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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667567/cardiovascular-health-and-cognitive-function-among-mexican-older-adults-cross-sectional-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health
#1
Jaime Perales, Ladson Hinton, Jeffrey Burns, Eric D Vidoni
ABSTRACTObjectives:To assess the association between cardiovascular health and cognitive function among Mexican older adults. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Households in Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 50 years and older (n = 1,492) from the Mexico-SAGE project Wave 1. MEASUREMENTS: A continuous and a categorical index of cardiovascular health was calculated based on exercise, smoking, body mass index, and blood pressure ranging from 0 to 4...
April 18, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667466/evaluation-of-a-modified-16-item-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses
#2
Tzu-Chieh Yu, Tanisha Jowsey, Marcus Henning
The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was developed to assess undergraduate readiness for engaging in interprofessional education (IPE). It has become an accepted and commonly used instrument. To determine utility of a modified 16-item RIPLS instrument, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Data used were collected from a pre- and post-intervention study involving 360 New Zealand undergraduate students from one university. Just over half of the participants were enrolled in medicine (51%) while the remainder were in pharmacy (27%) and nursing (22%)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665784/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-an-abridged-version-of-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure-dreem
#3
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Soundappan Kathirvel
BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue. METHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665561/the-functions-and-addictive-features-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-in-a-university-sample
#4
Camille Guérin-Marion, Jodi Martin, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Marie-France Lafontaine, Jean-François Bureau
The Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI) is a comprehensive self-report measure of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In an effort to build on past research and further validate the OSI, this study presents a confirmatory factor analysis of the OSI's subscales measuring the functions and addictive features of NSSI using a university sample. Participants were 316 university students aged 17-25 years (84.8% female) who had engaged in NSSI at least once in their lifetime. Consistent with past research, results confirmed the four-factor structure of the Functions items (Internal Emotion Regulation, Social Influence, External Emotion Regulation, Sensation Seeking), as well as the single-factor structure of Addictive Features items...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665559/semistructured-interview-for-bipolar-at-risk-states-sibars
#5
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea De Micheli, Matteo Rocchetti, Marco Cappucciati, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, Grazia Rutigliano, Ilaria Bonoldi, Philip McGuire, Irina Falkenberg
The external prognostic accuracy of Bipolar At Risk (BAR) criteria is undetermined and no psychometric tools are available to measure them. We present here three studies that overcome these limitations. Study 1 and 2 investigated the prognostic accuracy (Harrell's C) of the original BAR and revised Bipolar At Risk States (BARS) criteria respectively for the prediction of bipolar disorders, using a retrospective cohort of individuals at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P). Study 3 validated externally the prognostic accuracy of a newly developed Semistructured Interview of At Risk Bipolar States (SIBARS) in an independent prospective CHR-P cohort...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665124/how-does-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-start-prodromal-cognitive-changes-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#6
Daphné Génier Marchand, Ronald B Postuma, Frédérique Escudier, Jessie De Roy, Amélie Pelletier, Jacques Montplaisir, Jean-François Gagnon
Objective We describe the progression of cognitive decline and identify the predictive values of cognitive tests in three groups of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) patients classified at their last follow-up as having Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), or still-idiopathic. Methods Patients (n=109) underwent polysomnographic, neurological, and neuropsychological assessments. We used linear mixed-model analyses to compare the progression of cognitive test performance between the three groups over a three-year prodromal period, and performed linear regressions for a six-year prodromal period...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665122/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-children-population-based-study
#7
Sâmara Luciana de Andrade Lima, Caroline Chavier Pereira Santana, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Saul Martins Paiva, Meire Coelho Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The assessment of oral health should consider clinical and biopsychosocial aspects. AIM: To evaluate the impact of untreated dental caries on the quality of life of children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 647 Brazilian children. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 ) and the 'oral health' global indicator were administered to the children and used as the outcomes. Parents answered a general questionnaire, and oral clinical examinations were performed...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662430/rules-infants-look-by-testing-the-assumption-of-transitivity-in-visual-salience
#8
Melissa M Kibbe, Zsuzsa Kaldy, Erik Blaser
What drives infants' attention in complex visual scenes? Early models of infant attention suggested that the degree to which different visual features were detectable determines their attentional priority. Here, we tested this by asking whether two targets - defined by different features, but each equally salient when evaluated independently - would drive attention equally when pitted head-to-head. In Experiment 1, we presented 6-month-old infants with an array of gabor patches in which a target region varied either in color or spatial frequency from the background...
