Zeinab Heidari, Azita Hekmatdoost, Bahram Rashidkhani
Chronic inflammation is implicated in breast cancer (BrCa) development; however, studies on the association of the inflammatory potential of diet and breast cancer have produced conflicting results. With this as background, we investigated the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) scores and BrCa risk in an Iranian case-control study. In this study, 136 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients and 272 hospitalized controls were recruited using convenience sampling. DII scores were computed from dietary intake data collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
September 20, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Anthony Crimarco, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Caroline Dunn, Shraddha Vyas, Trisha Mandes, Thomas G Hurley, Delia West, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is associated with numerous chronic diseases and can be managed with diet. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in baseline characteristics and plasma inflammation levels between two groups of participants that participated in an intensive, lifestyle intervention or a remotely delivered intervention. This work also assessed the association between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)® scores and participants' inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers at baseline...
September 19, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"