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Wanderson Roberto da Silva, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, João Marôco
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of inherent aspects of body image, eating behavior and perceived health competence on quality of life of university students. Participants completed the instruments Body Shape Questionnaire (reduced version, BSQ-8B), Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (reduced version, MBDS-R), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (reduced version, TFEQ-18), Perceived Health Competence Scale (bifactorial version, PHCS-B), World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-Short Form (WHOQoL-bref) and a questionnaire for characterization of sample...
2018: PloS One
Clemens Wöllner, David Hammerschmidt, Henning Albrecht
Slow motion scenes are ubiquitous in screen-based audiovisual media and are typically accompanied by emotional music. The strong effects of slow motion on observers are hypothetically related to heightened emotional states in which time seems to pass more slowly. These states are simulated in films and video clips, and seem to resemble such experiences in daily life. The current study investigated time perception and emotional response to media clips containing decelerated human motion, with or without music using psychometric and psychophysiological testing methods...
2018: PloS One
Horng-Shiuann Wu, Jean E Davis, Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients often have other noncancer medical conditions. Presence of comorbidities negatively affects cancer survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidity, risk factors for comorbidity, and how comorbidity was associated with symptoms and quality of life in patients being treated for breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred and one breast cancer chemotherapy outpatients completed this study. Comorbid conditions, weight, height, and smoking status were identified by chart review...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Pavlos Bobos, Joy C MacDermid, David M Walton, Anita Gross, P Lina Santaguida
Study Design Overview of systematic reviews. Background The evaluation of psychometric properties of neck Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) will provide a broader view and may identify potential conflicting or consistent results for their psychometric properties. Objective The purpose of this study was to conduct an overview of SRs and synthesize evidence to establish the current state of knowledge on psychometric properties of PROM's for patients with neck disorders...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Muhammad Salman, Amer Hayat Khan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Jeffery Hughes, Junaid Habib Khan, Khalid Hussain
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to develop an Urdu version of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS-U) and validate it for Pakistani patients suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: IPSS-U was developed by a two-step forward and back translation and to evaluate its psychometric properties, a prospective study involving patients suffering from LUTS (n=267) was conducted at Outpatient Urology Department, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan...
July 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Ulrica Nilsson, Elisabeth Ericsson, Mats Eriksson, Ewa Idvall, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen
The study comprised a prospective, comparative cross-sectional survey in 143 (of 390) children undergoing tonsil surgery. Parents answered the Post Hospitalization Behavior Questionnaire for Ambulatory Surgery (PHBQ-AS), and children answered the questionnaire Postoperative Recovery in Children (PRiC). The PHBQ-AS had positive correlation with the PRiC and with general health. On day 10 after surgery, up to one-third of the children still reported physical symptoms (PRiC). No gender or age differences concerning the items of behavior (PHBQ-AS) were found...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Motohiro Nakajima, Richard Hoffman, Abed Alsameai, Najat Sayim Khalil, Mustafa al'Absi
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Khat (Catha edulis) is a stimulant plant widely used in East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Tobacco is often co-used with khat and its use has expanded to other parts of the world. Chronic khat use is associated with negative health consequences. There is a lack of research to develop a tool to assess attitudes toward khat use. This study aimed to develop a brief tool to assess attitude and perception related to khat (i.e. the Khat Knowledge, Attitudes and Perception Scale)...
June 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
John Cairney, Heather J Clark, Maeghan E James, Drew Mitchell, Dean A Dudley, Dean Kriellaars
Background: Physical literacy is essential to physical activity across the lifespan. While there is an emerging body of research on physical literacy in school-aged children, the preschool years have largely been ignored. We tested the psychometric properties of the new tool, the Preschool Physical Literacy Assessment Tool (Pre-PLAy) designed to address this gap. Methods: We recruted 78 children (aged 19-49 months) across 5 childcare centers in Hamilton, Ontario. Two Early Childhood Educators (ECE) completed the Pre-PLAy for each child at two points in time to assess inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Amor A Correa, Richard Rogers, Margot M Williams
Psychological assessments can be essentially invalidated by examinees' intentional response styles, such as feigning (i.e., fabrication or marked overreporting of symptoms/impairment) and defensiveness (i.e., denial or minimization of symptoms/impairment). As a psychometric strength, the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) has established validity indicators for identifying both response styles. With the United States' increasing ethnic and cultural diversity, predominantly Spanish-speaking individuals are now estimated in the range of 15 million persons...
June 1, 2018: Assessment
Giovanni Galeoto, Anna Berardi, Rita De Santis, Laura Di Valentini, Rosmara Beccasio, Maria Auxiliadora Marquez, Maria Luisa Giordano, Domenico Guarino, Marco Tofani
Study design: Psychometric study. Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of the Italian-translated and adapted version of the Van Lieshout test (VLT) in a population of people with cervical spinal cord injury (C-SCI). Setting: Multicenter study in multiple hospitals in Italy. Methods: The original scale was translated from English to Italian according to international guidelines. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and responsiveness of the Italian version of the VLT (IT-VLT) were examined...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
M Augustin, E Conde Montero, K Hagenström, K Herberger, C Blome
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphoedema (CLE) is a burdensome disease of multiple causes leading to significant reductions in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A specific method to assess HRQoL is the Freiburg Life Quality Assessment for lymphedema (FLQA-L), which consists of 92 items. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a short form of the FLQA-L with improved psychometric properties and feasibility. METHODS: The FLQA-L validation data were re-analysed by patients and experts...