March 2018: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662330/development-and-validation-of-mylifetracker-a-routine-outcome-measure-for-youth-mental-health
#9
Benjamin Kwan, Debra J Rickwood, Nic R Telford
Purpose: Routine outcome measures are now being designed for session-by-session use, with emphasis on clinically meaningful items and sensitivity to change. Despite an increasing mental health service focus for young people aged 12-25 years, there is a lack of outcome measures that are designed to be used across this age group. Consequently, MyLifeTracker (MLT) was developed as a brief mental health outcome measure designed for young people for routine use. It consists of the following five items targeting areas of importance to young people: general well-being, day-to-day activities, relationships with friends, relationships with family, and general coping...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662259/psychometric-validation-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#10
Daniel Serrani Azcurra
Introduction: Adolescent suicide is a major public health issue, and early and accurate detection is of great concern. There are many reliable instruments for this purpose, such as the Columbia-Suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS), but no validation exists for Spanish speaking Latin American adolescents. Objetive: To assess psychometric properties and cut-off scores of the C-SSRS in Spanish speaking adolescents. Methods: Exploratory assessment with principal component analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation, and confirmatory analysis (CFA) were performed on two groups with 782 and 834 participants respectively (N=1616)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661814/psychometric-findings-and-normative-values-for-the-cleft-q-based-on-2434-children-and-young-adult-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-from-12-countries
#11
Anne F Klassen, Karen Wy Wong Riff, Natasha M Longmire, Asteria Albert, Gregory C Allen, Mustafa Asim Aydin, Stephen B Baker, Stefan J Cano, Andrew J Chan, Douglas J Courtemanche, Marieke M Dreise, Jesse A Goldstein, Timothy E E Goodacre, Karen E Harman, Montserrat Munill, Aisling O Mahony, Mirta Palomares Aguilera, Petra Peterson, Andrea L Pusic, Rona Slator, Mia Stiernman, Elena Tsangaris, Sunil S Tholpady, Federico Vargas, Christopher R Forrest
BACKGROUND: Patients with cleft lip and/or palate can undergo numerous procedures to improve appearance, speech, dentition and hearing. We developed a cleft-specific patient-reported outcome instrument to facilitate rigorous international measurement and benchmarking. METHODS: Data were collected from patients aged 8-29 years with cleft lip and/or palate at 30 hospitals in 12 countries between October 2014 and November 2016. Rasch measurement theory analysis was used to refine the scales and to examine reliability and validity...
April 16, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661488/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-whoqol-bref-taiwan-version-across-five-kinds-of-taiwanese-cancer-survivors-rasch-analysis-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#12
Chung-Ying Lin, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Wen-Chung Wang, Wu-Wei Lai, Wu-Chou Su, Tzu-Yi Wu, Grace Yao, Jung-Der Wang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is important for clinicians to evaluate how cancer survivors judge their sense of well-being, and WHOQOL-BREF may be a good tool for clinical use. However, at least three issues remain unresolved: (1) the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF for cancer patients are insufficient; (2) the scoring method used for WHOQOL-BREF needs to be clarify; (3) whether different types of cancer patients interpret the WHOQOL-BREF similarly. METHODS: We recruited 1000 outpatients with head/neck cancer, 1000 with colorectal cancer, 965 with liver cancer, 1438 with lung cancer and 1299 with gynecologic cancers in a medical center...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661096/employer-attitudes-toward-hiring-persons-with-disabilities-in-armenia
#13
Jonathon Breen, Farinaz Havaei, Cristina Pitassi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this two-part study was to provide input into a strategy to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Armenia. BACKGROUND: Employment rates for persons with disabilities in Armenia have been variously reported between eight and 21%, much below the general employment rate of 82%. METHOD: First, a Participatory Action Research process led to the development of a 15 item self-report measure - the Perceived Barriers to Employing Persons with Disabilities Scale - which was administered to 158 employers...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660151/hangover-in-post-college-aged-drinkers-psychometric-properties-of-the-hangover-symptom-scale-hss-and-the-hangover-symptom-scale-short-form-hss-5
#14
Jesus Chavarria, Sandra Y Rueger, Andrea C King
BACKGROUND: Alcohol hangovers have been found to be a common and costly consequence of alcohol misuse. However, there is only limited psychometric support for instruments to accurately measure hangovers beyond the college-age years. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Hangover Symptom Scale (HSS) and the Hangover Symptom Scale-Short Form (HSS-5) including the internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity, construct validity, and the measurement invariance of these scales between light and heavy drinkers, individuals with a positive and negative family history of alcohol use disorder (AUD), and men and women in a post-college-aged sample...
April 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659635/correction-psychometric-properties-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adults-rsa-and-its-relationship-with-life-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-hispanic-latin-american-community-sample
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659442/simplified-chinese-version-of-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-agreement-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Min Yao, Long Yang, Bin Zhu, Bao-Ping Xu, Ni Chen, Xiao-Tao Wang, Shao-Dan Cheng, Yong-Jun Wang, Xue-Jun Cui
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric test of the cross-cultural adaptation the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) in low back pain (LBP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement, responsiveness and minimal important change (MIC) of the simplified Chinese version of the JOABPEQ in LBP patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, validity, floor and ceiling effect of simplified Chinese JOABPEQ has been tested, while the agreement, responsiveness and MIC were required...
April 13, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659028/the-classroom-environment-questionnaire-ceq-development-and-preliminary-structural-validity
#17
Carissa Lyons, Ted Brown, Helen Bourke-Taylor
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists offer a unique perspective regarding the contribution of the environment to occupational performance. Therefore, a scale that measures the unique characteristics of the primary school classroom environment where children complete their daily schoolwork occupations is needed. The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically evaluate a new teacher-report questionnaire that measures a number of environmental characteristics of primary school classrooms...
April 16, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658738/-revised-scoring-and-improved-reliability-for-the-communication-patterns-questionnaire-correction-to-crenshaw-et-al-2017
#18
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Revised scoring and improved reliability for the Communication Patterns Questionnaire" by Alexander O. Crenshaw, Andrew Christensen, Donald H. Baucom, Norman B. Epstein and Brian R. W. Baucom ( Psychological Assessment , 2017[Jul], Vol 29[7], 913-925). In the article, Table 5 item content was incorrectly ordered. The corrected table is present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-43610-001.) The Communication Patterns Questionnaire (CPQ; Christensen, 1987) is a widely used self-report measure of couple communication behavior and is well validated for assessing the demand/withdraw interaction pattern, which is a robust predictor of poor relationship and individual outcomes (Schrodt, Witt, & Shimkowski, 2014)...
March 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658497/-addictions-profiles-as-a-tool-for-comparison-of-chemical-and-nonchemical-dependencies
#19
K Yu Zalmunin, V D Mendelevich
AIM: A clinical and phenomenological comparative evaluation of addictions (alcoholism, drug addiction, sexual and tobacco dependence, pathological gambling) to develop integrative methods for the assessment of comparative performance profiles of addictive disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients were examined using clinical, psychometric and statistical methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Addiction profiles were described and addictive potentials were compared...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656579/turkish-adaptation-and-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-nursing-authority-and-autonomy-scale
#20
Seher Basaran Acil, Leyla Dinç
AIM: To adapt the Nursing Authority and Autonomy Scale (NAAS) into Turkish the Nursing Authority and Autonomy Scale (NAAS) to Turkish and assess its psychometric properties for Turkish nurses and nurse managers. BACKGROUND: The NAAS is a tool that specifically measures nursing authority and autonomy from the perspectives of nurses and nurse managers. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 160 nurse managers and 266 staff nurses. Content validity was assessed using expert approval...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
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