June 21, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
L S Chutko, S Yu Surushkina, E A Yakovenko, A V Sergeev, A V Rozhkova
AIM: To assess cognitive and emotional disorders in children of primary school age who have a history of specific language impairment (SLI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-six children, aged 7-9 years, who were previously studied at age of 3-6 years with a diagnosis of SLI with a predominant disorder of expressive speech, were examined. Common neurological examination, psychological and psychometric testing were performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Clinical manifestations of the developmental disorder of expressive speech of moderate degree remained in 19...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
S I Gavrilova, I V Kolykhalov, E V Ponomareva, Ya B Fedorova, N D Selezneva
AIM: To study the efficacy and safety of cereton (choline alfoscerate) in the treatment of elderly patients with amnestic type of mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), which often represents a pre-dementia (symptomatic) stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty patients (40 women and 10 men; mean age 68,8 years) received three-month therapy with cereton in a dose of 1200 mg/day in 3 divided doses. Fifteen patients received the same treatment again within 1 year...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Takakuni Suzuki, Kaylin E Hill, Belel Ait Oumeziane, Dan Foti, Douglas B Samuel
Advances in technology have provided opportunities to assess physiological correlates and further our understanding of a number of constructs, including personality traits. Event-related potentials (ERPs), scalp-recorded measures of brain activity with millisecond temporal resolution, show properties that make them potential candidates for integrating neurophysiological methods into personality research. Several commonly used ERPs have trait-like properties including test-retest stability approaching .8 over two weeks...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Nathan T Kearns, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Prathiba Natesan, Byron L Zamboanga, Lindsay S Ham, Renee M Cloutier
Caffeine is the most widely available and consumed psychoactive substance in the United States. Extant work indicates that across substances, use expectancies play a marked role in the development and maintenance of consumption patterns. Despite a burgeoning line of etiological and intervention-oriented research focused on expectancies (e.g., alcohol), there is a limited literature regarding caffeine use effect expectancies, specifically. To facilitate this work, the Caffeine Expectancy Questionnaire (CaffEQ) was developed and psychometrically validated; however, the length of the CaffEQ (i...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Silvia S Martins, Carla L Storr, Maria C Viana, Laura H Andrade, Arthur G Andrade
We investigated the dimensionality and possible measurement bias of ICD-11 Nicotine Dependence (ND) criteria in a sample of smokers from a middle-income country. Data are from the São Paulo Megacity Project (part of World Mental Health Surveys) collected between 2005 and 2007 (n = 5,037). The current analyses were restricted to the 1,388 participants who smoked at least once a week for 2 months in their lifetime. Item response theory (IRT) was used to investigate the severity and discrimination properties of 8 selected criteria...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Alan R Teo, Jason I Chen, Hiroaki Kubo, Ryoko Katsuki, Mina Sato-Kasai, Norihiro Shimokawa, Kohei Hayakawa, Wakako Umene-Nakano, James E Aikens, Shigenobu Kanba, Takahiro A Kato
AIM: Hikikomori, a form of severe social withdrawal, is an emerging issue in mental health, for which validated measurement tools are lacking. The object was to develop a self-report scale of hikikomori, and assess its psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: A sample of 399 participants from clinical and community settings completed measures. Psychometric properties were assessed with factor analysis; diagnostic accuracy was compared against a semi-structured diagnostic interview...
June 21, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Jason W Small, Hollie Hix-Small, Emily Vargas-Baron, Kevin P Marks
AIM: To map the breadth of use of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) across world regions, and examine procedures for ASQ translation, adaptation, psychometric evaluation, and administration. METHOD: We conducted a review of all original, peer-reviewed studies written in English referencing use of the ASQ in LMICs. We used a consensus rating procedure to classify each article into one of four categories: feasibility study, psychometric study, prevalence study, or research study...
June 21, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Scott D Emerson, Louise C Mâsse, Tavinder K Ark, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Martin Guhn
PURPOSE: The Satisfaction With Life Scale adapted for Children (SWLS-C) is a self-report measure of children's quality of life and has exhibited sound psychometric properties. In light of increasing ethno-cultural diversity, it is important to understand child life satisfaction across diverse subgroups. Employing children's language background as a proxy for cultural background among children in British Columbia, Canada, we examined (a) the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the SWLS-C; and (b) cross-cultural relations of peer support and adult support with SWLS-C...
June 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
John M Salsman, Crystal L Park, Elizabeth A Hahn, Mallory A Snyder, Login S George, Michael F Steger, Thomas Merluzzi, David Cella
PURPOSE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a National Institutes of Health initiative designed to improve patient-reported outcomes using state-of-the-art psychometric methods. The aim of this study is to describe qualitative efforts to identify and refine items from psychological well-being subdomains for future testing, psychometric evaluation, and inclusion within PROMIS. METHOD: Seventy-two items from eight existing measures of positive affect, life satisfaction, meaning & purpose, and general self-efficacy were reviewed, and 48 new items were identified or written where content was lacking...
June 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
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